# # KEHOME/knowledge/cyc/UpperOntology.mkr # Feb/12/2007 rdf:RDF has xmlns:daml = "http://www.daml.org/2001/03/daml+oil#", xmlns:rdf = "http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#", xmlns:rdfs = "http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#", xmlns:dc = "http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/", xmlns = "http://opencyc.sourceforge.net/daml/cyc#"; "http://mKRmKE.net/knowledge/cyc/UpperOntology.mkr" has creator = "Richard H. McCullough", date = "2007/Feb/12", source = "http://xbean.cs.ccu.edu.tw/~dan/opencyc-0.6.0/cyc.daml", language = "mKR"; Ontology has about="", versionInfo = "$Id$", comment = "The Cyc Upper Ontology"; UniqueProperty isp guid; guid has label = "guid", comment = "Permanent Global Unique ID for the associated\n concept -- which enables concept renaming. Users should not\n depend upon the DAML ID nor label as fixed for all time.", domain = Thing, range = Literal; Time-Quantity isp AFewDaysDuration; AFewDaysDuration has label = "a few days duration", comment = "Duration of 2 to 10 days", guid = "bd58f6ee-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; OrderOfMagnitudeInterval isp AFewDecadesDuration; AFewDecadesDuration has label = "a few decades duration", comment = "Duration of 2 to 10 decades", guid = "bd58af72-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; OrderOfMagnitudeInterval isp AFewHoursDuration; AFewHoursDuration has label = "a few hours duration", comment = "Duration of 2 to 10 hours", guid = "bd58fded-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; OrderOfMagnitudeInterval isp AFewMinutesDuration; AFewMinutesDuration has label = "a few minutes duration", comment = "Duration of 2 to 10 minutes", guid = "bd5899f0-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Time-Quantity isp AFewMonthsDuration; AFewMonthsDuration has label = "a few months duration", comment = "A few months 2-10", guid = "bd59008b-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; OrderOfMagnitudeInterval isp AFewSecondsDuration; AFewSecondsDuration has label = "a few seconds duration", comment = "Duration of 2 to 30 seconds", guid = "bd589ecf-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Time-Quantity isp AFewWeeksDuration; AFewWeeksDuration has label = "a few weeks duration", comment = "Duration of 2 to 10 weeks", guid = "bd58ddfa-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Time-Quantity isp AFewYearsDuration; AFewYearsDuration has label = "a few years duration", comment = "Duration of 2 to 10 years", guid = "bd589ddb-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Class isg AbandoningSomething; AbandoningSomething has label = "abandonments", comment = "The collection of events in which some #$Agent\n deliberately gives up possession of something, without\n giving it to another.", guid = "bd67b7de-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; AbandoningSomething rel isu TemporalObjectType, iss LosingUserRights, iss PurposefulAction, xor GainingUserRights; Class isg Ablation; Ablation has label = "ablations", comment = "A collection of events. In an #$Ablation, a\n (usually relatively thin) layer of material is removed from\n the surface of an object.", guid = "bd58b6b3-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Ablation rel isu DefaultDisjointScriptType, isu TemporalStuffType, iss Separation-Complete, iss RemovingSomething; Class isg AboveGroundLevelInAConstruction; AboveGroundLevelInAConstruction has label = "above ground levels", comment = "A specialization of #$LevelOfAConstruction whose\n instances are at or above ground level. See also\n #$BasementLevelInAConstruction and #$BalconyLevelInAConstruction.", guid = "bd588bb2-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; AboveGroundLevelInAConstruction rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss LevelOfAConstruction; Class isg AbradingSomething; AbradingSomething has label = "abrading events", comment = "A collection of events. In an #$AbradingSomething\n event, the surface of some object is gradually worn away by\n scraping or similar physical contact involving friction.\n Devices used in elements of #$AbradingSomething include\n files and sand paper; elements of #$AbradingSomething would\n include the event in which Howard Hughes sanded down the\n Spruce Goose for the last time, the event in which Lucy\n Ricardo filed her fingernails just before her singing debut\n at Rickie's club, etc.", guid = "bd5899e7-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; AbradingSomething rel isu DefaultDisjointScriptType, iss Ablation; Class isg AbstractInformationalThing; AbstractInformationalThing has label = "data", comment = "A heterogeneous collection of abstract objects\n that pertain to information. Subsumes not only\n #$Proposition, but also the collections #$Sentence,\n #$CharacterString, #$AtomicSymbol-Abstract, #$Microtheory,\n #$PropositionalInformationThing, and #$ConceptualWork. Note\n that while all #$AbstractInformationalThings are abstract\n objects (this collection is disjoint with\n #$SpatialThing-Localized), most instances of this collection\n can have multiple concrete 'embodiments'. A single\n instance of #$Sentence can be written on several peices of\n paper (see #$instantiationOfAIS); a\n #$PropositionalInformationThing may be the content of\n several concrete documents, such as instances of #$BookCopy\n (see #$containsInfoPropositional-IBT); and several events,\n such as spoken utterances, may have a certain #$Proposition\n as their content (see #$containsInformation). Note that some\n instances of #$AbstractInformationalThing have temporal\n extent. Examples include all instances of #$Novel-CW and\n #$Movie-CW. Others specs are disjoint with #$TemporalThing.\n Examples include all instances of #$Character-Abstract and #$Proposition.", guid = "bdff6c64-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; AbstractInformationalThing rel isu StuffType, isu Class, iss IntangibleIndividual, xor SpatialThing, xor Agent, xor Event; Class isg AbstractProgrammingLanguage; AbstractProgrammingLanguage has label = "programming languages", comment = "The collection of languages invented for use by\n computers. This includes both command languages and others\n which one doesn't really `program' in.", guid = "bd58c2ea-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; AbstractProgrammingLanguage rel isu ObjectType; Class isg AbstractShapeType; AbstractShapeType has label = "abstract shape type", comment = "A collection of collections. An instance SHAPE of\n #$ShapeType (q.v.) is also an instance of\n #$AbstractShapeType if and only if SHAPE is a spec of\n #$GeometricThing-Abstract. It is distinguished from\n #$GenericShapeType (q.v.), which is the collection of those\n collections that are instances of #$ShapeType, some of whose\n instances are abstract, and some of whose instances are\n localized. There is no '#$LocalizedShapeType'. The\n instances of #$AbstractShapeType are the acceptable\n second-arguments of the predicate #$shape. So, if you have\n have a spherical ball, BALL001, it is true that (#$shape\n BALL001 (#$AbstractFn #$SphereShape)), but false (in fact,\n undefined) that (#$shape BALL001 #$SphereShape).", guid = "c0f46e32-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; AbstractShapeType rel isu Class, isu CollectionType, iss ShapeType, xor GenericShapeType; Class isg AcademicProfessional; AcademicProfessional has label = "academics", comment = "A collection of persons; a subset of\n #$Professional. Each element of #$AcademicProfessional is a\n person whose job is to educate and/or to perform research as\n an affiliate of an academic institution. This includes\n members of the teaching and/or research staff of schools,\n colleges, universities, and research institutes.", guid = "bd589db6-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; AcademicProfessional rel isu OccupationType, iss Professional; Class isg AcademicQuarter; AcademicQuarter has label = "academic quarters", comment = "Each instance of this collection is a\n #$TimeInterval defined by some educational institution: one\n quarter of their #$AcademicYear. Since the start dates, end\n dates, and duration may all vary depending on the\n institution, the year, etc., instances of this collection\n must unfortunately be time intervals like StanfordSpringQuarter1991.", guid = "bd589441-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; AcademicQuarter rel isu TemporalObjectType, iss TimeInterval, xor TimePoint; Class isg AcademicSemester; AcademicSemester has label = "semesters", comment = "Each instance of this collection is a\n #$TimeInterval defined by some educational institution: one\n half of their #$AcademicYear. Since the start dates, end\n dates and duration may vary depending on the institution and\n year, instances will be time intervals such as ``StanfordSpringSemester1990-91''.", guid = "bd58ea30-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; AcademicSemester rel isu TemporalObjectType, iss TimeInterval, xor TimePoint; Class isg AcademicTrimester; AcademicTrimester has label = "trimesters", comment = "Each instance of this collection is a\n #$TimeInterval defined by some educational institution: one\n third of their #$AcademicYear. Since the start dates, end\n dates, and duration may all vary depending on the\n institution and year, instances of this collection must\n unfortunately be time intervals like UCLASpringTrimester1990-91.", guid = "bd58ea73-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; AcademicTrimester rel isu TemporalObjectType, iss TimeInterval, xor TimePoint; Class isg AcademicYear; AcademicYear has label = "academic years", comment = "Each instance of this collection is an annually\n recurring #$TimeInterval defined by an educational\n institution. Since the start dates, end dates, and duration\n may all vary depending on the institution, the year, etc.,\n instances of this collection must unfortunately be time\n intervals like Stanford1989-90AcademicYear.", guid = "bd58f188-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; AcademicYear rel isu TemporalObjectType, iss TimeInterval, xor TimePoint; Class isg Acceleration; Acceleration has label = "accelerations", comment = "Acceleration is the change in speed of an object\n per unit time. It is a measurable physical quantity,\n measured in units such as MilesPerHourPerSecond.", guid = "bd58dc89-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Acceleration rel isu DerivedNumericAttributeType, iss ScalarInterval, iss PhysicalAttribute; Class isg AccessNumber; AccessNumber has label = "access numbers", comment = "A collection of #$PhoneNumbers. Each element of\n #$AccessNumber is a string that a user with #$Internet\n connections uses to connect to his/her #$InternetServiceProvider.", guid = "bf796ce3-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; AccessNumber rel isu IDStringType, iss PhoneNumber; Class isg AccessingAnIBT; AccessingAnIBT has label = "information-accessing events", comment = "A collection of information transfer events. Each\n element of #$AccessingAnIBT is an action by which an agent\n accesses the content of some IBT (i.e., an element of\n #$InformationBearingThing). Examples include (getting\n information from) reading a newspaper, watching a film,\n listening to a musical performance, decoding an encrypted\n message, seeing a traffic police officer wave you on, or\n hearing your roommate ask you to take out the trash. Of\n course, communication conventions play a role here. In the\n #$NaiveInformationMt, Cyc simply assumes that an agent who\n accesses an IBT understands its content afterwards. In the\n #$InformationGMt, Cyc makes the more complicated inference\n that an agent who accesses an IBT understands its content\n afterwards only if the agent is able to get the encoded\n information using a convention familiar to that agent. See\n also #$CommunicationConvention, #$hasCommConvention, #$usesCommConventionForInfo.", guid = "bd58d61f-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; AccessingAnIBT rel isu TemporalObjectType, isu DefaultDisjointScriptType, iss TransferIn, iss PurposefulAction, iss InformationTransferEvent; Class isg Account; Account has label = "accounts", comment = "A collection of objects; a subset of\n #$LegalAgreement. Each element of #$Account is a recorded\n obligation (of some particular type) between specified\n parties, consisting of `funds' which typically can be\n added to and drawn upon. Examples include the instances of\n #$RetirementAccount, #$TravelExpenseAccount, and of the many\n types of #$FinancialAccount. Note that the contents of an\n account need not be monetary; for example, the contents may\n be amounts of time, as in the subsets #$VacationAccount or a\n #$SickLeaveAccount. #$Account does NOT include debt\n obligations of fixed face value that cannot be increased or\n reduced (such as a bond).", guid = "bd588c2b-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Account rel isu AccountType, isu TemporalStuffType, iss LegalAgreement, iss AuthorizedAgreement; Class isg AccountStatusAttribute; AccountStatusAttribute has label = "account statuses", comment = "A collection of attributes. Each element of\n #$AccountStatusAttribute is an attribute that describes the\n obligational status of an #$Account; e.g.,#$PaidInFull,\n #$InComplianceWithPaymentSchedule, #$PaymentOverdue, #$AccountInactive.", guid = "bd58d207-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; AccountStatusAttribute rel isu AttributeType, isu SiblingDisjointAttributeType, iss AttributeValue; Class isg AccountType; AccountType has label = "account type", comment = "A collection of collections. Each element of\n #$AccountType is a collection of financial accounts of some\n type. Examples: #$SavingsAccount, #$CreditCardAccount,\n #$RetirementAccount, #$SocialSecurityAccount,\n #$TravelExpenseAccount. Typically, accounts are denominated\n in units of #$Money.", guid = "bd588be8-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; AccountType rel isu SiblingDisjointCollection, isu CollectionType, iss ExistingObjectType; Class isg Acknowledging-CommunicationAct; Acknowledging-CommunicationAct has label = "acknowledgments", comment = "The collection of actions which are #$performedBy\n one #$Agent to convey information about the receipt of a\n prior #$CommunicationAct-Single which was #$performedBy\n another #$Agent. An example: Judy saying `No' in\n response to Jane's prior act of saying `Will you clean\n the toaster.'", guid = "bd590c41-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Acknowledging-CommunicationAct rel isu DefaultDisjointScriptType, isu TemporalObjectType, iss CommunicationAct-Single; Class isg AcquaintanceAttribute; AcquaintanceAttribute has label = "acquaintance attribute", comment = "The collection of attributes that specify ways in\n which (and/or degrees to which) one person is acquainted\n with another E.g., some instances of this collection are:\n #$FamousPersonAcquaintance, #$TrueFanAcquaintance,\n #$IntimateAcquaintance, #$FrequentContactAcquaintance, etc.", guid = "bd58f556-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; AcquaintanceAttribute rel isu SocialAttributeType, isu Class; Class isg Action; Action has label = "actions", comment = "A collection of events. Each instance of #$Action\n is an event that is carried out by some 'doer'\n (see #$doneBy). Actions may include any event in which one\n or more actor(s) effect some change(s) in the tangible or\n intangible state of the world, typically by some expenditure\n of effort or energy. But note that it is not required that\n any tangible object be moved, changed, produced, or\n destroyed for an action to occur; the effects of actions may\n be intangible (such as the change in a bank balance, or the\n intimidation of a subordinate). Depending upon the context,\n actors may be animate or inanimate, conscious or\n nonconscious. For actions that are intentional, see also\n #$PurposefulAction, #$performedBy.", guid = "bd58a841-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Action rel isu TemporalObjectType, iss Event; Class isg ActionOnObject; ActionOnObject has label = "actions on an object", comment = "The collection of physical events in which some\n doer acts on an object. Each element of #$ActionOnObject is\n an action in which both the roles of #$doneBy and\n #$objectActedOn (qq.v.) are filled. Positive examples:\n someone typing on a keyboard; a tornado destroying a\n building. Negative examples: a person dancing; wind blowing.", guid = "c0e7f6ca-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; ActionOnObject rel isu TemporalObjectType, iss Action, iss PhysicalEvent; Class isg ActorSlot; ActorSlot has label = "actor slots", comment = "A collection of binary predicates; a\n specialization of #$Role. Each element of #$ActorSlot\n relates some instance of #$Event to a temporal thing\n involved in that event (here called a `participant',\n but that does not imply activity). The first argument of\n every #$ActorSlot is an instance of #$Event, and the second\n argument is an instance of #$SomethingExisting. All\n instances of #$ActorSlot have #$actors as their #$genlPreds,\n directly or indirectly, so that the actor slots form a kind\n of hierarchy. Each specialized actor slot indicates HOW its\n participant participates in the event, i.e., in what role\n (e.g., #$inputs, #$outputs, #$doneBy). Actor slots are NOT\n used to indicate the time of an event's occurrence,\n external representations of the event, and other more\n remotely related things that are not directly or indirectly\n `involved' in occurrence of the event. Time and other\n quantities are relevant to events but are not instances of\n #$SomethingExisting; thus, they are related to events by\n some non-#$ActorSlot predicate. Things which are remotely\n related to the event--e.g., someone who is affected by the\n event but doesn't exist when the event occurs--may be\n related using some instance of #$Role that does not belong\n to #$ActorSlot, such as #$affectedAgent. See also #$Role.", guid = "bd588029-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; ActorSlot rel isu PredicateCategory; Class isg Address-LocationDesignator; Address-LocationDesignator has label = "addresses", comment = "A collection of strings. Each element of\n #$Address-LocationDesignator is a string that denotes an\n address. Each string indicates one entire address. For\n example: `President Bill Clinton, White House, 1600\n Pennsylvania Avenue, Washington, DC.", guid = "bd590a18-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Address-LocationDesignator rel isu ObjectType, xor ContactLocation; Class isg Adjective; Adjective has label = "adjectives", comment = "The collecton of all adjectives. Adjectives are\n words which can modify nouns. Many adjectives have\n comparative and superlative forms. Example: `red'.", guid = "bd588031-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Adjective rel isu LinguisticObjectType, isu SpeechPart; Class isg Administrator; Administrator has label = "administrators", comment = "A collection of persons; a subset of\n #$Professional. Each element of #$Administrator is an\n employee of an organization who is responsible for managing\n its organizational affairs. Elements of #$Administrator may\n or may not also be required to manage people. If so, then\n they are also #$Managers (q.v.).", guid = "bd58aedc-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Administrator rel isu OccupationType; Class isg Admiration; Admiration has label = "admiration", comment = "A feeling of strong approval. An intense positive\n attitude towards another person(s) or group. May be\n accompanied by emulation. #$Admiration is different than\n #$Respect (qv). This is a collection --- see #$Happiness\n for an explanation. Some more specialized\n #$FeelingAttributeTypes than #$Admiration are\n #$Wonder-Admiration, #$Adulation, #$Awe, etc. ", guid = "bd58b20b-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Admiration rel isu FeelingAttributeType, iss Respect; Class isg AdultAnimal; AdultAnimal has label = "adult animals", comment = "The collection of all adult animals (including\n adult people), meaning all elements of #$Animal that are\n mature enough to bear offspring, or older.", guid = "c1006731-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; AdultAnimal rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss Animal, xor JuvenileAnimal; Class isg AdultFemalePerson; AdultFemalePerson has label = "women", comment = "The collection of all women; i.e., #$Persons who\n are adult and female", guid = "bd58b1f1-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; AdultFemalePerson rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss FemalePerson, iss HumanAdult; Class isg Adverb; Adverb has label = "adverbs", comment = "The collection of all adverbs. Adverbs are words\n which can modify adverbs, verbs, or adjectives. Many adverbs\n are morphologically derived from adjectives. Example: `slowly'.", guid = "bd58802c-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Adverb rel isu LinguisticObjectType, isu SpeechPart; Class isg Advertising; Advertising has label = "advertising events", comment = "A collection of #$CommunicationAct-Singles. In an\n #$Advertising event, someone is communicating, to potential\n customers of an #$Agent, the desire of that agent to do\n business with those customers (either to `do business'\n in general or to sell them something specific.", guid = "c10afc14-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Advertising rel isu TemporalObjectType, iss CommunicationAct-Single, iss BusinessEvent; Class isg Affection; Affection has label = "affection", comment = "A feeling of fondness for someone or something.\n Sympathy, liking, warmth, tenderness. This is a\n #$Collection --- for an explanation of that, see\n #$Happiness. Some more specialized #$FeelingAttributeTypes\n than #$Affection are #$Love, #$Passion, etc.", guid = "bd58b5c7-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Affection rel isu FeelingAttributeType; Class isg Afternoon; Afternoon has label = "afternoons", comment = "An #$Afternoon is the daily #$Event where the\n #$Sun moves from its `highest' position in the daily\n cycle and `sets' or becomes a #$MidnightSun, i.e from\n noon till #$Sunset or #$MidnightSun. A #$Midday overlaps\n the start of an #$Afternoon, and an #$Evening is\n #$contiguousAfter an #$Afternoon (except when there is a\n #$MidnightSun in which case a #$Morning is contiguously\n after the #$Afternoon). Each #$Afternoon is\n #$temporallyFinishedBy a #$Sunset or #$MidnightSun.", guid = "bd58863a-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Afternoon rel isu TemporalObjectType, iss QualitativeTimeOfDay; Class isg Agent; Agent has label = "agents", comment = "In the #$FunctionalRoleAnalysisMt an #$Agent is\n defined quite simply as any temporally extended thing that\n plays one or more functional roles in some #$FunctionalSystem.", guid = "bd588007-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Agent rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss CompositeTangibleAndIntangibleObject, iss Agent-Generic, xor Place, xor Surface-Generic, xor EarthStuff, xor FluidTangibleThing, xor TangibleProduct, xor Artifact, xor TextualMaterial, xor AbstractInformationalThing; Class isg Agent-Generic; Agent-Generic has label = "agent - generic", comment = "#$Agent-Generic is the collection of all agents,\n or things (like #$Animals, #$Robots, #$DivineBeings, etc.)\n that have desires and intentions and the presumed ability to\n act on them. An instance of this collection may be an\n instance of #$AgentiveArtifact or #$Agent (but not both).", guid = "bec69a78-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Agent-Generic rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss SomethingExisting, iss PartiallyIntangible, xor Artifact-NonAgentive; Class isg AgentiveArtifact; AgentiveArtifact has label = "agentive artifact", comment = "#$AgentiveArtifact is the collection of all\n artifacts (created by instances of #$Agent) that commonly\n possess (at least) the apparent ability to make decisions\n and commence actions more or less independently of those\n agents. The distinction here is conventional; a certain\n functional sophistication possessed by instances of\n #$Artifact that are 'not really living agents'\n seems to mirror that possessed by 'living agents'.\n This sense of agency derives from ability or function the\n artifact possesses, namely the ability to commence actions,\n independently of agents, based on some internal calculation\n or deliberation. Example subcollections include #$Computer,\n #$Robot, #$TrojanHorseComputerProgram.", guid = "bfa66fc1-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; AgentiveArtifact rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss Agent-Generic; Class isg AgentiveNoun; AgentiveNoun has label = "agentive nouns", comment = "The collection of all nouns in the agentive form.\n Agentive nouns usually denote the `doer' or\n `performer' of some action, and often end in `-er'\n or `-or'. Example: `runner'.", guid = "bd588033-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; AgentiveNoun rel isu LinguisticObjectType, isu SpeechPart, iss DeVerbalNoun; Class isg Agility; Agility has label = "agility", comment = "#$Agility is the #$ScriptPerformanceAttributeType\n for describing actions in which the performer's whole\n body moves precisely and in a well-coordinated fashion.", guid = "bd58d302-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Agility rel isu ScriptPerformanceAttributeType, iss ScriptPerformanceAttribute; Class isg Agreement; Agreement has label = "agreements", comment = "A collection of `objects' with temporal\n extent. Each element of #$Agreement involves two or more\n parties, who agree that certain propositions should be true.\n Making the propositions true may require some action or\n commitment of wealth on the part of one or more of the\n #$agreeingAgents. Thus, elements of #$Agreement will\n usually involve some instances of #$Obligation. Note:\n Elements of #$Agreement and #$Obligation differ, however, in\n that an #$obligatedAgent is responsible for the truth of all\n of the propositions in an obligation. In an agreement, some\n agents may not be responsible for all of the propositions in\n the agreement being true. For example, in a loan agreement,\n the borrower agrees to give the lender back the money, but\n the borrower is the only #$obligatedAgent for the repayment.\n Note that #$obligatedAgents need not be among the\n #$agreeingAgents in the agreement that involves or generates\n the obligation. For example, the Board of Directors of\n XYZCorporation may agree that some non-director will assume\n the post and duties of President of XYZCorporation.\n Moreover, #$agreeingAgents aren't always\n obligatedAgents; e.g., Wanda and Paul may agree that Paul\n alone is obligated to do some task. Examples include\n instances of #$PeaceAccord, #$LegalAgreement,\n #$InformalAgreement, #$BusinessPartnershipAgreement,\n #$WorkAgreement, #$SalesAgreement, #$MaintenanceAgreement,\n #$Reservation, #$Appointment, etc.", guid = "bd58afa3-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Agreement rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss IntangibleExistingThing, iss SupposedToBeMicrotheory, iss PropositionalInformationThing; SharedNote isp AgreementNote; AgreementNote has label = "agreement note", comment = "Elements of #$Agreement (and of its subsets) are\n #$Microtheory instances containing propositions representing\n what some number of parties have agreed upon. An #$Agreement\n may contain a set of #$Obligations on the part of one or\n more of the parties. An #$Agreement may also be just a set\n of beliefs that the parties have decided to share. To\n indicate which propositions are true in an #$Agreement,\n regardless of whether they are true in reality, use\n #$ist-Agreement. (#$ist-Agreement AGREEMENT PROP) means that\n PROP is a #$ELSentence-Assertible expressing something that\n was agreed upon in AGREEMENT. Other relevant vocabulary:\n (#$agreeingAgents AGREEMENT AGENT) means that AGENT is one\n of the parties agreeing to AGREEMENT. (#$subAgreements\n AGREEMENT1 AGREEMENT2) means that AGREEMENT2 is a part of\n (is included in) AGREEMENT1. (#$governedByAgreement ACTION\n AGREEMENT) means that ACTION is governed by the terms of\n AGREEMENT. (#$agreementForbids AGREEMENT AGENT ACTION-TYPE\n ROLE) means that AGREEMENT forbids AGENT to play ROLE in\n elements of ACTION-TYPE. (#$agreementRequires AGREEMENT\n AGENT ACTION-TYPE ROLE) means that AGREEMENT requires AGENT\n to play ROLE in at least one element of ACTION-TYPE.\n (#$agreementPeriod AGREEMENT TIME) means that AGREEMENT is\n considered to be true during the time period TIME.", guid = "bd58b208-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Class isg AilmentCondition; AilmentCondition has label = "ailments", comment = "The most general collection of ailment events; a\n subset of #$PhysiologicalCondition, and a subset of #$Event.\n An instance of #$AilmentCondition is a dynamic state of\n sickness, injury, or physiological impairment. Having an\n ailment is an event: it has temporal aspects, it progresses\n dynamically, etc., it is not just `being in some static\n state of un-wellness.' Some subsets of\n #$AilmentCondition are: #$RespiratoryAilment,\n #$HeartCondition, #$Cancer, #$MotionSickness, #$Poisoning,\n #$Infection, #$InjuryCondition. If a particular person\n suffers from asthma, that is an element of\n #$AilmentCondition. Each #$AilmentCondition is a state of\n actual, developed sickness or impairment, rather than the\n event of getting sick or becoming impaired. Also note that\n each type of ailment, such as #$Asthma, is the set of all\n `cases' or `instances' of individuals suffering\n from that condition.", guid = "c10c1856-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; AilmentCondition rel isu PhysiologicalConditionType, iss PhysiologicalCondition; Class isg Air; Air has label = "air", comment = "A collection of tangibles; a subset of\n #$GaseousTangibleThing. Each element of #$Air is one\n `piece' among all the portions of the atmosphere of the\n Earth, considered as a substance present in various places,\n in various quantities, under various pressures, etc.\n Examples: the AirInAustin; the stuffy air in my office; the\n thin air atop Annapurna. See also\n #$TheAtmosphereQuaSinglePieceOfStuff, which is all ambient\n #$Air on the planet taken as a single object.", guid = "bd58c00c-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Air rel isu TangibleStuffStateType, iss Mixture, iss GaseousTangibleThing; Class isg AirForce; AirForce has label = "air forces", comment = "A collection of military organizations. An\n element of #$AirForce is a military organization, modern or\n historical, composed mainly of airborne forces: bombers,\n fighters, torpedo planes, parachute troops, surveillance\n aircraft, etc., and having the function of defending or\n attacking air space, ships, or ground targets.", guid = "c10c1acc-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; AirForce rel isu Class, isu ExistingObjectType; Class isg AirForcePersonnel; AirForcePersonnel has label = "air force people", comment = "A collection of people, a subset of\n #$MilitaryPerson. Each element of this collection is\n somebody who works for an #$AirForce.", guid = "bd58a7cd-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; AirForcePersonnel rel isu OccupationType, iss MilitaryPerson; Class isg AirRespiration; AirRespiration has label = "air respiration", comment = "A collection of activities constituting a natural\n #$PhysiologicalFunction; #$AirRespiration is the collection\n of all #$Respiration events in which an organism trades some\n of the carbon dioxide in its tissues for oxygen from the atmosphere.", guid = "bd58bdb6-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; AirRespiration rel isu DefaultDisjointScriptType, isu TemporalStuffType, iss Respiration; Class isg AirTransportationDevice; AirTransportationDevice has label = "aircraft", comment = "In the #$ModernMilitaryVehiclesMt,\n #$AirTransportationDevice parallels the military concept of\n 'air platform'; namely, an air vehicle commonly\n used in military operations to transport weapons, goods, or\n personnel by air.", guid = "bd58ae50-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; AirTransportationDevice rel isu ExistingObjectType, isu ProductType, iss TransportationDevice; Class isg AirlineCompany; AirlineCompany has label = "airlines", comment = "The collection of all air transportation\n companies. An element of #$AirlineCompany is a\n #$TransportationCompany that operates airplanes to transport\n goods or people in exchange for money.", guid = "bd58aaee-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; AirlineCompany rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss CommercialServiceOrganization, iss Business; Class isg Airplane; Airplane has label = "airplanes", comment = "The collection of all heavier-than-air,\n self-powered flying machines (excluding cruise missiles)\n that get their lift while flying from #$AirplaneWings. Thus,\n #$Helicopters are excluded because the lift is caused by\n rotors. A borderline case are planes that take-off\n vertically, using a turbojet engine, so initially the lift\n is not due to their wings. In flight, however, such planes\n will need their wings to stay up in the air.", guid = "bd58828b-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Airplane rel isu ProductType, isu ExistingObjectType; Class isg AirplaneRunway; AirplaneRunway has label = "runways", comment = "An airstrip, at an airport, on an aircraft\n carrier, or in some field, upon which airplanes taxi, take\n off, and land.", guid = "bd58910e-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; AirplaneRunway rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss PathForWheeledVehicles; Class isg Airport-Physical; Airport-Physical has label = "airports", comment = "The collection of all airfields, where airplanes\n take off and land. An #$Airport-Physical definitely has a\n runway, may or may not have any other buildings. If\n it's the grounds of an #$AirportOrganization, some of\n those other features will be present.", guid = "bd58feaf-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Airport-Physical rel isu ExistingObjectType; Class isg AirportOrganization; AirportOrganization has label = "airports", comment = "A collection of organizations. An element of\n #$AirportOrganization is an organization that manages and\n controls particular airports and their appurtenant\n facilities; e.g., #$LaGuardiaAirport-Organization.", guid = "bd589fbc-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; AirportOrganization rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss Organization; Class isg Alertness; Alertness has label = "alertness", comment = "#$Alertness is an #$AnimalPhysiologicalAttribute\n which specifies how sleepy or alert an animal is. Levels of\n #$Alertness include #$Asleep, #$Sleepy, and #$Awake.", guid = "bd58a532-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Alertness rel iss AnimalPhysiologicalAttribute, iss ScalarInterval; Class isg AllergicReaction; AllergicReaction has label = "allergic reactions", comment = "A collection of dynamic, physiological states. An\n instance of #$AllergicReaction is an event in which an\n organism which is exposed to a particular substance (e.g.,\n pollen, mold) develops some abnormality or impairment of its\n physiological condition as a result of interacting with the\n substance. Allergic reactions to some types of substances\n occur widely in members of a species; e.g.,\n #$PoisonIvyPoisoning in humans. But other allergic\n reactions affect only a small proportion of a species, such\n as human allergies to penicillin. This concept is the set\n of events in which allergic reactions are `taking\n place', not abstract unrealized potential situations\n such as `John is allergic to milk.' I.e., if John were\n allergic to milk, and he drank some, and then proceeded to\n have a whopping bad allergic reaction, that latter event\n would be an element of #$AllergicReaction.", guid = "c0fd6b2f-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; AllergicReaction rel isu PhysiologicalConditionType, iss AilmentCondition; TimeInterval isp Always-TimeInterval; Always-TimeInterval has label = "forever", comment = "The interval of time which encompasses all time.\n In more general MTs we remain agnostic as to whether this\n time interval has either a beginning or an end, but if it\n does, #$Always-TimeInterval begins when time itself begins\n and ends only when time ends completely. Every other\n instance of #$TimeInterval is a #$timeSlices of\n #$Always-TimeInterval. ", guid = "c0ea3419-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Class isg Ambulance; Ambulance has label = "ambulances", comment = "The collection of all RoadVehicles that are\n equipped primarily for transporting wounded, injured or sick persons.", guid = "bd588cd2-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Ambulance rel isu ProductType, isu ExistingObjectType, iss RoadVehicle; Class isg Amphibian; Amphibian has label = "amphibians", comment = "The collection of all #$Organism-Wholes which are\n members of the #$BiologicalClass Amphibia, being a\n specialization of #$Vertebrate. Members of this class are\n smooth skinned #$Vertebrates which hatch from eggs to form\n aquatic larvae [see #$Larva]. These larvae metamorphose\n into an air-breathing adult [see AirBreathingVertebrate]\n (normally) having #$Lungs. Subsets of this collection\n include #$Frogs and #$Salamanders.", guid = "bd58e024-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Amphibian rel isu BiologicalClass, isu OrganismClassificationType, iss Vertebrate, iss NonPersonAnimal; Class isg AnatomicalVessel; AnatomicalVessel has label = "anatomical vessel", comment = "The collection of all anatomical vessels in\n #$Animals. Instances of this collection are tubular animal\n tissue which acts as a conduit for body fluids or substances\n passing into or out of the body.", guid = "be425bb7-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; AnatomicalVessel rel isu AnimalBodyPartType, iss Pipe-GenericConduit, iss AnimalBodyPart, iss CordlikeObject; Class isg Anesthesia; Anesthesia has label = "anesthesia", comment = "A collection of events; a subset of #$DrugTherapy\n (q.v.). In an instance of #$Anesthesia, a\n #$BiologicalLivingObject undergoes the effect of some\n instance of #$Anesthetic, the effect of which is to\n eliminate the perception of pain. #$Anesthesia events occur\n in connection with other medical care events, so that a\n patient will not feel the pain or discomfort that would\n otherwise be associated with those medical procedures.\n #$Anesthetics are of various chemical kinds, work in various\n ways, and can be administered in various ways. They may\n topically numb an area, they may poison the central nervous\n system to the point where the animal loses consciousness,\n etc. The resulting anesthetic therapies thus may differ,\n according to the type of anesthetic used; for example, the\n patient may or may not be conscious during an instance of\n #$Anesthesia. See also #$AdministeringADrug.", guid = "c0fd53a3-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Anesthesia rel isu Class, iss DrugTherapy; Class isg Anger; Anger has label = "outrages", comment = "Intense feeling of displeasure and usually of\n antagonism. This is a #$Collection --- for an explanation\n of that, see #$Happiness. Some more specialized\n #$FeelingAttributeTypes than #$Anger include #$Belligerence, etc.", guid = "bd58c448-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Anger rel isu FeelingAttributeType, iss Frustration; Class isg Angle; Angle has label = "angles", comment = "A subset of #$GeometricThing. Each element of\n #$Angle is formed by two lines diverging from the same point\n or two surfaces diverging from the same line. Examples\n include spatially localized objects, such as the angle\n formed by the intersection of two walls, and abstract\n objects, such as the angle formed by the intersection of two\n (abstract) lines.", guid = "bd61bd87-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Angle rel isu GenericShapeType, iss GeometricThing; Class isg AngularAccelerationRate; AngularAccelerationRate has label = "angular acceleration rate", comment = "#$AngularAccelerationRate is the rate at which the\n #$RateOfRotation of an object changes.It is a measurable\n physical quantity, measured in units such as radians per\n second per second.", guid = "bd59080e-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; AngularAccelerationRate rel isu MeasurableAttributeType, isu AttributeType, isu DerivedNumericAttributeType, iss ScalarInterval, iss PhysicalAttribute; Class isg Animal; Animal has label = "animals", comment = "The collection of all animals; this large class of\n organisms is one instance of #$BiologicalKingdom. Animals\n are typically motile, living, whole organisms; they are\n elements of #$Heterotroph, incapable of performing instances\n of #$Photosynthesis. Animal cells contain cholesterol and\n lack cell walls made of cellulose. #$Person is a subset of\n #$Animal; see also #$NonPersonAnimal.", guid = "bd58b031-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Animal rel isu BiologicalKingdom, isu OrganismClassificationType, iss PerceptualAgent, iss AnimalBLO, iss Organism-Whole, iss Agent, iss SolidTangibleThing, xor VegetableMatter, xor Plant, xor DeadAnimal; Class isg AnimalActivity; AnimalActivity has label = "activities", comment = "A collection of events. Each element of\n #$AnimalActivity is an action whose performer(s) (see\n #$doneBy) belong to the collection #$Animal.", guid = "bd588daa-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; AnimalActivity rel isu TemporalStuffType, iss Action; Class isg AnimalBLO; AnimalBLO has label = "animal body parts", comment = "The subset of #$BiologicalLivingObject which\n includes all the elements of #$Animal and of\n #$AnimalBodyPart and #$AnimalBodyRegion.", guid = "c0fe0761-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; AnimalBLO rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss BiologicalLivingObject; Class isg AnimalBodyPart; AnimalBodyPart has label = "body parts", comment = "The collection of all the anatomical parts and\n physical regions of all living animals; a subset of\n #$OrganismPart. Each element of #$AnimalBodyPart is a piece\n of some live animal and thus is itself an instance of\n #$BiologicalLivingObject. #$AnimalBodyPart includes both\n highly localized organs (e.g., hearts) and physical systems\n composed of parts distributed throughout an animal's\n body (such as its circulatory system and nervous system).\n By default, all elements of #$AnimalBodyPart are considered\n a part (see #$anatomicalParts) of some instance of #$Animal.\n However, there are exceptional cases, e.g., a severed limb,\n hair which has fallen out, detached parts of dead animals,\n blood which has poured out of a body.", guid = "bd58801c-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; AnimalBodyPart rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss AnimalBodyRegion, xor PlantPart; Class isg AnimalBodyPartType; AnimalBodyPartType has label = "animal body part type", comment = "The collection of all the types of\n #$AnimalBodyParts. An #$AnimalBodyPartType is a\n characterization of body parts by structure and/or function.\n Some elements of this collection include #$SpinalColumn,\n #$Eyelash, #$NervousSystem, #$Urethra,\n #$Wing-AnimalBodyPart, #$HeelOfPalm, etc. As can be seen\n from those examples, #$AnimalBodyPartType is not organized\n along species/order/class/phylum/... taxonomic lines.", guid = "bd58e7da-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; AnimalBodyPartType rel isu CollectionType, isu SiblingDisjointCollection; Class isg AnimalBodyRegion; AnimalBodyRegion has label = "animal body region", comment = "The set of parts of an animal's body that one\n might point to, operate on, photograph, transplant, etc. So\n this is a collection of (conceptual) spatial subdivisions of\n the bodies of #$Animals, generally contiguous and having\n some more or less clear boundary. Some elements of this\n collections are Einstein's head, #$SantasBeard, and\n Babe Ruth's right arm. Other elements of this set are\n what might be considered unhealthy body regions, such as a\n blister, a puncture wound, a bruise, etc. -- but those are\n still clearly a part of an animal's body, can be\n pointed to, photographed, bandaged up, etc. Note that\n this concept is quite different from an animal body\n `system' (such as the lymph system, the nervous system,\n etc.) which comprises a small portion of an animal's\n total mass but is distributed throughout the animal's\n body -- see #$AnimalBodyPart. (At the naive, commonsense\n level of physiology, and for almost all purposes, it is\n perfectly acceptable to conceptualize Santa's beard as\n one #$AnimalBodyRegion, and the same for Farrah\n Fawcett's hair, etc. A borderline case of this is:\n Cher's fingernails. In some contexts, one would treat\n those as an #$AnimalBodyRegion, and in other contexts one\n would treat them as ten separate #$AnimalBodyRegions.)", guid = "bd5adaa1-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; AnimalBodyRegion rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss OrganismPart, iss AnimalBLO; Class isg AnimalMigration; AnimalMigration has label = "migrations", comment = "The collection of regular, species-linked\n movements of an animal or group of animals from one place to\n another, usually with a return to the starting point after a\n certain period of time. In some species, the migration\n cycle occurs once in a lifetime, while others migrate\n annually on a seasonal basis. Migration is typically\n linked with an animal's reproductive cycle (as in\n salmon), but may also involve seasonal relocation to a more\n hospitable climate and/or more plentiful food supply. For\n example, many birds exhibit seasonal migration; e.g., native\n Northeastern U.S. birds that spend their winters in the\n Southern U.S.", guid = "c1009284-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; AnimalMigration rel isu TemporalObjectType, iss Translation-RoundTrip, iss LocomotionEvent-Animal; Class isg AnimalPhysiologicalAttribute; AnimalPhysiologicalAttribute has label = "physiological attributes of animals", comment = "The broadest collection of attributes of #$Animals\n that describe the physiological aspects of an animal,\n including its physiological (1) capacities, (2) conditions,\n and (3) states. Examples include: (1) Capacities:\n #$Fertile, #$HearingImpaired, #$Paraplegic; (2) Conditions:\n #$Anemic, #$AthleticPhysicalBuild; (3) States:\n #$Intoxicated, #$Injured, #$Inflamed.\n #$PlantPhysiologicalAttributes, such as #$InBloom, are excluded.", guid = "bd58a577-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; AnimalPhysiologicalAttribute rel isu AttributeType, iss PhysiologicalAttribute; Class isg AnimalSound; AnimalSound has label = "animal sounds", comment = "A collection of information bearing things (IBTs);\n a subset of #$InformationBearingWavePropagation. Each\n element of #$AnimalSound is a sound of a type which\n originally was, and typically is, made by an animal using\n just its body parts (though such a sound may subsequently\n have been reproduced by imitation or recording). For\n example, instances of #$Birdsong, #$NeighingSound,\n #$PurringSound, #$BarkingSound, #$BrayingSound. Note that\n the restriction to sounds produced by body parts alone\n excludes noises produced by moving external objects; i.e.,\n #$AnimalSound does NOT include rustling the leaves\n underfoot, splashing water, or playing a musical instrument.", guid = "bd620dbf-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; AnimalSound rel isu TemporalStuffType, iss AudibleSound, iss InformationBearingWavePropagation; Class isg AnimalWalkingProcess; AnimalWalkingProcess has label = "animal walking processes", comment = "The collection of instances of #$Walking-Generic\n in which the #$locomotor is an #$Animal.", guid = "bd58d77d-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; AnimalWalkingProcess rel isu DefaultDisjointScriptType, isu ObjectType, isu TemporalStuffType, iss SimpleWholeBodyMovement, iss SingleDoerAction, iss LocomotionProcess-Animal; Class isg AnnualClimateCycle; AnnualClimateCycle has label = "climates", comment = "A collection of events. Each element of\n #$AnnualClimateCycle is an extended event, one year in\n length, which encompasses #$subEvents describing the\n changing of the seasons. Subsets include\n #$TemperateClimateCycle, #$HumidSubtropicalClimateCycle,\n etc. See also the comments on #$ClimateCycleType, #$hasClimateType.", guid = "bd5901a2-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; AnnualClimateCycle rel isu Class, iss WeatherEvent, xor ImmediateWeatherProcess; Class isg AnnualEventType; AnnualEventType has label = "annual event type", comment = "A collection of collections. The instances of an\n element of #$AnnualEventType are synchronized with the\n calendar. If ?X is an #$AnnualEventType, then one occurs\n each year. For example, #$ChristmasHoliday is an\n #$AnnualEventType, because one occurs each year,\n synchronized with the calendar.", guid = "be1ed0b5-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; AnnualEventType rel isu CollectionType, isu Class, iss TemporallyDisjointIntervalType; Class isg AntiSymmetricBinaryPredicate; AntiSymmetricBinaryPredicate has label = "anti symmetric binary predicate", comment = "A collection of predicates; the subset of\n #$BinaryPredicate whose elements represent antisymmetric\n relations. A predicate F is an element of\n #$AntiSymmetricBinaryPredicate if and only if F is a binary\n predicate and, if both (F X Y) and (F Y X) hold, then X=Y,\n for every X,Y within the domain and range of F. For\n example, #$greaterThanOrEqualTo, #$compatibleBloodTypes.\n Note this additional restriction: A Cyc predicate F can be\n an element of #$AntiSymmetricBinaryPredicate only if the\n type (i.e., arg-Isa) constraint applicable to F's first\n argument is not disjoint with the type constraint applicable\n to F's second argument. See also #$NoteOnArgumentTypingAndPropertiesOfRelations.", guid = "bdc9fb94-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; AntiSymmetricBinaryPredicate rel isu CoreConstant, isu PredicateCategory, iss Property; Class isg AntiTransitiveBinaryPredicate; AntiTransitiveBinaryPredicate has label = "anti transitive binary predicate", comment = "A collection of predicates; the subset of\n #$BinaryPredicate whose elements represent anti-transitive\n relations. A predicate F is an element of\n #$AntiTransitiveBinaryPredicate if and only if F is a binary\n predicate and, for every X,Y,Z in the domain of F, (#$not\n (#$and (F X Y)(F Y Z)(F X Z))). Note this additional\n restriction: A Cyc predicate F can be an element of\n #$AntiTransitiveBinaryPredicate only if the type (i.e.,\n arg-Isa) constraint applicable to F's first argument is\n not disjoint with the type constraint applicable to F's\n second argument. See also #$NoteOnArgumentTypingAndPropertiesOfRelations.", guid = "bf8bdc58-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; AntiTransitiveBinaryPredicate rel isu CoreConstant, isu PredicateCategory, iss IrreflexiveBinaryPredicate; Class isg Anticipation-Feeling; Anticipation-Feeling has label = "expectancies", comment = "Emotion accompanying an expectation of something\n pleasant in the foreseeable future. This is a collection;\n for an explanation of a typical #$FeelingAttributeType, see\n #$Happiness. ", guid = "bd58cefc-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Anticipation-Feeling rel isu FeelingAttributeType, iss FeelingAttribute; Class isg Apathy; Apathy has label = "apathy", comment = "A lack of interest or concern. If someone is\n feeling some measure of #$Apathy, then they typically will\n have little or no response to things normally expected to\n excite emotion or interest. This is a #$Collection --- for\n an explanation of that, see #$Happiness. A related\n #$FeelingAttributeType is #$Boredom.", guid = "bd5893b4-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Apathy rel isu FeelingAttributeType, iss FeelingAttribute; Class isg Appendage-AnimalBodyPart; Appendage-AnimalBodyPart has label = "appendages", comment = "The collection of all appendages of #$Animals. An\n appendage is an #$AnimalBodyPart that is connected to, and\n extends from, the animal's #$Torso (or else from\n another of its appendages, such as a hand extending from an\n arm). Each appendage is used by the #$Animal for one or\n more functions; altogether, appendages serve a wide variety\n of functions such as locomotion, manipulation, sensing,\n fighting, scratching, heat dissipation, balance, etc.\n Appendages are not crucial for the life of the animal, thus\n a #$Neck-AnimalBodyPart or #$Head-AnimalBodyPart is not\n considered to be an appendage.", guid = "bd5882f8-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Appendage-AnimalBodyPart rel isu ExistingObjectType, isu AnimalBodyPartType, iss AnimalBodyPart, iss BiologicalLivingObject; Class isg AppropriatingSomething; AppropriatingSomething has label = "appropriations", comment = "A collection of events; a subset of\n #$TakingSomething and of #$GainingUserRights. In an\n instance of #$AppropriatingSomething, an #$Agent takes\n something that no one else has user rights over, such as air\n for breathing, or some object which at that time belongs to\n no one (e.g.,a dime lying in the street). Note: The English\n verb `appropriate' can also mean to take something away\n from someone else, against their will and wrongfully, but\n that is not what is meant here. For that, see #$Stealing-Generic.",\n guid = "bd58eea3-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; AppropriatingSomething rel isu DefaultDisjointScriptType, isu TemporalObjectType, iss TakingSomething, xor TransferringPossession; Class isg Approval; Approval has label = "sanctions", comment = "The emotion of viewing positively a state of\n affairs or other agent's actions. This is a\n collection; for an explanation of a typical\n #$FeelingAttributeType, see #$Happiness.",\n guid = "be00bc14-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Approval rel isu FeelingAttributeType, iss Satisfaction; Class isg April; April has label = "April", comment = "The collection of all Aprils, the fourth month\n of the year in the #$JulianCalendar.",\n guid = "bd58c279-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; April rel isu MonthOfYearType, isu CoreConstant, iss CalendarMonth; Class isg AquaticOrganism; AquaticOrganism has label = "aquatic organisms", comment = "The collection of organisms adapted to life\n underwater, which spend all or most of their time immersed\n in water. This includes the elements of #$Fish, also many\n instances of #$Mollusk, #$SeaMammal, etc.",\n guid = "bd589715-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; AquaticOrganism rel isu OrganismTypeByHabitat, iss Organism-Whole; NaturalLanguage isp ArabicLanguage; ArabicLanguage has label = "Arabic", comment = "A Semitic language spoken by a large number of\n people in North Africa and the Middle East.",\n guid = "bd588730-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; ShapeAttribute isp ArcShaped; ArcShaped has label = "arc shaped", comment = "The instance of #$ShapeAttribute held by those\n things whose shape is described with the arc of some segment\n of a circle. For instance, a section of the equator would\n be described as arc shaped.",\n guid = "c007e4fe-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Class isg Area; Area has label = "areas", comment = "A collection of physical attributes. Each element\n of #$Area is an amount of two-dimensional space, i.e., a\n surface. Elements of #$Area may be either a fixed interval,\n such as the area of a rectangle 5 cm x 10 cm, or a range,\n such as the area of a city lot. See #$UnitOfArea for the\n units used by Cyc to measure areas.",\n guid = "bd58c301-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Area rel isu DerivedNumericAttributeType, iss PhysicalAttribute, iss ScalarInterval; Class isg ArgGenlAttributeBinaryPredicate; ArgGenlAttributeBinaryPredicate has label = "arg genl attribute binary predicate", comment = "Those instances of both #$ArgTypeBinaryPredicate\n and #$ArgGenlAttributePredicate used to specify the required\n attribute of an argument of #$Relation. Each instance PRED\n of this collection is a binary predicate with the following\n properties: ARG1 is an instance of #$Relation, and ARG2 is\n an instance of #$AttributeValue. (PRED ARG1 ARG2) means\n that some argument of ARG1 is constrained to be a spec\n attribute of ARG2, where PRED determines the argument place\n in question.",\n guid = "c0aa7393-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; ArgGenlAttributeBinaryPredicate rel isu CoreConstant, isu RelationshipType, isu PredicateCategory, iss ArgTypeBinaryPredicate; Class isg ArgGenlAttributeTernaryPredicate; ArgGenlAttributeTernaryPredicate has label = "arg genl attribute ternary predicate", comment = "Those instances of both #$ArgTypeTernaryPredicate\n and #$ArgGenlAttributePredicate used to specify the required\n #$genlAttributes of an argument of a #$Relation; the arg1 is\n the Relation; the arg2 is the argument constrained; the arg3\n is the required #$genlAttributes #$AttributeValue.",\n guid = "bf4fcfa6-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; ArgGenlAttributeTernaryPredicate rel isu CoreConstant, isu RelationshipType, isu PredicateCategory, iss ArgTypeTernaryPredicate; Class isg ArgGenlBinaryPredicate; ArgGenlBinaryPredicate has label = "arg genl binary predicate", comment = "Those instances of both #$BinaryPredicate and\n #$ArgGenlPredicate used to specify the required #$genls of\n an argument of a #$Relation; the arg1 is the #$Relation; the\n arg2 is the required #$genls #$Collection.",\n guid = "bf1eedc8-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; ArgGenlBinaryPredicate rel isu PredicateCategory, isu RelationshipType, isu CoreConstant, iss ArgTypeBinaryPredicate; Class isg ArgGenlTernaryPredicate; ArgGenlTernaryPredicate has label = "arg genl ternary predicate", comment = "Those instances of both #$TernaryPredicate and\n #$ArgGenlPredicate used to specify the required #$genls of\n an argument of a #$Relation; the arg1 is the Relation; the\n arg2 is the argument constrained; the arg3 is the required\n #$genls #$Collection.",\n guid = "bd97e378-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; ArgGenlTernaryPredicate rel isu PredicateCategory, isu RelationshipType, isu CoreConstant, iss ArgTypeTernaryPredicate, iss TernaryPredicate; Class isg ArgIsaBinaryPredicate; ArgIsaBinaryPredicate has label = "arg isa binary predicate", comment = "Those instances of both #$BinaryPredicate and\n #$ArgIsaPredicate used to specify the required #$isa of an\n argument of a #$Relation; the arg1 is the #$Relation; the\n arg2 is the required #$isa #$Collection.",\n guid = "bfa4fe8c-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; ArgIsaBinaryPredicate rel isu PredicateCategory, isu RelationshipType, isu CoreConstant, iss ArgTypeBinaryPredicate; Class isg ArgIsaTernaryPredicate; ArgIsaTernaryPredicate has label = "arg isa ternary predicate", comment = "Those instances of both #$TernaryPredicate and\n #$ArgIsaPredicate used to specify the required #$isa of an\n argument of a #$Relation; the arg1 is the #$Relation; the\n arg2 is the argument constrained; the arg3 is the required\n #$isa #$Collection.",\n guid = "bfedab5d-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; ArgIsaTernaryPredicate rel isu PredicateCategory, isu RelationshipType, isu CoreConstant, iss ArgTypeTernaryPredicate, iss TernaryPredicate; Class isg ArgTypeBinaryPredicate; ArgTypeBinaryPredicate has label = "arg type binary predicate", comment = "Those instances of both #$BinaryPredicate and\n #$ArgTypePredicate used to specify the required #$isa or\n #$genls or #$genlAttributes of an argument of a #$Relation;\n the arg1 is the #$Relation; the arg2 is the required type, a\n #$Collection or #$AttributeValue.",\n guid = "beb5aba2-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; ArgTypeBinaryPredicate rel isu RelationshipType, isu CoreConstant, isu PredicateCategory, iss Property; Class isg ArgTypeTernaryPredicate; ArgTypeTernaryPredicate has label = "arg type ternary predicate", comment = "Those instances of both #$TernaryPredicate and\n #$ArgTypePredicate used to specify the required #$isa or\n #$genls or #$genlAttributes of an argument of a #$Relation;\n the arg1 is the Relation; the arg2 is the argument\n constrained; the arg3 is the required type: a #$Collection\n or an #$AttributeValue.",\n guid = "c00a42b9-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; ArgTypeTernaryPredicate rel isu CoreConstant, isu RelationshipType, isu PredicateCategory, iss TernaryPredicate; SharedNote isp ArgumentTypeChecking-FORTSvsNonReifiedNATS; ArgumentTypeChecking-FORTSvsNonReifiedNATS has label = "argument type checking - f o r t svs non reified n a t s", comment = "Arg-type checking imposes somewhat weaker\n constraints on non-reified function terms than it does for\n forts (first order reified terms). Specifically,\n non-reified terms are required only to be consistent with\n arg-isa and arg-genls constraints using disjointness\n reasoning constraint is satisfied when no disjointness\n violation can be found. This is significantly weaker than\n the constraints imposed on forts: forts must provably\n satisfy applicable arg-isa and arg-genl constraints using\n isa and genls reasoning.",\n guid = "bd6bae41-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Class isg Arm; Arm has label = "arms", comment = "The collection of all animal arms. An #$Arm of an\n animal is one of its #$AnimalBodyParts, more particularly\n one of its appendages, a limb which it uses for manipulation\n moreso than for locomotion. A #$Hand is considered part of\n an #$Arm.",\n guid = "bd58e9e5-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Arm rel isu SymmetricAnatomicalPartType, isu AnimalBodyPartType, iss BiologicalLivingObject; Class isg ArmMovement; ArmMovement has label = "arm movement", comment = "The collection of any movements of an arm that are\n generated by the #$Animal whose arm it is, through nerve\n impulses to the arm. Physically, an #$ArmMovement involves\n movement of the upper arm or elbow in relation to the body\n to which it is attached.",\n guid = "bd58a69d-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; ArmMovement rel isu DefaultDisjointScriptType, isu TemporalStuffType, iss BodyMovementEvent; Class isg Army-BranchOfService; Army-BranchOfService has label = "regular armies", comment = "The collection of all modern nation-states'\n armies (the whole branch of service). This sense of\n 'army' is different from an 'Army' or\n 'Army Group' in the sense of a military unit. It\n is customary to refer to very large military units in the\n fields as 'armies', e.g. the American 5th Army in\n the European Theater in WWII. This is not the sense being\n referred to here--'the Army' itself is intended.",\n guid = "bf6e8301-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Army-BranchOfService rel isu Class, isu ExistingObjectType, xor Navy; Class isg ArmyPersonnel; ArmyPersonnel has label = "army people", comment = "A collection of people, a subset of\n #$MilitaryPerson. Each element of this collection is\n somebody who works for an #$Army-BranchOfSevice.",\n guid = "bd58eecc-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; ArmyPersonnel rel isu OccupationType, iss Soldier; Class isg ArrestingSomeone; ArrestingSomeone has label = "arrests", comment = "A collection of events. In an instance of\n #$ArrestingSomeone, a law enforcement officer arrests\n another person, who is thereupon taken into custody (#$HeldCaptive).", guid = "bd66906e-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; ArrestingSomeone rel isu TemporalObjectType, iss CapturingAnimal; Class isg ArtObject; ArtObject has label = "works of art", comment = "A collection of information bearing objects\n (IBOs). Each element of #$ArtObject is a tangible object\n that is a work, or a reproduction of a work, in one of the\n representational or plastic arts, such as a painting,\n sculpture, ceramic piece, quilt, stained glass composition,\n etc. #$ArtObject does NOT include plays, movies, music,\n performance art, or other activities. #$ArtObject is a\n subset of #$InformationBearingObject, but its elements need\n not have propositional content, although they may. Examples\n of #$ArtObject: the #$StatueOfLiberty, the Mona Lisa, a\n poster reproduction of Van Gogh's `Starry Night',\n Rodin's `Burghers of Calais', a piece of Ju ware\n from the Sung Dynasty, the windows of Chartres Cathedral, a\n series of prints by Picasso.", guid = "bd58c7b8-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; ArtObject rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss CompositeTangibleAndIntangibleObject, iss Artifact, iss PartiallyTangibleProduct, iss VisualInformationSource; Class isg Arthropod; Arthropod has label = "arthropods", comment = "An instance of #$BiologicalPhylum whose\n #$taxonMembers include (mostly) the numerous collections of\n chitin-armored invertebrates that have jointed bodies and\n limbs, e.g., insects, spiders, crustaceans, etc.", guid = "bd58b048-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Arthropod rel isu BiologicalPhylum, isu OrganismClassificationType, iss Animal, iss Invertebrate; Class isg Artifact; Artifact has label = "artifacts", comment = "A collection of tangible things. An instance of\n #$Artifact is a tangible which was more or less\n intentionally created by an #$Agent (or a group of #$Agents\n working together) to serve some purpose or perform some\n function. By `created', we don't require that the\n matter itself be created, it is often just the result of\n some sort of assemblage or modification process, such as a\n wooden flute that's been whittled from a tree branch, a\n sawhorse that's been put together out of boards and\n nails, a coin that's been minted by embossing or by\n melting liquid silver into a mold, etc. Let's\n consider some positive and negative examples. In addition\n to the obvious human artifacts (buildings, tools, textiles,\n power lines), this collection includes certain sorts of\n things made by #$Animals, such as bird nests, termite\n mounds, and beaver dams. Something which just barely\n squeaks through the intended meaning of this concept is\n #$YaleUniversity. In addition to the abstract legal entity,\n it consists of a set of physical buildings, furnishings,\n etc. By contrast, an organization that had no headquarters\n building, equipment, tangible property, etc. would not be an\n artifact. Similarly, a fictional character such as Tom\n Sawyer is not an artifact (in the context of the story, Tom\n is not an artifact because he is a real boy; in the context\n of the real world, Tom is not an artifact because he has no\n tangible component whatsoever.) While some artifacts may\n be alive, or contain living subparts, we do not intend this\n collection to encompass all organisms which resulted from\n normal biological reproductive processes. Your child is not\n an artifact. If you do an oil painting of a house that is\n an artifact, but much more borderline is what you get if you\n take a rock and just paint it a solid color, say white. In\n general that won't be an artifact unless it serves some\n purpose, such as marking the shoulder of a roadway, but more\n questionable cases are if the purpose of the white rock is\n just `to be sold as art' or `to look pretty.' The\n white rock might thus be an artifact in certain contexts,\n but not in others. Not every instance of #$Path-Generic\n (q.v.) is necessarily an instance of #$Artifact. For\n example, some channels used for navigation may not be\n artifacts, because even though they are marked with human\n artifacts (i.e., channel markers) as locations where ships\n may safely travel, the channel itself may have been a\n naturally occurring pre-existing thing -- e.g., the\n #$EnglishChannel. If a #$ChannelOrStrait were produced or\n maintained only by constant dredging, it might count as an\n artifact. By contrast, each #$Canal, such as #$SuezCanal,\n is almost certain to be an #$Artifact. See also #$Product.", guid = "bd5907fd-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Artifact rel isu Class, iss Individual, xor Agent; Class isg Artifact-NonAgentive; Artifact-NonAgentive has label = "artifact - non agentive", comment = "#$Artifact-NonAgentive is the collection of all\n artifacts that in no plausible, literal sense may be\n considered to have a kind of agency in ordinary,\n non-fictional, straightforward contexts -- i.e. they are not\n instances of #$Agent-Generic. (Exceptions within\n metaphorical, fanciful, or fictional context could supersede\n membership in this collection: when someone says, 'My\n hairdryer hates me', the hairdryer would not be an\n instance of #$Artifact-NonAgentive in that special context.)\n Example subcollections: #$StoneStuff, #$Air, #$Tooth,\n #$Caffeine. #$AgentiveArtifacts like #$Robots are excluded.", guid = "bd8e4b86-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Artifact-NonAgentive rel isu ExistingObjectType, xor BiologicalLivingObject, xor Agent-Generic; Class isg ArtificialMaterial; ArtificialMaterial has label = "artificial substances", comment = "A collection of substances; a subset of\n #$Artifact. An instance of #$ArtificialMaterial is a\n portion of artificial stuff that was intentionally made by\n some agent(s), such as #$Plastic or #$SweetNLow. Since\n #$ArtificialMaterials are intentionally produced, this class\n does not normally include materials which are merely\n #$byProducts or #$wasteProducts of an intentional process.\n However, what is a byproduct at one time or in one context\n may be a useful material that would count as an instance of\n #$ArtificialMaterial in another.", guid = "bd590222-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; ArtificialMaterial rel isu ExistingStuffType, iss Artifact, xor NaturalTangibleStuff; Alertness isp Asleep; Asleep has label = "asleep", comment = "#$Asleep is the #$Alertness attribute of being\n asleep. #$Asleep is a specialization of #$Unconscious.\n (#$holdsIn (#$YearFn 1776) (#$alertnessLevel RipVanWinkle #$Asleep)).", guid = "bd58a6ff-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Class isg AssociativeRelation; AssociativeRelation has label = "associative relation", comment = "An important subset of #$Relation. Each element\n RELN of #$AssociativeRelation is a relationship such that\n the expressions (RELN A (RELN B C)) and (RELN (RELN A B) C)\n both have the same value or meaning; e.g., #$PlusFn,\n #$TimesFn, #$or, #$and. More generally, the truth of an\n asserted associative relation is unaffected by any change\n from one well-formed parenthesization of its use (on a given\n sequence of arguments) to another.", guid = "c14862c2-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; AssociativeRelation rel isu CoreConstant, isu RelationshipType, iss Relation; Class isg AstronomicalObject; AstronomicalObject has label = "astronomical objects", comment = "A collection of tangibles. Each element of\n #$AstronomicalObject is an object of interest to\n astronomers, which includes the Earth along with other\n objects in outer space. Some, but not all, elements of\n #$AstronomicalObject belong to #$CelestialObject, the\n collection of heavenly bodies visible from earth. Examples:\n #$Polaris-TheStar, the #$Sun, #$PlanetSaturn. See also: #$HeavenlyBody.", guid = "bd58d178-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; AstronomicalObject rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss TangibleThing, iss InanimateObject-Natural; Class isg AsymmetricBinaryPredicate; AsymmetricBinaryPredicate has label = "asymmetric binary predicate", comment = "A collection of predicates; the subset of\n #$AntiSymmetricBinaryPredicate whose elements represent\n asymmetric relations. A predicate F is an element of\n #$AsymmetricBinaryPredicate if and only if F is a binary\n predicate and (F X Y) implies (#$not (F Y X)). For example,\n #$northOf, #$children, #$greaterThan, #$overrides. Note\n this additional restriction: A Cyc predicate F can be an\n element of #$AsymmetricBinaryPredicate only if the type\n (i.e., arg-Isa) constraint applicable to F's first\n argument is not disjoint with the type constraint applicable\n to F's second argument. See also #$NoteOnArgumentTypingAndPropertiesOfRelations.", guid = "bd6561fc-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; AsymmetricBinaryPredicate rel isu CoreConstant, isu PredicateCategory, iss IrreflexiveBinaryPredicate, iss AntiSymmetricBinaryPredicate, xor SymmetricBinaryPredicate; Class isg AtLeastPartiallyMentalEvent; AtLeastPartiallyMentalEvent has label = "mental events", comment = "A collection of events. Each event that is an\n instance of #$AtLeastPartiallyMentalEvent has an actor or\n group of actors (see #$actors) whose mental functions are\n involved. The collection includes such things as dreaming,\n perceiving, sensing, theorizing about something, having a\n realization, making a decision, building, designing\n something, and consciously carrying out a task. Some of\n those examples are actions as well as events (see #$doneBy\n or #$performedBy). Note that the above list includes both\n purposeful events and non-purposeful events that involve\n mental functions. Note also that any event that has a\n mental component is also an instance of this collection so\n that events like preparing lunch would be classified as\n instances of #$AtLeastPartiallyMentalEvent. It is almost\n always possible and preferable to use one of the specs of\n #$AtLeastPartiallyMentalEvent. If an event seems mostly\n mental in nature, modulo neurons firing and related brain\n activity, use #$StrictlyMentalEvent or one of its specs. If\n it essentially involves both mental and physical activity,\n see #$CompositePhysicalAndMentalEvent or\n #$PurposefulCompositePhysicalAndMentalActivity. For mental\n events that are intentionally and purposefully performed,\n see the subset #$PurposefulMentalActivity.", guid = "bd588615-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; AtLeastPartiallyMentalEvent rel isu TemporalStuffType, iss AnimalActivity, iss Event; Class isg Athlete; Athlete has label = "athletes", comment = "A collection of persons. Each element of\n #$Athlete is a person who trains to compete in contests\n involving physical agility, stamina, or strength. In the\n #$JobMt, #$Athlete is a subset of #$Professional (q.v.), and\n hence in that microtheory represents the collection of\n professional athletes.", guid = "bd58befb-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Athlete rel isu PersonByActivityType, isu OccupationType, iss Person; Class isg AthleticActivity; AthleticActivity has label = "athletic activities", comment = "Any athletic activity, i.e. one which involves\n physical exertion and tends to require strength and stamina.\n Not just limited to competitive sports events. Also\n includes spelunking, or going for a jog, or shooting a\n few hoops.", guid = "be01fe5d-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; AthleticActivity rel isu Class, iss HumanActivity, iss PurposefulAction, iss PhysicalEvent; InternationalWaters isp AtlanticOcean; AtlanticOcean has label = "the Atlantic Ocean", comment = "The main body of salt water primarily in the\n #$WesternHemisphere-Region, bordering on five #$Continents\n (or three #$TrueContinents -- Western coasts of Europe and\n Africa, Antarctica, Eastern coasts of North and South America).", guid = "bd5901d2-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Class isg Atom; Atom has label = "atoms", comment = "A collection of microscopic-scale objects. Each\n instance of #$Atom has one atomic nucleus and some number of\n electrons. As a default, we assume that an instance of\n #$Atom has no net charge, i.e., that it has as many\n instances of #$Electrons as it does of #$Protons in its\n #$AtomicNucleus; but note there are exceptions, e.g., those\n which are instances of #$Ion.", guid = "bd5891ef-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Atom rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss ChemicalObject; Class isg AtomicNucleus; AtomicNucleus has label = "nuclei", comment = "A collection of objects; a subset of\n #$MicroscopicScaleObject. Each instance of #$AtomicNucleus\n is an object composed of some definite number of instances\n of #$Proton and some definite number of instances of\n #$Neutron. Instances of the collection #$Atom are each\n composed of one member of #$AtomicNucleus and some number of electrons.", guid = "bd58a3d9-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; AtomicNucleus rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss MicroscopicScaleObject; Class isg AttributeType; AttributeType has label = "attribute type", comment = "A collection of collections. Each element of\n #$AttributeType is a collection of attributes. Each element\n of #$AttributeType is a subset of #$AttributeValue (q.v.).\n Examples include #$SensoryAttribute, #$BodyPartPosition,\n #$OrientationAttribute, #$SecurityClearanceLevel,\n #$ComputerVideoResolution, #$ForceVector, and many more.", guid = "bd590364-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; AttributeType rel isu CollectionType, isu Class, iss ObjectType, xor AttributeValue; Class isg AttributeValue; AttributeValue has label = "attributes", comment = "The set of all attributes represented in Cyc.\n #$AttributeValue includes quantities, such as 5 inches\n (i.e., (#$Inch 5)) or 1000 dollars per year (i.e.,\n (#$DollarsPerYear 1000)), as well as qualities like #$Hilly,\n #$Rough, #$DeviceOn, etc., which can be used to make\n assertions about the state of some tangible object.", guid = "bd5880c5-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; AttributeValue rel isu AttributeType, isu CoreConstant, iss IntangibleIndividual, xor Relation, xor Proposition, xor Class, xor AttributeType, xor Microtheory, xor TemporalThing, xor Language, xor SpatialThing; Class isg AudibleSound; AudibleSound has label = "sounds", comment = "A collection of events; a subset of #$Sound. Each\n element of #$AudibleSound is a sound within the #$Frequency\n range of human hearing.", guid = "bd5906fc-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; AudibleSound rel isu WavePropagationType, iss WavePropagation, iss Sound; Class isg AudioCommunicating; AudioCommunicating has label = "audio-communicating events", comment = "A collection of information transfer events; a\n subset of #$Communicating. Each element of\n #$AudioCommunicating is a transmission of sound-borne\n information between two (or more) agents; e.g., talking,\n clapping, or performing music.", guid = "bd58c907-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; AudioCommunicating rel isu DefaultDisjointScriptType, isu TemporalStuffType, iss Communicating; Class isg August; August has label = "August", comment = "The collection of all Augusts, the eighth month\n of the year in the #$JulianCalendar.", guid = "bd58c170-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; August rel isu MonthOfYearType, isu CoreConstant, iss CalendarMonth; Country isp Australia; Australia has label = "Australia", comment = "Australia, the country that occupies the\n #$ContinentOfAustralia (and also #$TasmaniaIslandAustralia)\n dividing the eastern #$IndianOcean from the southwestern\n #$PacificOcean. In the #$DualistGeopoliticalMt, this\n constant includes both physical and political aspects of Australia.", guid = "bd5894b3-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Class isg AuthorizedAgreement; AuthorizedAgreement has label = "authorized agreements", comment = "The collection of generic agreements that are\n authorized by one of the agreeing parties (typically by the\n issuer of the document embodying the agreement).\n #$AuthorizedAgreements are generic in the sense that their\n authorizing agents are party to many similar agreements; for\n that reason, an #$AuthorizedAgreement is typically given a\n unique identification number. Examples: bank accounts,\n driver's licenses, stock certificates.", guid = "bd58b01c-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; AuthorizedAgreement rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss Agreement; Class isg AutoDealership; AutoDealership has label = "car dealerships", comment = "Each instance is an establishment (an organization\n located at one site) that sells automobiles and other types\n of road vehicles to consumers.", guid = "bd58eed7-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; AutoDealership rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss SingleSiteOrganization, iss RetailStore, iss Business; Class isg Automobile; Automobile has label = "cars", comment = "A collection of transportation devices -- those\n commonly known as `passenger cars.' An instance of\n #$Automobile is an element of #$RoadVehicle which was\n designed for carrying about 4 passengers (give or take a\n factor of 2). In addition to midsize cars, #$Automobile\n includes elements belonging to the subsets #$SportsCar,\n #$PickupTruck and #$Van. This collection does NOT include\n motorcycles, buses, tractors, etc.", guid = "bd5895c1-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Automobile rel isu ProductType, isu ExistingObjectType, iss RoadVehicle, iss ContactLocation, iss HumanlyOccupiedSpatialObject; Alertness isp Awake; Awake has label = "awake", comment = "#$Awake is the #$Alertness attribute of being awake.", guid = "bd58a5fa-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Class isg BackSide; BackSide has label = "backs", comment = "The collection of all the entire back sides (as\n conventionally understood) of all objects that have distinct\n #$Sides, one of which faces in the backwards direction.", guid = "bd59048d-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; BackSide rel isu RegionType, iss Side; CycLAssertionDirection isp Backward-AssertionDirection; Backward-AssertionDirection has label = "backward - assertion direction", comment = "The backward direction for Cyc assertions; the\n assertion is not forward propagated.", guid = "bd674278-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; PreparationAttribute isp Baked; Baked has label = "baked", comment = "The attribute #$Baked is a specialized form of\n #$Cooked. Food that is #$Baked has been prepared in an\n event of #$BakingFood, using a $#RegularOven.", guid = "bd5886dd-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Class isg BakingFood; BakingFood has label = "baking food", comment = "A collection of events in which food is baked in a\n #$RegularOven. After an event of #$BakingFood, the food\n involved has been #$Baked.", guid = "bd58aed0-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; BakingFood rel isu DefaultDisjointScriptType, isu TemporalObjectType, iss CookingFood; Class isg BalconyLevelInAConstruction; BalconyLevelInAConstruction has label = "balconies", comment = "A specialization of #$LevelOfAConstruction whose\n instances are balconies in the style of those overhanging\n levels sometimes found in churches, theatres, etc. Such\n balconies are often approximately one-third the size of the\n floor or level below them, and therefore can be considered\n legitimate levels themselves. They usually contain a mob of\n seats. Note that this collection does _not_ include the\n kind of balcony that protrudes from a window or door on an\n already existing level. See also\n #$AboveGroundLevelInAConstruction and #$BasementLevelInAConstruction.", guid = "bd5894f5-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; BalconyLevelInAConstruction rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss LevelOfAConstruction; Entity isp Bangladesh; Bangladesh has label = "Bangladesh", comment = "Country near the eastern end of the Indian\n subcontinent, separated from #$Nepal by a narrow corridor\n of #$India, and sharing part of its border with #$Burma.\n Considered a part of India's territory during the\n period of British colonial rule.", guid = "bd590173-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Class isg BankDebitCard; BankDebitCard has label = "debit cards", comment = "A collection of official `documents'. Each\n element of #$BankDebitCard is a plastic card that enables\n the holder to access the account with which the card is\n associated; typically used to withdraw funds from the\n account. Cf. #$CreditCard.", guid = "c0fd4920-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; BankDebitCard rel isu MoneyTenderType, iss Plastic, iss Card, iss IDDocument, iss TenderObject; Class isg Bartering; Bartering has label = "barters", comment = "The collection of transactions between two\n #$Agents in which one #$Agent gives items or services to\n another #$Agent, and the other #$Agent gives items or\n services in return, and neither of the items or services is\n money, credit, or payment of money.", guid = "bd58b2e0-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Bartering rel isu TemporalObjectType, isu DefaultDisjointScriptType, iss ExchangeOfUserRights, iss Transaction, xor MonetaryExchangeOfUserRights; BroadMicrotheory isp BaseKB; BaseKB has label = "base k b", comment = "#$BaseKB is the most general #$Microtheory\n currently in use. Assertions in this context are\n `accessible' from any other #$Microtheory via the\n #$genlMt relation. In the partial order of microtheories,\n all microtheories have access to #$BaseKB. An assertion\n which is true here will by default be true in every context.\n The `content' of #$BaseKB consists of very general\n assertions which are expected to be usable in most or all\n applications of Cyc, as well as Cyc's most fundamental\n assertions that it uses in inference, and all completely\n universal, timeless truths.", guid = "bd588111-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Class isg BasementLevelInAConstruction; BasementLevelInAConstruction has label = "basements", comment = "A specialization of #$LevelOfAConstruction whose\n instances are below ground level. See also\n #$AboveGroundLevelInAConstruction and #$BalconyLevelInAConstruction.", guid = "bd58ce1a-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; BasementLevelInAConstruction rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss LevelOfAConstruction; Class isg Battle; Battle has label = "battles", comment = "The collection of events in which two or more\n large groups of #$Persons meet and fight one another, each\n group seeking to vanquish (some of) the others. #$Battles\n are often conducted by #$MilitaryOrganizations, and they may\n influence the outcomes of #$WagingWar. A #$Battle will have\n as #$subEvents at least two #$PhysicallyAttackingAnAgent\n events, in which one of the fighting groups attacks the other.", guid = "bd58aeb0-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Battle rel isu TemporalObjectType; ThreeDimensionalShapeAttribute isp BeamShaped; BeamShaped has label = "beam shaped", comment = "The attribute shared by all objects that have the\n attribute #$Rectangular3DShaped and for which one dimension\n is many times greater than the other two dimensions.", guid = "c138a988-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Agent isp Belgium; Belgium has label = "Belgium", comment = "Belgium, a small #$IndependentCountry in the west\n of the #$ContinentOfEurope. It is a kingdom. The constant\n includes the nation of Belgium as it has existed throughout\n time, including both its physical and its political aspects.", guid = "bd58df47-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Class isg BeliefSystem; BeliefSystem has label = "systems of belief", comment = "The collection of ideologies (systems of belief)\n in terms of which an agent characterizes (i.e., makes sense\n of) their world. Elements of this set include:\n #$VegetarianBeliefs, #$GermanNaziIdeology,\n #$RepublicanPartyIdeology, #$CommunistIdeology,\n #$PacifistIdeology, #$Atheism, etc. See also #$ConventionalClassificationSystem.", guid = "bd58bd47-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; BeliefSystem rel isu BeliefSystemType, iss AbstractInformationalThing; Class isg BeliefSystemType; BeliefSystemType has label = "belief system type", comment = "The collection of all the kinds of\n #$BeliefSystems: religious, philosophical, political,\n ethical, cultural, and scientific. Some elements of this\n collection include #$Religion, #$PhilosophyBeliefs, etc.\n The most general member of this set is #$BeliefSystems (qv).", guid = "bd590588-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; BeliefSystemType rel isu Class, isu CollectionType, iss Class; PhysicalStructuralAttribute isp Bendable; Bendable has label = "bendable", comment = "A physical attribute. #$Bendable is the\n #$PhysicalStructuralAttribute of an object that tends to\n stay in the contorted shape when contorted. Note: for\n something to be bendable, it must be #$Flexible.", guid = "bd58874c-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Class isg Bicycle; Bicycle has label = "bicycles", comment = "The collection of all bicycles, personal wheeled\n transport devices powered by human peddling. Most Bicycles\n have two main wheels arranged in-line, but some tandem\n bicycles have more than two wheels.", guid = "bd58e8d0-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Bicycle rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss Device-UserPowered; Class isg BidirectedPathSystem; BidirectedPathSystem has label = "bidirected path system", comment = "An instance of #$PathSystemType-Structural and a\n subcollection of #$Semi-DirectedPathSystem. For each\n instance SYS of #$BidirectedPathSystem, every link in SYS is\n given two directions.", guid = "beffe753-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; BidirectedPathSystem rel isu PathSystemType-Structural, iss Semi-DirectedPathSystem, xor DirectedPathSystem; Class isg BilaterallySymmetricObject; BilaterallySymmetricObject has label = "bilaterally symmetric object", comment = "The collection of objects which are symmetric on\n both sides of a bisecting axis, as are most vertebrates.", guid = "bd58b94b-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; BilaterallySymmetricObject rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss SpatialThing; Class isg Bill-PaymentRequest; Bill-PaymentRequest has label = "bills", comment = "A collection of documents. Each element of\n #$Bill-PaymentRequest is a notification, demand, or request\n made by a creditor (or its agent) to a debtor, for payment\n of a debt previously incurred for some loan, goods, or\n services. Examples: telephone bills, tax bills, department\n store bills, cleaning bills, fuel bills.", guid = "bd58d7b1-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Bill-PaymentRequest rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss TextualMaterial; Class isg BillingLocation; BillingLocation has label = "billing locations", comment = "A collection of places; a subset of\n #$ContactLocation. Each element of #$BillingLocation is a\n location to which invoices are sent. For most private\n individuals, their billing location is their home address.", guid = "be0184e0-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; BillingLocation rel isu ContactLocationType, iss MailingLocation; Class isg BinaryFunction; BinaryFunction has label = "binary function", comment = "#$BinaryFunction is the collection of all Cyc\n functions which take two arguments.", guid = "c0e7247c-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; BinaryFunction rel isu CoreConstant, iss BinaryRelation, iss Function-Denotational; Class isg BinaryPredicate; BinaryPredicate has label = "binary predicates", comment = "#$BinaryPredicate is the collection of all Cyc\n predicates which take two arguments.", guid = "bd588102-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; BinaryPredicate rel is Property, isu PredicateCategory, isu CoreConstant, iss Predicate, iss BinaryRelation, xor SubLObject; Class isg BinaryRelation; BinaryRelation has label = "binary relation", comment = "The collection of all #$Relations of arity 2 in\n CycL. This collection was created in order to implement\n automatic conclusion of arity for relations in CycL,\n regardless of whether they are predicates or functions.", guid = "be75c8f9-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; BinaryRelation rel isu CoreConstant, iss FixedArityRelation, xor PartiallyCommutativeRelation; Class isg BioDeteriorationResistance; BioDeteriorationResistance has label = "bio deterioration resistance", comment = "A collection of attributes; a subset of\n #$PhysicalAttribute. Each element of\n #$BioDeteriorationResistance represents a specific capacity\n of a tangible object to resist biological deterioration.\n Degrees of #$BioDeteriorationResistance may be represented\n using #$GenericValueFunctions. Indicate a particular\n object's #$BioDeteriorationResistance with the\n predicate #$resistanceToBioDeterioration.", guid = "be00bf59-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; BioDeteriorationResistance rel iss ScalarInterval; Class isg BiologicalCatabolismEvent; BiologicalCatabolismEvent has label = "catabolisms", comment = "A collection of events. Each\n #$BiologicalCatabolismEvent involve the destruction of\n larger molecules. E.g., the degradation of glucose into\n carbon dioxide and water, which releases energy used to make\n ATP (adenosine triphosphate).", guid = "bd58ef47-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; BiologicalCatabolismEvent rel isu TemporalObjectType, isu DefaultDisjointScriptType, iss BiologicalDestructionEvent, iss BiologicalMetabolismEvent; Class isg BiologicalClass; BiologicalClass has label = "classes", comment = "The collection of taxonomic subdivisions directly\n under #$BiologicalPhylum (for animals and for the\n animal-like organisms in the #$ProtistaKingdom), or\n #$BiologicalDivision (for the plants and for the plant-like\n organisms within the #$ProtistaKingdom).", guid = "bd58974c-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; BiologicalClass rel isu BiologicalTaxonType, isu CollectionType, iss BiologicalTaxon; Class isg BiologicalDecompositionEvent; BiologicalDecompositionEvent has label = "biological decomposition event", comment = "A collection of events. In each\n #$BiologicalDecompositionEvent, some living structures are decomposed.", guid = "bd58b294-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; BiologicalDecompositionEvent rel isu TemporalObjectType, isu DefaultDisjointScriptType, iss BiologicalDestructionEvent, iss DecompositionEvent; Class isg BiologicalDestructionEvent; BiologicalDestructionEvent has label = "biological destruction event", comment = "A collection of events. In each element of\n #$BiologicalDestructionEvent, something is destroyed by some\n element(s) of #$BiologicalLivingObject. For example,\n #$DigestingInStomach is a subset of #$BiologicalDestructionEvent.", guid = "bd58b316-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; BiologicalDestructionEvent rel isu TemporalObjectType, isu DefaultDisjointScriptType, iss BiologicalEvent; Class isg BiologicalDevelopmentEvent; BiologicalDevelopmentEvent has label = "biological development event", comment = "A collection of events, and a subset of\n #$IntrinsicStateChangeEvents. In each\n #$BiologicalDevelopmentEvent, one or more living things\n undergo biological changes in which they progress from one\n developmental stage to another. For example, the\n germination of a seed, the opening of a flower, the pupating\n of a caterpillar, a teenager reaching puberty. Some\n borderline non-examples include: Groucho Marx being born,\n Groucho Marx dying.", guid = "bd58d906-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; BiologicalDevelopmentEvent rel isu TemporalObjectType, isu DefaultDisjointScriptType, iss IntrinsicStateChangeEvent, iss BiologicalEvent; Class isg BiologicalDivision; BiologicalDivision has label = "divisions", comment = "The collection of main taxonomic subdivisions of\n #$BiologicalKingdom (or #$BiologicalSubkingdom) for the\n members of the #$MoneraKingdom (i.e., prokaryotes), #$Fungus\n Kingdom, #$Plant Kingdom, and for the plant-like organisms\n within the #$ProtistaKingdom. In the #$Animal Kingdom,\n however, the main taxonomic subdivisions are elements of\n #$BiologicalPhylum (q.v.) rather than #$BiologicalDivision.", guid = "bd58978f-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; BiologicalDivision rel isu BiologicalTaxonType, isu CollectionType, iss BiologicalTaxon; Class isg BiologicalEvent; BiologicalEvent has label = "biological processes", comment = "An event in which a biological thing is a #$bodilyDoer.", guid = "bd5902b7-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; BiologicalEvent rel isu DefaultDisjointScriptType, isu TemporalStuffType, iss PhysicalEvent; Class isg BiologicalFamily; BiologicalFamily has label = "taxonomic families", comment = "The collection of biological taxonomic\n subdivisions below #$BiologicalOrder (or\n #$BiologicalSuborder) and above #$BiologicalGenus.\n Especially important in Botanical classification.", guid = "bd58cb2c-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; BiologicalFamily rel isu CollectionType, isu BiologicalTaxonType, iss BiologicalTaxon; Class isg BiologicalGenus; BiologicalGenus has label = "genera", comment = "The collection of biological taxonomic\n subdivisions below #$BiologicalFamily and above\n #$BiologicalSpecies. Sometimes, hybrids are possible\n between different instances of #$BiologicalSpecies that\n belong to the same #$BiologicalGenus.", guid = "bd589a9f-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; BiologicalGenus rel isu BiologicalTaxonType, isu CollectionType, iss BiologicalTaxon; Class isg BiologicalIntakeEvent; BiologicalIntakeEvent has label = "biological intake event", comment = "A collection of processes. In each element of\n #$BiologicalIntakeEvent, some object(s) are taken into some\n living structure.", guid = "bd588866-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; BiologicalIntakeEvent rel isu TemporalObjectType, isu DefaultDisjointScriptType, iss BiologicalTransportationEvent; Class isg BiologicalKingdom; BiologicalKingdom has label = "kingdoms", comment = "The collection of the highest, most general\n taxonomic divisions of organisms. Traditionally, it has\n included the elements of #$Animal and of #$Plant and may\n include separate kingdoms for the elements of\n #$ProkaryoticCell, single-celled eukaryotes (protists), and fungi.", guid = "bd58989a-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; BiologicalKingdom rel isu BiologicalTaxonType, isu CollectionType, iss BiologicalTaxon; Class isg BiologicalLivingObject; BiologicalLivingObject has label = "living things", comment = "A collection of all structures that are composed\n of one or more living cells (see #$Cell). Biological living\n objects (BLOs) may be either elements of #$Organism-Whole\n (like dogs or pine trees) or are components of such whole\n organisms (like noses, tails, and pine needles). The\n healthy leg of a living person is a BLO (as is the person),\n but an amputated leg is not a BLO. Every element of\n #$BiologicalLivingObject is either capable of biological\n reproduction itself or has components which are capable of\n biological reproduction (such as the cells in a living arm).", guid = "bd58a6ed-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; BiologicalLivingObject rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss OrganicStuff, iss CompositeTangibleAndIntangibleObject, iss NaturalTangibleStuff, xor Organization, xor InanimateThing, xor Place, xor Artifact-NonAgentive; Class isg BiologicalMetabolismEvent; BiologicalMetabolismEvent has label = "biological metabolism event", comment = "The collection of biological processes in which\n substrates are converted into metabolites. The metabolites\n may be more or less complex than the substrates.", guid = "bd58ee48-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; BiologicalMetabolismEvent rel isu DefaultDisjointScriptType, isu TemporalObjectType, iss BiologicalEvent; Class isg BiologicalOrder; BiologicalOrder has label = "orders", comment = "The collection of biological taxonomic\n subdivisions below #$BiologicalClass (or\n #$BiologicalSubclass) and above #$BiologicalFamily.", guid = "bd58e329-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; BiologicalOrder rel isu CollectionType, isu BiologicalTaxonType, iss BiologicalTaxon; Class isg BiologicalPhylum; BiologicalPhylum has label = "phyla", comment = "The collection of main taxonomic subdivisions of\n #$BiologicalKingdom (or #$BiologicalSubkingdom if present)\n for the #$Animal kingdom and for the animal-like organisms\n within the #$ProtistaKingdom. The other elements of\n #$BiologicalKingdom have divisions belonging to\n #$BiologicalDivision instead of Phyla (Phyla is the plural\n of Phylum).", guid = "bd589813-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; BiologicalPhylum rel isu CollectionType, isu BiologicalTaxonType, iss BiologicalTaxon; Class isg BiologicalProductionEvent; BiologicalProductionEvent has label = "biological production event", comment = "A collection of events. In each element of\n #$BiologicalProductionEvent, raw materials are combined to\n produce a product, and some element(s) of\n #$BiologicalLivingObject is the producer. E.g., the\n production of honey by honeybees, the growth of a seedling\n into a tree, the secretion of sweat by a marathon runner,\n etc. Note: This is a very general collection, and for\n most purposes one of its subsets will better capture what is intended.", guid = "bd58c40f-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; BiologicalProductionEvent rel isu DefaultDisjointScriptType, isu TemporalObjectType, iss BiologicalEvent; Class isg BiologicalReproductionEvent; BiologicalReproductionEvent has label = "procreations", comment = "A collection of events. Each element of\n #$BiologicalReproductionEvent is an event in which one or\n more biological organisms (the #$parentActors) produce new\n organisms (the #$offspringActors) generally of the same kind\n as the parents.", guid = "bd58d8c5-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; BiologicalReproductionEvent rel isu TemporalObjectType, isu DefaultDisjointScriptType, iss BiologicalProductionEvent; Class isg BiologicalSpecies; BiologicalSpecies has label = "species", comment = "A collection of the lowest taxons\n (#$BiologicalTaxon, q.v.) that are necessarily common to\n both parents of fertile offspring, or, in the case of\n asexual reproduction, necessarily common to parent and\n child. Members of different species cannot produce fertile\n offspring by interbreeding. An element of\n #$BiologicalSpecies has members who all have significant\n traits in common, and members of each biological species\n have other members as parents. In biological taxonomy,\n related species are grouped into a particular element of\n #$BiologicalGenus (q.v.).", guid = "bd58caeb-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; BiologicalSpecies rel isu CollectionType, isu BiologicalTaxonType, iss BiologicalTaxon; Class isg BiologicalSubclass; BiologicalSubclass has label = "subclasses", comment = "The collection of biological taxonomic\n subdivisions more specific than #$BiologicalClass but more\n general than #$BiologicalOrder.", guid = "bd58cba7-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; BiologicalSubclass rel isu CollectionType, isu BiologicalTaxonType, iss BiologicalTaxon; Class isg BiologicalSubfamily; BiologicalSubfamily has label = "biological subfamily", comment = "The collection of biological taxonomic\n subdivisions below #$BiologicalFamily and above #$BiologicalGenus.", guid = "bf7063f7-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; BiologicalSubfamily rel isu CollectionType, isu BiologicalTaxonType, iss BiologicalTaxon; Class isg BiologicalSubkingdom; BiologicalSubkingdom has label = "subkingdoms", comment = "The collection of biological subkingdoms, the\n biological taxonomic divisions of organisms immediately\n below #$BiologicalKingdom.", guid = "bd589857-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; BiologicalSubkingdom rel isu CollectionType, isu BiologicalTaxonType, iss BiologicalTaxon; Class isg BiologicalSuborder; BiologicalSuborder has label = "biological suborder", comment = "The collection of biological taxonomic\n subdivisions below #$BiologicalOrder and above #$BiologicalFamily.", guid = "bdf83894-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; BiologicalSuborder rel isu BiologicalTaxonType, isu CollectionType, iss BiologicalTaxon; Class isg BiologicalSubphylum; BiologicalSubphylum has label = "biological subphylum", comment = "A collection of #$BiologicalTaxons that is more\n restrictive than #$BiologicalPhylum. All instances of a\n particular #$BiologicalSubspecies have significant traits or\n collections of traits in common which are not shared by all\n other members of the same #$BiologicalPhylum.", guid = "bed637c5-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; BiologicalSubphylum rel isu BiologicalTaxonType, isu CollectionType, iss BiologicalTaxon; Class isg BiologicalSubspecies; BiologicalSubspecies has label = "subspecies", comment = "A collection of #$BiologicalTaxons that is more\n restrictive than #$BiologicalSpecies. Members of different\n subspecies can produce fertile offspring by interbreeding,\n but the offspring are not members of the parental subspecies\n although they are members of the common #$BiologicalSpecies.\n All instances of a particular #$BiologicalSubspecies have\n significant traits or collections of traits in common which\n are not shared by all other members of the same\n #$BiologicalSpecies. A #$BiologicalSubspecies is formed\n by inbreeding of a restricted group of members of a single\n species. This can happen naturally through geographic\n isolation or intentionally through controlled reproduction\n to create, for example, #$Dog breeds or crop strains.", guid = "c0b6222b-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; BiologicalSubspecies rel isu BiologicalTaxonType, isu CollectionType, iss BiologicalTaxon; Class isg BiologicalTaxon; BiologicalTaxon has label = "taxonomic groups", comment = "The collection of ranked categories accepted by\n biologists for the biological classification of organisms\n according to their suspected evolutionary relationships.\n Includes all levels of taxons. See also\n #$BiologicalTaxonType and #$OrganismClassificationType.", guid = "bd58e2e8-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; BiologicalTaxon rel isu SiblingDisjointCollection, isu CollectionType, iss OrganismClassificationType; Class isg BiologicalTaxonType; BiologicalTaxonType has label = "biological taxon type", comment = "A collection of collections of collections;\n #$BiologicalTaxonType contains the classes of organism types\n (i.e., taxons) that biologists recognize, including\n #$BiologicalSpecies, #$BiologicalPhylum, etc. The naive\n classes that non-biologists use may be instances of some\n element of #$BiologicalTaxonType, though often they are not.\n When they coincide, the commonsense class of organism (e.g.,\n #$Person) is an instance of some #$BiologicalTaxonType\n (#$BiologicalSpecies, for example). See also #$OrganismClassificationType.", guid = "bd588dc6-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; BiologicalTaxonType rel isu SiblingDisjointCollection, isu CollectionType; Class isg BiologicalTransportationEvent; BiologicalTransportationEvent has label = "biological transportation event", comment = "The collection of processes involving living\n structures in which objects are transported.", guid = "bd58fce2-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; BiologicalTransportationEvent rel isu DefaultDisjointScriptType, isu TemporalObjectType, iss TransportationEvent; Class isg Bird; Bird has label = "birds", comment = "The collection of birds; a subset of #$Vertebrate.\n Each element of #$Bird is an air-breathing, warm-blooded\n animal, covered with feathers, having forelimbs modified as\n wings and a beak rather than teeth. Members of most, but\n not all, species of bird can fly. #$Bird is an instance of #$BiologicalClass.", guid = "bd58bc48-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Bird rel isu BiologicalClass, isu OrganismClassificationType, iss TerrestrialOrganism, iss Vertebrate, iss NonPersonAnimal; Class isg BirthEvent; BirthEvent has label = "births", comment = "The collection of events in which one animal\n (prototypically, a #$Mammal) gives birth to another. The\n mother is the #$birthParent and the child is the\n #$birthChild. Both are #$objectOfStateChange; the mother\n goes from being pregnant to not pregnant (therefore a\n #$BirthEvent is an instance of #$PregnancyEndingEvent),\n while the child changes from being inside the mother and\n relying on the mother for nutritional, respiratory, and\n excretory needs (called in CYC the #$Embryo life stage,\n although different English terms apply to different stages\n of in utero development in mammals and not all of these\n terms apply to live-born #$Fish) to the #$JuvenileAnimal\n life stage (see #$BiologicalStageOfDevelopment).", guid = "bd58b30c-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; BirthEvent rel isu Class, isu DefaultDisjointScriptType, isu TemporalObjectType, iss MedicalCareEvent, iss BiologicalDevelopmentEvent, iss EmittingAnObject, iss PregnancyEndingEvent; Class isg BlimpTheAirship; BlimpTheAirship has label = "blimps", comment = "The collection of all dirigible, motorized,\n lighter-than-air craft (airships). Each generally consists\n of a gas-filled gas-sack from which a control and passenger\n cabin hangs (the gas-sack may or may not have rigid\n reinforcement such as ribs). A BlimpTheAirship flies more\n slowly than an #$Airplane. They are also called blimps,\n dirigibles and Zeppelins.", guid = "bd5892ea-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; BlimpTheAirship rel isu ExistingObjectType, isu ProductType, iss TransportationDevice-Vehicle; JobAttribute isp BlueCollar; BlueCollar has label = "working class", comment = "An attribute; an element of #$JobAttribute. Blue\n collar jobs are those requiring a relatively high proportion\n of manual/physical labor.", guid = "bd58ca03-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Class isg BlueCollarWorker; BlueCollarWorker has label = "workmen", comment = "A collection of persons; a subset of\n #$Professional. Each element of #$BlueCollarWorker is a\n person whose occupation is manual-labor intensive, sometimes\n demanding physical strength and, in some jobs, considerable\n skill, practical judgment, and work experience. Types of\n blue-collar workers include miners, truck drivers,\n steelworkers, construction workers, agricultural workers,\n laborers, mechanics, garbage collectors, assembly line\n workers, janitorial workers, etc. Their jobs may require\n some specialized training or apprenticeship but don't\n require a college degree.", guid = "bd58aecd-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; BlueCollarWorker rel isu OccupationType, iss Professional; Class isg BodilyFunctionEvent; BodilyFunctionEvent has label = "bodily function events", comment = "The collection of animal activities that, from an\n evolutionary standpoint, the body of the doer was\n 'designed' to do, and that are instances of action\n types that can be and often are done without conscious\n volition. It includes dreaming but not rational thought, and\n breathing but not holding one's breath. If an instance\n of #$BodilyFunctionEvent involves the doer moving all or\n part of its body, either volitionally or as a reflex, it is\n also an instance of #$BodyMovementEvent.", guid = "bd58f3d9-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; BodilyFunctionEvent rel isu DefaultDisjointScriptType, isu TemporalStuffType, iss PhysiologicalProcess, iss AnimalActivity, iss SingleDoerAction; Class isg BodilyFunctionEvent-Involuntary; BodilyFunctionEvent-Involuntary has label = "involuntary bodily functions", comment = "This is the subset of #$BodilyFunctionEvent whose\n elements are actions in which the `doer' is, by\n definition, a #$nonDeliberateActors. Specializations\n (subsets) of #$BodilyFunctionEvent-Involuntary include\n #$HavingASeizure, #$Blushing, #$Bleeding,\n #$ExperiencingHunger, etc. Note: if the `doer' of an\n involuntary bodily function is an #$Organism-Whole, then use\n #$bodilyDoer to describe its role in the event.", guid = "bd59f763-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; BodilyFunctionEvent-Involuntary rel isu DefaultDisjointScriptType, isu TemporalStuffType, iss BodilyFunctionEvent, iss BiologicalEvent, xor PurposefulAction; Class isg BodyMovementEvent; BodyMovementEvent has label = "body movements", comment = "The collection of activities in which an #$Animal\n agent moves a part of its own body, whether consciously and\n intentionally or reflexively. #$BodyMovementEvent includes\n subsets such as #$TakingAStep, #$BlockingAPunch,\n #$Hiccoughing, and #$BlinkingOnesEyes.", guid = "bd58f6e3-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; BodyMovementEvent rel isu TemporalObjectType, isu DefaultDisjointScriptType, iss SingleDoerAction, iss AnimalActivity; Class isg BodyOfWater; BodyOfWater has label = "bodies of water", comment = "A collection of topographical features. Each\n element of #$BodyOfWater is a natural or artificial body of\n water. Elements may belong to specialized subsets such as\n #$Lake, #$Stream, and #$Ocean. #$BodyOfWater includes\n reservoirs, #$Canals, and navigation channels that are\n developed and/or enlarged by humans. However, it does not\n include smaller purely-artificial bodies of water such as\n #$SwimmingPools or tanks of water. Examples of\n #$BodyOfWater: #$HudsonBay, #$PanamaCanal, #$AdriaticSea,\n #$BayOfBengal, #$NiagaraFalls.", guid = "bd5884fc-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; BodyOfWater rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss TopographicalFeature, iss InanimateThing; Class isg BodyPartPosition; BodyPartPosition has label = "body positions", comment = "The collection of attributes describing the\n position of a body part (or a whole body). A\n #$BodyPartPosition may be determined relative to the\n body's environment (as with #$Postures) or merely with\n respect to the body part itself (e.g., #$Flexed, #$Extended).", guid = "bd5907ae-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; BodyPartPosition rel isu AttributeType, isu Class, iss PhysiologicalAttribute; Class isg Boiling; Boiling has label = "boiling events", comment = "A collection of events. In each #$Boiling, a\n piece of liquid matter is raised to its #$boilingPoint and\n is thereby changed from being in the #$LiquidStateOfMatter\n to being in the #$GaseousStateOfMatter. Note: this is not\n intended to cover the cases of heat/evacuation causing a\n solid to sublime directly into a gas.", guid = "bd589c37-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Boiling rel isu TemporalObjectType, isu DefaultDisjointScriptType, iss PhysicalStateChangeEvent; Class isg Book-CW; Book-CW has label = "books", comment = "A collection of #$ConceptualWorks. Instantiations\n may be either hardcopy or electronic. Traditional hardcopy\n instantiations are instances of #$BookCopy, but in the later\n half of the Twentieth Century of the Common Era additional\n formats were created (books on (audio) tape, computer media\n containing instantiations of textual computer files, etc.\n Instances of #$Book-CW are usually #$TextualMaterial, but\n some may contain only arrangements of images.", guid = "bd58e6ab-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Book-CW rel isu ExistingObjectType, isu ProductType, iss PublishedMaterial, iss BookGeneric-CW; Class isg BookGeneric-CW; BookGeneric-CW has label = "book generic - c w", comment = "A collection of #$ConceptualWorks. Instantiations\n may be either hardcopy or electronic. Traditional hardcopy\n instantiations are instances of #$BookCopy, but in the later\n half of the Twentieth Century of the Common Era additional\n formats were created (books on (audio) tape, computer media\n containing instantiations of textual computer files, etc.\n Instances of #$Book-CW are usually #$TextualMaterial, but\n some may contain only arrangements of images.", guid = "c0290c9b-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; BookGeneric-CW rel isu ProductType, isu ExistingObjectType, iss PublishedMaterial; BroadMicrotheory isp BookkeepingMt; BookkeepingMt has label = "bookkeeping mt", comment = "A #$Microtheory for stating basic #$Cyc\n bookkeeping information, such as assertions using\n #$myCreator and #$myCreationTime.", guid = "beaed5bd-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Class isg BookkeepingPredicate; BookkeepingPredicate has label = "bookkeeping predicates", comment = "A collection of predicates. Each element of\n #$BookkeepingPredicate is a predicate used to form\n assertions about the creation and internal representation of\n a Cyc constant. Bookkeeping predicates neither specify nor\n constrain the semantics of Cyc constants. Examples:\n #$myCreator, #$myCreationTime, #$termOfUnit,\n #$multiplicationUnits, #$defnSufficient.", guid = "bd5880ef-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; BookkeepingPredicate rel isu PredicateCategory, isu CoreConstant, iss Predicate; Class isg Border; Border has label = "borders", comment = "The collection of all lines, linear regions, or\n dividing planes or surfaces--physical or abstract--that each\n constitutes the boundary between (#$formsBorderBetween) two\n regions (i.e., two elements of #$SpatialThing).", guid = "bd62894d-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Border rel isu ObjectType; Class isg Boredom; Boredom has label = "boredom", comment = "A state of dissatisfaction, weariness, or\n restlessness accompanied by a lack of interest. This is a\n #$Collection --- for an explanation of that, see\n #$Happiness. A related #$FeelingAttributeType is #$Apathy.", guid = "bd58a612-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Boredom rel isu FeelingAttributeType, iss Apathy; Class isg BorrowingSomething; BorrowingSomething has label = "borrowing events", comment = "A collection of events; a subset of\n #$TemporaryChangeOfUserRights. In an instance of\n #$BorrowingSomething, an #$Agent takes temporary control of\n something, usually with the permission of its owner(s).\n Generally, the lending agent expects the borrowing agent to\n use the object for one of its normal functions (#$intendedBehaviorCapable).", guid = "bd58cf42-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; BorrowingSomething rel isu TemporalObjectType, isu DefaultDisjointScriptType, iss TransferringPossession, iss TemporaryChangeOfUserRights; Class isg BotanicalOrgan; BotanicalOrgan has label = "botanical organs", comment = "A subset of #$PlantPart, the collection\n #$BotanicalOrgan includes parts of a plant which are major\n morphological and functional divisions of individual plants,\n typically consisting of stems, flowers, roots, leaves, etc.", guid = "bd58f8f8-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; BotanicalOrgan rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss PlantPart; Class isg BottomSide; BottomSide has label = "undersides", comment = "The collection of all the entire bottom sides (as\n conventionally understood) of all objects that have distinct\n #$Sides, one of which faces down.", guid = "bd58d673-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; BottomSide rel isu RegionType, iss Side; Class isg Brain; Brain has label = "brains", comment = "The collection of all #$Animal brains. An\n individual #$Brain is an #$Organ which controls most bodily\n movement, receives sensory input from the body and objects\n outside the body, and in which the mind operates, being the\n locus for all #$MentalSituations.", guid = "bd58d3eb-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Brain rel isu UniqueAnatomicalPartType, isu AnimalBodyPartType, iss BiologicalLivingObject; IndependentCountry isp Brazil; Brazil has label = "Brazil", comment = "Brazil throughout time, both political and\n physical aspects.", guid = "bd588f01-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Class isg Breathing; Breathing has label = "breathing events", comment = "A collection of activities constituting a natural\n #$PhysiologicalFunction; #$Breathing is the collection of\n #$AirRespiration events in which the respiring organism\n takes air into its internal #$Lungs, where the gas exchange\n occurs. See also #$Respiration.", guid = "bd58b773-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Breathing rel isu DefaultDisjointScriptType, isu TemporalStuffType, iss AirRespiration, iss PhysiologicalFunction; PhysicalStructuralAttribute isp Brittle; Brittle has label = "brittle", comment = "A physical attribute. #$Brittle is the\n #$PhysicalStructuralAttribute of a substance which breaks\n easily when subjected to a low or moderate impact or\n application of force, such as most instances of #$Glass.", guid = "bd58d4cb-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Class isg BroadMicrotheory; BroadMicrotheory has label = "broad microtheory", comment = "The collection of those microtheories that contain\n so many assertions that they are not useful for\n `relevance' focusing during inference. (A\n #$BroadMicrotheory is not used internally in Cyc's\n indexing scheme during inference.) Examples: #$BaseKB and #$EnglishMt.", guid = "bd5c0498-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; BroadMicrotheory rel isu MicrotheoryType, isu CoreConstant, iss Microtheory; Class isg Broadcast-CoABS; Broadcast-CoABS has label = "broadcast - co a b s", comment = "The collection of instances of requests for\n problem resolution that are posted on the CoABS grid. An\n instance of #$Broadcast-CoABS will have to include the\n #$GridAddress-CoABS of the broadcaster, who can then\n assemble a #$Community-CoABS of agents to solve the problem.\n A #$Broadcast-CoABS together with a broadcaster forms a\n degenerate instance of #$Community-CoABS.", guid = "bf84c310-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Broadcast-CoABS rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss InformationBearingThing; Class isg Building; Building has label = "buildings", comment = "A collection of artifacts; a subset of\n #$FixedStructure and of #$HumanShelterConstruction. An\n instance of #$Building is typically a substantial structure\n and must have walls and a roof, with rooms inside or at\n least some area designed to be occupied by humans (but not\n necessarily as a residence). Examples include the Empire\n State Building, Michael Jackson's house in L.A., King\n Arthur's castle, an #$AircraftHangar at O'Hare, a\n #$Lighthouse in the Mediterranean sea, the\n #$SydneyOperaHouse, the #$WashingtonMonumentInWashingtonDC, etc.", guid = "bd58fb28-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Building rel isu ProductType, isu ExistingObjectType, iss RealEstate, iss HumanShelterConstruction, iss FixedStructure; Class isg BuildingMaterial; BuildingMaterial has label = "building material", comment = "A collection of tangible things. An instance of\n #$BuildingMaterial is a material thing typically used in\n making new structures. Instances of #$BuildingMaterial\n include a piece of lumber, a brick, a slab of concrete, a\n roof shingle, a copper nail, a double-paned storm window, etc.", guid = "c10af48b-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; BuildingMaterial rel isu ProductType, isu TemporalStuffType, iss Artifact, iss PartiallyTangibleProduct; Class isg Bus-RoadVehicle; Bus-RoadVehicle has label = "buses", comment = "The collection of all buses, transport vehicles\n for ground transportation of many (they have room for at\n least 10, probably fewer than 60) people. A bus usually is\n driven by a professional bus driver.", guid = "bd58b4bf-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Bus-RoadVehicle rel isu ExistingObjectType, isu ProductType, iss RoadVehicle; Class isg Bush; Bush has label = "bushes", comment = "A collection of plants; a subset of #$Plant-Woody.\n The collection #$Bush includes all bushes, i.e., woody\n plants of branching growth habit that lack substantial\n trunks and are not usually taller than a person (and they\n are shorter than most specimens of #$Tree-ThePlant). This\n is a commonsense collection without distinct boundaries.", guid = "bd589a2d-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Bush rel isu OrganismClassificationType, isu ExistingObjectType, iss Plant-Woody; Class isg Business; Business has label = "businesses", comment = "The collection of #$Organizations intended to make\n profits, i.e., make money for agents that own them. All\n #$Businesses are #$CommercialOrganizations (they must buy or\n sell something), but not all #$CommercialOrganizations are\n #$Businesses. In a franchise #$Organization, the\n #$parentCompany is regarded as a #$Business, while the\n #$subOrganizations are merely instances of\n #$CommercialOrganization. #$Businesses are typically\n #$LegalAgents, while #$CommercialOrganizations need not be.", guid = "bd58d036-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Business rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss CommercialOrganization; Class isg BusinessEvent; BusinessEvent has label = "business events", comment = "A collection of events. Each element of\n #$BusinessEvent is an intentional occurrence that is closely\n associated with, and either helps or hinders, the business\n purpose of some agent. Examples include: the development of\n General Motors' business plan for 1996; an individual\n sales call on a particular customer; printing the 1996\n Yellow Pages directory for the Austin, TX, area; selling a\n newspaper; designing and manufacturing a new memory chip.\n #$BusinessEvent does NOT include purely social or\n recreational occurrences.", guid = "bd588c38-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; BusinessEvent rel isu DefaultDisjointScriptType, isu TemporalObjectType, iss HumanActivity, iss SocialOccurrence; Class isg BusinessPerson; BusinessPerson has label = "businesspeople", comment = "A collection of persons; a subset of\n #$Professional. Each element of #$BusinessPerson is a person\n whose occupation is primarily in the ownership and/or\n operation of a business.", guid = "c0fcd0ea-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; BusinessPerson rel isu OccupationType, iss Professional; Class isg BusinessRelationshipActivity; BusinessRelationshipActivity has label = "activities in a business relationship", comment = "A collection of events; a subset of both\n #$BusinessEvent and #$SocialOccurrence. Each instance of\n #$BusinessRelationshipActivity is a (usually long-term)\n social activity whose participants are related by some\n business relationship. The social events constituting a\n #$BusinessRelationshipActivity further, either directly or\n indirectly, the (usually mutual) business interests of the\n participants. A #$BusinessRelationshipActivity is typically\n carried out over multiple social occasions and may consist\n of many #$subEvents.", guid = "c10afcc8-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; BusinessRelationshipActivity rel isu TemporalStuffType, iss BusinessEvent; Class isg Buying; Buying has label = "purchases", comment = "A collection of events. Each element of #$Buying\n is an event in which an agent voluntarily pays to acquire\n something tangible or intangible, or for the performance of\n a service, which another agent sells in the event. Payment\n may be in money or other exchange of wealth. Elements of\n #$Buying may include #$subEvents of negotiation, the act of\n paying, and the transfer of the purchased thing to the\n buyer. Examples of #$Buying include: purchasing fighter\n jets for the Navy; buying a Pepsi from a vending machine;\n ordering dinner at a restaurant; acquiring a personal life\n insurance policy for oneself; mail-ordering clothes from\n Sears; shopping at a farmers' market.", guid = "bd58cbda-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Buying rel isu DefaultDisjointScriptType, isu TemporalObjectType, iss MonetaryExchangeOfUserRights, iss BuyingActivity; Class isg BuyingActivity; BuyingActivity has label = "buying activities", comment = "A collection of events. #$BuyingActivity very\n generally includes events related to purchasing goods or\n services. Each element of #$BuyingActivity is an event that\n is either (i) a common prelude to buying (i.e., the kinds of\n activities that contribute to their doers becoming buyers),\n or (ii) an element of #$Buying itself. Examples of\n #$BuyingActivity include shopping for, or ordering,\n something very specific, and also general expressions of\n interest in purchasing something, such as placing an `Item\n Wanted' ad in a newspaper.", guid = "bd588f8e-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; BuyingActivity rel isu DefaultDisjointScriptType, isu TemporalObjectType, iss CommercialActivity; Class isg CGSUnitOfMeasure; CGSUnitOfMeasure has label = "centimeter-gram-second units of measure", comment = "A subset of #$UnitOfMeasure. #$CGSUnitOfMeasure\n is the collection of all the measurement functions whose\n results use the CGS (i.e., centimeter-gram-second) system of\n measure to describe physical quantities. Examples:\n #$CentimetersPerSecond, #$CubicCentimeter, #$Gram, #$SecondsDuration.", guid = "bd589a3d-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; CGSUnitOfMeasure rel isu RelationshipType, iss UnitOfMeasure; Class isg CalendarAutumn; CalendarAutumn has label = "autumns", comment = "The calendar season that begins at autumnal\n equinox and runs until winter solstice.", guid = "be011790-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; CalendarAutumn rel isu CalendarSeasonType, iss CalendarSeason; Class isg CalendarCentury; CalendarCentury has label = "centuries", comment = "The collection of centuries that make up the\n calendar (1900's, 1700's etc.) An example of such\n a constant in Cyc is #$TheNineteenthCenturyAD ", guid = "bd58b8f6-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; CalendarCentury rel isu CalendarCoveringType, iss Date, xor TimePoint; Class isg CalendarCoveringType; CalendarCoveringType has label = "calendar covering type", comment = "#$CalendarCoveringType is a collection of\n collections. An element CC of #$CalendarCoveringType is\n itself a collection, a type of time interval, such that the\n union of all the instances of CC would completely cover all\n of time without overlap. Thus, #$CalendarYear is a\n #$CalendarCoveringType because all of time consists of a\n sequence of non-overlapping #$CalendarYears. Similarly\n #$CalendarMonth, #$CalendarDay, #$CalendarHour, etc. Notice\n that #$Monday and #$December are NOT instances of\n #$CalendarCoveringType, because all of time is not a\n sequence of Mondays, or Decembers. Also notice that a\n collection Week -- defined as the set of all\n seven-day-long-periods-of-time -- would not be an instance\n of #$CalendarCoveringType, since several different Weeks\n could overlap; e.g., the week beginning today and the week\n beginning yesterday and the week beginning tomorrow.", guid = "bd58a30c-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; CalendarCoveringType rel isu SiblingDisjointCollection, isu CollectionType, iss TemporallyDisjointIntervalType; Class isg CalendarDay; CalendarDay has label = "days", comment = "The collection of days that make up the calendar.\n This is a collection of disjoint but contiguous time\n intervals. One of its elements is Thursday, August 1, 1996.", guid = "bd58de08-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; CalendarDay rel isu CalendarCoveringType, iss Date, xor TimePoint; Class isg CalendarDecade; CalendarDecade has label = "decades", comment = "The collection of decades that make up the\n calendar; e.g., #$The1970s.", guid = "bd58b937-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; CalendarDecade rel isu CalendarCoveringType, iss Date, xor TimePoint; Class isg CalendarHalfCentury; CalendarHalfCentury has label = "calendar half centuries", comment = "The collection of exact half-centuries on the\n calendar, such as #$FirstHalfOf20thCenturyAD", guid = "c0f71f9e-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; CalendarHalfCentury rel isu CalendarCoveringType, iss Date, xor TimePoint; Class isg CalendarHour; CalendarHour has label = "calendar hours", comment = "The collection of hours that make up the calendar.\n These are contiguous and disjoint time intervals, except of\n course for particular instances that represent exactly the\n same 60-minute-long time interval. See #$CalendarDay.", guid = "bd58933b-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; CalendarHour rel isu CalendarCoveringType, iss Date, iss TimeOfDay, xor TimePoint; Class isg CalendarMinute; CalendarMinute has label = "calendar minutes", comment = "The collection of minutes that make up the\n calendar. These are contiguous and disjoint time intervals,\n except of course for particular instances that represent\n exactly the same 60-second-long time interval. See\n #$CalendarDay. Sixty of these partition each #$CalendarHour", guid = "bd58b9fc-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; CalendarMinute rel isu CalendarCoveringType, iss Date, xor TimePoint; Class isg CalendarMonth; CalendarMonth has label = "months", comment = "The collection of months that make up the\n calendar. This is a collection of disjoint but contiguous\n time intervals. One of its subsets is #$February, which is\n the set of all Februaries; one of its elements is February\n 1992 (#$MonthFn #$February (#$YearFn 1992)), a particular\n time interval.", guid = "bd58c029-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; CalendarMonth rel isu CalendarCoveringType, iss Date, xor TimePoint; Class isg CalendarQuarter; CalendarQuarter has label = "calendar quarters", comment = "The collection of calendar quarters that divide up\n a calendar year into four parts. For each year, the first\n of its four quarters includes January, February, and March;\n the second includes April, May, and June, and so on.", guid = "c10ae4c7-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; CalendarQuarter rel isu CalendarCoveringType, iss Date, xor TimePoint; Class isg CalendarSeason; CalendarSeason has label = "calendar seasons", comment = "This is the set of all calendar seasons. Four of\n its largest subsets are #$CalendarWinter, #$CalendarSpring,\n #$CalendarSummer, and #$CalendarAutumn", guid = "be0114e6-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; CalendarSeason rel isu CalendarCoveringType, iss TimeInterval, iss Date, xor TimePoint; Class isg CalendarSeasonType; CalendarSeasonType has label = "seasons", comment = "This is the collection whose four elements are\n #$CalendarWinter, #$CalendarSpring, #$CalendarSummer, and #$CalendarAutumn.", guid = "be01141f-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; CalendarSeasonType rel isu CollectionType, isu CyclicalIntervalGroupType, iss AnnualEventType; Class isg CalendarSecond; CalendarSecond has label = "seconds", comment = "The collection of seconds that make up the\n calendar. Sixty of these #$TimeIntervals contiguously\n divide up each #$CalendarMinute (qv)", guid = "bd58823e-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; CalendarSecond rel isu CalendarCoveringType, iss Date, xor TimePoint; Class isg CalendarSpring; CalendarSpring has label = "springs", comment = "The calendar season that begins at vernal equinox\n and runs until summer solstice.", guid = "be011735-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; CalendarSpring rel isu CalendarSeasonType, iss CalendarSeason; Class isg CalendarSummer; CalendarSummer has label = "summers", comment = "The calendar season that begins at summer solstice\n and runs until autumnal equinox.", guid = "be011768-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; CalendarSummer rel isu CalendarSeasonType, iss CalendarSeason; Class isg CalendarWeek; CalendarWeek has label = "weeks", comment = "The collection of weeks that make up the calendar.\n This is a collection of disjoint but contiguous time\n intervals. One of its elements is WeekOf2-14-1994.", guid = "bd58c064-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; CalendarWeek rel isu CalendarCoveringType, iss Date; Class isg CalendarWinter; CalendarWinter has label = "winters", comment = "The calendar season that begins at winter solstice\n and runs until vernal equinox.", guid = "be0116f3-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; CalendarWinter rel isu CalendarSeasonType, iss CalendarSeason; Class isg CalendarYear; CalendarYear has label = "calendar years", comment = "The collection of years that make up the calendar.\n For example, #$TheYear1972, #$TheYear494BC.", guid = "bd58f257-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; CalendarYear rel isu CalendarCoveringType, iss Date, xor TimePoint; Class isg Calm; Calm has label = "calm", comment = "A feeling of calmness or serenity, being quiet and\n free from disturbance. This is a #$Collection --- for an\n explanation of that, see #$Happiness. A related\n #$FeelingAttributeType is #$Calm.", guid = "bd58892c-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Calm rel isu FeelingAttributeType, iss Relaxed-Emotion; Class isg Canal; Canal has label = "canals", comment = "The collection of all canals, artificial waterways\n created to be paths for boats, or for irrigation (e.g., the #$PanamaCanal).", guid = "bd58f371-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Canal rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss BodyOfWater, iss FlowPath; Class isg Cancer; Cancer has label = "cancer", comment = "The collection of all particular cases of cancer.\n Instances of #$Cancer may belong to any one of the many\n different types of disease that are studied and treated by\n oncologists. Cancer is characterized by abnormal (and\n usually rapid) growth of cells in some organ or system of\n the body; these growths are then prone to dispersal\n (metastesis) into other body regions. See also #$CancerFn\n --- the expression (#$CancerFn #$Lung) represents a subset\n of #$Cancer, namely the set of all lung cancers.", guid = "c0fd6a1a-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Cancer rel isu PhysiologicalConditionType, iss AilmentCondition, iss TerminalPhysiologicalCondition; Class isg Canoe; Canoe has label = "canoes", comment = "The collection of all canoes, small, narrow\n watercraft that are powered by human paddling, poling or by\n a small boat-engine.", guid = "bd58ab49-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Canoe rel isu ExistingObjectType, isu ProductType, iss Device-UserPowered; Class isg CapacityAttribute; CapacityAttribute has label = "capacity attribute", comment = "A collection of attributes. Each element of\n #$CapacityAttribute is an attribute representing a specific\n capacity in which an agent does an action. For example, an\n action might be done as an agent's job (#$JobCapacity)\n or hobby (#$HobbyCapacity), as its main function\n (#$MainFunction) or an auxiliary function (#$SupportFunction).", guid = "bd59013f-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; CapacityAttribute rel isu UnorderedAttributeType, iss AttributeValue; Class isg CapitalCityOfRegion; CapitalCityOfRegion has label = "capitals", comment = "A collection of cities. Each element of\n #$CapitalCityOfRegion is an element of #$City (q.v.) that is\n the capital of its surrounding region. This includes both\n capitals of countries and capitals of subregions. Examples:\n #$CityOfRomeItaly, #$CityOfCardiffWales, #$CityOfAustinTX,\n #$CityOfAbidjanIvoryCoast, #$CityOfLhasaTibet,\n #$CityOfColumbusOH (#$FranklinCountyOhio). See also\n #$capitalCity, #$capitalCityOfThisState.", guid = "bd58f295-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; CapitalCityOfRegion rel isu SpatiallyDisjointRegionType, isu ExistingObjectType, iss City; Class isg CaptiveAnimal; CaptiveAnimal has label = "captive animals", comment = "The collection of all animals that are caged,\n tied, kept in an animal container, or otherwise held\n captive. There is some intersection here with\n #$DomesticPet, but not complete. Some elements of #$Person\n are members of #$CaptiveAnimal, e.g., political detainees,\n imprisoned criminals, kidnap victims.", guid = "c100573e-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; CaptiveAnimal rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss Animal; Class isg CapturingAnimal; CapturingAnimal has label = "apprehensions", comment = "A collection of events. In an instance of\n #$CapturingAnimal, an #$Agent takes physical control of a\n (human or non-human) animal. This collection includes\n trapping animals, kidnapping people (or animals), and also\n what the police do after they arrest a person for a crime.\n The animal may or may not be taken alive.", guid = "bd5c0f37-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; CapturingAnimal rel isu TemporalObjectType, iss TakingSomething, iss PhysicalEvent; Class isg Card; Card has label = "cards", comment = "A collection of objects; a subcollection of\n #$HardcopyInformationBearingObject. Each element of #$Card\n is a small, sturdy sheet of stuff--usually cardstock paper,\n but could be plastic or thin metal--bearing some kind of\n information. Some kinds are folded. Examples: #$CreditCard,\n #$BusinessCard, and #$PostCard. Note that electronic\n objects that perform some of the same functions are not\n subcollections of #$Card.", guid = "c0fd456f-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Card rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss SheetOfSomeStuff, iss HardcopyInformationBearingObject; Class isg CargoShip; CargoShip has label = "cargo vessels", comment = "The collection of all cargo ships, i.e., ships\n that by design can transport a large amount of goods. See\n also #$TankerShip.", guid = "c1009191-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; CargoShip rel isu Class, isu ProductType, isu ExistingObjectType, iss Ship; Class isg Carnivore; Carnivore has label = "carnivores", comment = "A #$Collection of organisms classified by their\n typical source of food. Elements of #$Carnivore feed on\n animals. Note: #$Carnivore is not an instance of\n #$BiologicalTaxon; e.g., #$Carnivore contains #$Dog as a\n subset but is not its biological taxon. Note that a\n #$Carnivore is not necessarily a #$Heterotroph, as\n carnivorous plants both digest insects and produce food\n using #$Chlorophyll.", guid = "bd5904f5-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Carnivore rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss Organism-Whole; Class isg CausingAnotherObjectsTranslationalMotion; CausingAnotherObjectsTranslationalMotion has label = "events of causing another object's\n translational motion", comment = "A collection of events. In an instance of\n #$CausingAnotherObjectsTranslationalMotion, one object\n causes another object to undergo a translational motion.\n The object causing the motion is the\n #$providerOfMotiveForce. The object which is caused to move\n is the #$objectActedOn (and also the #$objectMoving) in the\n event. One way to cause another object's motion is by\n carrying it along with one (see the subset\n #$CarryingWhileLocomoting), but there are many others, such\n as throwing, kicking, or knocking it away. Some elements\n of #$CausingAnotherObjectsTranslationalMotion may be\n elements of #$Translation-Complete (such as elements of\n #$CarryingWhileLocomoting) whereas others (such as elements\n of #$PumpingFluid) may be elements of #$Translation-Flow.\n Examples: a train transporting passengers; a person pushing\n a coin into a vending machine; the release of a bowstring\n which propels an arrow; a magnet attracting a nail.", guid = "bd58d844-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; CausingAnotherObjectsTranslationalMotion rel isu TemporalObjectType, iss ActionOnObject, iss Movement-TranslationEvent; Class isg Cavity; Cavity has label = "cavities", comment = "The collection of all cavities, including\n #$Crevices, deep concavities or holes, and cavities of\n containers (e.g. the interior of a box). Instances of\n #$Cavity, unlike those of its specialization\n #$CavityInteriorRegion, can include walls as parts, in which\n case they are instances of #$CavityWithWalls. Instances of\n #$Cavity, unlike those of #$Container, do not have well\n defined outside walls.", guid = "bd5891a8-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Cavity rel isu ExistingObjectType; Class isg CavityInteriorRegion; CavityInteriorRegion has label = "interiors", comment = "The collection of space regions that constitute\n cavities inside the walls or boundaries of solid objects.\n Such regions need not be completely sealed off. As a space\n region, an instance of #$CavityInteriorRegion is\n intangible, and thus not to be confused with the partially\n tangible matter that might fill or occupy it (see\n #$CavityInteriorContent). See also #$Cavity, whose\n instances, unlike those of #$CavityInteriorRegion, can\n include walls (in which cases they are also instances of #$CavityWithWalls).", guid = "bd58a8e9-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; CavityInteriorRegion rel isu RegionType, iss Cavity, iss SpaceRegion; Class isg CeilingOfARoom; CeilingOfARoom has label = "ceilings", comment = "The collection of all ceilings of every instance\n of #$RoomInAConstruction. Note that, unlike walls, ceilings\n are conventionally considered to be 'one-sided'\n objects. The other side of a #$CeilingOfARoom may be a\n #$RoofOfAConstruction, or in a #$ModernShelterConstruction,\n more probably the #$FloorInAConstruction in another room.", guid = "bd58f743-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; CeilingOfARoom rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss PartOfBuilding; Class isg Cell; Cell has label = "cells", comment = "The collection of living cells; a subset of\n #$BiologicalLivingObject. Each element of #$Cell is one of\n the basic structural units of nearly all living things,\n consisting (at least) of cytoplasm bounded by a cell\n membrane. Only the living structures viruses, mitochondria,\n and plastids are not composed of cells.", guid = "bd58ee63-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Cell rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss BiologicalLivingObject; Class isg CellPart; CellPart has label = "cell parts", comment = "The collection of structures which are typically\n found and formed as parts of #$Cells. This covers components\n of both #$EukaryoticCells and #$ProkaryoticCells. It\n includes organelles, vesicles, cell walls, extracellular\n matrix, plasma membranes, receptors, cellular humours,\n microtubules, etc.", guid = "c10c2471-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; CellPart rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss MicroscopicScaleObject, iss OrganismPart; Class isg CerealFoodGroup; CerealFoodGroup has label = "cereals", comment = "The food group consisting of grain products such\n as breads and cereals. Food that contains a significant\n amount of grain products should be specs of this.", guid = "bd58ccbd-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; CerealFoodGroup rel isu FoodGroupType, isu ExistingStuffType, isu ProductType, iss EdibleStuff, iss VegetableMatter; Class isg CerealPlant; CerealPlant has label = "cereal plants", comment = "The collection of individual plants like corn,\n wheat, etc., which bear grains.", guid = "bd589beb-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; CerealPlant rel isu OrganismClassificationType; Class isg ChainOrganization; ChainOrganization has label = "chains", comment = "A collection of organizations. An element of\n #$ChainOrganization is a parent business which comes into\n contact with its customers or clients primarily through its\n geographically dispersed sub-organizations, which typically\n are (mostly) homogeneous in product line, style of physical\n quarters, local organizational structure, etc. Examples\n include the parent organizations of McDonald's and\n Midas Muffler.", guid = "bd58e960-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; ChainOrganization rel isu ExistingObjectType, xor SingleSiteOrganization, xor IndependentOrganization; Class isg ChangeInUserRights; ChangeInUserRights has label = "change in user rights", comment = "A collection of events. Each element of\n #$ChangeInUserRights is an event in which some instance of\n #$Agent either gains or loses possession of something.\n `Possession' means having some right to use a thing\n that one has in hand or otherwise has access to. Different\n types of possession (e.g., ownership, rental, borrowings)\n can be specified by the using the appropriate element(s) of\n #$UserRightsAttribute (q.v.). Changes in an agent's\n user rights can come about in various ways: through buying\n and selling, renting, borrowing or lending, giving,\n repossession, etc. Some subsets of this kind of change are\n #$LosingUserRights, #$GainingUserRights, and\n #$ExchangeOfUserRights; in the latter class, there is an\n alteration in the rights of two (or more) agents to use two\n (or more) items -- as in a purchase, when one agent gets\n full use rights to an object by turning over a sum of money\n to the object's previous owner. In addition, some\n changes in user rights are classified explicitly in\n #$TemporaryChangeOfUserRights (e.g., borrowing, renting),\n while others are permanent. Events that involve such\n changes in user rights all belong in the collection of\n events, #$ChangeInUserRights. In any particular\n #$ChangeInUserRights event, the item which is changing hands\n is identified as the #$objectOfPossessionTransfer.", guid = "bd5e7431-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; ChangeInUserRights rel iss GeneralizedTransfer; Class isg ChangingDeviceState; ChangingDeviceState has label = "changes of device state", comment = "The collection of actions in which a device goes\n from one state (the #$fromState) to another state (the\n #$toState). A change of #$DeviceState may be due to an\n outside #$Agent adjusting a device, or it may happen\n automatically due to the behavior of a device. The two most\n general state changes (for powered devices) are from\n #$DeviceOn to #$DeviceOff, and vice versa. Many other\n states peculiar to specific devices can be identified; for\n example, the states of a #$Dishwasher: #$DeviceState-Washing\n and #$DeviceState-Rinsing; or the states that a trapping\n device may be in: #$TrapArmed, #$TrapTripped, #$TrapIdle.\n Note that a change in the state of a device is an intrinsic\n change in the device; i.e., #$ChangingDeviceState is a\n subset of #$IntrinsicStateChangeEvent.", guid = "bd58d12d-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; ChangingDeviceState rel isu TemporalObjectType, isu DefaultDisjointScriptType, iss PhysicalEvent, iss IntrinsicStateChangeEvent, iss Action; Class isg CharacterString; CharacterString has label = "character sequences", comment = "The collection of all strings of characters (in\n any languages or in no known language). Each element of the\n collection #$CharacterString is a string of characters or an\n abstract sequence of symbols. Note: it is NOT any\n particular physical, tangible representation; different\n encodings may represent the characters. An element of\n #$CharacterString has characters from some fixed character\n set. The characters are instances of #$Character-Abstract.\n An element of #$CharacterString may be any length, including\n zero (i.e., empty strings, which have no characters). If\n elements of #$CharacterString are concatenated, the result\n is also an element of #$CharacterString. The length of the\n resulting string is equal to the sum of the lengths of the\n concatenated strings. Some types (subsets) of\n #$CharacterString include #$EMailAddress, #$AreaCode,\n #$PhoneNumber, #$PhoneCountryCode, etc. Note that a\n #$CharacterString is ordered formally as a #$List (rather\n than physically left-to-right or top-to-bottom); thus the\n 'first' character in the #$CharacterString for an\n Arabic word happens to be the rightmost (first pronounced)\n character, not the leftmost character, due to the\n letter-order and word-order convention for Arabic writing.", guid = "bd6100db-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; CharacterString rel isu StuffType; Class isg Check-TenderObject; Check-TenderObject has label = "checks", comment = "A collection of documents; a subset of\n #$TenderObject. Each element of #$Check-TenderObject is a\n financial instrument, drawn on a particular account at some\n instance of #$FinancialOrganization, which is redeemable for\n a monetary value by the agent who is the payee. The\n financial organization pays the payee funds from the\n account, upon proper presentation of the check.", guid = "bd58cea8-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Check-TenderObject rel isu MoneyTenderType, isu ExistingObjectType, iss TenderObject, iss IDDocument, iss Form-StandardizedIBO, iss FinancialAccountTenderObject; Class isg ChemicalCompoundType; ChemicalCompoundType has label = "chemical compounds", comment = "A collection of collections; a subset of\n #$TangibleStuffCompositionType. Every instance of\n #$ChemicalCompoundType is a subset of #$TangibleThing whose\n instances are defined ONLY by their chemical composition,\n and not by their physical state or any other property. In\n Cyc's current representation, #$ChemicalCompoundTypes\n can be of two varieties: (1) Collections whose instances\n are completely uniform with each other in terms of chemical\n composition; this includes (a) the chemical elements -- such\n as #$Carbon, #$Oxygen, and #$Hydrogen -- which are instances\n of #$ElementStuffTypeByNumberOfProtons (thus, the latter is\n a subset of #$ChemicalCompoundType), and (b) compounds\n constituted of more than one substance chemically bonded,\n e.g., #$Water, #$Caffeine, and #$IronOxide. (2) Substances\n which have a general chemical specification, that is, whose\n instances do not have exactly the same chemical composition\n but fall within certain specifications, e.g., #$DNAStuff.\n Cyc's current theory includes those cases in\n #$ChemicalCompoundType, though they are arguably borderline.\n (Future work may require the creation of type collections to\n identify various levels of chemical specification, such as\n `exact formula' or `exact structure'.) Note:\n Collections which Cyc does NOT classify as\n #$ChemicalCompoundTypes include collections of substances\n which have some component which is of overriding\n significance in some context, so that in everyday language\n such substances are frequently referred to by the name of\n their important component (e.g., `penicillin' applied\n to a tablet containing penicillin), but which have\n significant admixtures of other substances. Our\n representation distinguishes between the chemical compound\n (here, instances of #$Penicillin) and the mixture of\n substances in a tablet containing some #$Penicillin for\n pharmaceutical use. Thus, #$Penicillin is an instance of\n #$ChemicalCompoundType, but the collection of tablets\n containing penicillin and including other ingredients are\n not. Also, subsets of #$Mixture, such as #$Lemonade, are\n not instances of #$ChemicalCompoundType, because mixtures\n are determined by their physical state rather than solely by\n their chemical composition.", guid = "bd58cd95-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; ChemicalCompoundType rel isu CollectionType, isu SiblingDisjointCollection, iss TangibleStuffCompositionType; Class isg ChemicalObject; ChemicalObject has label = "chemical objects", comment = "A collection of objects; a subset of\n #$MicroscopicScaleObject. Each instance of #$ChemicalObject\n is an object whose behavior is typically described in terms\n of its outer cloud of #$Electrons. Subsets of\n #$ChemicalObject include the collections #$Atom and\n #$Molecule and #$Ion, the set of chemical radicals, and the\n set of molecular fragments.", guid = "bd58916a-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; ChemicalObject rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss MicroscopicScaleObject, iss InanimateThing; Class isg ChemicalReaction; ChemicalReaction has label = "chemical reactions", comment = "A collection of events; a subset of\n #$TransformationEvent. Each instance of #$ChemicalReaction\n is an event in which two or more substances undergo a\n chemical change, i.e., some portions of the substances\n involved are transformed into different\n #$ChemicalCompoundTypes. The transformations are brought\n about by purely chemical (including biochemical) means which\n affect chemical bonds between atoms in the molecules of\n stuff, rather than by physical means, biological means, or\n purposeful planning, etc. Examples of #$ChemicalReaction:\n instances of #$CombustionProcess; instances of #$Photosynthesis-Generic.", guid = "bd589bc8-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; ChemicalReaction rel isu TemporalObjectType, isu DefaultDisjointScriptType, iss TransformationEvent; Class isg Chest-BodyPart; Chest-BodyPart has label = "chests", comment = "The collection of the chests of #$Animals. The\n animal's chest is its #$AnimalBodyPart region located\n between its neck and its abdomen. For people and many other\n types of animals, the chest is bounded by (defined by, given\n shape by) the animal's ribcage.", guid = "bd58a415-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Chest-BodyPart rel isu UniqueAnatomicalPartType, isu AnimalBodyPartType, iss AnimalBodyPart, iss BiologicalLivingObject; IndependentCountry isp China-PeoplesRepublic; China-PeoplesRepublic has label = "China", comment = "China, governed as the Peoples' Republic of\n China, is a country which claims to be the government of all\n of China. #$Taiwan-RepublicOfChina also makes this claim.\n #$China-PeoplesRepublic #$controls all of China except\n Taiwan Province on the #$Island of #$Formosa (or\n 'Taiwan') and #$QuemoyIsland and #$MatsuIsland of\n Fujian Province a few kilometers off the coast. These\n territories are controlled by #$Taiwan-RepublicOfChina.\n China borders the #$EastChinaSea and the #$SouthChinaSea.\n De facto, #$Taiwan-RepublicOfChina and\n #$China-PeoplesRepublic are two separate independent\n countries each with their own territory, while de jure there\n is a single #$IndependentCountry of China, but two\n governments with separate regions of control.", guid = "bd58a341-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Class isg ChordataPhylum; ChordataPhylum has label = "chordates", comment = "An instance of #$BiologicalPhylum within the\n #$BiologicalKingdom #$Animal, the #$ChordataPhylum contains\n the many chordate taxa. All have members who have a\n notochord (a flexible rod running the length of the body) at\n some stage of development and pharyngeal gills at some stage\n of development. The #$ChordataPhylum has as #$taxonMembers\n all the subsets of #$Vertebrate (including #$Person), as\n well as some non-vertebrate chordates like Amphioxus.", guid = "bd59063b-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; ChordataPhylum rel isu BiologicalPhylum, iss SolidTangibleThing, iss Animal; Class isg ChronicCondition; ChronicCondition has label = "chronic conditions", comment = "A collection of ailments. An instance of\n #$ChronicCondition is an ailment that lingers or recurs in\n an organism throughout its life. In some cases, the\n symptoms of a chronic condition may abate with treatment.\n The condition may never go away completely. #$Asthma is a\n subset of #$ChronicCondition.", guid = "c0fd4e54-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; ChronicCondition rel isu PhysiologicalConditionType, iss PhysiologicalCondition; TwoDimensionalShapeAttribute isp Circular; Circular has label = "circular", comment = "#$Circular is the instance of #$ShapeAttribute\n shared by all circular objects.", guid = "bd646240-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Class isg CirculatorySystem; CirculatorySystem has label = "circulatory systems", comment = "The collection of all animals' circulatory\n systems. A #$CirculatorySystem is a system of organs and\n body parts, found in #$Vertebrates and some other animals,\n which function together to circulate the animal's blood\n throughout its body, supplying needed substances to its\n cells and removing waste products from them. A\n #$CirculatorySystem is generally composed of #$BloodVessels,\n #$Heart, #$Spleen, etc., considered as an interrelated\n functional system of each animal. Note: It generally has\n a close linkage to the respiration system, as the blood\n comes in contact with fresh air to divest itself of the\n waste products it has collected from the body's cells\n and to acquire new needed substances to take to the\n body's cells.", guid = "bd58f31b-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; CirculatorySystem rel isu UniqueAnatomicalPartType, isu AnimalBodyPartType, iss ConnectedPathSystem, iss AnimalBodyPart, iss BiologicalLivingObject; Class isg City; City has label = "cities", comment = "A collection of geopolitical entities. An element\n of #$City is a local human settlement which has its own\n government. This includes cities, towns, suburbs, villages,\n hamlets, and townships, as long as they have their own\n governments. A city government is usually mostly autonomous\n from the governments of its surrounding regions, rather than\n being a sub-organization of them.", guid = "bd58e767-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; City rel isu SpatiallyDisjointRegionType, isu ExistingObjectType, iss UrbanArea, iss GeopoliticalEntity, xor ContactLocation; CountrySubsidiary isp CityOfWashingtonDC; CityOfWashingtonDC has label = "Washington D.C.", comment = "The capital city (#$CapitalCityOfRegion) of the\n #$UnitedStatesOfAmerica, seat of its Federal government,\n which is located in the #$DistrictOfColumbia, a specially\n created Federal district between the States of Maryland and\n Virginia. Currently, the #$CityOfWashingtonDC and the\n #$DistrictOfColumbia are coextensive.", guid = "bd590b3c-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Class isg Cleaning; Cleaning has label = "sanitations", comment = "A collection of events. In each #$Cleaning event,\n dirt (or other unwanted substances) is removed from the\n #$objectOfStateChange of that event. If a #$Cleaning event\n is successful, then the #$Dirtiness level of the object will\n have been lowered.", guid = "bd58c9de-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Cleaning rel isu TemporalStuffType, isu DefaultDisjointScriptType, iss RemovingSomething; Class isg CleaningDevice; CleaningDevice has label = "cleaning tools", comment = "A collection of devices. An instance of\n #$CleaningDevice is any device, manually powered or\n otherwise, whose #$primaryFunction is to be used in cleaning\n things. Instances include each #$Mop, each\n #$RegularWindshieldWiper, each #$FacialTissue, each\n #$ShoeBrush, each #$ClothesWasher, each #$Dishwasher, etc.", guid = "bd58b64c-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; CleaningDevice rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss PhysicalDevice, iss SolidTangibleProduct; Class isg CleaningImplement; CleaningImplement has label = "cleaning implements", comment = "A collection of tools; a subset of #$HandTool\n and also of #$CleaningDevice. An instance of\n #$CleaningImplement is any hand-held tool used for cleaning\n something. Cleaning implements are used in a wide variety\n of activities and settings; some subsets include the\n collections #$Mop, #$DentalPick, #$ElectricToothBrush,\n #$WashCloth, #$FacialTissue, #$ShoeBrush. Many cleaning\n implements are intended for wiping, scrubbing, or polishing\n surfaces to remove patches of #$Dirt.", guid = "bd589192-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; CleaningImplement rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss HandTool, iss CleaningDevice; Class isg ClimateCycleType; ClimateCycleType has label = "climate cycle type", comment = "A collection of collections. Each element of\n #$ClimateCycleType is a collection of (extended) events\n which are weather processes of one type or another.\n Examples of elements of #$ClimateCycleType are\n #$TemperateClimateCycle and #$SteppeClimateCycle. Note:\n in practice, there is little need to create terms denoting\n members of the collections belonging to #$ClimateCycleType;\n so long as one just wants to state what TYPE of climate a\n particular region has, simply use the predicate\n #$hasClimateType with the appropriate subset of\n #$AnnualClimateCycle (q.v.). See also #$hasClimateType.", guid = "bd58b5f6-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; ClimateCycleType rel isu SiblingDisjointCollection, isu Class, isu CollectionType, iss TemporalObjectType; Class isg Cloth; Cloth has label = "textiles", comment = "A collection of tangible things. Each element of\n #$Cloth is a piece of textile sheet woven or knitted or\n pressed out of fibers. Pieces of #$Cloth are commonly used\n as material inputs to the manufacture of clothing items,\n towels, sails for sailing craft, parachutes, draperies, etc.\n Excludes #$Leather (q.v.).", guid = "bd590909-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Cloth rel isu ExistingStuffType, isu ProductType, iss FreeSheet, iss TextileProduct; Class isg ClothingAccessory; ClothingAccessory has label = "accessories", comment = "A collection of tangible objects. Each element of\n #$ClothingAccessory is something that is worn as an\n accessory with other clothing items. Examples include\n elements of the collections #$Jewelry, #$Scarf, #$NeckTie,\n #$Belt-Clothing, #$Suspenders, and suchlike.", guid = "bd58cee4-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; ClothingAccessory rel isu ProductType, isu ExistingObjectType, iss ClothingItem; Class isg ClothingItem; ClothingItem has label = "items of clothing", comment = "A collection of tangible objects. Each element of\n #$ClothingItem is something that a person wears as a\n protective and/or decorative covering or ornament. Items of\n clothing are usually made of flexible materials, such as\n cloth, leather, or yarn. The collection #$ClothingItem\n contains primarily individual garments (e.g., elements of\n the collections #$Pants, #$Shirt, #$Coat, #$Shoe), together\n with pairs of shoes, socks, and gloves (since each wearer\n needs a pair). Jewelry, suspenders, belts, etc., are in the\n subset #$ClothingAccessory. Note: outfits (esp. specialized\n outfits) made up of several individual items worn together\n belong to the collection #$ClothingOutfit, which is NOT a\n subset of #$ClothingItem but IS a subset of the broader\n collection, #$SomethingToWear.", guid = "bd5903d5-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; ClothingItem rel isu ExistingObjectType, isu ProductType, iss BilaterallySymmetricObject; Class isg ClothingOutfit; ClothingOutfit has label = "outfits", comment = "A collection of objects. Every element of\n #$ClothingOutfit is a group of `coordinated' items that\n are intended to be worn together; e.g., an instance of\n #$ThreePieceSuit, consisting of one suit jacket, one vest,\n and one pair of long pants. Clothing outfits are often sold\n or provided together as a set; e.g., military uniforms,\n business suits, scuba gear. A clothing outfit may include\n some accessories, as well as garments. Cf. #$ClothingItem.", guid = "bd59033c-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; ClothingOutfit rel isu ProductType, isu ExistingObjectType, iss Group; Class isg CloudInSky; CloudInSky has label = "clouds", comment = "The collection of clouds (instances of\n #$CloudOfH2O) in the sky over some #$GeographicalRegion (as\n opposed to being at ground-level).", guid = "c0fba044-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; CloudInSky rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss CloudOfH2O; Class isg CloudOfH2O; CloudOfH2O has label = "cloud of h 2 o", comment = "A cloud of particles of liquid or solid water in\n the atmosphere covering a #$GeographicalRegion.", guid = "bd58f48d-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; CloudOfH2O rel isu ExistingStuffType; Class isg Cloudiness; Cloudiness has label = "levels of cloudiness", comment = "A collection of attributes; a subset of\n #$ScalarInterval. The elements of #$Cloudiness characterize\n the amount of cloud cover at an #$OutdoorLocation. A higher\n value indicates more clouds or more dense cover. Degrees of\n cloudiness may be represented qualitatively (e.g.,\n #$PartialCloudCover, #$CompleteCloudCover), or using\n #$GenericValueFunctions. The cloudiness of a location can\n be described with the predicate #$cloudinessOfRegion.", guid = "bd590706-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Cloudiness rel iss WeatherAttribute, iss PhysicalAttribute, iss ScalarInterval; WeatherAttribute isp Cloudless; Cloudless has label = "cloudless", comment = "#$Cloudless is a #$WeatherAttribute representing a\n specific degree of #$Cloudiness. (#$cloudinessOfRegion LOC\n #$Cloudless) means that the #$OutdoorLocation LOC has no\n cloud cover.", guid = "bd58e1f4-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; WeatherAttribute isp Cloudy; Cloudy has label = "cloudy", comment = "#$Cloudy is a #$WeatherAttribute that\n characterizes an #$OutdoorLocation which has at least some\n cloud cover -- this cloud cover not being situated at\n ground-level (in which case #$Foggy would be the applicable #$WeatherAttribute).", guid = "bd590748-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; CycLAssertionDirection isp Code-AssertionDirection; Code-AssertionDirection has label = "code - assertion direction", comment = "The direction for Cyc assertions which are\n implemented in code; the assertion is not actually used in\n either forward or backward inference.", guid = "bfe9f22d-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Class isg CodeOfConduct; CodeOfConduct has label = "codes of conduct", comment = "A collection of microtheories; a subset of both\n #$Obligation and #$SupposedToBeMicrotheory. Each element of\n #$CodeOfConduct is a microtheory which contains rules and/or\n expectations governing the behavior of those agents subject\n to it in certain kinds of situations.", guid = "bd5895c7-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; CodeOfConduct rel isu MicrotheoryType, isu ExistingObjectType; Class isg CohabitationUnit; CohabitationUnit has label = "households", comment = "A collection of organizations. Within the\n #$NaiveBiologicalDescentMt, each instance of\n #$CohabitationUnit is an animal domestic group, i.e., a\n group of animals which live together in the same domestic or\n living group. This domestic group is assumed (by default)\n to be of a single species.", guid = "bd5891e0-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; CohabitationUnit rel isu ExistingObjectType; Class isg Cohesiveness; Cohesiveness has label = "cohesiveness", comment = "A collection of attributes; a subset of\n #$PhysicalAttribute. Each element of #$Cohesiveness\n represents a specific capacity of a physical object to\n cohere; e.g., #$RigidlyCohesive, #$LiquidCohesiveness,\n #$HumanlySeparable. Cohesiveness of objects is indicated\n with the predicate #$cohesivenessOfObject.", guid = "be00bb30-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Cohesiveness rel iss ScalarInterval; Class isg Collection; Collection has label = "collections", comment = "The collection of all Cyc collections. Cyc\n collections are natural kinds or classes, as opposed to\n mathematical sets; their elements have some common\n attribute(s). Each Cyc collection is like a set in so far\n as it may have elements, subsets, and supersets, and may not\n have parts or spatial or temporal properties. Sets,\n however, differ from collections in that a mathematical set\n may be an arbitrary set of things which have nothing in\n common (see #$Set-Mathematical). In contrast, the elements\n of a collection will all have in common some feature(s),\n some `intensional' qualities. In addition, two\n instances of #$Collection can be co-extensional (i.e., have\n all the same elements) without being identical, whereas if\n two arbitrary sets had the same elements, they would be\n considered equal. As with any Cyc constant, an instance of\n #$Collection should be created only if it is expected to\n have some purpose or utility. Moreover, the `best'\n collections to create are the ones which are impossible to\n define precisely, yet about which there are rules and other\n things to say. E.g., `WhiteCat' is not a good element\n of #$Collection to create, because it's easy to define\n with other Cyc concepts, and there's not much to say\n about the collection of white cats; but\n `WhiteCollarWorker' could be a good element of\n #$Collection, because it is hard to define exactly, yet\n there are many things to say about it.", guid = "bd5880cc-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Collection rel is Class, isu Class, isu CollectionType, isu CoreConstant, iss Thing, iss SetOrCollection, xor Set-Mathematical, xor AttributeValue, xor Microtheory; Class isg CollectionDenotingFunction; CollectionDenotingFunction has label = "collection - denoting functions", comment = "The subcollection of #$Function-Denotational whose\n instances, when applied to any appropriate (sequences of)\n arguments, return instances of #$Collection. Examples\n include #$SwimmingEventFn, #$GroupFn, and #$MoleculeFn;\n (#$MoleculeFn #$Oxygen) denotes the collection of all oxygen\n molecules. Cf. #$IndividualDenotingFunction and #$SetDenotingFunction.", guid = "bd58806a-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; CollectionDenotingFunction rel isu RelationshipType, isu CoreConstant, iss Function-Denotational, xor IndividualDenotingFunction; Class isg CollectionEvent; CollectionEvent has label = "collections", comment = "A collection of events. Each element of\n #$CollectionEvent is an event in which tangible or\n intangible objects are collected together at a single place\n . The objects might come from various sources, and might be\n gathered via some collection network.", guid = "bd58dc1e-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; CollectionEvent rel isu TemporalObjectType, isu DefaultDisjointScriptType, iss TransferIn; Class isg CollectionType; CollectionType has label = "collection type", comment = "#$CollectionType is by definition the collection\n of all types of #$Collections.", guid = "beda6953-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; CollectionType rel isu CollectionType, isu Class, iss Class; Class isg Color; Color has label = "colors", comment = "A collection of attributes; a subcollection of\n both #$PhysicalAttribute and #$SensoryAttribute. Each\n element of #$Color represents a specific color attribute of\n some object or substance; e.g., #$GoldColor,\n #$VividRed-Color, #$Auburn-HairColor, #$Olive-FleshColor.\n Elements of #$Color are #$CompositeAttributes, since they\n can vary along several dimensions (e.g., hue, brightness,\n chroma). Indicate a particular object's #$Color with\n one of the following predicates: #$objectHasColor,\n #$mainColorOfObject, or #$uniformColorOfObject.", guid = "bd588231-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Color rel isu CompositeAttributeType, iss AttributeValue, iss CompositeAttribute, iss SensoryAttribute, iss PhysicalAttribute; Class isg CombustionProcess; CombustionProcess has label = "fires", comment = "A collection of events. Each #$CombustionProcess\n is an event in which rapid oxidation is taking place. These\n always have heat as an output and often involve emission of\n light as well (typically, flames). The #$objectActedOn in a\n #$CombustionProcess is at least partly consumed. See also #$Flammability.", guid = "bd58c04e-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; CombustionProcess rel isu TemporalStuffType, isu DefaultDisjointScriptType, iss DecompositionProcess, iss EnergyConversionProcess; Class isg CommercialActivity; CommercialActivity has label = "commercial activities", comment = "This is a large collection of events. As can be\n seen from its subsets, it embraces all types of buying,\n selling, offering to sell, offering to buy, requesting bids,\n performing services for hire, advertising, manufacturing for\n sale, etc.", guid = "bd5887a4-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; CommercialActivity rel isu TemporalObjectType, isu DefaultDisjointScriptType, iss Transaction, iss HumanActivity; Class isg CommercialFishingBoat; CommercialFishingBoat has label = "commercial fishing boat", comment = "The subcollection of #$Watercraft that contains\n all fishing boats, including trawlers, seiners, junks etc.\n that are marine-life-catching devices, and the main purpose\n of the fishing is commercial. Note that not all instances\n of CommercialFishingBoat have to be used exclusively in the\n ocean--they can also be used in rivers and lakes, etc.", guid = "be059efb-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; CommercialFishingBoat rel isu ProductType, isu ExistingObjectType; Class isg CommercialOrganization; CommercialOrganization has label = "commercial organizations", comment = "A collection of organizations. An element of\n #$CommercialOrganization is an organization which buys or\n sells goods or services for a profit. It may also be an\n element of #$Business or it may merely be a sub-organization\n of a #$Business entity.", guid = "bd5892d3-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; CommercialOrganization rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss Organization, iss LegalAgent, xor NonProfitOrganization, xor GeographicalRegion; Class isg CommercialServiceOrganization; CommercialServiceOrganization has label = "service companies", comment = "A collection of organizations; a subset of\n #$CommercialOrganization. An instance of\n #$CommercialServiceOrganization is a commercial organization\n which sells its services as its main product (rather than\n tangible goods), for commercial gain. Some tangible goods\n may accompany or supplement the main service sold, but only\n as side products; e.g., some elements of #$HairSalon sell\n hair care products.", guid = "bd58f1b9-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; CommercialServiceOrganization rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss CommercialOrganization, iss ServiceOrganization; WorkStatus isp Commissioned; Commissioned has label = "commissioned", comment = "An attribute; an element of #$WorkStatus. The\n attribute of being paid on a commission basis for work done.", guid = "bd58b8d7-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Class isg Communicating; Communicating has label = "communicating", comment = "A collection of events. Each element of\n #$Communicating is an event in which the transfer of\n information between or among agents is a focal action;\n communicating is the main purpose and/or goal in the event.\n That may be contrasted with events which involve\n communication but wherein the focus is different, e.g.,\n playing cards (wherein the progressive actions -- and\n winning -- of the game are focal). Since #$Communicating\n is a subset of #$PurposefulAction, each #$Communicating\n event must be intentional on the part of the\n #$senderOfInfo; it may or may not be intentional on the\n part of the #$recipientOfInfo. Hence, a speaker on a\n soapbox haranguing an indifferent crowd is performing an\n instance of #$Communicating. In contrast, Juliet\n soliloquizing on her balcony, unaware that Romeo is\n listening to her, is not #$Communicating; this\n #$InformationTransferEvent would be an instance of\n #$Eavesdropping. Communicating may be either a one-way or a\n two-way transfer of information (cf.\n #$CommunicationAct-Single,\n #$MultiDirectionalCommunication). Every event belonging to\n #$Communicating contains at least one transfer of\n information between at least two agents who participate in\n the event. (Note that the latter requirement excludes\n reading and writing from #$Communicating, when those events\n are just the private accessing or generating of\n information.) Communicating may be specialized in various\n ways, such as, by the method or medium used (e.g.,\n #$AudioCommunicating, #$NonVerbalCommunicating,\n #$FaceToFacePresenceCommunicating); by the type of\n information involved (e.g., #$MakingAnAgreement); by the\n purpose of the communication (e.g., #$Teaching,\n #$Negotiating); by the agents involved (e.g.,\n #$IntraOrganizationCommunication, #$StageProduction).\n Examples of #$Communicating include a symphony performance,\n an email message, a telephone call, a speech, a handshake,\n issuing a traffic ticket -- all of which normally, and\n focally, involve communication between two or more agents.", guid = "bd589ec5-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Communicating rel isu DefaultDisjointScriptType, isu TemporalStuffType, iss InformationTransferEvent, iss Action; Class isg CommunicationAct-Single; CommunicationAct-Single has label = "communication acts", comment = "A collection of information transfer events; a\n subset of #$Communicating. Each element of\n #$CommunicationAct-Single is a single-source transmission of\n information from ONE #$senderOfInfo to one or more\n recipients; such acts may be one-to-one or one-to-many.\n Every element of #$CommunicationAct-Single has a\n transmission sub-event (which is an element of\n #$IBTGeneration-Original) and one or more reception\n #$subEvents (which are elements of #$AccessingAnIBT). An\n element of #$CommunicationAct-Single starts when its\n transmission sub-event starts and ends when its accessing\n sub-event(s) end. Notes: (1) For exchanges of information\n between or among multiple agents, see\n #$MultiDirectionalCommunication. (2) An important\n distinction is made between elements of\n #$CommunicationAct-Single on the one hand, and their\n #$subEvents which are elements of #$IBTGeneration-Original\n and #$AccessingAnIBT, on the other hand; e.g., #$Speaking\n and #$Writing are NOT subsets of #$CommunicationAct-Single,\n but rather are subsets of #$IBTGeneration-Original (because\n instances of both represent only the generation of\n information and can even occur without actual communication\n of it), and #$ListeningDeliberately and #$Reading are\n subsets of #$AccessingAnIBT, NOT of\n #$CommunicationAct-Single, because instances of both\n represent only the accessing of information (even if by\n default they imply a prior generation of information).", guid = "bd589e83-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; CommunicationAct-Single rel isu TemporalObjectType, iss Communicating, xor MultiDirectionalCommunication; Class isg CommunicationConvention; CommunicationConvention has label = "communication convention", comment = "The collection of conventions used to encode and\n interpret things which bear information; a syntax together\n with a semantic mapping. Instances include natural\n languages like French or English, database data formats, and\n computer languages or idiosyncratic systems of gestures or\n symbols known only by a small group of people.", guid = "bd58f43f-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; CommunicationConvention rel isu TemporalStuffType, iss AbstractInformationalThing, xor Relation; Class isg CommunityOrganization; CommunityOrganization has label = "community groups", comment = "A collection of organizations. An element of\n #$CommunityOrganization is a group that consists of\n residents of a #$Neighborhood or apartment building or\n condominium complex, and which is concerned with issues\n affecting the #$Neighborhood or complex.", guid = "bd58852b-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; CommunityOrganization rel isu ExistingObjectType; Class isg CommutativeRelation; CommutativeRelation has label = "commutative relation", comment = "An important subset of #$Relation. Each element\n of #$CommutativeRelation is a relationship whose argument\n order can be changed without changing the value or meaning\n of the expression; e.g., #$PlusFn, #$TimesFn, #$or,\n #$bordersOn, #$temporallyIntersects, #$teammates. Most\n #$Relations are NOT commutative: if (#$isa EL COL) is true,\n it is rare that (#$isa COL EL) is also true.", guid = "bd6449a2-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; CommutativeRelation rel isu CoreConstant, isu RelationshipType, iss Relation, xor PartiallyCommutativeRelation, xor UnaryRelation; Class isg Competence; Competence has label = "crafts", comment = "One of the most general attributes for describing\n the level of skill with which an agent performs some task.\n Knowledge enterers will usually want to use some more\n specific attribute.", guid = "bd58ade0-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Competence rel isu ScriptPerformanceAttributeType, iss ScriptPerformanceAttribute; Class isg Competition; Competition has label = "competitions", comment = "The collection of situations in which one or more\n #$Agents are striving to be the sole exemplar of some high\n value judgement, or the highest value along some comparative\n or metric scale. Arm wrestling, football, fighting for\n prey, competitive courting, racing, rodeo events, etc. are\n examples. See also #$competitionExpr. Note: `striving'\n may be a bit of overstatement, as sometimes the competitors\n may even be unaware that a competition has been going on\n until after it is over, such as the first year a `Best\n Restaurant in Austin' award is given out.", guid = "bd58801a-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Competition rel isu TemporalObjectType, iss PurposefulAction; Cloudiness isp CompleteCloudCover; CompleteCloudCover has label = "complete cloud cover", comment = "#$CompleteCloudCover is a #$WeatherAttribute\n representing a specific degree of #$Cloudiness. This\n attribute describes a location as so clouded over with a\n uniform layer grey or white clouds that direct sunlight is\n blocked out. There are no shadows, the shape or exact\n location of the sun or moon is impossible to identify.", guid = "bd588622-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Class isg ComplexTemporalRelation; ComplexTemporalRelation has label = "complex temporal relation", comment = "Instances of #$ComplexTemporalRelation are\n predicates used to interrelate instances of #$TemporalThing\n in time. Some of them (e.g., #$startsAfterEndingOf) make\n statements about the relationship of the beginning and/or\n end of their first argument to the beginning and/or end of\n their second argument. One can think of this as an\n interval-based theory of time. Some of them (e.g.,\n #$temporallyIntersects and #$temporallySubsumes) make\n statements about the relationship of the entire set of\n points that is their first argument to the entire set of\n points that is their second argument. One can think of this\n as a set-theoretic theory of time.", guid = "bd58ec70-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; ComplexTemporalRelation rel isu PredicateCategory, iss TemporalRelation; Class isg CompositeAttribute; CompositeAttribute has label = "composite attribute", comment = "A collection of attributes. Each element of\n #$CompositeAttribute is an attribute that is essentially a\n vector with many dimensions. Instances of #$Color are good\n examples; colors have intensity, hue, and saturation as\n independent dimensions. See also #$primitiveAttributeTypes, #$PrimitiveAttributeType.", guid = "bd58d8d8-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; CompositeAttribute rel isu AttributeType, iss AttributeValue; Class isg CompositeAttributeType; CompositeAttributeType has label = "composite attribute types", comment = "A collection of collections. Every element of\n #$CompositeAttributeType is a collection of attributes which\n is a subset of #$CompositeAttribute (q.v.).", guid = "bd588238-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; CompositeAttributeType rel isu CollectionType, isu Class, iss AttributeType; Class isg CompositePhysicalAndMentalEvent; CompositePhysicalAndMentalEvent has label = "composite physical and mental event", comment = "A collection of events. Each element of\n #$CompositePhysicalAndMentalEvent is an event that involves\n both some mental event(s) and an interaction of physical\n objects. Examples include a news broadcast program, a court\n trial, inheriting property, writing a letter, a physical\n examination, a charity ball, traffic on some section of\n highway during rush hour. Note that this collection does\n NOT imply that the events which are its instances have doers\n (see #$doneBy). Subsets of\n #$CompositePhysicalAndMentalEvent whose elements all have\n doers (or performers) -- and there will be many of them --\n should have as a second genls #$Action or the appropriate\n subset of #$Action (qq.v.).", guid = "bd588d27-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; CompositePhysicalAndMentalEvent rel isu TemporalStuffType, iss PhysicalEvent, iss AtLeastPartiallyMentalEvent; Class isg CompositeTangibleAndIntangibleObject; CompositeTangibleAndIntangibleObject has label = "composite tangible and intangible object", comment = "The collection of things which have both a\n tangible and an intangible component -- e.g., people (with\n bodies and minds), information bearing objects (intangible\n information encoded on a tangible substrate, such as music\n on a CD, or text in a book) and so on. Like anything else\n that has at least some tangible component, each element of\n #$CompositeTangibleAndIntangibleObject exists in time. Our\n representation allows us to separately reify the tangible\n and intangible components of an object; this is sometimes\n necessary (e.g., to state that the age of the Frankenstein\n monster's mind is x, the age of his body is y, and the\n age of the new composite is z) but not very often needed ---\n usually one can just reify the\n #$CompositeTangibleAndIntangibleObject and state things\n about it.", guid = "bd58f771-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; CompositeTangibleAndIntangibleObject rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss PartiallyIntangibleIndividual, iss PartiallyTangible, iss PartiallyIntangible; Class isg CompositionPredicate; CompositionPredicate has label = "composition predicate", comment = "A collection of predicates; one of several subsets\n of #$PartPredicate. The collection #$CompositionPredicate\n contains predicates which are used to relate\n #$PartiallyTangible things to the substances (pieces of\n stuffs) which compose them. #$CompositionPredicates are\n instance-level (i.e, they relate #$Individuals, not\n #$Collections), although typically they are used in\n inferences about specific kinds of things. Examples include\n #$constituents, #$mainConstituent #$solvent, #$solute,\n #$suspendingFluid, #$suspendedPart.", guid = "bd58f321-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; CompositionPredicate rel isu PredicateCategory, iss PhysicalPartPredicate; Class isg Compressibility; Compressibility has label = "levels of compressibility", comment = "A collection of attributes; a subset of\n #$PhysicalAttribute. Each element of #$Compressibility\n represents a specific capacity of a physical object to be\n compressed. Compressibility may be measured with a\n #$GenericValueFunction. Compressibilities of objects are\n indicated with the predicate #$compressibilityOfObject.", guid = "be00ba02-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Compressibility rel iss ScalarInterval; Class isg ComputationalObject; ComputationalObject has label = "computational objects", comment = "A collection of abstract objects; a subset of\n #$IntangibleIndividual. Each element of\n #$ComputationalObject is a syntactically structured form,\n such as a Cyc system expression, a Lisp string, a C variable\n name, or an equation in a particular canonical form format.", guid = "bd58803b-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; ComputationalObject rel isu ObjectType, iss IntangibleIndividual, iss MathematicalOrComputationalThing, xor SpatialThing; CurvatureOfSurface isp Concave; Concave has label = "concavity", comment = "An attribute of a surface meaning that it is\n bumped or indented inward. A concave surface has a pair of\n points which are both closer to a viewer than points on the\n surface between them. Depending on the context, it may\n have relatively small subregions which have convexities\n (e.g. wrinkles, small dents, corrugations) or are flat so\n long as the overall shape is concave. Saddle-shapes,\n although convex in certain dimensions, are concave in others\n and are therefore concave.", guid = "c0f2b614-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; SharedNote isp ConcludingEqualsNote; ConcludingEqualsNote has label = "concluding equals note", comment = "#$differentSymbols is useful for constraining\n rules that conclude #$equals. Most rules which would\n conclude #$equals would fire for identical symbols, and\n would thus conclude superfluous identity statement, e.g.,\n (#$equals #$Cicero #$Cicero). By placing a conjunct in the\n antecedent of such rules, (#$differentSymbols ?X ?Y), such\n superfluous identity statements will not be deduced.", guid = "bdffd8f1-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Class isg Concrete; Concrete has label = "concrete", comment = "A collection of tangible things. Each element of\n #$Concrete is a piece of an artificial mixture of cement,\n gravel, sand, and (during mixture, pouring, and forming)\n water. Used widely in construction, pieces of concrete are\n formed into the desired shape while fluid and afterward\n hardened into a sturdy, durable material. Examples: bridge\n pilings, foundations of houses, sidewalks, pieces of IH-35.", guid = "bd590360-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Concrete rel isu ProductType, isu TangibleStuffCompositionType, iss BuildingMaterial, iss ArtificialMaterial; Class isg Condensing; Condensing has label = "condensation processes", comment = "A collection of events. In each instance of\n #$Condensing, a gas is cooled to (or its pressure lowered\n to) the point where the relative humidity (or similar\n partial pressure measure if something other than water is\n condensing) is greater than 100%, changing part of a\n component of the gas from the #$GaseousStateOfMatter to the #$LiquidStateOfMatter.", guid = "be01163d-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Condensing rel isu TemporalObjectType, isu DefaultDisjointScriptType, iss PhysicalStateChangeEvent; ElectricalResistance isp ConductorResistance; ConductorResistance has label = "conductor resistance", comment = "A measurable physical attribute.\n #$ConductorResistance is the element of\n #$ElectricalResistance that represents a very low level of\n electrical resistance. An object having\n #$ConductorResistance readily conducts electricity. See\n also #$resistanceOfObject.", guid = "be00f83b-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; ThermalConductivity isp ConductsHeatPoorly; ConductsHeatPoorly has label = "conducts heat poorly", comment = "A measurable physical attribute.\n #$ConductsHeatPoorly is the element of #$ThermalConductivity\n that represents the level of thermal conductivity in an\n object that conducts virtually no heat.", guid = "be00f69f-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; ThermalConductivity isp ConductsHeatWell; ConductsHeatWell has label = "conducts heat well", comment = "A measurable physical attribute.\n #$ConductsHeatWell is the element of #$ThermalConductivity\n that represents the level of thermal conductivity in an\n object that conducts heat very quickly.", guid = "be00f6b5-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; ThermalConductivity isp ConductsSomeHeat; ConductsSomeHeat has label = "conducts some heat", comment = "A measurable physical attribute.\n #$ConductsSomeHeat is the element of #$ThermalConductivity\n that represents the level of thermal conductivity in an\n object which conducts heat, but slowly.", guid = "be00f6ab-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Class isg Confidence; Confidence has label = "certainties", comment = "The positive emotion felt when one is free from\n doubt about an event or object from which the agent feeling\n #$Confidence expects positive contingencies. For example,\n one might say 'I feel confident that tomorrow it will\n not be rainy'. Do not confuse this with a personality\n disposition, e.g. 'Joe is a confident person.'\n (See #$PersonalityAttribute.) This is a collection; for an\n explanation of a typical #$FeelingAttributeType, see\n #$Happiness. More specialized #$FeelingAttributeTypes\n include #$Grief, #$SelfConfidence, etc.", guid = "bd589c8b-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Confidence rel isu FeelingAttributeType, iss FeelingAttribute; Class isg Configuration; Configuration has label = "configurations", comment = "A specialization of #$StaticSituation. Each\n instance of #$Configuration is a static situation involving\n two or more #$PartiallyTangible things standing in some\n sort of spatial relationship(s). For example, a #$Pile\n involves a bunch of things piled on top of each other, a\n #$FlowerArrangement involves an arrangement of multiple\n #$CutFlowers, and a #$KnotConfiguration might involve a\n particular intertwining of several segments of a single\n #$CordlikeObject. For configurations like the second\n example, which involve objects that are all of the same\n kind, see the specialization #$ArrangementOfLikeObjects.\n For configurations like the third example, which involve\n relationships between different parts of a single salient\n object, see #$ConfigurationOfComplexObject. Note that a\n static situation involving an #$Agent might be a\n configuration, but only so long as it's just the\n agent's _spatial_ relationship(s) to other partially\n tangibles that matters (see e.g. #$WearingSomething); static\n situations in which an agent's agency or sentience is\n crucial, on the other hand, are not configurations (see\n e.g. #$AgentRelationship and #$InterAgentRelationship).", guid = "bd58ee23-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Configuration rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss StaticSituation; Class isg CongenitalCondition; CongenitalCondition has label = "congenital conditions", comment = "A collection of ailments. An instance of\n #$CongenitalCondition is an #$AilmentCondition that is\n present in an afflicted organism from the time of gestation\n (i.e. before birth), whether or not it is a\n #$GeneticCondition. Two example types of\n #$CongenitalCondition are congenital herpes and congenital\n heroin addiction. A #$CongenitalCondition may be caused by\n behavior of the mother during pregnancy. Birth defects\n (such as having an extra toe) are #$CongenitalConditions.\n Injuries sustained during the delivery itself are not\n #$CongenitalConditions. Thus if forceps are used and the\n infant is scarred, brain-damaged or killed as a result, the\n situation is not an element of this collection.", guid = "c0fd5c28-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; CongenitalCondition rel isu PhysiologicalConditionType, iss PhysiologicalCondition; ThreeDimensionalShapeAttribute isp Conical; Conical has label = "conical", comment = "#$Conical is the instance of #$ShapeAttribute\n shared by all conical objects in virtue of their shape.", guid = "c150e5ed-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Class isg ConnectedPathSystem; ConnectedPathSystem has label = "connected path system", comment = "The collection of all connected #$PathSystems that\n are not in separate pieces. For any different points X and\n Y in such a system SYS, there is a path PATH in SYS that\n both X and Y are on. Another way to put this is that SYS is\n an instance of #$ConnectedPathSystem iff for any different\n points X and Y in SYS, there is a path PATH in SYS such that\n (#$pathBetweenInSystem PATH X Y SYS) holds. Note that\n according to this definition, a connected path system does\n not have to contain a link--a path system containing a\n single node will be a connected path system. If a connected\n path system contains a link, nevertheless, every two\n different points must be connected by a path. Note also that\n because of our treatment of path (see #$pathInSystem) and\n our restriction of points in SYS that are not nodes (see\n #$nodeInSystem), that there is a path between every two\n points in SYS is equivalent to that there is a path between\n every two nodes in Sys.", guid = "bd73edb5-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; ConnectedPathSystem rel isu PathSystemType-Structural, iss PathSystem; Class isg ConnectingTogether; ConnectingTogether has label = "links", comment = "A collection of events. In a #$ConnectingTogether\n event, two or more tangible things get physically connected\n together (attached) by means of some sort of connector or\n fastener. Some specializations of this include welding,\n buckling-up, using nailing, tying-up, etc.\n #$ConnectingTogether need not be a spec of\n #$Movement-TranslationEvent since two objects being\n connected may be already at rest with each other.", guid = "bd589c6d-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; ConnectingTogether rel isu TemporalObjectType, isu DefaultDisjointScriptType, iss ActionOnObject; Class isg ConnectionPredicate; ConnectionPredicate has label = "connection predicate", comment = "A collection of predicates. Each element of\n #$ConnectionPredicate is a predicate that specifies physical\n connections between objects. Examples: #$nailedTo,\n #$rivetedTo, #$connectedTo-Rigidly,\n #$rotationallyConnectedTo, #$hangsFrom, #$in-Embedded.", guid = "bd60da90-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; ConnectionPredicate rel isu PredicateCategory, isu RelationshipType, iss CotemporalPredicate; Class isg Connector; Connector has label = "clasps", comment = "A collection of physical devices. An instance of\n #$Connector is a device which connects two objects. A\n connector (or part of it) may be a part incorporated into\n one or both of the objects connected, or a connector may be\n a totally separate device. Examples include elements of the\n collections #$ButtonTheFastener, #$Staple, #$Nail, and many more.", guid = "bd58b973-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Connector rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss NonPoweredDevice; Class isg Constructing; Constructing has label = "construction events", comment = "A collection of events. In each #$Constructing\n event, one or more #$ConstructionArtifacts, such as a house,\n are made or incrementally enlarged or remodeled.", guid = "bd58c896-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Constructing rel isu TemporalStuffType, isu DefaultDisjointScriptType, isu Class, iss MakingSomething, iss Product, iss ServiceEvent; Class isg ConstructionArtifact; ConstructionArtifact has label = "structures", comment = "A collection of artificial tangible objects. Each\n element of #$ConstructionArtifact is a structure designed\n and built by humans. This collection includes buildings and\n parts of buildings, as well as things like dams, railroad\n lines, and roads. Examples: the #$RomanColiseum, the\n #$ArcDeTriomphe, #$HooverDam, the #$WorldTradeCenter,\n #$HollywoodBowl. For further information, see\n #$FixedStructure, an important subset.", guid = "bd589da5-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; ConstructionArtifact rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss SolidTangibleProduct, iss Artifact, xor SomethingToWear; Class isg ConstructionCompany; ConstructionCompany has label = "construction companies", comment = "A collection of businesses. An element of\n #$ConstructionCompany is a business whose #$MainFunction is\n constructing or remodeling buildings, houses, dams, bridges,\n or other construction artifacts.", guid = "bd58f6d2-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; ConstructionCompany rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss CommercialServiceOrganization, iss Business; Class isg Consultant; Consultant has label = "consultants", comment = "A collection of persons; a subset of\n #$Professional. Each element of #$Consultant works with\n some business in a consulting capacity. Consultants can be\n self employed, or they can work for a consulting company.", guid = "c0fdc41c-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Consultant rel isu OccupationType, iss BusinessPerson, iss Professional; Class isg ConsumableProduct; ConsumableProduct has label = "consumable products", comment = "A collection of tangible stuff; a subset of\n #$TangibleProduct. Each element of #$ConsumableProduct is a\n product of which any portion can be used only once. A\n portion of a #$ConsumableProduct is `used up', i.e.,\n destroyed or transformed into an unusable or waste form,\n during normal use. Note: `consumable' here does not\n necessarily mean consumed by mouth; the consumption may be\n any use of the product.", guid = "bd58e656-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; ConsumableProduct rel isu ExistingStuffType, isu ProductType, iss TangibleProduct; Class isg ConsumingFoodOrDrink; ConsumingFoodOrDrink has label = "events in which food or drink is consumed", comment = "A collection of events. Each element of\n #$ConsumingFoodOrDrink is an event in which a person or\n other animal ingests some portion of food or drink through\n its mouth. This collection generically covers eating or\n drinking, by a single person, of a meal- or snack-sized\n portion of food. For more detail, see the subsets\n #$EatingEvent and #$DrinkingEvent. For eating or drinking\n with a social group, see #$HavingAMeal. Note:\n #$ConsumingFoodOrDrink does NOT include intravenous infusion\n of nutrients or chewing of gum.", guid = "bd58cbb4-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; ConsumingFoodOrDrink rel isu TemporalStuffType, isu DefaultDisjointScriptType, iss Ingesting; Class isg ContactLocation; ContactLocation has label = "contact locations", comment = "A collection of spatial objects. Each element of\n #$ContactLocation is a point at which some particular agent\n (e.g., corporation or person) may be contacted by any of\n several means, for any of several purposes.\n #$ContactLocation includes any place to which one may direct\n one or more of the following: letters, packages, phone calls\n or voice messages, bills, email, faxes, pages, subpoenas.\n Contact locations must be particular--e.g., my house or my\n office or even my secretary, but not simply `Austin'.", guid = "bd58d337-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; ContactLocation rel isu ContactLocationType, iss PartiallyTangible, xor StreetAddress, xor Address-LocationDesignator, xor State-Geopolitical, xor PostalCode, xor City; Class isg ContactLocationType; ContactLocationType has label = "contact location type", comment = "A collection of collections. Each element of\n #$ContactLocationType is a collection of places at which a\n particular agent may be contacted; such collections may be\n characterized in several different ways: (a) by method of\n contact (e.g., #$VoicePhoneLocation, #$FaxLocation); (b) by\n purpose of contact (e.g., #$BillingLocation,\n #$ShippingLocation, #$EmergencyContact); (c) by the\n agent's relationship to those places (e.g.,\n #$HumanResidence, #$Workplace). Note that particular places\n may fall under different subsets of #$ContactLocationType\n for different agents; for example, one person's home\n might be another's vacation location.", guid = "bd58d0a1-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; ContactLocationType rel isu CollectionType, isu Class, iss ExistingObjectType; Class isg ContainerProduct; ContainerProduct has label = "container products", comment = "A collection of physical devices. An instance of\n #$ContainerProduct is an object whose #$primaryFunction (or\n one of whose main functions) is to be a container. Examples\n are of staggering variety, including storage containers for\n books, office records, food, clothing, tools, and materials;\n containers for transporting the same; passenger compartments\n of various kinds of vehicles; artificial constructs for\n housing humans and animals; etc., etc. Instances of #$Crib,\n #$Sandbox, #$OfficeSpace, and #$Coffin.", guid = "bd58cd8e-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; ContainerProduct rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss PhysicalDevice; Class isg Contempt; Contempt has label = "contempts", comment = "Emotion characterized by vehement condemnation of\n its object as being low, vile, feeble, or ignominious. This\n is a #$Collection --- for an explanation of that, see\n #$Happiness. Some more specialized #$FeelingAttributeTypes\n than #$Contempt are #$Hate, #$Abhorrence, etc. ", guid = "bd58a597-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Contempt rel isu FeelingAttributeType, iss Dislike, iss Disapproval; Class isg Continent; Continent has label = "continents", comment = "A collection of topographical features. The\n elements of #$Continent on the #$PlanetEarth are the six\n traditional main land masses on the surface of the earth\n (plus the two #$geographicalSubRegions of Eurasia, Europe\n and Asia). Elements: #$ContinentOfAfrica,\n #$ContinentOfAntarctica, #$ContinentOfAsia,\n #$ContinentOfAustralia, #$ContinentOfEurasia,\n #$ContinentOfEurope, #$ContinentOfNorthAmerica,\n #$ContinentOfSouthAmerica. Former elements of this\n collection include Pangaea and the two continents it broke\n up into Gondwanaland and Laurasia (all of which are\n instances of #$TrueContinent (q.v.)).", guid = "bd590bbb-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Continent rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss LandTopographicalFeature; Continent isp ContinentOfAfrica; ContinentOfAfrica has label = "Africa", comment = "The second largest continent, located north and\n south of the #$Equator in the #$EasternHemisphere-Region.\n Africa is connected to Asia by the narrow #$Isthmus of Suez;\n it includes #$Madagascar and other offshore islands.", guid = "bd58ed27-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Entity isp ContinentOfAsia; ContinentOfAsia has label = "Asia", comment = "The world's largest continent, joined in the\n west with Europe (which may be considered a peninsula of\n Asia) to form the Eurasian land mass (#$ContinentOfEurasia).\n The #$ContinentOfAsia occupies much of the northern half of\n the #$EasternHemisphere-Region.", guid = "bd58ea12-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Entity isp ContinentOfEurope; ContinentOfEurope has label = "Europe", comment = "The sixth largest continent; includes adjacent\n islands. The #$ContinentOfEurope is separated from the\n #$ContinentOfAsia by the #$UralMountains.", guid = "bd58dd74-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; GeographicalRegion isp ContinentOfNorthAmerica; ContinentOfNorthAmerica has label = "North America", comment = "The continent in the northern and\n #$WesternHemisphere-Region. North America includes\n #$CentralAmerica as well as the #$WestIndies-Archipelago as #$geographicalSubRegions.", guid = "bd58f882-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; GeographicalRegion isp ContinentOfSouthAmerica; ContinentOfSouthAmerica has label = "South America", comment = "The continent in the western and southern hemisphere.", guid = "bd59004b-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Class isg ContractNegotiation; ContractNegotiation has label = "contract negotiations", comment = "The collection of negotiations intended to lead to\n the formation of a contract between the participants (or the\n parties they represent in the negotiations).", guid = "bd5ad3ec-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; ContractNegotiation rel isu TemporalObjectType, iss PurposefulAction, iss Negotiating; Class isg ControlDevice; ControlDevice has label = "control devices", comment = "A collection of physical devices. An instance of\n #$ControlDevice is a device whose #$primaryFunction is to\n control the behavior/functioning/properties of another thing\n (usually another instance of #$PhysicalDevice). Obvious\n instances of #$ControlDevice include: the remote control for\n your TV (an instance of #$RemoteControlDevice), the brake\n pedal on your car (an instance of #$Pedal-ControlDevice),\n the light switch on your bedroom wall (an instance of\n #$ElectricalSwitch); a less obvious instance of\n #$ControlDevice is #$HooverDam (an instance of #$Dam).", guid = "bd59097b-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; ControlDevice rel isu ProductType, isu ExistingObjectType, iss PhysicalDevice; Class isg ControlledLand; ControlledLand has label = "controlled land", comment = "A collection of geopolitical entities. Each\n element of #$ControlledLand is a geopolitical entity that is\n controlled to some extent by a foreign power. Examples:\n #$PuertoRico, #$Bermuda, #$Guadeloupe-TheDependency, #$Tibet.", guid = "bd58a21e-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; ControlledLand rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss CountrySubsidiary; Class isg ControllingSomething; ControllingSomething has label = "controlling events", comment = "A collection of events; a subset of\n #$PurposefulAction. An instance of #$ControllingSomething\n is a purposeful action in which some #$Agent intentionally\n controls some object. It is not necessary that the agent\n touch the #$objectControlled, only that s/he have an\n efficacious means of controlling its action -- thus,\n instances of #$ControllingSomething include all instances of\n #$GuidingAMovingObject (some of which involve a\n #$RemoteControlDevice). Further subsets:\n #$HandlingAnObject, #$Braking, #$SteeringADeviceByHand,\n #$PlayingAMusicalInstrument, #$CuttingFabric,\n #$CarryingWhileLocomoting, #$FlushingAToilet, etc. Whenever\n a #$ControlDevice (qv) is being used, for its primary\n function, presumably a #$ControllingSomething event is\n taking place. Borderline examples include having a\n conversation by telephone, doing the dishes by hand, and\n having a cat as a pet.", guid = "bd588c1d-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; ControllingSomething rel isu TemporalObjectType, iss PurposefulAction; Class isg ConventionalClassificationSystem; ConventionalClassificationSystem has label = "conventional classification systems", comment = "The collection of all agreed-upon or conventional\n classification systems, each consisting of\n #$ConventionalClassificationTypes. In such systems, a\n change or reclassification is possible by a decision of an\n authority, or by a changed social agreement, without\n changing the intrinsic facts about the actual objects in the\n category. (This applies only to named or known\n classification systems or schemas, and not to everything\n under the sun as might be urged by some 1990's-era\n postmodernist deconstructionist literary criticism\n theorists.) #$ConventionalClassificationSystems would\n include biological taxonomies, standard classifications,\n data dictionaries, thesauri, cultural taboo systems,\n military doctrinal systems, calendar systems, etc.", guid = "c0d808c9-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; ConventionalClassificationSystem rel isu ObjectType, iss AbstractInformationalThing; Class isg ConventionalClassificationType; ConventionalClassificationType has label = "conventional classification type", comment = "The collection of all those collections that each\n correspond to a category in some agreed-upon or conventional\n classification system (a #$ConventionalClassificationSystem)\n used by people. In such systems, a change or\n reclassification is possible by a decision of an authority,\n or by a changed social agreement or custom, without changing\n the intrinsic facts about the actual objects in the\n category. (This applies only to named, known classification\n systems or schemas, and not to everything under the sun as\n might be urged by some 1990's-era postmodernist\n deconstructionist literary criticism theorists.)\n #$ConventionalClassificationType would include categories in\n biological taxonomy, standard classifications, data\n dictionaries, thesauri, cultural taboo classes, military\n doctrinal classes, named calendar intervals, etc.", guid = "bee6da31-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; ConventionalClassificationType rel isu CollectionType, isu ObjectType, iss Class; CurvatureOfSurface isp Convex; Convex has label = "bulge", comment = "A surface attribute meaning that the\n surface's overall shape is dominated by an outward\n bulge or mound, or consists of projecting corners between\n planes. In most contexts, it may have relatively small\n subregions which are concave or flat, etc., so long as\n overall shape is convex. Viewing something as convex\n assumes a perspective. From the opposite perspective, on\n the `other side', a #$Convex surface would look #$Concave.", guid = "c0f2b67b-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Class isg ConvexTangibleObject; ConvexTangibleObject has label = "convex tangible object", comment = "The collection of all #$TangibleThings that are\n #$Convex, i.e. have no significant #$Concave surfaces,\n cavities or #$Crevices. A #$ConvexTangibleObject occupies\n about the same space as its convex hull; see #$ConvexHullFn\n and #$ConvexHullSpaceFn. A solid physical sphere or cube\n are #$ConvexTangibleObjects but a cup or doughnut cannot be.\n The size of allowable minor concavities depends on the context.", guid = "c0b9215a-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; ConvexTangibleObject rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss PartiallyTangible, xor Path-Cyclic; Class isg Conveyance; Conveyance has label = "conveyances", comment = "A collection of concrete physical objects. Each\n instance of #$Conveyance is intended for moving partially\n tangible things --- it could be a car, ship, plane, or other\n vehicle for transporting people; it could be a conveyor belt\n or a grocery bag for moving goods; it could be a gun, a bow,\n or a cannon for launching projectiles. See also\n #$TransportationDevice which are objects that actually move\n along with the thing they are transporting, and\n #$Conveyance-Stationary where the object doing the moving\n remains stationary. See #$Conveying-Generic,\n #$TransportationEvent and #$Conveying-Stationary for the\n different kinds of conveying events. Some positive\n exemplars: a gun, a car, a horse. A wire can be considered\n to be a #$Conveyance, in those microtheories were\n #$Electricity, #$Signals, etc. are considered to be things\n that move.", guid = "bd58d480-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Conveyance rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss SolidTangibleThing, xor InformationBearingThing; PreparationAttribute isp Cooked; Cooked has label = "cooked", comment = "The attribute #$Cooked is a #$PreparationAttribute\n (q.v.), describing how a given item of #$Food has been\n prepared. Food becomes #$Cooked as the result of an event\n of #$CookingFood. Specialized forms of #$Cooked include\n #$Steamed, #$Baked, #$Microwaved and #$Grilled.", guid = "bd58f510-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Class isg CookingFood; CookingFood has label = "cooking events", comment = "A collection of events. Each element of\n #$CookingFood is an event in which some item of #$Food is\n prepared by heating it. Typically, the foodstuff is heated\n until it reaches a certain temperature over some period of\n time, during which chemical and/or physical changes occur\n which are supposed to make the foodstuff healthier or\n tastier (or, in some cases, ethically acceptable). A\n #$CookingFood event may last from a few minutes (e.g.,\n #$SteamingFood (vegetables), #$MakingToast) to several hours\n (e.g., #$RoastingFood). Note: #$SmokingFood is not a\n subset of #$CookingFood. Food prepared by smoking (e.g.,\n smoked ham, bacon) is `cured' by a chemical reaction\n with nitrates in the smoke, rather than being cooked by\n heat. Cf. #$SmokingFood, #$SaltingFood.", guid = "bd58ad09-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; CookingFood rel isu TemporalObjectType, isu DefaultDisjointScriptType, iss HeatingProcess; Class isg CoolingProcess; CoolingProcess has label = "cooling process", comment = "#$CoolingProcess is a collection of events, and a\n subset of #$TemperatureChangingProcess. During each\n #$CoolingProcess event, the temperature of the\n #$objectOfStateChange is decreased by removing heat from the object.", guid = "bd58f7dc-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; CoolingProcess rel isu TemporalStuffType, isu DefaultDisjointScriptType, iss TemperatureChangingProcess; Class isg CordlikeObject; CordlikeObject has label = "cords", comment = "Read #$cyclistNotes. A generic long flexible\n skinny thing like string, electrical extension cords, rope, wicks.", guid = "bd58f581-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; CordlikeObject rel isu StuffType, iss PartiallyTangible, iss Path-Simple, iss Path-Customary; Class isg CoreConstant; CoreConstant has label = "core constant", comment = "The collection of constants that are required to\n be defined in order to support the implementation of CycL\n itself. These constants are the minimal 'core' of\n the Cyc knowledge base which must be assumed to be defined\n in order for the inference engine to function.", guid = "c0dd1b7c-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; CoreConstant rel isu Class, isu CoreConstant; Class isg Corner-2d; Corner-2d has label = "two-dimensional corners", comment = "The collection of all regions wherein two linear\n edges of a two dimensional or sheet-shaped object (i.e.,\n considered in this context to be sheet shaped) meet to form\n an angle of substantially less than 180 degrees. Polygons\n have at least three corners each.", guid = "c0fbbe43-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Corner-2d rel isu RegionType, iss Corner-2or3d; Class isg Corner-2or3d; Corner-2or3d has label = "corners", comment = "The collection of all regions centered around a\n point where two edges of a sheet-like object meet at an\n angle or where three or more surfaces (together with three\n or more solid edges dividing them) meet at one place forming\n a solid angle. Includes 2-dimensional corners and 3\n dimensional corners. Corners are either #$Convex or\n #$Concave with respect to some perspective.", guid = "c0fba90e-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Corner-2or3d rel isu RegionType, iss PartiallyTangible; Class isg Corner-3d; Corner-3d has label = "corner - 3d", comment = "The collection of all regions where three or more\n surfaces of an object (which is considered three dimensional\n in current context), and three or more #$EdgeOnObjects,\n meet. This includes corners of boxes, the tops of pyramids,\n etc. Each #$Corner-3d includes some solid angle of part of\n the object.", guid = "c0fba450-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Corner-3d rel isu RegionType, iss Corner-2or3d; Class isg CorporateOfficer; CorporateOfficer has label = "officers", comment = "A collection of people. An instance of\n #$CorporateOfficer is a person who is recognized as an\n officer of a corporation, as officially recorded in the\n corporate records of that corporation. Common types of\n #$CorporateOfficer include #$President-CorporateOfficer,\n #$VicePresident-CorporateOfficer, Secretary and Treasurer of\n a corporation.", guid = "c10aec18-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; CorporateOfficer rel isu PositionType, isu OccupationType, iss Administrator, iss Leader; Class isg CorrosionResistance; CorrosionResistance has label = "corrosion resistance", comment = "A collection of attributes; a subset of\n #$PhysicalAttribute. Each element of #$CorrosionResistance\n represents a specific level of resistance to corrosion of\n some tangible object. Degrees of #$CorrosionResistance may\n be represented using #$GenericValueFunctions. Indicate a\n particular object's #$CorrosionResistance with the\n predicate #$resistanceToCorrosion.", guid = "be00bd14-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; CorrosionResistance rel iss ScalarInterval; Class isg CostBreakdownSlot; CostBreakdownSlot has label = "cost breakdown slot", comment = "A collection of predicates. Each element of\n #$CostBreakdownSlot is a binary predicate used to describe\n some pecuniary aspect of an instance of #$Buying. The first\n argument to every #$CostBreakdownSlot is an element of\n #$Buying and the second argument is always an instance of\n #$Money. Examples: #$moneyTransferred, #$discount,\n #$salesTax, #$salesCommission.", guid = "bd5896b1-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; CostBreakdownSlot rel isu PredicateCategory, iss Property; Class isg CotemporalObjectsSlot; CotemporalObjectsSlot has label = "cotemporal objects slot", comment = "#$CotemporalObjectsSlot is the collection of\n #$BinaryPredicates PRED such that whenever a formula without\n free variables (PRED ARG1 ARG2) is true at a moment in time,\n it will be the case that the moment belongs to the temporal\n extent of both ARG1 and ARG2 (i.e., that ARG1 and ARG2 are\n #$TemporalThings which temporally subsume the moment). For\n example, #$owns is a #$CotemporalObjectsSlot. So from the\n assertion (#$holdsIn (#$YearFn 1992) (#$owns Nick Spot)), we\n can conclude that Nick and Spot were alive throughout\n (temporally subsume) 1992. In contrast, consider the\n predicate #$awareOf, which is not a #$CotemporalObjectsSlot.\n The assertion (#$holdsIn (#$YearFn 1992) (#$awareOf Fred\n #$GeorgeWashington)) doesn't justify the conclusion\n (#$temporallySubsumes #$GeorgeWashington (#$YearFn 1992)).\n In general (with the qualifications indicated below), a\n closed assertion (#$holdsIn TIME (PRED ARG1 ARG2)), with\n PRED a #$CotemporalObjectsSlot, licenses the conclusions\n (#$temporallySubsumes ARG1 TIME) and (#$temporallySubsumes\n ARG2 TIME). And a closed assertion (#$holdsSometimeDuring\n TIME (PRED ARG1 ARG2)) licenses the conclusions\n (#$temporallyIntersects ARG1 TIME) and\n (#$temporallyIntersects ARG2 TIME). Although what\n constitutes a moment can vary with context, for most\n microtheories explicit considerations of temporal\n granularity (in this sense) don't come into play. In\n particular, in the case of most microtheories, one\n doesn't have to worry about the possibility of gaps in\n the fabric of time between moments. (Such gaps would\n undermine the conclusions above about temporal subsumption.)\n Another qualification is that ARG1 and ARG2 are not\n #$TemporallyIndexicalFirstOrderTerms; in practice, they\n almost never are. See also the generalization of\n #$CotemporalObjectsSlot, #$CotemporalPredicate, and the\n predicate #$contemporaryInArg.", guid = "bd58af35-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; CotemporalObjectsSlot rel isu PredicateCategory, iss CotemporalPredicate, iss Property; Class isg CotemporalPredicate; CotemporalPredicate has label = "cotemporal predicate", comment = "#$CotemporalPredicate is the collection of\n #$Predicates PRED such that whenever a formula (PRED ARG1\n ... ARGN) is true at a moment in time, it will be the case\n that the moment belongs to the temporal extent of each ARG\n among ARG1, ..., ARGN that is a #$TemporalThing (i.e., that\n each such ARG temporally subsumes the moment). For example,\n #$owns is a #$CotemporalPredicate. So from the assertion\n (#$holdsIn (#$YearFn 1992) (#$owns Nick Spot)), we can\n conclude (given that Nick and Spot are #$TemporalThings)\n that Nick and Spot were alive throughout (temporally\n subsume) 1992. In contrast, consider the predicate\n #$awareOf, which is not a #$CotemporalPredicate. The\n assertion (#$holdsIn (#$YearFn 1992) (#$awareOf Fred\n #$GeorgeWashington)) doesn't justify the conclusion\n (#$temporallySubsumes #$GeorgeWashington (#$YearFn 1992)).\n In general (with the qualifications indicated below), an\n assertion (#$holdsIn TIME (PRED ARG1 ... ARGN)), with PRED a\n #$CotemporalPredicate and ARG among ARG1, ..., ARGN a\n #$TemporalThing, licenses the conclusion\n (#$temporallySubsumes ARG TIME). And an assertion\n (#$holdsSometimeDuring TIME (PRED ARG1 ... ARGN)) licenses\n the conclusion (#$temporallyIntersects ARG TIME). Although\n what constitutes a moment can vary with context, for most\n microtheories explicit considerations of temporal\n granularity (in this sense) don't come into play. In\n particular, in the case of most microtheories, one\n doesn't have to worry about the possibility of gaps in\n the fabric of time between moments. (Such gaps would\n undermine the conclusion above about temporal subsumption.)\n Another qualification is that ARG is not a\n #$TemporallyIndexicalFirstOrderTerm; in practice, it almost\n never is. In order to bar predicates that would otherwise\n trivially qualify as instances of #$CotemporalPredicate, the\n argument-type of at least one of the argument-places of a\n #$CotemporalPredicate PRED must be non-disjoint with\n #$TemporalThing (or, more generally, the intersection of the\n argument-types of at least one of the argument-places of\n PRED must be non-disjoint with #$TemporalThing). See also\n the specialization of #$CotemporalPredicate,\n #$CotemporalObjectsSlot, and the predicate #$contemporaryInArg.", guid = "bd5981b7-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; CotemporalPredicate rel isu RelationshipType, isu PredicateCategory, iss Predicate; Class isg CountNoun-Generic; CountNoun-Generic has label = "count noun - generic", comment = "The collection of all mass nouns. Mass nouns are\n syntactically singular, and often they denote stufflike\n things. Example: 'water'. This collection also\n includes proper mass nouns like 'Pepsi', agentive\n mass nouns like 'moisturizer', etc.", guid = "c0e918e2-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; CountNoun-Generic rel isu SpeechPart, iss Noun; Class isg CounterfactualContext; CounterfactualContext has label = "counterfactual context", comment = "The collection of microtheories that are each\n assumed to include at least one counterfactual assertion: an\n assertion which is believed to be untrue in the real world.\n It may be, however, that there is no explicit counterfactual\n assertion in a given #$CounterfactualContext. In\n particular, it is not required that there be any explicit\n contradiction of assertions in the #$genlMts of the\n #$CounterfactualContext. But intuitively speaking, most\n adults would be reticent about trusting too strongly in a\n propositon whose only justification was in a\n #$CounterfactualContext. All works of fiction relate events\n that transpire in counterfactual contexts. Examples:\n #$WorldMythologyMt, #$PaddingtonBearStoriesMt, #$ChristmasMythologyMt.", guid = "bd58f4b8-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; CounterfactualContext rel isu MicrotheoryType, isu ObjectType, iss Microtheory; Class isg Country; Country has label = "countries", comment = "A collection of geopolitical entities. An element\n of #$Country is a nation-state having its own territory,\n population, and government, whether or not it is fully\n independent. For example, #$Scotland is an element of\n #$Country, even though it is a part of the\n #$UnitedKingdomOfGreatBritainAndNorthernIreland. Cf. #$IndependentCountry.", guid = "bd588879-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Country rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss GeopoliticalEntity, xor InternationalOrganizationOfCountries; Class isg CountrySubsidiary; CountrySubsidiary has label = "districts", comment = "A collection of geopolitical entities. Each\n element of #$CountrySubsidiary is a political region that is\n a direct subsidiary of some country. This collection\n includes states, provinces, territories, and some special\n districts such as Washington, D.C. This class is somewhat\n artificial but is useful when representing addresses.", guid = "c0c0184c-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; CountrySubsidiary rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss GeopoliticalEntity, xor IndependentCountry; Class isg County; County has label = "counties", comment = "A collection of geopolitical entities. An element\n of #$County is a lesser geopolitical region, having an area\n typically larger than a #$City but smaller than a\n #$State-Geopolitical. Traditionally, a #$County area was\n within one day's horseback ride from the County Seat.", guid = "bd58e498-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; County rel isu ExistingObjectType, isu SpatiallyDisjointRegionType, iss GeopoliticalEntity; Class isg CountyGovernment; CountyGovernment has label = "county governments", comment = "The collection of all #$County governments.", guid = "bd67f8fe-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; CountyGovernment rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss RegionalGovernment; Class isg CourseDuringAMeal; CourseDuringAMeal has label = "course during a meal", comment = "A collection of events. Each element of\n #$CourseDuringAMeal is an event in which one or more diners\n at a meal consume a single course. Examples include the\n elements of #$AppetizerCourse, #$MainCourse, #$DessertCourse.", guid = "c1008170-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; CourseDuringAMeal rel isu Class; Class isg Court-Judicial; Court-Judicial has label = "courts", comment = "A collection of organizations which are judicial\n agents. An element of #$Court-Judicial is an established\n judicial court, i.e., an enduring governmental\n #$Organization whose #$primaryFunction is to settle disputes\n by means of legal reasoning by one or more #$Judges.\n Typically, a court's orders are enforced by some other\n agency belonging to the government of which that court is a\n part. The collection #$Court-Judicial includes federal,\n state, county, and municipal courts, appellate and chancery\n courts, tax courts, courts of claims, courts-martial (if\n non-temporary), admiralty courts, courts of chivalry,\n American Indian tribal courts, and the Permanent Court of\n International Justice. It excludes Gypsy/Rom Kris courts,\n nonjudicial administrative county courts, stannaries, and\n temporary #$Tribunals.", guid = "c08b79f4-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Court-Judicial rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss Organization; Class isg CourtesyTitle; CourtesyTitle has label = "courtesy title", comment = "The collection of #$Titles, such as Mr., Ms.,\n Mrs., Miss, Dr., etc., which precede names in Anglo-American\n addressing custom.", guid = "bd58fa97-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; CourtesyTitle rel isu LinguisticObjectType, iss Title; Class isg Cracking; Cracking has label = "cracking events", comment = "A collection of change events. In each\n #$Cracking, something becomes cracked. I.e., two or more\n areas of the thing are separated from one another (though\n perhaps not divided wholly into parts). In order to undergo\n a #$Cracking, the #$objectOfStateChange must be in a #$SolidStateOfMatter.", guid = "bd58f8e2-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Cracking rel isu Class, iss IntrinsicStateChangeEvent, iss SeparationEvent; Class isg CreationEvent; CreationEvent has label = "creation events", comment = "A collection of events. In each element of\n #$CreationEvent, at least one instance of #$Entity (the\n #$outputsCreated) is brought into existence.", guid = "bd58de89-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; CreationEvent rel isu TemporalObjectType, iss CreationOrDestructionEvent, iss Action; Class isg CreationOrDestructionEvent; CreationOrDestructionEvent has label = "creation or destruction events", comment = "A collection of events. During each element of\n #$CreationOrDestructionEvent, one or more instances of\n #$Entity come into or go out of existence. Elements of this\n collection are the sorts of events that have #$inputs,\n #$outputs, #$products, #$wasteProducts, and #$byProducts.\n Examples of #$CreationOrDestructionEvent would include a\n particular campfire (a #$CombustionProcess), manufacturing a\n particular car, etc.", guid = "bd675149-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; CreationOrDestructionEvent rel isu TemporalObjectType; Class isg Credential; Credential has label = "credentials", comment = "A collection of intangible objects which consist\n of propositional information about an agent. #$Credential\n is a subset of #$PropositionalInformationThing (q.v.). Each\n element of #$Credential is specific information about one\n agent, provided by another agent; the information content of\n a credential consists of favorable, enabling, or empowering\n propositional declarations. As represented in Cyc,\n credentials are intangible information, but each element of\n #$Credential usually has some associated physical document\n (e.g., a diploma associated with a college degree, a\n driver's license). A credential may certify that the\n holder (i.e., the subject of the credential) has a\n particular skill (e.g., legal bar certification, ability to\n drive); has completed certain training (e.g., GED schooling,\n Ph.D. requirements; is allowed to do a certain thing (e.g.,\n travel visa, permission slip); and so on. Recommendations\n are considered a kind of credential.", guid = "bd58b0a1-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Credential rel isu ObjectType, iss TemporalThing, iss AbstractInformationalThing, iss PropositionalInformationThing; Class isg CreditCard; CreditCard has label = "credit cards", comment = "A collection of plastic cards. Each element of\n #$CreditCard is a piece of plastic that enables authorized\n users to spend the card-issuing company's money, drawn\n as a (usually unsecured) loan through an associated instance\n of #$CreditCardAccount under a pre-arranged credit\n agreement. The credit card company credits the vendor of\n the purchased goods or services and bills the card user,\n usually with interest.", guid = "bd58ceea-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; CreditCard rel isu MoneyTenderType, isu ExistingObjectType, iss Plastic, iss IDDocument, iss Card, iss TenderObject, iss FinancialAccountTenderObject; Class isg Crevice; Crevice has label = "crevices", comment = "The collection of all long, slender cavities or\n cracks or furrows in otherwise solid objects. The width of\n a crevice is significantly less than its length. The depth\n of a crevice is often greater than its width, and is never\n significantly less than its width.", guid = "c0fcdf4c-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Crevice rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss Cavity; Class isg Crevice-Topographical-Earth; Crevice-Topographical-Earth has label = "crevice - topographical - earth", comment = "The collection of topographical features of the\n planet Earth characterized by long, slender cavities or\n cracks or furrows. The width of a crevice is significantly\n less than its length. The depth of a crevice is often\n greater than its width, and is never significantly less than\n its width.", guid = "bf4d23f7-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Crevice-Topographical-Earth rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss LandTopographicalFeature; Class isg CrimeDetection; CrimeDetection has label = "crime detection", comment = "This is the actual act of detecting a crime.", guid = "bd6857bf-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; CrimeDetection rel isu TemporalObjectType; ThreeDimensionalShapeAttribute isp CrucifixShaped; CrucifixShaped has label = "crucifix shaped", comment = "#$CrucifixShaped is the instance of\n #$ShapeAttribute shared by all three dimensional\n cross-shaped objects.", guid = "c0514749-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; ThreeDimensionalShapeAttribute isp Cubical; Cubical has label = "cubical", comment = "#$Cubical is the instance of #$ShapeAttribute\n shared by all three-dimensional objects for which each face\n it is the case that (#$shapeOfObject ?FACE #$SquareShaped).", guid = "c14b222b-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Class isg Currency; Currency has label = "items of currency", comment = "A collection of physical objects. An instance of\n #$Currency is a physical object generally accepted as legal\n tender (i.e., not checks or credit cards) and used as a\n means of transferring a quantity of #$Money between some\n elements of #$Agent. Elements of #$Currency may be coins,\n items of precious metal, paper bills for which precious\n objects are payable by a government to the bearer on demand,\n or unbacked paper bills required by a government to be\n accepted for payment of debts. Elements of #$Currency are\n typically backed by and issued by national governments.\n Note: This collection includes all instances of legal\n tender, worldwide and historically. But, for better or\n worse, the notion of legal tender is context-dependent.\n Normally what counts as currency is relative to the country\n one is in; legal tender in the United States is not the same\n as legal tender in China. (Though US dollars may have\n excellent value on the black market.) What counts as legal\n tender depends on historical events as well, since a\n government may change, withdraw, or cancel some types of\n currency it previously authorized. Also, conquest of one\n country by another usually brings about the collapse of the\n loser's currency. A Confederate ten dollar bill, e.g.,\n is not an element of #$Currency in the context of twentieth\n century Alabama, even though it belongs to #$Currency in a\n different context.", guid = "bd58cc42-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Currency rel isu ExistingObjectType, isu MoneyTenderType, iss TenderObject, iss PortableObject; Class isg CurvatureOfSurface; CurvatureOfSurface has label = "curvature of surface", comment = "The collection of all surface curvature\n attributes. These may apply to a particular piece of a\n surface of an object, or to the whole surface. For\n real-world (non-mathematical) surfaces, there is ordinarily\n some tolerance for minor surface deviations that depends on\n the context. Thus a 'flat' surface may have\n relatively small bumps and crevices.", guid = "c0f2ab26-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; CurvatureOfSurface rel isu AttributeType, iss ShapeAttribute; Class isg CustomarySystemOfLinks; CustomarySystemOfLinks has label = "customary system of links", comment = "The collection of all customary or conventional\n network systems consisting of interconnected links\n (instances of #$Path-Customary) and nodes of obvious types,\n where the elements of the system can be assumed without\n specifying them as sets. Examples include pipe systems,\n road systems, vascular systems, wiring systems, mechanical\n linkages, etc. The links of any #$CustomarySystemOfLinks\n are assumed to share characteristics, e.g. in a road system,\n pipes are not links nor are streetlights, road paint, or\n other non-roadways, just the roadways forming the network.\n Also, what constitutes a #$JunctionOfPaths or #$pathTerminus\n in the system should be obvious from the system type. The\n links are related to the assumed system by\n #$linksOfCustomarySystem. This is in contrast to\n #$PathSystem in which the sets of point, nodes, links, and\n loops (if any) have to be specified for the system.", guid = "c0ee5ac3-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; CustomarySystemOfLinks rel isu ObjectType, iss StaticSituation; Class isg CuttingDevice; CuttingDevice has label = "cutting implements", comment = "A collection of devices. An instance of\n #$CuttingDevice is a device whose #$primaryFunction is to\n (enable its user to) cut another object. Subsets of\n #$CuttingDevice include the collections #$Razors,\n #$Scissors, #$LawnMowers,and more.", guid = "bd589153-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; CuttingDevice rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss PhysicalDevice; HumanCyclist isp CycAdministrator; CycAdministrator has label = "Cyc administrator", comment = "This constant is for use by Cyc administrators\n responsible for installation, setup and maintenance of Cyc images.", guid = "c0bf7a98-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Class isg CycHLTruthValue; CycHLTruthValue has label = "cyc h l truth value", comment = "The truth/strength combinations used in the Cyc HL\n implementation of #$CycLAssertions and arguments.", guid = "bd58f7f9-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; CycHLTruthValue rel isu ObjectType, isu CoreConstant, iss ComputationalObject; Class isg CycLAssertedAssertion; CycLAssertedAssertion has label = "cyc l asserted assertion", comment = "The subcollection of semantically well-formed\n #$CycLAssertions which are supported by at least one belief\n argument, meaning that the assertion was explicitly asserted\n to Cyc, as opposed to having been deduced by Cyc's\n inference engine. An assertion can have more than one\n argument, and can therefore be both a\n #$CycLAssertedAssertion and a #$CycLDeducedAssertion.", guid = "bed06ab6-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; CycLAssertedAssertion rel isu ObjectType, isu CoreConstant, iss CycLAssertion; Class isg CycLAssertion; CycLAssertion has label = "CycL assertions", comment = "A collection of semantically well-formed\n #$CycLSentences which express some proposition in the Cyc\n Knowledge Base. Each instance of #$CycLAssertion is either\n (1) an #$HLAssertion: an assertion reified in the Cyc\n Knowledge Base (i.e., a formula and its associated\n datastructure, actually in the Cyc KB), or (2) an\n #$ELAssertion: an Epistemological Level #$CycLSentence that\n can be canonicalized into one or more already extant\n #$HLAssertions. #$CycLAssertion is used as an argument type\n for meta-predicates such as #$overrides.", guid = "bd5dbcd4-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; CycLAssertion rel isu ObjectType, isu CoreConstant, iss ComputationalObject, iss CycLIndexedTerm, iss AbstractInformationalThing, iss CycLPropositionalSentence, xor Relation, xor HLReifiedDenotationalTerm; Class isg CycLAssertionDirection; CycLAssertionDirection has label = "cyc l assertion direction", comment = "The set of possible directions for Cyc\n #$CycLAssertions; the direction indicates how the\n #$CycLAssertion will be propagated during inference.", guid = "bd58e1fc-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; CycLAssertionDirection rel isu LinguisticObjectType, isu UnorderedAttributeType, isu SiblingDisjointAttributeType, isu CoreConstant, iss AttributeValue, iss ComputationalObject; Class isg CycLAtomicAssertion; CycLAtomicAssertion has label = "cyc l atomic assertion", comment = "The subcollection of #$CycLAssertions which have a\n #$Predicate as their operator. Excludes assertions with\n logical operators in the arg0 position.", guid = "bfd86bf1-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; CycLAtomicAssertion rel isu CoreConstant, iss CycLAssertion, iss CycLAtomicSentence; Class isg CycLAtomicSentence; CycLAtomicSentence has label = "cyc l atomic sentence", comment = "The collection of syntactically well-formed atomic\n sentences, also called 'atomic logical formulas',\n in the CycL language. Each instance of #$CycLAtomicSentence\n involves the application of a #$Predicate to some arguments.", guid = "c130750e-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; CycLAtomicSentence rel isu Class, isu CoreConstant, isu LinguisticObjectType, iss CycLSentence; Class isg CycLAtomicTerm; CycLAtomicTerm has label = "cyc l atomic term", comment = "The collection of all atomic denotational terms in\n the CycL language. All such terms may denote something in\n the universe of discourse if semantically meaningful and\n fully bound (variables are #$CycLAtomicTerms). They are also\n atomic, meaning that they cannot be broken down via the CycL\n syntax. The string aabaab is a #$CycLAtomicTerm even\n though it can be broken down into substrings, just as 212 is\n a #$CycLAtomicTerm even though it can be broken down into\n digits. This notion of atomicity is only with respect to\n the CycL grammar, and digits and substrings are not part of\n the CycL grammar.", guid = "be1d78c8-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; CycLAtomicTerm rel isu CoreConstant, iss CycLExpression, iss CycLTerm, iss CycLDenotationalTerm; Class isg CycLClosedAtomicSentence; CycLClosedAtomicSentence has label = "cyc l closed atomic sentence", comment = "The collection of syntactically well-formed atomic\n sentences in the CycL language which have no free variables.\n Each instance of #$CycLClosedAtomicSentence involves the\n application of a #$Predicate to some arguments.", guid = "bdcc8689-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; CycLClosedAtomicSentence rel isu CoreConstant, iss CycLClosedSentence, iss CycLAtomicSentence; Class isg CycLClosedAtomicTerm; CycLClosedAtomicTerm has label = "cyc l closed atomic term", comment = "The collection of all atomic closed denotational\n terms in the CycL language. All such terms may denote\n something in the universe of discourse if semantically\n meaningful. They are also atomic, meaning that they cannot\n be broken down via the CycL syntax. The string aabaab is\n a #$CycLClosedAtomicTerm even though it can be broken down\n into substrings, just as 212 is a #$CycLClosedAtomicTerm\n even though it can be broken down into digits. This notion\n of atomicity is only with respect to the CycL grammar, and\n digits and substrings are not part of the CycL grammar.", guid = "bda21728-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; CycLClosedAtomicTerm rel isu CoreConstant, iss CycLClosedDenotationalTerm, iss CycLAtomicTerm; Class isg CycLClosedDenotationalTerm; CycLClosedDenotationalTerm has label = "cyc l closed denotational term", comment = "The collection of all CycL expressions which may\n denote something in the universe of discourse.\n #$CycLSentences are not considered part of the universe of\n discourse in this way. Not all closed denotational terms\n pick out something in the universe of discourse;\n counterexamples are (#$BorderBetweenFn #$Canada #$Mexico)\n and (#$JuvenileFn #$isa #$genls #$JuvenileFn). Other\n examples of closed denotational terms include #$Muffet,\n (#$JuvenileFn #$Dog), (#$TheSetOf ?X (#$objectHasColor ?X\n GreenColor)), and 212.", guid = "c04da45a-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; CycLClosedDenotationalTerm rel isu CoreConstant, iss CycLClosedExpression, iss CycLDenotationalTerm; Class isg CycLClosedExpression; CycLClosedExpression has label = "cyc l closed expression", comment = "The collection of CycL expressions which have no\n free variables.", guid = "c03209e1-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; CycLClosedExpression rel isu ObjectType, isu CoreConstant, iss CycLExpression, iss CycLTerm, xor CycLOpenExpression; Class isg CycLClosedFormula; CycLClosedFormula has label = "cyc l closed formula", comment = "The subcollection of #$CycLFormulas which have no\n free variables.", guid = "c017ff79-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; CycLClosedFormula rel isu CoreConstant, iss CycLClosedExpression, iss CycLFormula; Class isg CycLClosedNonAtomicTerm; CycLClosedNonAtomicTerm has label = "cyc l closed non atomic term", comment = "The subcollection of denotational\n #$CycLNonAtomicTerms which have no free variables.\n Examples: (#$JuvenileFn #$Platypus), (#$JuvenileFn #$isa\n #$genls), (#$TheSetOf ?X (#$objectHasColor ?X\n #$GreenColor)). Counterexamples: (#$JuvenileFn ?X).", guid = "c0cc2458-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; CycLClosedNonAtomicTerm rel isu CoreConstant, iss CycLNonAtomicTerm-ClosedFunctor, iss CycLNonAtomicTerm, iss CycLClosedDenotationalTerm; Class isg CycLClosedSentence; CycLClosedSentence has label = "cyc l closed sentence", comment = "The subcollection of #$CycLSentences which have no\n free variables. Implicitly universally quantified sentences\n are not instances of #$CycLClosedSentence.", guid = "be27a8ec-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; CycLClosedSentence rel isu CoreConstant, iss CycLSentence, iss CycLClosedExpression, iss CycLSentence-ClosedPredicate; Class isg CycLConstant; CycLConstant has label = "ART", comment = "#$CycLConstant is the collection of all CycL named\n constants used to denote terms. Colloquially, CycL\n constants are those atomic terms which are prefixed by\n '#$' in their printed representation. For\n example, #$Dog is an instance of #$CycLConstant while other\n terms like (#$GovernmentFn #$France) and the number 42 are not.", guid = "bf3491c4-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; CycLConstant rel isu Class, isu CoreConstant, iss HLIndexedTerm, iss CycLIndexedTerm, iss CycLAtomicTerm, iss CycLReifiableDenotationalTerm, iss HLReifiedDenotationalTerm, iss CycLRepresentedAtomicTerm, iss ELExpression, iss CycLClosedAtomicTerm, iss HLExpression, xor HLNonAtomicReifiedTerm; Class isg CycLDeducedAssertion; CycLDeducedAssertion has label = "cyc l deduced assertion", comment = "The subcollection of semantically well-formed\n #$CycLAssertions which are supported by at least one\n argument which is a dedction by Cyc's inference engine,\n as opposed to having been explicitly asserted to Cyc. An\n assertion can have more than one argument, and can therefore\n be both a #$CycLAssertedAssertion and a #$CycLDeducedAssertion.", guid = "beff1a9a-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; CycLDeducedAssertion rel isu ObjectType, isu CoreConstant, iss CycLAssertion; Class isg CycLDenotationalTerm; CycLDenotationalTerm has label = "cyc l denotational term", comment = "The collection of all CycL expressions which may\n denote something in the universe of discourse if they are\n meaningful and closed (having no free variables). Semantic\n well-formedness is not a requirement; (#$JuvenileFn #$isa ?X\n #$genls #$JuvenileFn) is a denotational term. However, if a\n #$CycLFormula, semantic properties of the arg0 may determine\n its membership in this collection. e.g. (#$JuvenileFn\n #$Dog) is a denotational term, but (#$Dog #$JuvenileFn) is\n not. Other examples of denotational terms include #$Muffet,\n ?X, (#$JuvenileFn ?X), (#$TheSetOf ?X (#$objectHasColor ?X\n GreenColor)), and 212.", guid = "bd9733c2-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; CycLDenotationalTerm rel isu CoreConstant, iss CycLTerm, iss CycLExpression; Class isg CycLExpression; CycLExpression has label = "cyc l expression", comment = "The collection of all syntactically well-formed\n expressions in the CycL language. This includes formulas,\n sentences, denotational terms, etc.", guid = "be90c21d-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; CycLExpression rel isu CoreConstant, isu ObjectType, iss CycLTerm, is CycLTerm; Class isg CycLExpression-Askable; CycLExpression-Askable has label = "cyc l expression - askable", comment = "The subcollection of syntactically well-formed\n #$CycLExpressions which obey arity constraints, but but do\n not necessarily obey other semantic constraints (e.g.\n argument type constraints). The name 'Askable'\n derives from #$CycLSentence-Askable, but instances of\n #$CycLExpression-Askable are not necessarily askable as a\n query unless they are also instances of\n #$CycLSentence-Askable. See #$CycLQuery for more details.", guid = "bd601781-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; CycLExpression-Askable rel isu CoreConstant, iss CycLExpression; Class isg CycLExpression-Assertible; CycLExpression-Assertible has label = "cyc l expression - assertible", comment = "The subcollection of syntactically and\n semantically well-formed #$CycLExpressions. The name\n 'Assertible' derives from\n #$CycLSentence-Assertible, but instances of\n #$CycLExpression-Assertible are not necessarily assertible\n into the KB unless they are also instances of #$CycLSentence-Assertible.", guid = "c091e184-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; CycLExpression-Assertible rel isu CoreConstant, iss CycLExpression-Askable; Class isg CycLFormula; CycLFormula has label = "cyc l formula", comment = "The collection of CycL expressions which involve\n the application of a relation to some arguments; e.g.,\n (#$isa #$Muffet #$Poodle) and (#$BirthFn #$Muffet) are both\n instances of #$CycLFormula. Two important specs of\n #$CycLFormula are #$CycLNonAtomicTerms, also called\n 'denotational formulas', and #$CycLSentences, also\n called 'logical formulas'. Note that this notion\n of a CycL formula may differ from standard definitions of\n 'formula' in formal logic, which define a formula\n as either any string of symbols, or a syntactically\n well-formed string of symbols. A CycL formula is a relation\n applied to some arguments.", guid = "c03ec3ba-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; CycLFormula rel isu CoreConstant, isu LinguisticObjectType, iss CycLExpression, iss CycLTerm; Class isg CycLGAFAssertion; CycLGAFAssertion has label = "cyc l g a f assertion", comment = "The subcollection of semantically well-formed\n atomic #$CycLAssertions which have no free variables. GAF\n stands for Ground Atomic Formula. Atomic Formula (or, more\n specifically, atomic sentence) means a #$Predicate applied\n to some arguments. Ground means no variables. GAF\n Assertions are ground at the HL (no HL variables) and closed\n at the EL (no free EL variables). For example, (#$isa\n (#$TheSetOf ?X (#$colorOfObject ?X #$GreenColor)) #$Thing)\n is ground at the HL and closed (but not ground) at the EL.\n GAF assertions typically express facts about the world.", guid = "c0f63e9a-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; CycLGAFAssertion rel isu ObjectType, isu CoreConstant, iss CycLAssertion, iss CycLClosedAtomicSentence, iss CycLAtomicAssertion, xor CycLRuleAssertion; Class isg CycLGenericRelationFormula; CycLGenericRelationFormula has label = "cyc l generic relation formula", comment = "The subcollection of #$CycLFormulas which have a\n #$Relation in their arg0 position which is not known to be\n either a function, predicate, or logical operator.\n Examples: (?RELATION #$Dog #$Cat), ((RelationDenotingFn\n #$Muffet) #$Dog).", guid = "be2eb4e1-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; CycLGenericRelationFormula rel isu CoreConstant, iss ELFormula, iss CycLFormula; Class isg CycLIndexedTerm; CycLIndexedTerm has label = "cyc l indexed term", comment = "Elements of #$CycLIndexedTerm are objects that are\n indexed in the Cyc kb (i.e., forts and assertions).", guid = "bd84623c-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; CycLIndexedTerm rel isu CoreConstant, isu ObjectType, iss CycLClosedExpression; Class isg CycLNonAtomicReifiedTerm; CycLNonAtomicReifiedTerm has label = "NART", comment = "The subcollection of #$CycLReifiableNonAtomicTerms\n that are reified in the KB. Example: (#$JuvenileFn #$Dog).\n Counterexample: (#$JuvenileFn #$Platypus), because that term\n is not currently reified in the KB. These are often called\n NARTs, which stands for 'non-atomic reified term'.", guid = "c0c6b0d2-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; CycLNonAtomicReifiedTerm rel isu CoreConstant, iss CycLReifiedDenotationalTerm, iss CycLReifiableNonAtomicTerm; Class isg CycLNonAtomicTerm; CycLNonAtomicTerm has label = "NAT", comment = "The collection of non-atomic denotational terms in\n the CycL language. Also called 'denotational\n formulas'. A non-atomic term, or 'NAT', is a\n term which is neither a variable nor a constant. NATs are\n terms formed by applying a function to its (zero or more)\n arguments. Like constants, each NAT denotes some thing in\n the universe of discourse. Currently, there are two main\n kinds of NAT: #$HLNonAtomicReifiedTerms, or\n 'NARTs', which are a type of\n #$HLReifiedDenotationalTerm, and are implemented with data\n structures that have indexing allowing all uses of the NAT\n to be retrieved; and #$ELNonAtomicTerms, or\n 'NAUTs', which have no such indexing and remain in\n the form of an EL expression in the formulas in which they occur.", guid = "bf1f951d-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; CycLNonAtomicTerm rel isu ObjectType, isu CoreConstant, iss CycLDenotationalTerm, iss CycLTerm, iss CycLFormula, iss CycLRepresentedTerm; Class isg CycLNonAtomicTerm-Askable; CycLNonAtomicTerm-Askable has label = "cyc l non atomic term - askable", comment = "The subcollection of syntactically well-formed\n #$CycLNonAtomicTerms which obey arity constraints, but but\n do not necessarily obey other semantic constraints (e.g.\n argument type constraints). These terms 'make enough\n sense' to be a term in a #$CycLQuery. Denotational\n terms are not askable themselves. Each instance of this\n collection involves a #$Function-Denotational applied to\n some number of arguments, as permitted by the arity of the\n relation. #$CycLNonAtomicTerms are also called\n 'denotational formulas', to be distinguished from\n 'logical formulas', also known as #$CycLSentences.\n Note that an instance of #$CycLNonAtomicTerm-Askable does\n not mean that the term must be used in a query; only that\n it can be used in a query. See #$CycLQuery for more details.", guid = "bdda1e3f-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; CycLNonAtomicTerm-Askable rel isu CoreConstant, iss CycLNonAtomicTerm, iss CycLExpression-Askable; Class isg CycLNonAtomicTerm-Assertible; CycLNonAtomicTerm-Assertible has label = "cyc l non atomic term - assertible", comment = "The collection of syntactically and semantically\n well-formed #$CycLNonAtomicTerms. These non-atomic terms\n meet the criteria necessary to be part of an assertion in\n the Cyc KB. They are not assertible themselves. For a\n thorough discussion of what constitutes a well-formed CycL\n formula, see the Cyc documentation. Each instance of\n #$CycLNonAtomicTerm-Assertible involves a\n #$Function-Denotational applied to some arguments. Note\n that a semantically well-formed #$CycLQuery may contain\n instances of #$CycLNonAtomicTerm-Assertible; just because a\n nat is 'assertible' does not require it to be\n used in an assertion. See #$CycLPropositionalSentence for\n more details.", guid = "be2e0d29-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; CycLNonAtomicTerm-Assertible rel isu CoreConstant, iss CycLNonAtomicTerm-Askable, iss CycLExpression-Assertible; Class isg CycLNonAtomicTerm-ClosedFunctor; CycLNonAtomicTerm-ClosedFunctor has label = "cyc l non atomic term - closed functor", comment = "The subcollection of denotational\n #$CycLNonAtomicTerms which have no free variable in the arg0\n position. Examples: (#$JuvenileFn #$Platypus),\n (#$JuvenileFn #$isa #$genls), (#$TheSetOf ?X (#$colorOfType\n ?X #$GreenColor)), (#$JuvenileFn ?X). Counterexample:\n (?SOMEFN #$Gold).", guid = "bf26025d-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; CycLNonAtomicTerm-ClosedFunctor rel isu CoreConstant, iss CycLNonAtomicTerm, xor CycLSentence-ClosedPredicate; Class isg CycLOpenDenotationalTerm; CycLOpenDenotationalTerm has label = "cyc l open denotational term", comment = "The collection of all CycL expressions which have\n at least one free variable, and which might denote something\n in the universe of discourse if their variable(s) were\n bound. #$CycLSentences are not considered part of the\n universe of discourse in this way. Examples include ?X,\n (#$JuvenileFn ?X), and (#$JuvenileFn #$isa ?X #$genls\n #$JuvenileFn), even though the latter is semantically ill-formed.", guid = "c0d211d2-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; CycLOpenDenotationalTerm rel isu CoreConstant, iss CycLOpenExpression, iss CycLDenotationalTerm; Class isg CycLOpenExpression; CycLOpenExpression has label = "cyc l open expression", comment = "The collection of CycL expressions which have free variables.", guid = "bfab7ef3-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; CycLOpenExpression rel isu ObjectType, isu CoreConstant, iss CycLExpression, iss CycLTerm, xor CycLClosedExpression; Class isg CycLOpenFormula; CycLOpenFormula has label = "cyc l open formula", comment = "The subcollection of #$CycLFormulas which have\n free variables.", guid = "be0a552b-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; CycLOpenFormula rel isu CoreConstant, iss CycLOpenExpression, iss CycLFormula; Class isg CycLOpenNonAtomicTerm; CycLOpenNonAtomicTerm has label = "cyc l open non atomic term", comment = "The subcollection of denotational\n #$CycLNonAtomicTerms which have free variables. Examples:\n (#$JuvenileFn ?X), (#$JuvenileFn ?X ?Y ?Z). Counterexample:\n (#$TheSetOf ?X (#$objectHasColor ?X #$GreenColor)).", guid = "c010ce47-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; CycLOpenNonAtomicTerm rel isu CoreConstant, iss CycLNonAtomicTerm, iss CycLOpenDenotationalTerm; Class isg CycLOpenSentence; CycLOpenSentence has label = "cyc l open sentence", comment = "The subcollection of #$CycLSentences which have\n free variables. This only takes into account explicit\n closure; if a sentence is implicitly universally quantified,\n it is still an instance of #$CycLOpenSentence.", guid = "be00bf6e-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; CycLOpenSentence rel isu CoreConstant, iss CycLSentence, iss CycLOpenExpression; Class isg CycLPropositionalSentence; CycLPropositionalSentence has label = "cyc l propositional sentence", comment = "The collection of semantically well-formed CycL\n sentences that express propositions. Any seemingly free\n variables in such sentences are implicitly universally\n quantified at the outermost level.", guid = "c05a7c46-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; CycLPropositionalSentence rel isu CoreConstant, iss CycLClosedSentence, iss CycLSentence-Assertible; Class isg CycLQuery; CycLQuery has label = "cyc l query", comment = "The collection of all well-formed CycL queries.\n Example: (#$and (#$isa ?X #$Cat) (#$isa ?X #$Dog)). Weaker\n well-formedness constraints are imposed on CycL queries than\n on assertions (see #$CycLSentence-Assertible). CycL queries\n are syntactically well-formed CycL sentences, also\n well-formed with respect to arity, which express a query in\n CycL. Free variables are not implicitly universally\n quantified; they are interpreted as variables for which\n bindings are sought.", guid = "c0d57acd-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; CycLQuery rel isu Class, isu CoreConstant, isu LinguisticObjectType, iss CycLSentence, iss CycLSentence-Askable, iss Thing, iss LinguisticObject; Class isg CycLReformulationRulePredicate; CycLReformulationRulePredicate has label = "cyc l reformulation rule predicate", comment = "The collection of #$Predicates which may appear as\n the operator in a #$CycLReformulationRule.", guid = "c129e5bc-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; CycLReformulationRulePredicate rel isu CoreConstant, isu PredicateCategory, iss Predicate; Class isg CycLReifiableDenotationalTerm; CycLReifiableDenotationalTerm has label = "cyc l reifiable denotational term", comment = "A collection of Cyc terms. All #$CycLConstants are\n elements of #$CycLReifiableDenotationalTerm, as is any NAT\n (#$CycLNonAtomicTerm, see #$Function-Denotational) whose\n functor is an instance of #$ReifiableFunction. E.g., since\n #$GovernmentFn is an instance of #$ReifiableFunction, it is\n true that (#$GovernmentFn #$France) is a\n #$CycLReifiableDenotationalTerm. (#$JuvenileFn #$Platypus)\n is a #$CycLReifiableDenotationalTerm; it is not in the KB\n but is reifiable. #$CycLVariables are not considered reified\n or reifiable terms. These terms may denote something in the\n universe of discourse if they are semantically meaningful.\n e.g. (#$BorderBetweenFn #$Canada #$Mexico) is a\n #$CycLReifiableDenotationalTerm even though it does not\n denote anything in the universe of discourse.", guid = "bd63a0ce-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; CycLReifiableDenotationalTerm rel isu Class, isu CoreConstant, iss CycLClosedExpression, iss CycLClosedDenotationalTerm, iss CycLIndexedTerm; Class isg CycLReifiableNonAtomicTerm; CycLReifiableNonAtomicTerm has label = "cyc l reifiable non atomic term", comment = "A collection of Cyc terms that are NATs\n (#$CycLNonAtomicTerms; see #$Function-Denotational) whose\n functor is an instance of #$ReifiableFunction. E.g., since\n #$GovernmentFn is an instance of #$ReifiableFunction, it is\n true that (#$GovernmentFn #$France) is a #$CycLReifiableNonAtomicTerm.", guid = "be760011-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; CycLReifiableNonAtomicTerm rel isu Class, isu CoreConstant, iss CycLNonAtomicTerm, iss CycLIndexedTerm, iss CycLReifiableDenotationalTerm, iss CycLClosedNonAtomicTerm; Class isg CycLReifiedDenotationalTerm; CycLReifiedDenotationalTerm has label = "forts", comment = "The collection of denotational terms in the CycL\n language which are reified in the KB. Examples include\n #$Muffet and (#$JuvenileFn #$Dog); a counterexample would be\n (#$JuvenileFn #$Platypus) because that term is not currently\n reified in the KB. These are often called\n 'FORTs', which stands for 'first-order\n reified terms'", guid = "beee8a4d-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; CycLReifiedDenotationalTerm rel isu CoreConstant, iss CycLReifiableDenotationalTerm; Class isg CycLRepresentedAtomicTerm; CycLRepresentedAtomicTerm has label = "cyc l represented atomic term", comment = "The collection of all represented atomic\n denotational terms in the CycL language. This consists of\n variables and Cyc constants.", guid = "bddd55a1-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; CycLRepresentedAtomicTerm rel isu CoreConstant, iss CycLAtomicTerm, iss CycLRepresentedTerm; Class isg CycLRepresentedTerm; CycLRepresentedTerm has label = "cyc l represented term", comment = "The collection of all denotational terms in the\n CycL language which are either represented atomic terms or\n are composed of represented atomic terms. This includes Cyc\n constants, variables, and NATs.", guid = "be920bae-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; CycLRepresentedTerm rel isu CoreConstant, iss CycLDenotationalTerm; Class isg CycLRuleAssertion; CycLRuleAssertion has label = "cyc l rule assertion", comment = "The subcollection of semantically well-formed\n #$CycLAssertions whose formulas are rules. More precisely,\n the formulas are not GAFs (see #$CycLGAFAssertion), so they\n either have more than one literal (and therefore are\n non-atomic) or they quantify over some free variables (and\n therefore are non-ground). Any free variables are implicitly\n universally quantified.", guid = "bddb0a48-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; CycLRuleAssertion rel isu ObjectType, isu CoreConstant, iss CycLAssertion, xor CycLGAFAssertion; Class isg CycLSentence; CycLSentence has label = "CycL sentences", comment = "The collection of syntactically well-formed CycL\n formulas which involve a logical relation (a #$Predicate or\n #$TruthFunction) applied to some arguments. #$CycLSentences\n do not necessarily obey arity constraints or other semantic\n constraints (e.g. argument type constraints).\n #$CycLSentences are also called 'logical\n formulas', to be distinguished from 'denotational\n formulas', also known as NATs (#$CycLNonAtomicTerms).\n Note that this notion of a CycL sentence is broader than the\n standard definition of 'sentence' in formal logic,\n which defines a sentence as a closed, well-formed formula.\n CycL sentences may be open (having free variables). They\n may be semantically ill-formed but must be syntactically\n well-formed. Also, queries (see #$CycLQuery) are CycL sentences.", guid = "bd5880a0-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; CycLSentence rel isu LinguisticObjectType, isu CoreConstant, iss CycLTerm, iss CycLFormula, iss CycLExpression; Class isg CycLSentence-Askable; CycLSentence-Askable has label = "cyc l sentence - askable", comment = "The subcollection of syntactically well-formed\n #$CycLSentences which obey arity constraints, but but do not\n necessarily obey other semantic constraints (e.g. argument\n type constraints). These sentences 'make enough\n sense' to be asked as a #$CycLQuery. Each instance of\n this collection involves a logical relation (a #$Predicate\n or #$TruthFunction) applied to some number of arguments, as\n permitted by the arity of the relation. #$CycLSentences are\n also called 'logical formulas', to be\n distinguished from 'denotational formulas', also\n known as NATs (#$CycLNonAtomicTerms). Note that this notion\n of a CycL sentence is broader than the standard definition\n of 'sentence' in formal logic, which defines a\n sentence as a closed, well-formed formula. CycL sentences\n may be open (having free variables), but if they are\n asserted to Cyc, the free variables are implicitly\n universally quantified. Note that an instance of\n #$CycLSentence-Askable does not mean that the sentence must\n be used in a query; only that it can be used in a query. See\n #$CycLQuery for more details.", guid = "be7266e4-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; CycLSentence-Askable rel isu CoreConstant, iss CycLSentence, iss CycLExpression-Askable; Class isg CycLSentence-Assertible; CycLSentence-Assertible has label = "cyc l sentence - assertible", comment = "The collection of syntactically and semantically\n well-formed #$CycLSentences. These sentences meet the\n criteria necessary to be asserted into the Cyc KB. Example:\n (#$and (#$isa #$Pittman #$HumanCyclist) (#$residesInRegion\n #$Pittman #$CityOfAustinTX)). For a thorough discussion of\n what constitutes a well-formed CycL formula, see the Cyc\n documentation. Each instance of #$CycLSentence-Assertible\n involves a logical relation (a #$Predicate or\n #$TruthFunction) applied to some arguments. #$CycLSentences\n are also called 'logical formulas', to be\n distinguished from 'denotational formulas', also\n known as NATs (#$CycLNonAtomicTerms). Note that this notion\n of a CycL sentence is broader than the standard definition\n of 'sentence' in formal logic, which defines a\n sentence as a closed, well-formed formula. CycL sentences\n may be open (having free variables), but if they are\n asserted to Cyc, the free variables are implicitly\n universally quantified. Note that a semantically\n well-formed #$CycLQuery may be an instance of\n #$CycLSentence-Assertible; just because a sentence is\n assertible does not require it to be used in an assertion.\n See #$CycLPropositionalSentence for more details.", guid = "c1164108-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; CycLSentence-Assertible rel isu CoreConstant, iss CycLSentence-Askable, iss CycLExpression-Assertible; Class isg CycLSentence-ClosedPredicate; CycLSentence-ClosedPredicate has label = "cyc l sentence - closed predicate", comment = "The subcollection of #$CycLSentences whose arg0 is\n not a free variable although free variables may occupy other\n argument positions.", guid = "bdb7f18f-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; CycLSentence-ClosedPredicate rel isu CoreConstant, iss CycLSentence, xor CycLNonAtomicTerm-ClosedFunctor; Class isg CycLTerm; CycLTerm has label = "cyc l term", comment = "The collection of all syntactically well-formed\n expressions in the CycL language that can be used as terms,\n i.e. that can serve as arguments to CycL relations.\n Since the grammar of the CycL language allows any CycL\n expression to be used as a term, #$CycLTerm and\n #$CycLExpression are coextensional collections.", guid = "c107fffb-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; CycLTerm rel isu CoreConstant, isu ObjectType, iss CycLExpression, iss Thing, is CycLExpression; Class isg CycLUnreifiedReifiableNonAtomicTerm; CycLUnreifiedReifiableNonAtomicTerm has label = "cyc l unreified reifiable non atomic term", comment = "A collection of Cyc terms that are\n #$CycLReifiableNonAtomicTerms but are not meant to be\n reified at the top level (but sub-nats are still reified).\n #$CycLUnreifiedReifiableNonAtomicTerms are handled specially\n by the canonicalizer. As an example of how this works, see\n #$termOfUnit. Its arg1 is a #$CycLReifiableNonAtomicTerm and\n its arg2 is an #$CycLUnreifiedReifiableNonAtomicTerm.", guid = "becacce8-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; CycLUnreifiedReifiableNonAtomicTerm rel isu Class, isu CoreConstant, iss CycLReifiableNonAtomicTerm, iss ELNonAtomicTerm; Class isg CycLVariable; CycLVariable has label = "cyc l variable", comment = "The collection of all variables in the CycL\n language, such as ?WHAT or ?var0.", guid = "bf7800bf-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; CycLVariable rel isu CoreConstant, iss CycLOpenDenotationalTerm, iss CycLRepresentedAtomicTerm, iss CycLAtomicTerm; Class isg CyclicalIntervalGroupType; CyclicalIntervalGroupType has label = "cyclical interval group type", comment = "(#$isa ?X #$CyclicalIntervalGroupType) means that\n ?X is a collection of interval types whose instances recur\n in a set pattern throughout all of calendar history. ?X\n must partition all of time: the elements of ?X must be\n mutually disjoint, and unioned altogether they must\n encompass all time. For example, ?X could be the set of the\n seven calendar days (Monday through Sunday), or the set of\n the twelve calendar months (January through December).\n I.e., (#$isa #$DayOfWeekType #$CyclicalIntervalGroupType)\n and (#$isa #$MonthOfYearType #$CyclicalIntervalGroupType).\n `Recurring in a set pattern' generally means that one\n can put the elements of ?X in order, say X1, X2,..., Xn, and\n there will be an instance of X1 immediately followed by an\n instance of X2 (that instance x2a of X2 will be\n #$contiguousAfter that instance x1a of X1), and there will\n be an instance of X3 immediately following that particular\n instance of X2, and there will be an instance of X4\n immediately following that instance of X3, etc. One final\n note: when we arrange elements of ?X into such a pattern\n X1,...Xn (whose repetitions then `tile' all time), n\n may be larger than the cardinality of ?X. E.g., ?X might be\n the set with just the 2 elements WeekendDay (the union of\n the set #$Saturday and the set #$Sunday) and WeekDay, and\n then the arrangement that tiles all time is 5 contiguous\n WeekDays followed by 2 contiguous WeekendDays.", guid = "be0113f4-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; CyclicalIntervalGroupType rel isu Class, isu CollectionType, iss MutuallyDisjointIntervalCollection; Class isg Cyclist; Cyclist has label = "cyclists", comment = "The set of actors (mostly people) entitled to\n inspect and modify the Cyc knowledge base", guid = "bd588068-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Cyclist rel isu ExistingObjectType, isu TemporalStuffType, isu CoreConstant, iss IndividualAgent; CoreConstant isp CyclistsMt; CyclistsMt has label = "cyclists mt", comment = "A #$Microtheory for stating basic hierarchical\n (#$isa and #$genls) information pertaining to users of #$Cyc.", guid = "c0625164-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; ThreeDimensionalShapeAttribute isp Cylindrical; Cylindrical has label = "cylindrical", comment = "#$Cylindrical is the instance of #$ShapeAttribute\n shared by all cylindrical objects, i.e. all objects that\n have a circular base and for which all cross sections\n parallel to the base have the same area as the base.", guid = "bf57fbe1-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Class isg DailyPersonalCleaning; DailyPersonalCleaning has label = "daily personal cleaning", comment = "A collection of events. Each\n #$DailyPersonalCleaning encompasses the standard cleaning\n and grooming activities that an animal engages in over the\n course of a day. Such a `daily routine' is almost sure\n to include many brief grooming and cleaning actions, such as\n licking one's paws, combing one's hair, washing\n one's hands, shaving, bathing, etc., and those are\n sub-events of that #$DailyPersonalCleaning event. For\n example, a human's #$DailyPersonalCleaning might have a\n #$TeethCleaning as one of its sub-events, along with a\n #$TakingABath, two instances of #$CombingHair, etc. Note:\n Those specialized kinds of events, like #$CombingHair, are\n NOT subsets of #$DailyPersonalCleaning, since it would be\n abnormal for someone to JUST comb their hair each day (and\n do absolutely no other daily cleaning activity whatsoever).\n Note: In the context #$HumanActivitiesMt --- where all the\n performers of actions are, by default, human beings ---\n #$DailyPersonalCleaning designates human grooming activities\n only. In that microtheory, dog-grooming performed by human\n beings does not constitute #$DailyPersonalCleaning, even if\n it happens on a daily basis for some pampered poodle, as it\n is not PERSONAL (i.e, self-) cleaning.", guid = "bd58d05d-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; DailyPersonalCleaning rel isu TemporalObjectType, isu DefaultDisjointScriptType, isu Class, iss Cleaning; Class isg DataMicrotheory; DataMicrotheory has label = "data microtheory", comment = "A collection of microtheories. An instance of\n #$DataMicrotheory contains information about #$Individuals,\n such as specific #$Persons, #$Organizations,\n #$GeographicalRegions, #$ConceptualWorks, etc. Assertions\n that do not refer to such individuals normally should be\n asserted in a more general microtheory.", guid = "be5275a8-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; DataMicrotheory rel isu MicrotheoryType, iss Microtheory; Class isg Database-AbstractContent; Database-AbstractContent has label = "abstract databases", comment = "The collection of all databases, as abstract\n repositories of information rather than as physical storage\n devices. A database generally has some means of accessing\n the data from structured records, frames or relational\n structures, using some query language. A particular\n #$Database-AbstractContent may exist in multiple copies, and\n may be distributed over several different physical data\n storage sites: see also #$Database-Physical.", guid = "bfe46ab6-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Database-AbstractContent rel isu ObjectType, isu TemporalStuffType, iss IndexedInfoSource; Class isg Database-Physical; Database-Physical has label = "databases", comment = "A collection of information bearing objects\n (IBOs); a subset of #$StructuredInformationSource. Each\n element of #$Database-Physical is an IBO that stores many\n pieces of information, organized for easy scanning and\n access. Typically, a data base involves one or more\n formatted data record schemes, together with some device for\n searching and retrieving data. Note that, as an IBO, a\n #$Database-Physical is some particular, tangible copy of a\n database. To refer to the abstract 'content' of a\n database, use #$Database-AbstractContent. Instances\n represent databases, specifically the 'physical'\n aspect of the database rather than its meaning. Each\n physical database will be related to its tables (represented\n as instances of #PhysicalTableSchema). It will typically\n have information specifying access methods. The current\n vocbulary does not make the distinction between the abstract\n structure, perhaps shared by many copies, and the copies\n themselves, perhaps containing different data.", guid = "bd589d12-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Database-Physical rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss InformationBearingObject, iss StructuredInformationSource; Class isg Date; Date has label = "dates", comment = "#$Date is a subset of #$TimeInterval. A #$Date is\n any #$TimeInterval which can be defined purely by its\n location on the calendar. Thus a #$Date could be a\n particular calendar day, a particular calendar quarter, a\n particular calendar month, a particular decade, etc. So the\n subsets of #$Date include #$CalendarMinute,\n #$CalendarQuarter, etc., as well as #$CalendarDay.", guid = "bd58ac59-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Date rel isu TemporalObjectType, iss TimeInterval; Class isg Dawn; Dawn has label = "dawns", comment = "Each instance of #$Dawn is a dimly-lit period\n before a #$Sunrise.", guid = "bd588ee3-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Dawn rel isu Class, isu TemporalObjectType, iss Twilight, xor Dusk; Class isg DaytimeWorkingHours; DaytimeWorkingHours has label = "daytime working hours", comment = "#$DaytimeWorkingHours is a set of time intervals.\n The length of each of those intervals, and their\n #$startingPoint and #$endingPoint, are defined by the bulk\n of a working population performing their daily jobs. The\n schedule varies by context -- i.e. which group of workers\n are being considered -- and the boundaries are fuzzy. This\n fuzziness makes the concept more useful in many ways,\n though, not less useful.", guid = "bd58ac70-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; DaytimeWorkingHours rel isu TemporalObjectType, iss TimeOfDay; Class isg DeVerbalNoun; DeVerbalNoun has label = "de verbal noun", comment = "The collection of all nouns derived from verbs,\n including (but not limited to) those ending in\n '-ing', '-er/or', and 'tion'.", guid = "bf69785d-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; DeVerbalNoun rel isu LinguisticObjectType, isu SpeechPart, iss Noun; Class isg DeadAnimal; DeadAnimal has label = "corpses", comment = "A subset of #$OrganicStuff (and not, of course, of\n #$Animal, whose elements must be alive). Each element of\n #$DeadAnimal is a corpse or partial remains of an individual\n animal, somewhat intact, and prior to any butchering,\n burning, cooking, dissolving, or fully decomposing.", guid = "bd5894c4-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; DeadAnimal rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss OrganicStuff, xor Animal; Class isg DeadLanguage; DeadLanguage has label = "dead languages", comment = "A subset of #$NaturalLanguage. Each element of\n #$DeadLanguage is a natural language that is no longer\n spoken as a native language.", guid = "bd58a2a8-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; DeadLanguage rel iss NaturalLanguage, xor LivingLanguage; TwoDimensionalShapeAttribute isp DecagonShaped; DecagonShaped has label = "decagon shaped", comment = "This is the shape attribute shared by all ten\n sided two dimensional figures.", guid = "bdcb2708-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Class isg December; December has label = "December", comment = "The collection of all Decembers, the twelfth and\n final month of the year in the #$JulianCalendar.", guid = "bd58b8ba-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; December rel isu MonthOfYearType, isu CoreConstant, iss CalendarMonth; SharedNote isp DecidingWhichInstrumentPredicateToUse; DecidingWhichInstrumentPredicateToUse has label = "deciding which instrument predicate to use", comment = "Which instrument predicate you use depends on what\n level of generality you wish your statement to apply at.\n One help is to look at the argument types of each instrument\n predicate and decide. Do you want it to apply to every\n #$PartiallyTangible which is an instrument? Then use\n #$instrument-Generic since #$PartiallyTangible is its\n #$arg2Isa. Are you writing a rule which really only applies\n to #$PhysicalDevices Then use #$deviceUsed. But be\n careful! When you use a more specific predicate such as\n #$deviceUsed it may have special extra conditions in its\n definition aside from the #$PhysicalDevice #$arg2Isa\n constraint. Also if your first stab at the rule involves\n #$deviceUsed in the antecedent, see if it applies more\n generally to #$instrument-Generic.", guid = "bd60039d-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Class isg DeciduousPlant; DeciduousPlant has label = "deciduous plants", comment = "A collection of plants. Each element of\n #$DeciduousPlant is a plant which sheds all of its leaves\n once a year, seasonally, and subsequently grows new ones.", guid = "bd588481-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; DeciduousPlant rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss Plant-Woody; Class isg DecompositionEvent; DecompositionEvent has label = "decompose", comment = "The collection of events in which one or more\n objects decompose more or less completely. See also the\n more general concept #$DecompositionProcess, in whose\n instances objects at least partially decompose.", guid = "bd58b357-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; DecompositionEvent rel isu TemporalObjectType, isu DefaultDisjointScriptType, iss DecompositionProcess; Class isg DecompositionProcess; DecompositionProcess has label = "decomposition process", comment = "A collection of events in which some object\n decomposes. I.e., in a #$DecompositionProcess event, some\n object's matter undergoes chemical reactions (sometimes\n mediated by microorganisms) that eventually result in the\n object losing its shape and material characteristics. This\n may sometimes superficially resemble #$Melting, but it is a\n different process.", guid = "bd58b2de-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; DecompositionProcess rel isu TemporalStuffType, isu DefaultDisjointScriptType, iss TransformationProcess; Class isg Decrypting; Decrypting has label = "decryptions", comment = "The collection of actions in which an encrypted\n IBO (#$InformationBearingObject) is transformed so that it\n can be accessed.", guid = "bd659b49-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Decrypting rel isu TemporalObjectType; Class isg DefaultDisjointFoodType; DefaultDisjointFoodType has label = "types of food", comment = "A collection of collections. Each instance of\n #$DefaultDisjointFoodType is a collection of beverages or\n foodstuffs (a subset of #$Food or #$FoodIngredientOnly).\n More to the point, this collection-of-collections is a\n #$SiblingDisjointCollection (qv). So every two instances of\n #$DefaultDisjointFoodType are either disjoint, or are in a\n known subset/superset relationship, or have some known\n (reified) common specialization. Virtually every\n commonly-named type of food will be an element of this\n set-of-sets. E.g., the collections #$HotDog, #$ChickenSoup,\n #$Cocoa-ThePowder, #$Prune, #$ToasterTart, #$MilkPowder, and\n so on. One could easily define a collection of foodstuff\n and beverages, such as\n The-Food-That-Was-Eaten-In-Dallas-Yesterday, that would not\n be a member of this set-of-sets, but most such collections\n are not worth naming and keeping around. See the concept\n #$SiblingDisjointCollection for more information about this\n sort of arrangement.", guid = "bd58bd03-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; DefaultDisjointFoodType rel isu SiblingDisjointCollection, isu CollectionType, isu Class, iss ProductType; Class isg DefaultDisjointScriptType; DefaultDisjointScriptType has label = "default disjoint script type", comment = "This is a #$SiblingDisjointCollection (qv). So\n the elements of #$DefaultDisjointScriptType are kinds of\n actions (subsets of #$Event) that can be assumed to be\n mutually disjoint from each other (unless one is known to be\n a subset of the other, or there is a known common subset.)", guid = "bd58efca-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; DefaultDisjointScriptType rel isu SiblingDisjointCollection, isu CollectionType, iss Class; CycHLTruthValue isp DefaultFalse; DefaultFalse has label = "default false", guid = "bd8a163e-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Class isg DefaultMonotonicPredicate; DefaultMonotonicPredicate has label = "default monotonic predicate", comment = "A collection of predicates. Each element of\n #$DefaultMonotonicPredicate is a predicate whose use as the\n predicate of a locally asserted ground formula causes that\n formula to be entered, by default, as :MONOTONIC. Examples:\n #$isa, #$genls, #$disjointWith, #$equals, #$arity, #$arg1Isa.", guid = "c10c3008-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; DefaultMonotonicPredicate rel isu CoreConstant, isu PredicateCategory, iss Predicate; CycHLTruthValue isp DefaultTrue; DefaultTrue has label = "default true", guid = "bf576a31-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Class isg DegenerationEvent; DegenerationEvent has label = "degenerates", comment = "A collection of events. In each\n #$DegenerationEvent, some object loses its function(s)\n through a process of deterioration and/or a series of\n discrete breakdowns.", guid = "bd58c357-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; DegenerationEvent rel isu TemporalObjectType, isu DefaultDisjointScriptType, iss IncurringDamage; Class isg Density; Density has label = "densities", comment = "A collection of physical attributes. Each element\n of #$Density is a measurable physical property of a tangible\n object, namely, its mass per volume. Densities may be\n represented relative to certain substances, e.g.,\n #$SaltWaterDensity, #$FreshWaterDensity, #$DenseAsOil.\n Densities of objects are reported using the predicate #$densityOfObject.", guid = "bd589819-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Density rel isu DerivedNumericAttributeType, iss ScalarInterval; Class isg Dentist; Dentist has label = "dental practitioners", comment = "The collection of doctors that are trained with\n diagnosing and treating diseases of the gums and teeth.", guid = "bd58df82-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Dentist rel isu MedicalSpecialtyType, iss MedicalCareProfessional; Class isg Depositing; Depositing has label = "deposition processes", comment = "A collection of events. In each instance of\n #$Depositing, a gas is cooled to (or its pressure lowered\n to) the point where the gas molecules solidify into a solid.", guid = "bfe97da9-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Depositing rel isu DefaultDisjointScriptType, isu TemporalObjectType, iss PhysicalStateChangeEvent; Class isg DerivedNumericAttributeType; DerivedNumericAttributeType has label = "derived numeric attribute type", comment = "A collection of collections. Each element of\n #$DerivedNumericAttributeType is a collection of measurable\n attributes that are measured in complex units, including\n #$Volume, #$Area, #$Acceleration, etc. The types of\n attributes in #$DerivedNumericAttributeType are\n `derived' from other, fundamental attributes (such as\n #$Distance and #$Mass) which are measured in simple units.\n Cf. #$FundamentalNumericAttributeType.", guid = "bd58dae0-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; DerivedNumericAttributeType rel isu CollectionType, isu Class, iss MeasurableAttributeType, xor FundamentalNumericAttributeType; Class isg DesertClimateCycle; DesertClimateCycle has label = "desert climates", comment = "The attribute of having a desert climate. Wide\n termperature extremes from very hot in day to cold at night.\n Very little precipitation on a year-long basis, although\n there may be desert storms.", guid = "bd589427-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; DesertClimateCycle rel isu ClimateCycleType, iss TemperateClimateCycle; Class isg DeskWorker; DeskWorker has label = "office clerks", comment = "A collection of persons; a subset of\n #$Professional. This is a general category of workers that\n generally sit at desks, as opposed to those who do factory\n work or outside work, etc. Subsets include #$Administrator,\n #$ComputerOperator, and #$Secretary.", guid = "bd58ab18-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; DeskWorker rel isu OccupationType, iss Professional; Class isg DestructionEvent; DestructionEvent has label = "destruction events", comment = "A collection of events. In each element of\n #$DestructionEvent, at least one instance of #$Entity (the\n #$inputsDestroyed) ceases to exist.", guid = "bd58f920-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; DestructionEvent rel isu Class, iss CreationOrDestructionEvent; Class isg Device-SingleUser; Device-SingleUser has label = "single-user devices", comment = "A collection of devices. One can classify\n devices according to how many simultaneous users they\n typically have. An instance of #$Device-SingleUser is any\n device that typically has/requires exactly one (i.e., one\n and only one) user. A screwdriver (an instance of\n #$Screwdriver) is a #$Device-SingleUser, but a grand piano\n (an instance of #$GrandPiano) is not. A borderline\n non-example is a car --- although only one person operates\n it, several can `use' it at once, i.e. derive the\n value of its primary function which is transportation. So\n a car is not a #$Device-SingleUser. A borderline example is\n a telephone -- although it requires two or more users\n (each on telephones) for meaningful use, each phone\n generally has just one user at a time. So a telephone is\n a #$Device-SingleUser but a telephone-circuit is not.", guid = "c10093ce-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Device-SingleUser rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss PhysicalDevice; Class isg Device-UserPowered; Device-UserPowered has label = "user-powered devices", comment = "An #$Artifact which has been deliberately designed\n to perform a particular function, and which depends upon\n the physical efforts of the user to perform that function\n in part or in whole. A paradigm example would be a\n bicycle. However, the definition also leaves room for some\n counterintuitive cases--combs and forks are also\n user-powered devices, on this analysis. Borderline cases\n would be devices which require effort on the part of the\n user to perform part of the function but not all of it.\n For example, many gas-powered lawnmowers have to be pushed\n by hand, but use an internal combustion engine to impart the\n necessary velocity to the cutting surfaces.", guid = "bd5894f7-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Device-UserPowered rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss MusclePoweredDevice; Class isg DeviceRunning; DeviceRunning has label = "device-running events", comment = "A collection of events. An instance of\n #$DeviceRunning is an event in which some device is running.\n This collection includes events which are complete cycles of\n a device's normal function (see\n #$SingleCompleteRunOfADevice) as well as random time slices\n (#$timeSlices) of them running. Examples include instances\n of the collections #$AirplaneTakeOff, #$SkateBoarding,\n #$OffRoadMotorcycleRiding, etc. Some stranger examples ---\n which are not instances of #$SingleCompleteRunOfADevice ---\n include: all the the ignition phases of the firing of my\n Honda's engine during November of 1996; my TV when it\n was on and showing a commercial this year; my TV when it was\n on and I was watching it this week.", guid = "bd589045-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; DeviceRunning rel isu DefaultDisjointScriptType, isu TemporalStuffType, iss PhysicalEvent; Class isg DeviceState; DeviceState has label = "device state", comment = "A collection of states that devices can be in,\n including: #$DeviceOn, #$DeviceOff, #$RecordingStates,\n #$CockedState, #$Folded, #$OffHook, #$Unlocked, and many others.", guid = "bd590b25-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; DeviceState rel isu UnorderedAttributeType, iss AttributeValue; Class isg Dexterity; Dexterity has label = "dexterous", comment = "#$Dexterity is the\n #$ScriptPerformanceAttributeType for describing actions in\n which the performer's hands move accurately, quickly,\n and with economy of motion.", guid = "bd58ae64-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Dexterity rel isu ScriptPerformanceAttributeType, iss ScriptPerformanceAttribute; Class isg DiagnosingAndRepairingSomething; DiagnosingAndRepairingSomething has label = "diagnosing and repairing something", comment = "The collection of all actions of diagnosing and\n repairing something, in a very broad sense. Such events can\n range from fixing a #$PhysicalDevice (e.g., the last time\n you took your car in to be fixed), to killing pests that\n infest a place. All such actions involve an intrinsic\n change in the thing which undergoes repairs. Notice that a\n diagnosis action alone, or a repair action alone, would not\n be elements of this collection; they could be #$subEvents of\n an element of this collection.", guid = "bd58ab98-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; DiagnosingAndRepairingSomething rel isu DefaultDisjointScriptType, iss IntrinsicStateChangeEvent, iss HumanActivity; Class isg DietaryDeficiencyCondition; DietaryDeficiencyCondition has label = "dietary deficiency conditions", comment = "The collection of physiological conditions brought\n on by consuming less of a nutrient than the body requires.", guid = "c0fd5773-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; DietaryDeficiencyCondition rel isu PhysiologicalConditionType, iss Malnutrition; Class isg DigestionEvent; DigestionEvent has label = "digestion event", comment = "A collection of events. For most animals, a\n #$DigestionEvent starts at the mouth and, for most\n vertebrates, ends at the anus. This concept should not be\n confused with #$DigestingInStomach, whose instances occur\n only in an organism's #$Stomach. A #$DigestionEvent\n spans the whole #$DigestiveSystem, from start to\n finish.--Nichols, June 23, 1997", guid = "bd588d98-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; DigestionEvent rel isu DefaultDisjointScriptType, isu TemporalObjectType, iss SingleDoerAction, iss BiologicalDecompositionEvent, iss BiologicalTransportationEvent; Class isg DigestiveSystem; DigestiveSystem has label = "digestive systems", comment = "The collection of all animals' digestive\n systems. A #$DigestiveSystem is a system of organs and\n other body parts (typically of #$Vertebrates) which work\n together to accomplish the digestion function.", guid = "bd58b41a-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; DigestiveSystem rel isu AnimalBodyPartType, iss ConnectedPathSystem, iss BiologicalLivingObject, iss AnimalBodyPart; Class isg DimensionlessUnitOfMeasure; DimensionlessUnitOfMeasure has label = "dimensionless units of measure", comment = "A subset of #$UnitOfMeasure.\n #$DimensionlessUnitOfMeasure is the collection of\n measurement functions whose results are elements of\n #$ScalarInterval which have no dimension; i.e., they are\n simply numbers, instances of #$IntervalOnNumberLine.\n Examples include #$Percent, #$Unity, #$Per1000. (#$Percent\n 50) returns the point-interval, one-half (0.5). (#$Unity 3\n 4) returns the interval that is the range of numbers between\n 3 and 4, inclusive.", guid = "bd58842e-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; DimensionlessUnitOfMeasure rel isu InterconvertibleUnitType, isu CoreConstant, iss UnitOfMeasure; Class isg DirectedAcyclicGraph; DirectedAcyclicGraph has label = "Directed Acyclic Graph", comment = "The collection of all those #$DirectedGraphs\n (node-and-link structures in which each link has one\n direction) each of which has no directed cycle in it. This\n is the intersection of #$DirectedGraph and\n #$DirectedAcyclicPathSystem (which is the same as the\n intersection of #$SimpleGraph-GraphTheoretic and\n #$DirectedAcyclicPathSystem). A #$DirectedAcyclicGraph is\n often used as a representation of a #$PartialOrdering.", guid = "bed5ca59-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; DirectedAcyclicGraph rel isu PathSystemType-Structural, iss DirectedAcyclicPathSystem, iss DirectedGraph; Class isg DirectedAcyclicPathSystem; DirectedAcyclicPathSystem has label = "directed acyclic path system", comment = "The collection of all #$DirectedPathSystems each\n of which has no directed cycle in it (see\n #$directedCycleInSystem). Note that each instance of\n #$DirectedAcyclicPathSystem has no loops in it, though it\n may have a (undirected) graph cycle in it.", guid = "bdd9cff1-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; DirectedAcyclicPathSystem rel isu PathSystemType-Structural, iss DirectedPathSystem; Class isg DirectedGraph; DirectedGraph has label = "directed graph", comment = "The collection of all directed simple graphs,\n i.e., node-and-link structure in which every link has one\n direction and no multiple links (between a pair of nodes) or\n loops are allowed, as studied in graph theory. This is the\n intersection of #$SimpleGraph-GraphTheoretic and\n #$DirectedMultigraph, which is the same as the intersection\n of #$SimpleGraph-GraphTheoretic and #$DirectedPathSystem.", guid = "beb3df26-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; DirectedGraph rel isu PathSystemType-Structural, iss DirectedMultigraph, iss SimpleGraph-GraphTheoretic; Class isg DirectedMultigraph; DirectedMultigraph has label = "directed multigraph", comment = "The collection of all directed multigraphs, i.e.,\n node-and-link structures in which every link has one\n direction. There can be loops and multiple links between a\n pair of nodes. These are studied in graph theory. In Cyc,\n this is the intersection of #$Multigraph and #$DirectedPathSystem.", guid = "c0ba0c32-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; DirectedMultigraph rel isu PathSystemType-Structural, iss DirectedPathSystem, iss Multigraph; Class isg DirectedPathSystem; DirectedPathSystem has label = "directed path system", comment = "An instance of #$PathSystemType-Structural and a\n subcollection of #$Semi-DirectedPathSystem. Each instance\n of #$DirectedPathSystem is a path system SYS in which every\n link LINK is given exactly one direction (specified by\n (#$linkFromToInSystem LINK X Y SYS), (#$PathFromFn LINK\n SYS), or (#$PathToFn LINK SYS)). Note that only when a\n semi-directed path system is also a directed path system\n should we use the functions #$PathFromFn and #$PathToFn.", guid = "c0a745ca-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; DirectedPathSystem rel isu PathSystemType-Structural, iss Semi-DirectedPathSystem, xor BidirectedPathSystem; Class isg DirectedTranslation; DirectedTranslation has label = "directed movements", comment = "A collection of events; a subset of\n #$Movement-TranslationEvent. Each instance of\n #$DirectedTranslation is a movement event that is\n #$performedBy an #$Agent --- that agent intends for the\n #$objectMoving to reach a particular #$target. Examples:\n William Tell shooting the apple off his son's head,\n John Wilkes Booth shooting Abraham Lincoln, the last time\n you tossed a frisbee to someone, a pilot landing an\n airplane, and a skiier skiing one run of the downhill course.", guid = "bdb6c421-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; DirectedTranslation rel isu TemporalStuffType, iss ControllingSomething, iss CausingAnotherObjectsTranslationalMotion; Class isg DirectionExpression; DirectionExpression has label = "direction expression", comment = "A collection of vectors; a subset of\n #$UnitVectorInterval. Each element of #$DirectionExpression\n is a vector representing a direction. Typically these\n expressions are used to indicate direction between two\n objects or locations. An important subset of this\n collection is #$GeographicalDirection; e.g.,\n #$South-Directly, #$NorthWest-Directly.", guid = "bd58dff3-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; DirectionExpression rel isu Class, iss UnitVectorInterval; Class isg Dirtiness; Dirtiness has label = "dirtiness", comment = "A collection of attributes. Dirtiness is a\n measurable attribute that many tangible objects have. Each\n element of the collection #$Dirtiness represents a specific\n level of dirtiness (or cleanliness!); e.g., #$Dirty,\n #$ReallyDirty, #$ALittleDirty, #$Clean, #$Sterile. Indicate\n a particular object's #$Dirtiness with the predicate #$dirtinessOfObject.", guid = "bd58d42d-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Dirtiness rel iss ScalarInterval; Class isg Disappointment; Disappointment has label = "letdowns", comment = "The emotion or state of feeling defeated in\n expectation or hope. This is a collection; for an\n explanation of a typical #$FeelingAttributeType, see #$Happiness.", guid = "bd58b543-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Disappointment rel isu FeelingAttributeType, iss Dissatisfaction, iss Surprise, iss Sadness; Class isg Disapproval; Disapproval has label = "disapproving", comment = "The emotion or state of disapproving of something;\n a negative attitude towards some situation, proposal,\n person, or thing, implying a judgment based on explicit or\n implicit standards (rational, moral, pragmatic, or etc.).\n This is a collection; for an explanation of a typical\n #$FeelingAttributeType, see #$Happiness. More specialized\n #$FeelingAttributeTypes than #$Disapproval are #$Contempt,\n #$Hate, #$Abhorrence, etc. More subtly, it is often true\n that feelings of #$Jealousy or #$Envy manifest in\n superficial shows of #$Disapproval. #$Disapproval is a\n #$Collection --- for an explanation of that, see #$Happiness.", guid = "be00ca70-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Disapproval rel isu FeelingAttributeType, iss FeelingAttribute; Class isg DisasterEvent; DisasterEvent has label = "disasters", comment = "A collection of events. In each #$DisasterEvent,\n a large group of people (or, in decreasing order of\n likelihood of usage of this concept, a large group of\n animals, plants, corporations, etc.) are at very high risk\n of injury or property damage, or in which a lot of injury\n and property damage occurs even though the risk was low.", guid = "c0fd58cc-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; DisasterEvent rel isu TemporalObjectType, iss DestructionEvent; Class isg Disgust; Disgust has label = "disgust", comment = "A feeling of repulsion or aversion towards\n something considered distasteful or repugnant. This is a\n #$Collection --- for an explanation of that, see\n #$Happiness. Some more specialized #$FeelingAttributeTypes\n than #$Disgust include feelings of #$Abhorrence.", guid = "bd58b1cd-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Disgust rel isu FeelingAttributeType, iss Dislike; Class isg DisjointSetOrCollection; DisjointSetOrCollection has label = "disjoint set or collection", comment = "A collection of mathematical sets and collections\n the members of which are themselves mathematical sets or\n collections. A set or collection, SETORCOL, of sets or\n collections is an instance of #$DisjointSetOrCollection just\n in case the elements of SETORCOL are mutually disjoint --\n that is, no two elements of SETORCOL have any elements in common.", guid = "be13fa12-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; DisjointSetOrCollection rel isu Class; ThreeDimensionalShapeAttribute isp Disk3DShaped; Disk3DShaped has label = "disk 3 d shaped", comment = "#$Disk3DShaped is the instance of #$ShapeAttribute\n shared by all three dimensional cylindrical objects whose\n height is considerably less than its radius. A coin would\n be an example. Objects having this attribute may often be\n considered as two-dimensional for the purposes of practical reasoning.", guid = "bdd82721-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Class isg Dislike; Dislike has label = "dislikes", comment = "A feeling of disaffection or disaffinity for a\n person or thing. This is a #$Collection --- for an\n explanation of that, see #$Happiness. Some more specialized\n #$FeelingAttributeTypes than #$Dislike are #$Disgust,\n #$Contempt, #$Hate, #$Resentment, etc.", guid = "bd58a553-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Dislike rel isu FeelingAttributeType, iss FeelingAttribute; Class isg DisputeEvent; DisputeEvent has label = "disputes", comment = "A collection of events with multiple participants.\n In each #$DisputeEvent, some participants seek to achieve\n states of affairs that other participants seek to prevent.\n Disputes may or may not get settled. Settlement of a\n dispute may be by fighting, by competition, by using a\n mediator or court, by chance, by mutual reasoning, etc.", guid = "bd58f3d7-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; DisputeEvent rel isu DefaultDisjointScriptType, isu TemporalObjectType, iss HostileSocialAction; Class isg Dissatisfaction; Dissatisfaction has label = "dissatisfaction", comment = "Feeling of discontent, due to a lack of\n fulfillment of an agent's desires, needs, or\n requirements. This is a collection; for an explanation of a\n typical #$FeelingAttributeType, see #$Happiness. Some more\n specialized #$FeelingAttributeTypes than #$Dissatisfaction\n are #$Disappointment, #$Frustration, #$Impatience, #$Anger,\n etc. ", guid = "bd58a58e-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Dissatisfaction rel isu FeelingAttributeType, iss FeelingAttribute; Class isg Dissolving; Dissolving has label = "dissolving events", comment = "A collection of events. In each instance of this\n collection, a solvent and a solute mix to form a solution.", guid = "be0116b0-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Dissolving rel isu TemporalStuffType, isu DefaultDisjointScriptType; Class isg Distance; Distance has label = "distances", comment = "A collection of physical attributes. Each element\n of #$Distance is the length of a path in space extending\n from one point to another. In some contexts, for example as\n in the argument 2 position of #$altitudeAboveSeaLevel, this\n distance includes directional information. In these\n contexts, elements can take on positive or negative values.\n Elements of #$Distance may be either a fixed interval, such\n as the height of the #$WashingtonMonumentInWashingtonDC or\n the altitude of the #$DeadSea, or a range, such as\n #$WithinAudibleDistance (see #$ScalarInterval for more\n explanation). See #$UnitOfDistance for the units used by Cyc\n to measure distances. See #$Distance-Absolute for measures\n of distance that necessarily do not include directional\n information, i.e. are always non-negative.", guid = "bd58809a-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Distance rel isu FundamentalNumericAttributeType, iss PhysicalAttribute, iss ScalarInterval; Class isg DistributingMetaKnowledgePredicate; DistributingMetaKnowledgePredicate has label = "distributing meta knowledge predicate", comment = "This collection is a subset of\n #$MetaKnowledgePredicate, instances over multiple assertions\n resulting from the polycanonicalization of an assertion.\n Suppose one asserts (dist-mk-predicate arg1 arg2) and arg1\n polycanonicalizes into assertion-1 and assertion-2, then\n because (isa dist-mk-pred\n #$DistributingMetaKnowledgePredicate) the kb will be\n modified to include both (dist-mk-pred assertion-1 arg2) and\n (dist-mk-pred assertion-2 arg2). NOTE: The constant name\n might suggest that these predicates are predicates about\n knowing, but this is not the sense in which\n 'MetaKnowledge' is here intended.", guid = "c0ab9eda-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; DistributingMetaKnowledgePredicate rel isu CoreConstant, isu PredicateCategory, iss MetaKnowledgePredicate; Class isg DistributionEvent; DistributionEvent has label = "distributions", comment = "A collection of events. Each element of\n #$DistributionEvent is an event in which tangible or\n intangible objects are distributed from a source to various\n destinations via some distribution network.", guid = "bd58fd6b-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; DistributionEvent rel isu Class, isu DefaultDisjointScriptType, isu TemporalObjectType, iss GeneralizedTransfer, iss TransferOut, iss PurposefulAction, iss ActionOnObject; Class isg Dock; Dock has label = "docks", comment = "The collection of long flat walkways that jut out\n over water from shorelines. A Dock's main function is\n to provide a place to secure boats and to provide a place\n where passengers and cargo can be loaded and unloaded.", guid = "be0112f2-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Dock rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss OutdoorLocation; Class isg Doctor-Medical; Doctor-Medical has label = "doctors", comment = "The collection of all medical doctors - MDs and Osteopaths.", guid = "bd58eb55-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Doctor-Medical rel isu OccupationType, isu MedicalSpecialtyType, iss Scientist, iss Prescriber; Class isg DocumentationConstant; DocumentationConstant has label = "documentation constant", comment = "A constant whose purpose involves facilitating\n Cyclists in their understanding of the system, tracking work\n being done, noting cleanup work to be done, etc. Such a\n constant usually is not involved in inference. Instances\n may be excluded from knowledge bases in which available\n memory is a premium without affecting the performance of applications.", guid = "bd5c5e99-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; DocumentationConstant rel isu Class, isu CoreConstant, iss Thing; Class isg DocumentationPredicate; DocumentationPredicate has label = "documentation predicate", comment = "The predicates in the system used for facilitating\n #$Cyclists in their understanding of the system, tracking\n work being done, noting cleanup work to be done, etc. Such\n a constant usually is not involved in inference. Instances\n may be excluded from knowledge bases in which available\n memory is a premium without affecting the performance of\n applications. #$DocumentationPredicate is used in code to\n determine which documentation to show to the user when they\n request to see documentation for a FORT.", guid = "be1f1654-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; DocumentationPredicate rel isu Class, isu CoreConstant, iss DocumentationConstant, iss Predicate; Class isg Dog; Dog has label = "dogs", comment = "The collection of all dogs of all breeds.\n Elements of #$Dog may be members of #$DomesticPet or of\n #$WildAnimal; e.g., #$Dog includes the dingo dogs of\n #$Australia. However, #$Dog excludes the members of #$Wolf,\n #$Fox, and the other non-dog subsets of #$CanineAnimal.\n #$Dog is an instance of #$BiologicalSpecies, Canis familiaris.", guid = "bd58daa0-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Dog rel isu OrganismClassificationType, isu BiologicalSpecies, isu BiologicalTaxon, iss DomesticatedAnimal; Class isg DomesticPet; DomesticPet has label = "pets", comment = "The subset of #$DomesticatedAnimal whose elements\n are animals kept by humans primarily for their\n companionship. (They may, however, do some chores such as\n catching mice.) Many members of #$DomesticPet live in the\n homes of their owners.", guid = "bd590532-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; DomesticPet rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss HumanOccupationConstructResident, iss DomesticatedAnimal, iss PortableObject; Class isg DomesticatedAnimal; DomesticatedAnimal has label = "domesticated animals", comment = "A subset of #$Animal; the collection of all\n animals which are kept by humans for labor, transportation,\n food, or as pets, and whose relations with humans are more\n or less cooperative. #$DomesticatedAnimal does NOT include\n instances of #$Tiger being kept in zoos, though it arguably\n includes Shamu or Flipper. Cf. #$WildAnimal, #$CaptiveAnimal.", guid = "c10c22cd-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; DomesticatedAnimal rel isu ProductType, isu ExistingObjectType, xor WildAnimal; Class isg DomesticatedAnimalFood; DomesticatedAnimalFood has label = "domesticated animal food", comment = "A collection of tangible stuff; a subset of\n #$TangibleProduct. Each element of #$DomesticatedAnimalFood\n is a foodstuff produced by human beings and intended for\n consumption by domesticated animals. This collection\n includes feed manufactured for horses, cattle, chickens, and\n other farm animals, as well as `pet foods'.", guid = "bd588c3b-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; DomesticatedAnimalFood rel isu ProductType, isu ExistingStuffType; Class isg Doorway; Doorway has label = "doorways", comment = "A collection of portals. Each element of\n #$Doorway is a portal in some instance of\n #$ShelterConstruction, suitable for people (and perhaps\n vehicles) to enter and exit. For example, doorways to\n houses, office buildings, elevators, automobiles, airplanes,\n garages, etc.", guid = "bd58f914-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Doorway rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss Portal, iss Artifact; Class isg DoorwayCovering; DoorwayCovering has label = "doors", comment = "A collection of tangible objects. Each element of\n #$DoorwayCovering is a physical object used to cover some\n kind of portal, including but not limited to doorways in\n buildings. This collection also includes doors of cars,\n buses, subways, elevators, garages, airplane\n hangars--coverings over any doors that people (and perhaps\n vehicles) pass through.", guid = "bd5899ff-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; DoorwayCovering rel isu ExistingObjectType, isu ProductType, iss PortalCovering; UnitVector-Precise isp Down-Directly; Down-Directly has label = "down - directly", comment = "The direction straight down. In the terrestrial\n context, #$Down-Directly points in the same direction as\n Earth's gravitational force vector.", guid = "bd5889eb-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; TerrestrialDirection isp Down-Generally; Down-Generally has label = "downward", comment = "The element of #$VectorInterval that comprises the\n cone-shaped set of vectors pointing (from some reference\n point) within approximately forty-five degrees of #$Down-Directly.", guid = "bd58a496-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Class isg Dress; Dress has label = "dresses", comment = "The collection of all dresses, a kind of\n women's clothing", guid = "bd58b437-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Dress rel isu ExistingObjectType, isu ProductType, iss WomensClothing; Class isg Drink; Drink has label = "beverages", comment = "The collection of drinkable substances; a\n collection of edible stuff and a subset of #$FoodAndDrink.\n Each element of the collection #$Drink is a liquid of a type\n that is ingestible and commonly consumed by humans or\n animals. Drinks are ingested without chewing. Examples of\n #$Drink include all elements of the collections\n #$Water-Ingestible, #$Tea-Hot, #$HotChocolate, #$Lemonade,\n #$Beer. . By default they are liquids. Borderline examples\n include a thick milkshake or soup, even if there are solid\n objects suspended in it. Thus #$LiquidTangibleThing is not\n necessarily (monotonically) a #$genls of #$Drink, though it\n is true by default that a #$Drink be an instance of\n #$LiquidTangibleThing. I.e., by default, elements of\n #$Drink are in a #$LiquidStateOfMatter. Another borderline\n example of a #$Drink is a glassful of poison or urine; it\n may be unpalatable or unsafe to drink a #$Drink. Note that\n the #$Drink includes the portion of liquid, but not the\n container such as the glass or coffee cup or bowl. So one\n borderline non-example is a glass of water -- as opposed to\n a glassful of water; the former includes the glass, the\n latter doesn't. Other borderline non-examples\n include: an ice cube, a grape sno-cone, a scoop of ice cream\n with hot fudge sauce on it, and a tiny bit of liquid such as\n a single raindrop even if it enters one's mouth.", guid = "bd58f408-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Drink rel isu ProductType, isu ExistingStuffType, iss LiquidTangibleThing, iss FoodAndDrink, xor Food; Class isg DrinkingEvent; DrinkingEvent has label = "drink", comment = "A collection of events. In each instance of this\n collection, a single individual consumes a portion of some\n drink. A #$DrinkingEvent typically consists of several\n instances of #$DrinkingASip. See #$EatingEvent.", guid = "bd58eeee-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; DrinkingEvent rel isu TemporalStuffType, iss ConsumingFoodOrDrink; Class isg DrugPrescription; DrugPrescription has label = "prescriptions", comment = "The legal document in which a doctor authorizes a\n patient to purchase a certain amount of a drug and take it\n according to some specified schedule.", guid = "c0fd5806-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; DrugPrescription rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss OfficialDocument; Class isg DrugProduct; DrugProduct has label = "medications", comment = "The collection of all drugs produced to be\n products. The collection includes instances of drugs\n prescribed by a physician, purchased as over-the-counter\n medicines, or used for recreational purposes\n (#$AlcoholicBeverage, #$Nicotine, #$Caffeine, or illicit\n #$DrugProducts). Note, that this is a #$Product\n (intentionally created or used) not merely a\n #$ChemicalCompoundType. Thus salt #$Water would not be a\n subset of #$DrugProduct, even though saline solution would be.", guid = "bd58aef7-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; DrugProduct rel isu ProductType, isu ExistingStuffType, iss ConsumableProduct, iss DrugSubstance, iss Artifact; Class isg DrugSubstance; DrugSubstance has label = "drugs", comment = "The class of substances that can be introduced\n into organism's bodies to produce certain physiological\n effects. Includes both stuffs and objects made and/or\n marketed as #$DrugProducts, as well as naturally-occurring\n stuffs and objects that have physiological effects.", guid = "bfc1633e-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; DrugSubstance rel isu ExistingStuffType, iss PartiallyTangible; Class isg DrugTherapy; DrugTherapy has label = "drug therapies", comment = "A collection of medical care events in which drugs\n accomplish a medical purpose. An instance of #$DrugTherapy\n is the result of an instance of #$AdministeringADrug (q.v.).\n An instance of #$DrugTherapy is the event of the\n patient's body undergoing the physiological effects of\n the drug it was given. Note: #$DrugTherapy events do not\n include the administration of the drug; rather, they are the\n results of such administrations. Cf. #$AdministeringADrug.", guid = "c0fd5e28-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; DrugTherapy rel isu Class, iss MedicalTreatmentEvent; TerrainAttribute isp DryTropicalForest; DryTropicalForest has label = "dry tropical forest", comment = "Instances are areas of semi-deciduous forest\n growing in semi-arid areas of South America and the Indian\n subcontinent. Rainfall in these areas usually averages less\n than 250mm per annum. Thorny scrub and low- to medium-sized\n trees with thick bark and deep roots characterize the\n vegetation. Source: The Times Atlas of the World (1995).", guid = "bff695f9-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; TerrainAttribute isp DryTropicalScrubAndThornRegion; DryTropicalScrubAndThornRegion has label = "dry tropical scrub and thorn region", comment = "Attribute of areas of low-growing, widely spaced\n shrubs, bushes, and succulents, found in extensive areas of\n Central and South America, Africa, the Indian subcontinent,\n and Australia. Source: The Times Atlas of the World (1995).", guid = "bd813f73-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Class isg Drying; Drying has label = "dry", comment = "A collection of events in which involves a\n reduction in the moistness of something -- either its water\n content or its surface wetness -- by evaporation, absorption\n (e.g. with towels), or some other process. Typical objects\n of a #$Drying event include instances of: paint, food,\n dishes, clothes, humans. The event of a clothes dryer\n running is a #$Drying.", guid = "bd58d388-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Drying rel isu TemporalStuffType, isu DefaultDisjointScriptType, iss IntrinsicStateChangeEvent, iss PhysicalEvent; SharedNote isp Dualist-Physical-AndGenericGeographyMtNote; Dualist-Physical-AndGenericGeographyMtNote has label = "dualist - physical - and generic geography mt note", comment = "#$GeographicalAgents (#$Country, #$City,\n #$Neighborhood, ...) are #$Agents which can be considered to\n have a specific territorial expanse. In some cases, it is\n useful to consider the territory and the agent to be\n different entities, while in others it is useful to use the\n agent as a referent for the territory. CYC allows for both\n of these interpretations, in different contexts. In a\n physical geography microtheory (#$PhysicalGeographyMt and\n its submicrotheories) #$Agents are disjoint from places and\n '(#$TerritoryFn <#$Agent>)' is used to\n specify the territory. In 'dualist' microtheories\n (submicrotheories of #$DualistGeopoliticalMt) the elements\n of #$GeopoliticalEntity and #$GeographicalAgent are both\n #$Agents and #$GeographicalRegions. These microtheories\n need not reify the #$physicalExtent of the entity, but just\n state geographic aspects directly about the agent/region\n combination. Generic geography microtheories (e.g.\n #$WorldGeographyMt and #$UnitedStatesGeographyMt) are used\n for assertions that do not require the specification of\n whether or not a #$GeographicalAgent is to be treated as a\n #$GeographicalRegion. For example, state\n (#$geopoliticalSubdivisions COUNTRY CITY) or\n (#$surroundsHorizontally #$AtlanticOcean\n #$Iceland-TheIsland) in a generic geography microtheory,\n (#$bordersOn #$Mali #$Niger) in a 'dualist'\n microtheory, and (#$isa #$WallisAndFutunaIslands\n #$Archipelago) in a physical geography microtheory if it is\n being defined as a colony in a dualist microthory.", guid = "c06f6ab5-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Class isg Ductility; Ductility has label = "ductilities", comment = "A collection of attributes; a subset of\n #$PhysicalAttribute. Each element of #$Ductility describes\n a specific capacity of a physical material to be stretched,\n drawn, or hammered thin without breaking. Different degrees\n of ductility may be represented using a\n #$GenericValueFunction. Ductilities of objects are\n indicated with the predicate #$ductilityOfObject.", guid = "bd589773-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Ductility rel isu MeasurableAttributeType, isu MaterialStrengthType, iss ScalarInterval; Class isg Dusk; Dusk has label = "dusks", comment = "Each #$Dusk is a dimly-lit period of time which is\n #$contiguousAfter a #$Sunset, and is the #$Event which\n starts a #$Night.", guid = "be010707-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Dusk rel isu Class, isu TemporalObjectType, iss Twilight, xor Dawn; Class isg Dying; Dying has label = "deaths", comment = "A collection of events. Each element of #$Dying\n is an event in which a living organism (i.e., an instance of\n #$Organism-Whole) ceases to live and thus ceases to exist.\n The physical portion of the organism may remain, but that is\n not considered an instance of #$Organism-Whole (cf.\n #$DeadAnimal). Note that the expiring animal is related to\n its dying event by #$bodilyDoer (q.v.)--in contrast to the\n role an organism plays when it is the #$objectActedOn in a\n #$Killing-Biological event (which will have some #$Dying\n event among its #$subEvents), and cf. #$bodilyActedOn.", guid = "bd590953-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Dying rel isu TemporalObjectType, isu DefaultDisjointScriptType, iss SingleDoerAction, iss BiologicalEvent, xor PurposefulAction; Class isg ELAssertion; ELAssertion has label = "e l assertion", comment = "The collection of assertions in the EL language.\n When EL assertions are presented to the KB, the\n #$CycCanonicalizer transforms them into #$HLAssertions.", guid = "c12ed6da-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; ELAssertion rel isu CoreConstant, iss ELSentence-Assertible, iss ELSentence, iss CycLAssertion, xor HLAssertion; Class isg ELExpression; ELExpression has label = "e l expression", comment = "The collection of all syntactically well-formed\n expressions in the EL language. All of their\n subexpressions, if any, must also be in the EL language.", guid = "c0e1b69a-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; ELExpression rel isu CoreConstant, iss CycLExpression; Class isg ELExpression-Askable; ELExpression-Askable has label = "e l expression - askable", comment = "The subcollection of syntactically well-formed\n #$ELExpressions which obey arity constraints, but but do\n not necessarily obey other semantic constraints (e.g.\n argument type constraints). The name 'Askable'\n derives from #$ELSentence-Askable, but instances of\n #$ELExpression-Askable are not necessarily askable as a\n query (after being converted to HL form by the\n #$CycCanonicalizer) unless they are also instances of\n #$ELSentence-Askable. See #$CycLQuery for more details.", guid = "c06a5e56-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; ELExpression-Askable rel isu CoreConstant, iss ELExpression, iss CycLExpression-Askable; Class isg ELExpression-Assertible; ELExpression-Assertible has label = "e l expression - assertible", comment = "The subcollection of syntactically and\n semantically well-formed #$ELExpressions. The name\n 'Assertible' derives from #$ELSentence-Assertible,\n but instances of #$ELExpression-Assertible are not\n necessarily assertible into the KB (after being converted to\n HL form by the #$CycCanonicalizer) unless they are also\n instances of #$ELSentence-Assertible.", guid = "bf51a8d8-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; ELExpression-Assertible rel isu CoreConstant, iss CycLExpression-Assertible, iss ELExpression-Askable, iss ELExpression; Class isg ELFormula; ELFormula has label = "ELF", comment = "The collection of expressions in the EL language\n which involve the application of a relation to some arguments.", guid = "be88bb87-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; ELFormula rel isu CoreConstant, iss ELExpression, iss CycLFormula, xor HLReifiedFormula; Class isg ELNonAtomicTerm; ELNonAtomicTerm has label = "NAUT", comment = "The collection of non-atomic denotational terms in\n the EL language. Each instance of #$ELNonAtomicTerm has as\n its functor either an instance of #$Function-Denotational or\n a function-denoting function. Also it optionally has other\n EL terms as additional arguments. If the functor is an\n instance of #$ReifiableFunction, an #$ELNonAtomicTerm can be\n reified, whereupon it becomes an #$HLNonAtomicReifiedTerm,\n or 'NART'.", guid = "bfbd3230-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; ELNonAtomicTerm rel isu CoreConstant, isu ObjectType, iss CycLFormula, iss CycLNonAtomicTerm, iss ELFormula, xor HLNonAtomicReifiedTerm; Class isg ELNonAtomicTerm-Askable; ELNonAtomicTerm-Askable has label = "e l non atomic term - askable", comment = "The subcollection of syntactically well-formed\n non-atomic terms in the EL language which obey arity\n constraints, but but do not necessarily obey other semantic\n constraints (e.g. argument type constraints). These terms\n 'make enough sense' to be used as part of a\n query, after being converted into HL form by the\n #$CycCanonicalizer. Just because a term is\n 'askable' does not require it to be used in a\n query, and denotational terms are not askable themselves.\n Each instance of this collection involves a\n #$Function-Denotational applied to some number of arguments,\n as permitted by the arity of the relation. See #$CycLQuery\n for more details.", guid = "bf05e356-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; ELNonAtomicTerm-Askable rel isu CoreConstant, iss CycLNonAtomicTerm-Askable, iss ELNonAtomicTerm, iss ELExpression-Askable; Class isg ELNonAtomicTerm-Assertible; ELNonAtomicTerm-Assertible has label = "e l non atomic term - assertible", comment = "The collection of syntactically and semantically\n well-formed non-atomic terms in the EL language. These\n sentences meet the criteria necessary to be part of an\n assertion into the Cyc KB, after being converted into HL\n form by the #$CycCanonicalizer. Instances of this\n collection are not themselves assertible. Just because a\n non-atomic term is assertible does not require it to be\n used in an assertion. Each instance of this collection\n involves a #$Function-Denotational applied to some number of\n arguments, as permitted by the arity of the logical\n relation. For a thorough discussion of what constitutes a\n well-formed CycL formula, see the Cyc documentation.", guid = "bf7697ce-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; ELNonAtomicTerm-Assertible rel isu CoreConstant, iss ELNonAtomicTerm, iss ELExpression-Assertible, iss CycLNonAtomicTerm-Assertible, iss ELNonAtomicTerm-Askable; Class isg ELReifiableDenotationalTerm; ELReifiableDenotationalTerm has label = "e l reifiable denotational term", guid = "c12bcd6c-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; ELReifiableDenotationalTerm rel isu CoreConstant; Class isg ELRelation; ELRelation has label = "e l relation", comment = "A subset of #$Relation such that instances are\n only permitted at the EL; that is, the canonicalizer will\n transform expressions that reference instances of\n #$ELRelation into equivalent expressions that do not\n reference instances of #$ELRelation; this transformation is\n guided by the value (arg2) of #$expansion for each #$ELRelation", guid = "c09a6e2f-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; ELRelation rel isu CoreConstant, isu RelationshipType; Class isg ELSentence; ELSentence has label = "e l sentence", comment = "The collection of syntactically well-formed\n sentences, also called 'logical formulas', in the\n EL language. Each instance of #$ELSentence involves a\n logical relation (a #$Predicate or #$TruthFunction) applied\n to some arguments. #$ELSentences do not necessarily obey\n arity constraints or other semantic constraints (e.g.\n argument type constraints).", guid = "bea72250-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; ELSentence rel isu CoreConstant, iss ELFormula, iss CycLSentence, xor HLAssertion; Class isg ELSentence-Askable; ELSentence-Askable has label = "e l sentence - askable", comment = "The subcollection of syntactically well-formed\n sentences in the EL language which obey arity constraints,\n but but do not necessarily obey other semantic constraints\n (e.g. argument type constraints). These sentences\n 'make enough sense' to be asked as a query, after\n being converted into HL form by the #$CycCanonicalizer. Of\n course, just because a sentence is askable does not require\n it to be used in a query. Each instance of this collection\n involves a logical relation (a #$Predicate or\n #$TruthFunction) applied to some number of arguments, as\n permitted by the arity of the relation. Note that an\n instance of #$ELSentence-Askable does not mean that the\n sentence must be used in a query; only that it can be used\n in a query. See #$CycLQuery for more details.", guid = "bf581c53-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; ELSentence-Askable rel isu CoreConstant, isu LinguisticObjectType, iss CycLSentence, iss CycLSentence-Askable, iss ELSentence, iss ELExpression-Askable; Class isg ELSentence-Assertible; ELSentence-Assertible has label = "CycL formulas", comment = "The collection of syntactically and semantically\n well-formed sentences in the EL language. These sentences\n meet the criteria necessary to be asserted into the Cyc KB,\n after being transformed into #$HLAssertions by the\n #$CycCanonicalizer. Of course, just because a sentence is\n assertible does not require it to be used in an assertion.\n Each instance of this collection involves a logical relation\n (a #$Predicate or #$TruthFunction) applied to some number of\n arguments, as permitted by the arity of the logical\n relation. Example: (#$and (#$isa #$Pittman #$HumanCyclist)\n (#$residesInRegion #$Pittman #$CityOfAustinTX)). For a\n thorough discussion of what constitutes a well-formed CycL\n formula, see the Cyc documentation.", guid = "bd58809e-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; ELSentence-Assertible rel isu Class, isu LinguisticObjectType, isu CoreConstant, iss ELSentence, iss ELSentence-Askable, iss ELExpression-Assertible, iss CycLSentence-Assertible, iss Thing, iss LinguisticObject; Class isg ELSentenceTemplate; ELSentenceTemplate has label = "EL formula template", comment = "The collection of expressions which are valid CycL\n formulas except that their EL variables are not\n canonicalized into HL variables.", guid = "bf8471b3-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; ELSentenceTemplate rel isu CoreConstant, isu LinguisticObjectType, iss AbstractInformationalThing, iss ComputationalObject, iss ELTemplate; Class isg ELTemplate; ELTemplate has label = "e l template", comment = "The collection of expressions for which EL\n variables are not canonicalized into HL variables,\n #$ELRelations are not expanded, and functions are not reified.", guid = "be923319-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; ELTemplate rel isu CoreConstant, isu LinguisticObjectType, iss Thing; Class isg ELVariable; ELVariable has label = "EL variables", comment = "The collection of all variables in the EL\n language, such as ?WHAT or ?X.", guid = "bd61ff36-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; ELVariable rel isu Class, isu CoreConstant, isu ObjectType, iss Thing, iss SubLSymbol, iss CycLVariable, iss ELExpression, iss SubLVariable, xor HLVariable; Class isg Ear; Ear has label = "ears", comment = "The organ of hearing, which occur in pairs on most animals", guid = "bd58cbd3-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Ear rel isu AnimalBodyPartType, isu SymmetricAnatomicalPartType, iss VibrationThroughAMediumSensor, iss AnimalBodyPart; Class isg EarthStuff; EarthStuff has label = "earth stuff", comment = "A collection of tangible things. Each element in\n #$EarthStuff is a portion of the stuff that the ground of\n Earth (at or near its land surface) is made of, including\n rocks, boulders, sand grains, soil, mud, etc., and mixtures\n of those things (such as islands or whole continents).\n Examples: #$Australia, #$CapeCod, ZionHill, #$GreatSmokyMountains.", guid = "c0fba244-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; EarthStuff rel isu TangibleStuffCompositionType, xor Agent; GeographicalDirection isp East-Directly; East-Directly has label = "east - directly", comment = "Due East, an element of #$TerrestrialDirection.", guid = "bd58f124-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; GeographicalDirection isp East-Generally; East-Generally has label = "East", comment = "The general direction of East. The element of\n #$VectorInterval that comprises the cone-shaped set of\n vectors pointing (from some reference point) within\n approximately forty-five degrees of #$East-Directly.", guid = "bd58a558-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Class isg EatingEvent; EatingEvent has label = "eating event", comment = "A collection of events. Each element of\n #$EatingEvent is an event which involves the consumption of\n a substantial portion of food by a single individual (human\n or other animal). An instance of #$EatingEvent is a meal\n or snack taken in its entirety; it is a series of individual\n #$EatingAMorsel events. Note: If a group of people gets\n together and eats lunch, that activity is represented by an\n instance of #$HavingAMeal; during that `super-event'\n each participant engages in his/her own instance of\n #$EatingEvent, and all of those are #$subEvents of the\n #$HavingAMeal event.", guid = "bd58d570-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; EatingEvent rel isu TemporalStuffType, isu DefaultDisjointScriptType, iss ConsumingFoodOrDrink; Class isg EcholocationPerception; EcholocationPerception has label = "echolocations", comment = "#$EcholocationPerception is the collection of\n spatial #$Perceivings in which a #$PerceptualAgent (such as\n a bat or a submarine) generates sounds (potentially ultra-\n or sub- sonic in frequency), hears the sounds reflected from\n surfaces, and thereby acquires information about the\n position of other objects in its environment.", guid = "bd58fd57-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; EcholocationPerception rel isu TemporalStuffType, iss Perceiving; Class isg EcologicalRegion; EcologicalRegion has label = "ecological regions", comment = "A collection of geographical regions. Each\n element of #$EcologicalRegion is a region having one or more\n characteristic ecosystems. From knowledge of those\n ecosystems, we can posit whether certain organisms can\n forage, reproduce, and live successfully there. Information\n about ecological regions typically also includes what kinds\n of organisms are in fact found there. In theory, any\n arbitrary continuous region could be analyzed as an\n ecological region, but most regions identified in practice\n have some kind of sameness or systematic interconnection in\n their topology, climate, and biology. Examples: the\n #$WesternDesertOfEgypt, the #$GreatBarrierReef, the #$Amazon-Region.", guid = "bd58ca27-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; EcologicalRegion rel isu ExistingStuffType, iss GeographicalRegion; Class isg EdgeOnObject; EdgeOnObject has label = "edges", comment = "The collection of all edges on objects that are\n instances of #$PartiallyTangible. For a two-dimensional\n object, its boundaries other than corners are it edges. For\n a three dimensional object the edges are the outer portions\n of those extremities, excluding any corners\n (#$Corner-2or3d), that are much more acute in cross section\n in one direction than in most other directions at the same\n point. Some objects, like spheres, hairs, poles and typical\n burrs, have no edges. A discus has one, round, edge has\n four edges. A mountain ridge might have only a single edge.\n A solid polyhedron has six or more edges.", guid = "bd58f6db-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; EdgeOnObject rel isu RegionType, isu ExistingObjectType, iss PartiallyTangible, iss EdgeOnObject-Generic; Class isg EdgeOnObject-Generic; EdgeOnObject-Generic has label = "edge on object - generic", comment = "This is the collection of all edges on spatial\n objects, tangible or intangible. Edges define the\n boundaries of two-dimensional objects and the edges of the\n surface boundaries of three-dimensional objects. Corners\n define where one edge ends and another begins. See\n #$EdgeOnObject for a discussion of some examples of edges on\n physical objects.", guid = "bf9014fc-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; EdgeOnObject-Generic rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss Path-Simple, iss SpatialThing; Class isg EdibleStuff; EdibleStuff has label = "edible things", comment = "A collection of partially tangible stuff which all\n normal instances of some spec of #$Organism-Whole can\n consume and successfully metabolize, with or without\n resulting harm to themselves, a significant portion of any\n instance of. This collection includes virtually all animal\n and vegetable matter and instances of #$OralDrug. It does\n not necessarily include things that are ingested but not\n metabolized, such as the stones that birds swallow to aid in\n digestion, or dirt, paint chips, and coins ingested by\n children. The function #$EdibleByFn is used to specify the\n collections of edible stuff that are ingestible by all\n normal instances of certain specs of #$Organism-Whole,\n including #$Person. Note that whether an edible substance\n *also* has a detrimental effect if eaten is a separate\n question. Something can be both edible and poisonous.", guid = "bd5908ef-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; EdibleStuff rel isu ExistingStuffType, iss PartiallyTangible, iss ConsumableProduct, xor PhysicalDevice, xor Organization; Class isg EducationLevelAttribute; EducationLevelAttribute has label = "educational levels", comment = "A collection of attributes. Each\n #$EducationLevelAttribute, when applied to a person,\n indicates their level of education or current involvement in\n a course of study; if applied to a course of study, it\n indicates the level of it. The very same attributes apply\n in both cases, though; some sample elements of this\n collection are: #$PhDLevel, #$TwelfthGradeLevel,\n #$BachelorOfArtsLevel, #$MedicalDegreeLevel, etc.", guid = "bd58dc00-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; EducationLevelAttribute rel isu SocialAttributeType, iss ScalarInterval, iss SocialStatusAttribute; Class isg EducationalDegree; EducationalDegree has label = "degrees", comment = "A collection of abstract (intangible) objects\n which consist of information about an agent. Each element\n of #$EducationalDegree is a credential conferred, by some\n instance of #$EducationalOrganization, on a student who has\n successfully completed a prescribed course of study there.\n #$EducationalDegree includes high school, associate,\n baccalaureate, licensate, magisterial, professional, and\n doctoral degrees, etc.", guid = "bd58a9fa-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; EducationalDegree rel isu ObjectType, iss Credential; Class isg EducationalOrganization; EducationalOrganization has label = "schools", comment = "A collection of educational organizations. An\n element of #$EducationalOrganization may be a school, system\n of schools, college, seminary, etc., -- a place where\n teaching and/or training are programmed and provided as a\n service for students. An educational organization may be\n public or private. This collection includes #$AustinISD\n (i.e., the #$CityOfAustinTX Independent School District),\n #$StanfordUniversity, #$BrynMawrCollege,\n #$UniversityOfPennsylvaniaSchoolOfMedicine, and many other institutions.", guid = "bd588d41-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; EducationalOrganization rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss Organization, xor Pharmacy; Entity isp Egypt; Egypt has label = "Egypt", comment = "Egypt is an #$IndependentCountry in the northeast\n part of the #$ContinentOfAfrica; Egypt is east of #$Libya,\n north of the #$Sudan, south of the eastern\n #$MediterraneanSea and west of the #$RedSea. This constant\n includes Egypt throughout time, in both its political and\n physical aspects.", guid = "bd589383-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Class isg Elasticity; Elasticity has label = "elasticity", comment = "A collection of attributes; a subset of\n #$PhysicalAttribute. Each element of #$Elasticity\n represents a specific ability of a physical material to\n quickly and completely return to its original shape after\n deformation that does not induce breakage, without permanent\n change to its original dimensions. For example, billiard\n balls have a high degree of elasticity in this sense.\n Elasticities of objects are indicated with the predicate #$elasticityOfObject.", guid = "bd5884d1-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Elasticity rel isu MaterialStrengthType, isu DerivedNumericAttributeType, iss ScalarInterval; Class isg ElectricalCharge; ElectricalCharge has label = "electrical charges", comment = "A collection of physical attributes. Each element\n of #$ElectricalCharge is an amount of net electrical charge\n (positive or negative) possessed by a particular instance of\n #$PartiallyTangible. Elements of #$ElectricalCharge may be\n either a fixed interval, such as the charge on one electron,\n or a range, such as a usable charge on a flashlight battery;\n see #$ScalarInterval. Also see #$UnitOfCharge for the units\n used by Cyc to measure electrical charges.", guid = "bd5905db-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; ElectricalCharge rel isu FundamentalNumericAttributeType, isu PolarAttributeType, iss PhysicalAttribute, iss ScalarInterval; Class isg ElectricalComponent; ElectricalComponent has label = "electrical components", comment = "A collection of electrical components. An\n instance of #$ElectricalComponent is an #$ElectricalDevice\n which is normally considered to be a part of some larger,\n more clearly distinguished #$PhysicalDevice (e.g., clearly\n distinguished in the sense that it is sold, moved, etc. as a\n unit). The #$ElectricalComponent must be connected with\n other parts in order to perform its #$primaryFunction.", guid = "bd58d414-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; ElectricalComponent rel isu ExistingObjectType, isu ProductType, iss ElectricalDevice; Class isg ElectricalConductor; ElectricalConductor has label = "electrical conductor", comment = "A collection of tangible things; a subset of\n #$PhysicalConductingMedia. Each element of\n #$ElectricalConductor is a physical thing that can conduct\n electricity; e.g., a power cord, an electrical plug, a piece\n of metal.", guid = "bd588903-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; ElectricalConductor rel isu ExistingStuffType, iss PhysicalConductingMedia; Class isg ElectricalDevice; ElectricalDevice has label = "electrical devices", comment = "A collection of physical devices; the most general\n collection of electrical devices. Such devices require an\n input of electrical current (as #$energySource) in order to\n perform their intended functions. Instances of\n #$ElectricalDevice include both complex devices (e.g.,\n elements of the collections #$StereoSystem or #$Computer)\n and simpler ones (e.g., elements of #$ElectricalComponents).\n Note: in some contexts, crystal radios might be classified\n as inert (unpowered) electrical devices; the same for some\n sorts of passive radar detectors. These are exceptional\n cases, but still elements of this collection. In other\n contexts, the power for these devices can be viewed as being\n supplied from the outside, hence they are clearly\n `powered' in such contexts.", guid = "bd58d451-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; ElectricalDevice rel isu ExistingObjectType, isu ProductType, iss PoweredDevice; Class isg ElectricalResistance; ElectricalResistance has label = "electrical resistance", comment = "A collection of attributes; a subset of\n #$PhysicalAttribute. Each element of #$ElectricalResistance\n is an attribute which measures the resistance to electrical\n flow through an object. Examples: #$InsulatorResistance,\n #$ConductorResistance, #$SemiconductorResistance, #$SuperconductorResistance.", guid = "bd589bb2-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; ElectricalResistance rel isu DerivedNumericAttributeType, iss ScalarInterval, iss PhysicalAttribute; Class isg ElectroMagneticRadiationSensor; ElectroMagneticRadiationSensor has label = "electromagnetic radiation sensors", comment = "A subset of #$Sensor, namely those sensors that\n detect #$ElectromagneticRadiation.", guid = "bd589e97-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; ElectroMagneticRadiationSensor rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss Sensor; Class isg ElectromagneticRadiation; ElectromagneticRadiation has label = "electromagnetic radiation", comment = "A collection of events; a subset of\n #$WavePropagation. Each element of\n #$ElectromagneticRadiation is an event that arises from the\n interaction of an electrical field and a magnetic field.\n Examples include the elements of the collections\n #$VisibleLight, #$RadioWaves, and #$XRays.", guid = "c1009603-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; ElectromagneticRadiation rel isu DefaultDisjointScriptType, isu WavePropagationType, isu TemporalStuffType, isu StuffType, iss WavePropagation; Class isg Electron; Electron has label = "electrons", comment = "A collection of objects; a subset of\n #$SubAtomicParticle. Every instance of #$Electron is a\n subatomic particle with an #$ElectricalCharge of -1.", guid = "bd5881d3-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Electron rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss SubAtomicParticle; Class isg ElectronicDevice; ElectronicDevice has label = "electronic devices", comment = "A collection of devices which use electronic\n circuitry. More specifically, any instance of\n #$ElectronicDevice in which electricity passes through a\n vacuum or semiconductor.", guid = "bd589095-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; ElectronicDevice rel isu ExistingObjectType, isu ProductType, iss ElectricalDevice; Class isg ElementStuff; ElementStuff has label = "chemical elements", comment = "A collection of tangible substances; a subset of\n #$TangibleThing. Every instance of #$ElementStuff is a\n piece of tangible stuff, composed of a quantity of atoms,\n all of which are of the same chemical element. That is,\n every atom in an individual piece of #$ElementStuff has the\n same number of protons in its atomic nucleus as does every\n other atom in that piece. For example, all pieces of carbon\n are instances of #$ElementStuff. All pieces of two of\n #$Carbon's subsets, #$Diamond and #$Graphite, also are\n instances of #$ElementStuff. On the other hand, instances\n of #$Water, because they are constituted of both (some)\n #$Hydrogen and (some) #$Oxygen atoms, do not belong to the\n collection #$ElementStuff.", guid = "bd5908b9-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; ElementStuff rel isu TangibleStuffCompositionType, iss InanimateThing; Class isg ElementStuffTypeByNumberOfProtons; ElementStuffTypeByNumberOfProtons has label = "element stuff type by number of protons", comment = "A collection of collections.\n #$ElementStuffTypeByNumberOfProtons partitions the\n collection #$ElementStuff. Each instance of\n #$ElementStuffTypeByNumberOfProtons is a subset of\n #$ElementStuff which is defined ONLY by the atomic\n composition of its instances -- neither the isotopic\n composition or physical state of the substances, nor any\n other additional feature, determines membership in a\n collection which #$isa #$ElementStuffTypeByNumberOfProtons.\n All that matters is that the instances of that type (i.e.,\n collection) of stuff are entirely composed of atoms having a\n particular number of protons in each atomic nucleus. Thus,\n the collection #$Carbon is an instance of\n #$ElementStuffTypeByNumberOfProtons, but neither the\n collection #$Diamond nor the collection #$Graphite is (even\n though they are subsets of #$Carbon), because their members\n have additional qualifications.", guid = "bd590830-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; ElementStuffTypeByNumberOfProtons rel isu Class, isu CollectionType, iss ChemicalCompoundType; ThreeDimensionalShapeAttribute isp Ellipsoidal; Ellipsoidal has label = "ellipsoidal", comment = "This instance of #$ShapeAttribute is held by all\n three dimensional objects such that the planar sections\n along its respective internal axes are #$Elliptical. In\n other words, the shape of objects with this attribute should\n be roughly describable by taking some two dimensional\n ellipse and rotating it around its major axis in three\n space. Note that #$Spherical is a specialization of this attribute.", guid = "bfd0a066-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; TwoDimensionalShapeAttribute isp Elliptical; Elliptical has label = "elliptical", comment = "#$Elliptical is the instance of #$ShapeAttribute\n shared by all elliptical objects in virtue of being\n elliptical. Note that #$Circular is a specialization of\n this attribute, i.e. circular things are elliptical insofar\n as they are ellipses with eccentricity zero.", guid = "bf6bfa19-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Class isg Embarrassment; Embarrassment has label = "embarrassment", comment = "Mental disturbance and confusion at self-exposure.\n #$Embarrassment is often an impediment to freedom of\n thought, speech, or action. This is a collection; for an\n explanation of a typical #$FeelingAttributeType, see\n #$Happiness. A more specialized #$FeelingAttributeType than\n #$Embarrassment is #$Shame.", guid = "bd58c194-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Embarrassment rel isu FeelingAttributeType, iss FeelingAttribute; Class isg Embassy-TheMission; Embassy-TheMission has label = "embassies", comment = "The collection of all embassies, the official\n diplomatic representations of a country A in a foreign\n country B. Not to be confused with the buildings in which\n such offices are hosted. See #$Embassy-TheBuilding.", guid = "bd59a62b-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Embassy-TheMission rel isu ExistingObjectType; Class isg Embryo; Embryo has label = "embryos", comment = "The collection of not yet fully-formed organisms,\n including mammals before birth, birds before hatching, and\n plants before sprouting from their seeds. Note that the\n criteria of the collection #$Embryo do not correspond\n exactly with the meaning of the English word\n 'embryo', since #$Embryo includes zygotes,\n blastulas, the set of cells derived from the embryo after\n the fetus is formed (#$AmnioticSac + #$Fetus +\n #$Placenta-FetalPortion), etc.", guid = "c0fd5c79-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Embryo rel isu LifeStageType, isu ExistingObjectType, iss BiologicalLivingObject; Class isg Emirate-Geopolitical; Emirate-Geopolitical has label = "emirates", comment = "The collection of all Emirates, that is, those\n geopolitical entities, or territories, each of which is\n ordinarily ruled by an #$Amir-HeadOfState or an Emir (Amir)\n who is not necessariy a #$HeadOfState of an\n #$IndependentCountry, but rules a subsidiary region. See\n especially the #$UnitedArabEmirates.", guid = "be5c29ab-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Emirate-Geopolitical rel isu SpatiallyDisjointRegionType, isu ExistingObjectType, iss GeopoliticalEntity; Class isg Emission; Emission has label = "emission", comment = "A collection of processes; a subset of\n #$GeneralizedTransfer. Each element of #$Emission is an\n event in which something `comes out' of an object that\n actively contributes to that thing's emission (e.g., it\n is a #$providerOfMotiveForce). The source is indicated with\n the predicate #$emitter. An entire #$Translocation is\n associated with an emission, and these are related through\n the predicate #$transferOutSubEvent. If the thing which\n `comes out' is an instance of #$PartiallyTangible, then\n the event belongs to a more specific collection,\n #$EmittingAnObject (q.v.). If the associated element of\n #$Translocation is an instance of #$WavePropagation, then\n the emission belongs to the more specialized collection,\n #$EmittingAWave (q.v.).", guid = "bed006f8-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Emission rel isu TemporalObjectType, iss TransferOut, iss Translocation; Class isg EmittingAWave; EmittingAWave has label = "wave emissions", comment = "A collection of events; a subset of #$Emission.\n Each element is an event in which a wave is emitted at a\n #$fromLocation. For example, Themistocles ordering his\n fleet to withdraw; Miles Davis playing the trumpet; an\n emergency flare burning by the side of the road. See also #$WavePropagation.", guid = "bebe7cda-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; EmittingAWave rel isu TemporalStuffType, iss Emission; Class isg EmittingAnObject; EmittingAnObject has label = "emissions", comment = "A collection of events; and a subset of\n #$Emission. An instance of #$EmittingAnObject is an\n emission event in which there is some #$PartiallyTangible\n which is the #$objectEmitted, i.e., the thing which `comes\n out' of the #$emitter of the event. The\n #$objectEmitted goes from (#$fromLocation) a place inside of\n the #$emitter to (#$toLocation) some place that is not\n within the #$emitter. The #$emitter plays an active role\n (#$doneBy and #$providerOfMotiveForce) in the emission.\n Examples: the birth of a baby, a bullet shot from a gun, a\n venonous snake depositing poison. Negative examples: a\n person leaving a building (the building is not active),\n throwing a ball (the ball was not inside the person before\n the throwing).", guid = "bd58e6c8-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; EmittingAnObject rel isu DefaultDisjointScriptType, isu TemporalObjectType, iss Translation-LocationChange, iss Emission; Class isg EmittingSound; EmittingSound has label = "sound emissions", comment = "A collection of events; a subset of\n #$EmittingAWave. Each element of #$EmittingSound is an\n event in which an instance of #$Sound is emitted from some\n #$waveSource. Examples: an explosion generating a sound\n wave; a plucked violin string resonating; a baby crying; a\n person saying `Hello'.", guid = "bd589e37-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; EmittingSound rel isu DefaultDisjointScriptType, isu TemporalStuffType, iss EmittingAWave; Class isg Employee; Employee has label = "employees", comment = "A collection of persons; a subset of\n #$Professional. Each element of #$Employee works directly\n for some business. Disjoint with #$SelfEmployedWorker.", guid = "bd58ec41-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Employee rel isu OccupationType, iss Professional, xor SelfEmployedWorker; Class isg EmployeeHiring; EmployeeHiring has label = "employee-hiring events", comment = "A collection of events; a subset of\n #$MakingAnAgreement. Each element of #$EmployeeHiring is an\n event in which some agent--either an organization or\n individual--hires a person to work as its employee. See also\n #$employees, #$WorkAgreement.", guid = "bd58d9c8-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; EmployeeHiring rel isu TemporalObjectType, isu DefaultDisjointScriptType, iss OrganizationalTransferIn, iss MakingAnAgreement; Class isg EmploymentTermination; EmploymentTermination has label = "employment termination", comment = "A collection of events; a subset of\n #$EndingAnAgreement. Each element of\n #$EmploymentTermination is an event in which some employee\n ceases to work for his or her employer. The termination may\n be initiated by either party, or it may have been specified\n in the original #$WorkAgreement (q.v.). Different kinds of\n #$EmploymentTermination are specified by the subsets\n #$Resigning, #$EmployeeLayoff, #$RetirementEvent, etc.", guid = "bd58d986-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; EmploymentTermination rel isu DefaultDisjointScriptType, isu TemporalObjectType, iss OrganizationalTransferOut, iss EndingAnAgreement; Class isg EmptySpaceRegion; EmptySpaceRegion has label = "empty space region", comment = "A specialization of #$SpaceRegion whose instances\n are connected regions of empty space located in the\n empirically observable universe. The meaning of empty\n depends on context. In a high-energy physics microtheory\n where empty is defined as containing no particles, an\n empty space region would be a complete vacuum (see also\n #$Vacuum). In #$AmbientConditionsMt an empty space region\n would be occupied by a piece of #$Atmosphere. An undersea\n context could treat empty space regions as filled with\n seawater. An instance of #$EmptySpaceRegion is intangible,\n and not to be confused with the material -- if any -- that\n occupies it (cf. #$FreeSpaceContent).", guid = "bd58ee65-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; EmptySpaceRegion rel isu StuffType, iss SpaceRegion, xor Situation; Class isg Encrypting; Encrypting has label = "encrypting events", comment = "The collection of actions in which some\n transformation is applied to an IBT\n (#$InformationBearingThing) which renders it unaccessible to\n all but the intended audience, since the method required to\n decrypt the IBT is secret.", guid = "bd60996f-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Encrypting rel isu TemporalObjectType; Class isg EndingAnAgreement; EndingAnAgreement has label = "end of an agreements", comment = "A collection of events. Each element of the\n collection #$EndingAnAgreement is an event in which some\n instance of #$Agreement comes to an end. For example,\n instances of #$EmploymentTermination and #$EndingMembership.", guid = "bd589fb3-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; EndingAnAgreement rel isu DefaultDisjointScriptType, isu TemporalObjectType, iss HumanActivity, iss SocialOccurrence, iss PurposefulAction; Class isg EnergyConversionProcess; EnergyConversionProcess has label = "energy conversion process", comment = "A collection of events. In each instance of\n #$EnergyConversionProcess, energy is converted from one form\n to another.", guid = "bd58f827-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; EnergyConversionProcess rel isu DefaultDisjointScriptType, isu TemporalStuffType, iss TransformationEvent; Class isg Engine; Engine has label = "engines", comment = "A collection of #$PoweredDevices. An instance of\n #$Engine is a device that changes some form of energy into\n motion (usually rotation). An engine may operate by burning\n some type of fuel (as do jet engines and internal combustion\n engines), or it may be powered by electricity, fluid flow, etc.", guid = "bd58cec4-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Engine rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss MechanicalDevice, iss PoweredDevice; Class isg Engineer; Engineer has label = "engineers", comment = "A collection of persons; a subset of\n #$Professional. Each element of #$Engineer is a\n professional who works in some branch of engineering.\n Elements of #$Engineer include the members of the subsets\n #$ElectricalEngineer, #$ChemicalEngineer, #$CivilEngineer,\n #$MechanicalEngineer, etc.", guid = "bd59015a-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Engineer rel isu OccupationType, iss Professional; LivingLanguage isp EnglishLanguage; EnglishLanguage has label = "English Language", comment = "The Germanic Language native to England, now\n spoken in the United Kindom, the United States, and many\n other countries.", guid = "bd58b700-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; GeneralMicrotheory isp EnglishParaphraseMt; EnglishParaphraseMt has label = "english paraphrase mt", comment = "This is the default context used for generating\n English paraphrases for CycL expressions. Many of the\n assertions required for English paraphrase generation\n can be found in this context, including those with the\n predicates #$genFormat and #$genPhrase.", guid = "bda16220-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Class isg EnglishWord; EnglishWord has label = "English words", comment = "The collection of all lexical words in English; a\n subset of #$LexicalWord. Different inflectional forms of a\n word do not count as different words; for example,\n #$Eat-TheWord encompasses the strings 'eat',\n 'eating', 'ate', etc.", guid = "bd588075-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; EnglishWord rel isu LinguisticObjectType, iss LexicalWord; Class isg Enjoyment; Enjoyment has label = "enjoyment", comment = "The agreeable emotion of taking pleasure or\n satisfaction in an experience. This is a collection; for an\n explanation of a typical #$FeelingAttributeType, see\n #$Happiness. Some more specialized #$FeelingAttributeTypes\n are #$Delight, #$Celebratory-Emotion, etc.", guid = "bd589154-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Enjoyment rel isu FeelingAttributeType, iss FeelingAttribute; Class isg EnlistedPerson; EnlistedPerson has label = "enlisted people", comment = "A collection of people, a subset of\n #$MilitaryPerson. Each element of this collection is\n somebody who is an enlisted person in some\n #$MilitaryOrganization, such as a private.", guid = "bd58a708-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; EnlistedPerson rel isu ExistingObjectType, isu OccupationType, iss MilitaryPerson; Class isg EntertainmentEvent; EntertainmentEvent has label = "entertainment events", comment = "The collection of activities which are performed\n by one party primarily to amuse or entertain others. Every\n instance of #$EntertainmentEvent necessarily has among its\n subevents both an instance of (#$PerformingFn\n #$EntertainmentEvent) and an instance of (#$AttendingFn\n #$EntertainmentEvent). It is thus distinguished from\n #$RecreationalActivity: a #$RecreationalActivity need not\n involve any #$Entertainers, whereas an instance of\n #$EntertainmentEvent will always involve both an\n entertainer, and an entertainee. Note: This is more general\n than #$EntertainmentPerformance because it may not entail a\n formal performance per se. E.g., #$JokeTelling is a spec of\n #$EntertainmentEvent because it involves a joke-teller, the\n entertainer, and a listener, the entertainee. Such an event,\n however, can occur under informal circumstances, and need\n not be a formal performance. Thus #$JokeTelling is not a\n spec of #$EntertainmentPerformance.--Huffer, Dec 2, 1998", guid = "bd58e10a-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; EntertainmentEvent rel isu TemporalObjectType, iss ServiceEvent, iss HumanActivity, iss SocialOccurrence; Class isg EntertainmentOrArtsProfessional; EntertainmentOrArtsProfessional has label = "entertainment or arts professional", comment = "A collection of persons; a subset of\n #$Professional. Each element of\n #$EntertainmentOrArtsProfessional is a person who uses some\n sort of creative or artistic abilities in the main function\n of his or her job. #$EntertainmentOrArtsProfessional\n includes both performing artists and producers of tangible\n artworks, either creative or commercial. This collection\n does NOT include people working on the business side of\n those professions, such as producers or art dealers, whose\n #$jobAttributes are more similar to those of other business\n professionals (e.g., managers, marketers, sales\n representatives) than to the artists'; cf. #$EntertainmentOrArtsAdministrator.", guid = "bd58ea20-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; EntertainmentOrArtsProfessional rel isu OccupationType, iss Professional; Class isg EntertainmentPerformance; EntertainmentPerformance has label = "performances", comment = "The collection of public and private entertainment\n performances, like plays, street performances, ballets,\n movies. Each #$EntertainmentPerformance is a presentation\n or exhibition, to a human audience, with artistic or\n entertainment value. Note: Movies are included even\n though the Performers aren't performing in the same\n point in space-time. But we draw the line at still\n photographs; i.e., those are not considered #$EntertainmentPerformances.", guid = "bd58c027-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; EntertainmentPerformance rel isu Class, isu DefaultDisjointScriptType, iss EntertainmentEvent, iss ServiceEvent, iss AccessingAnIBT; Class isg Entity; Entity has label = "entities", comment = "X is an #$Entity if it is a `maximal'\n #$SomethingExisting. What we mean by that is that there\n cannot be another #$SomethingExisting of which X is merely a\n subabstraction (see #$subAbstrac). So #$AlbertEinstein is\n an entity, but AlbertEinsteinWhileAtPrinceton is not. In\n other words, an #$Entity represents the entire existence of\n a thing, not just one or more `temporal chunks' or\n #$timeSlices of a thing.", guid = "bd58dd15-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Entity rel isu TemporalObjectType, iss SomethingExisting; TwoDimensionalShapeAttribute isp Equiangular; Equiangular has label = "equiangular", comment = "This is the attribute shared by all objects that\n are polygon shaped (see #$PolygonShaped) and in which all\n angles between edges (see #$angleBetweenEdges) have the same measure.", guid = "be209c21-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; TwoDimensionalShapeAttribute isp EquilateralShaped; EquilateralShaped has label = "equilateral shaped", comment = "This is the instance of #$ShapeAttribute shared by\n all polygon-shaped objects each of whose edges has the same length.", guid = "c13f6e1c-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Class isg EthnicGroupType; EthnicGroupType has label = "ethnic groups", comment = "A collection of collections. An #$EthnicGroupType\n is a set of people whose group-organization, practices or\n characteristics are based on ethnic origins. E.g., some\n #$EthnicGroupTypes are: #$EthnicGroupOfVietnamese,\n #$EthnicGroupOfIndiansOfTheUS, etc.", guid = "bd58dcae-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; EthnicGroupType rel isu Class, isu CollectionType, iss PersonTypeByCulture; Class isg EukaryoticCell; EukaryoticCell has label = "eukaryotic cells", comment = "The collection of eukaryotic cells, #$Cells which\n serve as the basic structural unit of eukaryotic organisms.\n These cells have a membrane-bound nucleus and other\n organelles. Multicellular Organisms generally have\n #$EukaryoticCells; #$EukaryoticCell DNA has introns.\n Certain #$EukaryoticCells, like the red blood corpuscles of\n #$Persons with heathy #$Spleens, lack nuclei.", guid = "bd58eee7-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; EukaryoticCell rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss Cell, xor ProkaryoticCell; Class isg EvaluatableFunction; EvaluatableFunction has label = "evaluatable functions", comment = "A collection of Cyc functions. Each element of\n #$EvaluatableFunction is a Cyc function which is associated\n (via #$evaluationDefn) with a piece of Heuristic Level\n (SubL) code that computes the result of applying the\n function to legal arguments. See #$PlusFn for a good\n example. An evaluatable function is evaluated only if none\n of its arguments is unbound. See also the more general #$EvaluatableRelation.", guid = "bd58829b-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; EvaluatableFunction rel isu CoreConstant, isu RelationshipType, iss UnreifiableFunction, iss EvaluatableRelation, iss Function-Denotational; Class isg EvaluatableRelation; EvaluatableRelation has label = "evaluatable relation", comment = "Instances of #$EvaluatableRelation are functions\n and predicates for which there is some piece of system code\n that can be invoked to evaluate an expression using the\n function or predicate. Functions having this property\n should be an instance of the more specific\n #$EvaluatableFunction; in those cases, the result of\n evaluating the expression is a new term. For example,\n (#$PlusFn (#$Inch 3) (#$Inch 1)), when evaluated, results in\n the term (#$Inch 4). Predicates which are evaluatable have\n a piece of system code associated which can be used to\n obtain the truth value for any ground formula formed with\n the predicate. For example, (#$greaterThan (#$Inch 3)\n (#$Inch 1)) evaluates to ``true''. The predicate\n #$evaluationDefn is used to state the name of the piece of\n system code to be used to evaluate expressions formed with\n an #$EvaluatableRelation.", guid = "bfb0e3f0-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; EvaluatableRelation rel isu RelationshipType, isu CoreConstant, iss Relation; Class isg Evaporating; Evaporating has label = "evaporations", comment = "The collection of events in which a piece of stuff\n is transformed from a #$LiquidStateOfMatter to a\n #$GaseousStateOfMatter by evaporation as opposed to boiling.", guid = "be01164d-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Evaporating rel isu DefaultDisjointScriptType, isu TemporalObjectType, iss PhysicalStateChangeEvent; Class isg EvenNumber; EvenNumber has label = "even numbers", comment = "The set of all even numbers (integers) including\n positive and negative even numbers and zero, but not\n including any infinite 'numbers'.", guid = "bff46760-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; EvenNumber rel isu MeasurableAttributeType, iss Integer, xor OddNumber; Class isg Evening; Evening has label = "evenings", comment = "Each #$Evening is started by a #$Dusk and is\n #$temporallyCoterminal with the #$CalendarDay it's a\n part of. Each #$Evening is #$contiguousAfter an\n #$Afternoon, and each #$Overnight is #$contiguousAfter an #$Evening.", guid = "bd589dc7-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Evening rel isu TemporalObjectType, iss QualitativeTimeOfDay; Class isg Event; Event has label = "events", comment = "This is one important subset of #$TemporalThing.\n The elements of #$Event are events or actions, things that\n we say are `happening', changes in the state of the\n world. #$Event is also a subset of #$Intangible, since an\n event consists of the `actions' per se, and THEY then\n refer to the tangible objects which participate in them.\n In contrast, the collection #$SomethingExisting (another\n important subset of #$TemporalThing) has elements which have\n temporal extent yet are `static', such as a rock at the\n bottom of a pond. Note: While\n `#$SomethingExisting vs. #$Event' might seem at first\n to be an obvious partition of things with temporal extent,\n there are interesting borderline cases -- such as\n agreements -- which Cyc treats as instances of\n #$SomethingExisting, but which could also be represented as\n instances of #$Event. And there are still other cases,\n such as the pure disembodied elements of #$TimeInterval,\n which are elements of #$TemporalThing yet belong neither to\n #$SomethingExisting nor to #$Event.", guid = "bd58800d-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Event rel isu TemporalStuffType, iss IntangibleIndividual, iss Situation-Temporal, xor SpaceRegion, xor TimeInterval, xor SomethingExisting, xor Microtheory, xor AbstractInformationalThing; Class isg EvergreenPlant; EvergreenPlant has label = "evergreens", comment = "A collection of plants. Each element of\n #$EvergreenPlant is a plant that retains leaves or needles\n throughout all the seasons of the year. Cf. #$DeciduousPlant.", guid = "c0fdff40-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; EvergreenPlant rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss Plant-Woody; Microtheory isp EverythingPSC; EverythingPSC has label = "everything p s c", comment = "A problem solving context in which all assertions\n in the entire KB are visible. This context is only\n appropriate for use in queries which do not care about the\n consequences of possible contradictions due to conflicting\n information from mutually inconsistent microtheories. See\n also #$InferencePSC.", guid = "be7f041b-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Class isg ExceptionRelation; ExceptionRelation has label = "exception relation", comment = "A collection of mathematical objects, which are\n the #$LogicalConnectives used to express exceptions to\n rules. Elements include #$exceptWhen and #$exceptFor.", guid = "bec28bcc-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; ExceptionRelation rel isu CoreConstant, isu RelationshipType, iss MetaKnowledgePredicate; Class isg ExchangeOfUserRights; ExchangeOfUserRights has label = "exchange of user rights", comment = "A collection of events. In an instance of\n #$ExchangeOfUserRights, two #$Agents (the #$exchangers)\n perform two distinct (though related)\n #$TransferringPossessions with each other. Two objects are\n exchanged. Each agent gains possession -- in the form of\n some #$UserRightsAttribute -- of something (an\n #$objectOfPossessionTransfer) from the other. Each transfer\n is related to the other as some kind of condition, a\n precondition or an intended result; e.g., the news seller\n will hand over a paper if given fifty cents, and I give the\n news seller my fifty cents so that he will turn over a\n newspaper to me. The two #$TransferringPossession events\n are #$subEvents of the #$ExchangeOfUserRights event.", guid = "bd589096-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; ExchangeOfUserRights rel isu TemporalObjectType, iss HumanActivity, iss ChangeInUserRights, iss SocialOccurrence, xor GiftGiving; Class isg Excitement; Excitement has label = "excitement", comment = "A feeling of arousal that stirs up, moves\n profoundly, or serves as a challenge to one's power,\n eliciting the desire to do or perceive something. This is a\n #$Collection --- for an explanation of that, see\n #$Happiness. Some more specialized #$FeelingAttributeTypes\n than #$Excitement include #$Enthusiasm,\n #$Celebratory-Emotion, #$Triumph-TheFeeling, etc.", guid = "bd58c086-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Excitement rel isu FeelingAttributeType, iss FeelingAttribute; UserRightsAttribute isp ExclusiveUserRights; ExclusiveUserRights has label = "exclusive user rights", comment = "An attribute of an object with respect to an\n #$Agent, meaning that the agent who holds this kind of\n #$UserRightsAttribute to an object has the sole right to use\n that object. There can be only one such #$Agent at a given\n time; that agent may be an #$Organization or an individual\n person. When you rent a car, you expect\n #$ExclusiveUserRights of it for the duration of your rental,\n even though you don't own the car.", guid = "bd58fef2-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Class isg Executive; Executive has label = "executives", comment = "A collection of people. An instance of\n #$Executive is a person who holds an executive managerial\n positions in some #$Organization. Among the members of\n #$Executive are top managers of organizations, including\n corporate officers (#$ChiefExecutiveOfficer, etc.), Chiefs\n of Staff, Generals, Admirals and others like Chief Corporate\n Counsel, Managing Partner, Producer, Chief Scientist, Chief\n Engineer, as well as other upper and upper-middle managers.", guid = "bd58fadf-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Executive rel isu OccupationType, iss Professional, iss Leader; Class isg Exercising; Exercising has label = "exercises", comment = "The collection of events in which humans move\n their bodies for the purpose of general physical\n conditioning and/or strengthening muscles. comment by\n #$Nichols on June 25, 1996", guid = "bd58ac02-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Exercising rel isu TemporalStuffType, iss AthleticActivity, iss HumanActivity; Class isg Exhaling; Exhaling has label = "exhalations", comment = "Expelling air from the lungs", guid = "bd589d08-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Exhaling rel isu TemporalStuffType, isu DefaultDisjointScriptType, iss EmittingAnObject, iss BodilyFunctionEvent; Class isg ExistingObjectType; ExistingObjectType has label = "existing object types", comment = "A collection of collections. Almost every element\n of each element of #$ExistingObjectType (exceptions are\n allowed) is temporally stufflike yet is objectlike in other\n ways, including spatially. ``OBJTYPE is an\n #$ExistingObjectType'' implies: a) for most\n instances OBJ of OBJTYPE, for any proper physical part PART\n of OBJ, PART is not an OBJTYPE. b) for all instances OBJ of\n OBJTYPE, for most proper physical parts PART of OBJ it will\n not be the case that PART is an OBJTYPE. Any one of\n many #$timeSlices of a copy of `Moby Dick' sitting on\n your shelf is still a copy of `Moby Dick' sitting on\n your shelf. Most tangible objects are temporally stufflike\n in this fashion. That book is, of course, not spatially\n stufflike; spatially, it is objectlike: if we take a\n scalpel and slice the book into ten pieces, each piece is\n not a copy of `Moby Dick'. So (#$isa #$BookCopy\n #$ExistingObjectType) is true, because each book is\n temporally stufflike but spatially objectlike. See the\n comment for #$StuffType to find out more about the\n distinctions between, and the need for, these four\n collections: #$StuffType, #$ObjectType, #$ExistingStuffType,\n and #$ExistingObjectType.", guid = "bd65d880-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; ExistingObjectType rel isu Class, isu CollectionType, iss ObjectType, iss TemporalStuffType, xor ExistingStuffType; Class isg ExistingStuffType; ExistingStuffType has label = "existing stuff types", comment = "A collection of collections. Each element of\n #$ExistingStuffType is a collection of things (including\n portions of things) which are both temporally and spatially\n stufflike; they may also be stufflike in other ways, e.g.,\n in some physical property. Division in time or space does\n not destroy the stufflike quality of the object (down to a\n certain granularity). ``STUFF is an instance of\n #$ExistingStuffType'' implies: a) for most\n instances, OBJ, of STUFF, for any proper physical part PART\n of OBJ, PART is also an instance of STUFF. b) for all\n instances, OBJ, of STUFF, for most proper physical parts\n PART of OBJ, PART is also an instance of STUFF. For\n example, every piece of wood is temporally stufflike: if\n W-168 is a piece of wood during 1996, then it's also a\n piece of wood for the one-minute time-slice 9:05am 7/7/96.\n It's also spatially stufflike: if we take that piece of\n wood W-168 and cut it in half, we have two things which are\n both pieces of wood. The fact that every piece of wood is\n both temporally and spatially stufflike is represented in\n Cyc by the assertion (#$isa #$Wood #$ExistingStuffType).\n Other examples of #$ExistingStuffType: #$AppleJuice,\n #$IceCream, #$Diamond, #$WaxedPaper, #$StriatedMuscle. See\n the comment for #$StuffType to learn more about the\n distinctions between, and the need for, these four\n collections: #$StuffType, #$ObjectType, #$ExistingStuffType,\n and #$ExistingObjectType.", guid = "bd59f2ea-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; ExistingStuffType rel isu Class, isu CollectionType, iss TemporalStuffType, xor ExistingObjectType; Class isg ExperiencingHunger; ExperiencingHunger has label = "experiencing hunger", comment = "Being hungry", guid = "bd58d1d8-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; ExperiencingHunger rel isu TemporalStuffType, isu DefaultDisjointScriptType, iss BodilyFunctionEvent-Involuntary; Class isg Explosion; Explosion has label = "explosions", comment = "A collection of events. Each instance of\n #$Explosion is an event that involve an extremely violent,\n chaotic release of energy. It is not exactly controlled,\n even in the best circumstances, though it may be contained\n and channelled to do useful work (such as within the\n cylinders of a car engine, or such as when a hole is blasted\n for a backyard swimming pool.)", guid = "be00f76e-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Explosion rel isu TemporalObjectType, iss DecompositionProcess, iss EnergyConversionProcess; Class isg ExtensionalRepresentationPredicate; ExtensionalRepresentationPredicate has label = "extensional representation predicates", comment = "A collection of predicates. Each element of\n #$ExtensionalRepresentationPredicate is a predicate used to\n form assertions about the properties of individual objects.\n These predicates implement the extensional structure of the\n Cyc ontology; e.g., #$attorneys, #$objectTakenCareOf,\n #$actorPartsAffected, #$vestedInterest.", guid = "bd5883cd-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; ExtensionalRepresentationPredicate rel isu PredicateCategory, iss Predicate; Class isg ExternalSurface-WholeThing; ExternalSurface-WholeThing has label = "exteriors", comment = "The collection of all entire outer physical\n surfaces of tangible objects. Excludes mere patches or\n portions of the whole surface of an object.", guid = "bd589b3e-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; ExternalSurface-WholeThing rel isu RegionType, iss Surface-Physical; Class isg Eye; Eye has label = "eyes", comment = "The collection of all eyes of #$Animals. Eyes are\n the organs of #$VisualPerception.", guid = "bd5893be-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Eye rel isu SymmetricAnatomicalPartType, isu AnimalBodyPartType, iss BiologicalLivingObject, iss ElectroMagneticRadiationSensor, iss AnimalBodyPart; Class isg FPSUnitOfMeasure; FPSUnitOfMeasure has label = "foot-pound-second units of measure", comment = "A subset of #$UnitOfMeasure. #$FPSUnitOfMeasure\n is the collection of all the measurement functions whose\n results use the FPS (i.e., foot-pound-second) system of\n measure to describe physical quantities. Examples:\n #$Gallon-US, #$SquareMile, #$CubicFtPerSec.", guid = "bd5904b6-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; FPSUnitOfMeasure rel isu RelationshipType, iss UnitOfMeasure; Class isg FaceOfAnimal; FaceOfAnimal has label = "faces", comment = "The collection of all faces of animals. A\n #$FaceOfAnimal generally consists of the region where the\n eyes of the animal are located. In most terrestrial\n animals, this is the front region of the animal's head,\n and also turns out to be where the nose, mouth, etc., are located.", guid = "bd58b919-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; FaceOfAnimal rel isu UniqueAnatomicalPartType, isu AnimalBodyPartType, iss BiologicalLivingObject, iss AnimalBodyPart; Class isg FallSeason; FallSeason has label = "autumns", comment = "The collection of Fall seasons. In the\n #$TemperateClimateCycle, Fall is usually the time of\n harvesting and beginnings of shutting down of growth. Also\n the time of harvest celebrations. #$FallSeason represents\n the climatic aspects of Fall; for its purely temporal\n aspects, see #$CalendarAutumn.", guid = "bd58b734-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; FallSeason rel isu TemporalObjectType, iss SeasonOfYear; TruthValue isp False; False has label = "some statement in the KB is false", comment = "An element of #$TruthValue. #$False is logical\n falsehood in Cyc; this is the abstract logical notion--not\n to be confused with Lisp's NIL, nor with the English\n word `false'.", guid = "bd5880d8-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Class isg Family-SocialEntity; Family-SocialEntity has label = "family units", comment = "A collection of organizations. Each element of\n #$Family-SocialEntity is a group of people or of animals\n related by birth and mating. The kinship relation is closer\n than simply being members of the same species. Such a\n family may function together as an #$Organization. See also\n the specialization #$Family-Human.", guid = "c0fcdcd7-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Family-SocialEntity rel isu ObjectType, iss Group, iss SocialBeing; Class isg FamilyRelationSlot; FamilyRelationSlot has label = "family relationships", comment = "A collection of predicates. Each element of\n #$FamilyRelationSlot is a binary predicate used to represent\n relationships among members of human families. Examples:\n #$spouse, #$siblings, #$grandmothers, #$grandfathers,\n #$relatives, #$cohabitingFamilyMembers.", guid = "bd58d96b-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; FamilyRelationSlot rel isu PredicateCategory, iss InterPersonalRelationSlot; Class isg Famine; Famine has label = "famines", comment = "A collection of events; a subset of\n #$DisasterEvent. Each instance of #$Famine is an event\n taking place in a contiguous geographical area in which a\n lot of people are undergoing #$Starvation.", guid = "be5bef99-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Famine rel isu TemporalObjectType, iss DisasterEvent; Class isg Farmer; Farmer has label = "farmer", comment = "A collection of persons; a subset of\n #$Professional. Each element of #$Farmer is a person who\n makes (or significantly supplements) his or her income by\n farming. This includes growing vegetables, grain, or fruit\n crops, dairy farming, or raising livestock (e.g., cattle,\n pigs, sheep, fish) for their meat or other animal products\n (e.g., wool).", guid = "bd58e149-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Farmer rel isu OccupationType, iss Professional, iss BlueCollarWorker; Class isg Fear; Fear has label = "scares", comment = "Unpleasant emotion manifested by painful agitation\n in the presence or awareness of danger. Fear implies\n anxiety and loss of courage. This is a collection; for an\n explanation of a typical #$FeelingAttributeType, see\n #$Happiness. A more specialized #$FeelingAttributeType\n than #$Fear is #$Dread.", guid = "bd58c044-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Fear rel isu FeelingAttributeType, iss FeelingAttribute; Class isg February; February has label = "February", comment = "The collection of all Februaries, the second\n month of the year in the #$JulianCalendar.", guid = "bd58c2f7-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; February rel isu MonthOfYearType, isu CoreConstant, iss CalendarMonth; Class isg FeelingAttribute; FeelingAttribute has label = "emotions", comment = "The collection of attributes describing emotions\n and mental feelings. An element of this set would be a\n particular `amount' of happiness, of confidence, of\n fear, etc. Obviously there are no real `units of\n measure' for these quantities, but one can certainly\n say that the `amount' of happiness one felt at\n one's wedding was `more' than the happiness they\n felt at their college graduation ceremony, etc. There are\n functions, such as #$LowAmountFn, which take a\n #$PrimitiveAttributeType (such as the instances of\n #$FeelingAttributeType) and return as their value a\n certain-sized amount of that attribute-type; e.g.,\n (#$LowAmountFn #$Confidence) is an expression whose value is\n a low amount of confidence, and that in turn will be an\n element of #$Confidence, and also an element of\n #$FeelingAttribute, and also an element of #$AttributeValue,\n etc. See especially the various subsets of\n #$FeelingAttribute. Note that #$FeelingAttribute is NOT an\n element of #$FeelingAttributeType. Since\n #$FeelingAttributeType is a subset of\n #$PrimitiveAttributeType, any element of\n #$FeelingAttributeType (such as #$Happiness) should have a\n total order among all its elements. All the elements of\n #$FeelingAttribute can't be placed in a total order\n (for example, how can we compare 'low happiness'\n with 'low contempt'?), so it should not be an\n element of #$FeelingAttributeType.", guid = "bd5882fe-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; FeelingAttribute rel isu CompositeAttributeType, iss MentalAttribute, iss ScalarInterval; Class isg FeelingAttributeType; FeelingAttributeType has label = "types of emotion", comment = "A collection of collections. Each\n #$FeelingAttributeType is a type of attribute that describes\n some sort of emotion and/or mental feeling. Some elements\n of #$FeelingAttributeType are: #$Envy, #$Curiosity,\n #$PrideOfAccomplishment, etc. See also #$FeelingAttribute.", guid = "bd58800b-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; FeelingAttributeType rel isu CollectionType, isu Class, iss PrimitiveAttributeType, xor SensoryReactionType, xor PhysiologicalConditionType; Class isg FemaleAnimal; FemaleAnimal has label = "female animals", comment = "The collection of all female animals.", guid = "bd5890f9-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; FemaleAnimal rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss Animal, xor MaleAnimal; Class isg FemalePerson; FemalePerson has label = "human females", comment = "The collection of all female persons.", guid = "bd58d6e5-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; FemalePerson rel isu OrganismClassificationType, iss FemaleAnimal, iss Person, xor MalePerson; GenderOfLivingThing isp Feminine; Feminine has label = "feminine", comment = "#$Feminine is a gender, indicating either that an\n #$Animal or #$Plant is female, or that a word has what is\n called feminine gender.", guid = "bd58934f-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Class isg Ferry; Ferry has label = "ferries", comment = "The subcollection of #$Watercraft that contains\n all ferryboats, i.e., boats that are used to carry people,\n goods or vehicles across rivers, lakes, canals or channels\n etc. or even from one side of a harbor to another, but\n normally not used to cross oceans.", guid = "c1009ab0-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Ferry rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss Ship; Class isg FictionalContext; FictionalContext has label = "fictional contexts", comment = "The collection of #$CounterfactualContexts which\n are (1) created intentionally, not by error or chance or\n gradual evolution and accretion in a culture, and (2)\n typically are the information content of some\n #$InformationBearingThing, and (3) are not expected (by\n their creator) to be believed as factual, nor do their\n creators believe them to be factual. In addition to\n asserting fictional propositions about existing things, a\n #$FictionalContext may include terms for nonexistent things.\n Examples: #$LordOfTheRings, #$AdventuresOfHuckleberryFinn.", guid = "be011058-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; FictionalContext rel isu MicrotheoryType, iss Microtheory, iss CounterfactualContext; Class isg FieldOfStudy; FieldOfStudy has label = "fields of study", comment = "A collection of microtheories. Each element of\n #$FieldOfStudy is a microtheory containing the knowledge,\n theory, hypotheses, evidence, and problems covered in a\n particular field of study (in propositional form).\n Examples: #$Linguistics, #$Ethology,\n #$ArtificialIntelligence, #$BusinessAdministration,\n #$Nursing-FieldOfStudy, etc. Fields of study are typically\n the subject of teaching and/or research within instances of\n #$AcademicDepartment, although the correlation between\n #$AcademicDepartment and #$FieldOfStudy is not one-to-one.\n Note also that elements of #$FieldOfStudy are intangible\n objects (i.e., contexts with propositional content), while\n academic departments are partially tangible organizations.\n For the activity of specialized study in a field, see #$CourseOfStudy.", guid = "bd58b737-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; FieldOfStudy rel isu ObjectType, iss AbstractInformationalThing; Class isg FinancialAccount; FinancialAccount has label = "financial accounts", comment = "A collection of intangible objects. Each element\n of #$FinancialAccount is an instance of #$Account (q.v.)\n which is denominated in units of #$Money. Examples: savings\n accounts, credit card accounts, vendor accounts.", guid = "bd58dcfe-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; FinancialAccount rel isu AccountType, isu TemporalStuffType, iss Account; Class isg FinancialAccountTenderObject; FinancialAccountTenderObject has label = "financial account tender object", comment = "A collection of objects. Each element of\n #$FinancialAccountTenderObject is an object, e.g., a check\n or a credit card, that serves as a vehicle for offering\n payment in funds drawn on an associated instance of\n #$FinancialAccount. The liquidity of an element of\n #$FinancialAccountTenderObject depends on the\n #$accountBalance or #$accountStatus of the financial account\n which that object legally represents. This collection\n excludes the elements of #$Currency and #$TravellersCheck.", guid = "bd5902db-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; FinancialAccountTenderObject rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss TenderObject; Class isg FinancialAssetHoldings; FinancialAssetHoldings has label = "fidelity investments", comment = "A collection of partially tangibles. An element\n of #$FinancialAssetHoldings is a group of financial assets\n (e.g., stocks, bonds, ... ) owned by individual or corporate\n #$Agent(s). As a default, we assume that the monetary value\n of each group equals the sum of the monetary values of the\n individual assets in that group.", guid = "bd58a086-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; FinancialAssetHoldings rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss Holdings; Class isg FinancialCompany; FinancialCompany has label = "financial institutions", comment = "A collection of organizations engaged in financial\n activities as their main concern and as a business. An\n element of #$FinancialCompany is a commercial service\n organization that buys, sells, trades, converts, or lends\n money, in the form of currency or negotiable financial\n instruments (such as stocks, bonds, commodities futures,\n etc.), as (one of) its major function(s). The collection\n #$FinancialCompany does not include businesses, such as\n retailers, which simply exchange goods or non-financial\n services for money. Examples: Chase Bank, University\n Federal Credit Union, Fidelity Investments (but NOT the\n IMF). Cf. the superset #$FinancialOrganization for\n non-business organizations engaged in financial activities\n (such as the IMF).", guid = "c1443e40-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; FinancialCompany rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss CommercialServiceOrganization, iss FinancialOrganization; Class isg FinancialOrganization; FinancialOrganization has label = "financial organizations", comment = "The collection of all #$Organizations that are\n primarily or significantly engaged in the\n #$FinancialIndustry or whose activities focus on that\n industry. Instances of both\n #$CommercialServiceOrganizations (e.g., banks and brokerage\n houses) and #$NonProfitOrganizations (e.g.,\n #$InternationalMonetaryFund) may be instances of\n #$FinancialOrganization. Specializations of\n #$FinancialOrganization include #$BankCompany,\n #$FinancialExchange, and #$InvestmentOrganization.", guid = "bd590577-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; FinancialOrganization rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss Organization; Class isg Finger; Finger has label = "fingers", comment = "The collection of all digits of all #$Hands\n (q.v.). Fingers are (typically) flexibly jointed and are\n necessary to enabling the hand (and its owner) to perform\n grasping and manipulation actions.", guid = "bd58bf7f-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Finger rel isu AnimalBodyPartType, iss AnimalBodyPart, iss Appendage-AnimalBodyPart; Class isg FiscalQuarter; FiscalQuarter has label = "fiscal quarter", comment = "Each instance of this collection is a 3-month-long\n interval of time kept track of by an #$Agent as part of its\n financial accounting procedures. Since the start dates and\n end dates may vary depending on the organization, instances\n will be things like Fiscal3rdQuarterOf1995ForCycorp.", guid = "bd58b87d-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; FiscalQuarter rel isu TemporalObjectType, iss Date, xor TimePoint; Class isg FiscalYear; FiscalYear has label = "fiscal years", comment = "Each instance of this collection is an annual,\n year-long interval of time kept track of by an #$Agent as\n part of its operational and financial accounting procedures.\n Since the start dates and end dates may vary depending on\n the organization, instances of this collection are time\n intervals like FiscalYearOf1989ForMicrosoft", guid = "bd58f1c1-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; FiscalYear rel isu TemporalObjectType, iss Date, xor TimePoint; Class isg Fish; Fish has label = "fish", comment = "A collection of cold-blooded animals; a subset of\n #$Vertebrate. Each element of #$Fish has gills, cranium,\n and fins, and spends all or almost all of its life under\n water. The collection #$Fish excludes so-called star-fish\n and cuttle-fish, etc., as well as fish-shaped examples of\n #$Mammal such as porpoises and whales. #$Fish is an\n instance of #$BiologicalClass.", guid = "bd58df53-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Fish rel isu BiologicalClass, isu ProductType, isu OrganismClassificationType, iss PartiallyTangibleProduct, iss AquaticOrganism, iss Vertebrate, iss NonPersonAnimal; Class isg FixedArityRelation; FixedArityRelation has label = "fixed arity relation", comment = "The collection of all #$Relations of fixed arity\n in CycL. This collection is disjoint with #$VariableArityRelation.", guid = "bff3237a-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; FixedArityRelation rel isu CoreConstant, iss Relation; Class isg FixedAritySkolemFuncN; FixedAritySkolemFuncN has label = "fixed arity skolem func n", comment = "The subcollection of #$SkolemFuncNs whose arity is fixed.", guid = "c10c450d-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; FixedAritySkolemFuncN rel isu RelationshipType, isu CoreConstant, iss FixedAritySkolemFunction, iss SkolemFuncN; Class isg FixedAritySkolemFunction; FixedAritySkolemFunction has label = "fixed arity skolem function", comment = "The subcollection of #$SkolemFunctions whose arity\n is fixed. This is by far the most common type of skolem\n function, because variable- arity skolem functions are only\n created when a sequence variable is in the scope of the skolem.", guid = "bd5880fe-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; FixedAritySkolemFunction rel isu RelationshipType, isu CoreConstant, iss FixedArityRelation, iss SkolemFunction; Class isg FixedStructure; FixedStructure has label = "fixed free-standing structures", comment = "A collection of artifacts. Each element of\n #$FixedStructure is a humanly-constructed, freestanding\n object that exists in a fixed location; e.g., buildings,\n pyramids, the Great Wall of China, dams, elevated roadways,\n canals, etc. Such structures may have parts which are also\n elements of #$FixedStructure (e.g., bridge pilings) and\n parts which are not freestanding (e.g., the span of a\n bridge, or a room in a building).", guid = "bd58c647-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; FixedStructure rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss ConstructionArtifact, iss Place; Class isg Flammability; Flammability has label = "flammabilities", comment = "A collection of attributes; a subset of\n #$PhysicalAttribute. Each element of #$Flammability\n represents a specific readiness with which some tangible\n substance burns. Different degrees of #$Flammability are\n represented either using #$GenericValueFunctions or\n qualitatively (e.g., #$NonFlammable, #$BurnsEasily,\n #$ExplosivelyFlammable). Flammability of an object is\n indicated with the predicate #$flammabilityOfObject.", guid = "bd58ff84-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Flammability rel iss AttributeValue; Class isg FlatPhysicalSurface; FlatPhysicalSurface has label = "flat surfaces", comment = "The collection of all surfaces that are\n substantially flat (by the tolerance standards of the the\n context). This means that there are no\n 'significant' concave depressions or convex bulges\n or bumps, and that the surface approximates some portion of\n a Euclidian plane in space. Note that the surface may have\n holes or cracks and may be disconnected, in multiple\n (substantially coplanar) pieces. A typical table top is a #$FlatPhysicalSurface.", guid = "bd5885fe-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; FlatPhysicalSurface rel isu RegionType, iss Surface-Physical; PhysicalStructuralAttribute isp Flexible; Flexible has label = "flexible", comment = "A physical attribute. #$Flexible is the\n #$PhysicalStructuralAttribute of a tangible object that can\n be flexed, twisted, contorted. #$Flexible objects which\n retain their contorted shape are described as #$Bendable (q.v.).", guid = "bd58c716-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Class isg FloorInAConstruction; FloorInAConstruction has label = "floors", comment = "A physical floor in a building, NOT the level\n (storey). The latter is called #$LevelOfAConstruction. The\n floor can include any floor in a building such as the floor\n of a room on the third floor as well as the floor covering\n the entire 1st level of the building. This includes just\n the horizontal surface -- not the subfloor. It also\n doesn't include floor coverings like carpet or tile.", guid = "bd58f893-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; FloorInAConstruction rel isu ExistingObjectType, xor WallOfAConstruction; Class isg FlowPath; FlowPath has label = "paths of flow", comment = "A collection of pathways; a subset of\n #$Path-Generic. Each element of #$FlowPath is a path whose\n extent is delineated by the movement of a fluid over an\n area; for example, the path of a lava flow or the\n #$AlaskanPipeline. Elements of #$FlowPath may (but need\n not) be constrained by objects or forces that channel the\n flow of fluid; see also the subset #$FluidConduit.", guid = "bd589555-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; FlowPath rel isu ObjectType, iss Path-Simple, iss Path-Customary; Class isg FloweringPlant; FloweringPlant has label = "flowering plants", comment = "An instance of #$BiologicalClass and a sub-taxon\n of #$PterophytinaSubdivision. Each instance of\n #$FloweringPlant is a plant whose seeds are enclosed in\n ovaries; consequently, this is the collection of flowering\n plants in the botanical sense. For flowering plants\n actually in bloom, see #$FloweryPlant.", guid = "bd58c76b-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; FloweringPlant rel isu ProductType, isu BiologicalClass, iss Plant; Class isg FloweryPlant; FloweryPlant has label = "flowers", comment = "A collection of plants. Each element of\n #$FloweryPlant is a flowering plant that is actually and\n visibly in flower (i.e., has flowers showing). The\n collection #$FloweryPlant includes flowering bushes and\n trees with visible flowers. This collection represents a\n commonsense category, not the official #$BiologicalTaxon #$FloweringPlant.", guid = "bd58a916-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; FloweryPlant rel isu LifeStageType, isu ExistingObjectType, iss FloweringPlant; Class isg FluidReservoir; FluidReservoir has label = "fluid reservoirs", comment = "A collection of containers having an opening,\n which may be small and resealable (as in a #$Bottle) or\n large and open, as in a #$Tub; a subset of\n #$ContainerProduct. An instance of #$FluidReservoir is a\n container which was designed to hold fluids. These include\n elements of the collections #$Spoon, #$ToiletBowl,\n #$GlassBottle, etc. Note a special negative case: natural\n `reservoirs', such as #$Lakes, are not\n #$ContainerProducts -- though the #$Dams that create them\n are artifacts, the reservoir water is contained in the\n natural landscape -- and hence such reservoirs are not\n subsets of #$FluidReservoir.", guid = "bd58f745-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; FluidReservoir rel isu ExistingObjectType, isu ProductType; Class isg FluidTangibleThing; FluidTangibleThing has label = "fluid tangible thing", comment = "A collection of tangibles. Each element of\n #$FluidTangibleThing is a tangible thing that flows,\n including gases, liquids, and semisolid and granular\n tangible things which are #$Pourable (e.g., sand, see also\n #$GranularFluid). Examples: the AirInAustin, #$LakeErie,\n the snow drifted in my driveway, the sand on the beach at\n Hippie Hollow, mercury in the thermometer on the balcony.\n Note that the granules of a granular #$FluidTangibleThing\n are not necessarily themselves #$FluidTangibleThings. Cf. #$LiquidTangibleThing.", guid = "bd58d1e3-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; FluidTangibleThing rel isu ExistingStuffType, iss PartiallyTangible, xor Agent, xor SolidTangibleThing, xor SemiSolidTangibleThing; Class isg Fog; Fog has label = "fog", comment = "The collection of clouds (instances of\n #$CloudOfH2O) that cover a #$GeographicalRegion at ground-level.", guid = "bd58e147-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Fog rel isu ExistingStuffType, iss CloudOfH2O; WeatherAttribute isp Foggy; Foggy has label = "foggy", comment = "A current condition in which pieces of atmosphere\n near the ground that are so full of water vapor that\n visibility is noticeably reduced. Note that when standing\n on a mountain or skysraper in the clouds, the attribute of\n the surrounding air is Foggy.", guid = "bd58e5f8-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; PhysicalStructuralAttribute isp Foldable; Foldable has label = "foldable", comment = "A physical attribute. #$Foldable is the\n #$PhysicalStructuralAttribute of being foldable in a\n flexible way, like towels or paper. Note a distinction\n between #$Foldable objects and #$Collapsible objects:\n #$Collapsible objects are #$Rigid objects collapsed by means\n of #$HingedJoints, while #$Foldable objects are flexible overall.", guid = "bd58b488-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Class isg Food; Food has label = "food items", comment = "A collection of edible stuff; a subset of\n #$FoodAndDrink. Each element of the collection #$Food is a\n particular portion of food of a type which can, and\n habitually is, eaten (not drunk or inhaled) by humans or\n animals. Here the notion of ``eating'' is\n important --- not drinking or inhaling or osmosing; an\n element of #$Food will generally require biting, chewing,\n etc. A borderline example is a bowl of Jello; a borderline\n non-example is a very thick milkshake. Even closer to the\n border is a bowl of vegetable soup so thick and chunky that\n each spoonful requires chewing. The edibles in #$Food\n provide calories and/or other nutrients that humans or\n animals need (e.g., protein, vitamins); this is often true\n with a #$Drink as well, but probably less than half the time\n (since most drinking is of water).", guid = "bd58bd8b-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Food rel isu ProductType, isu ExistingStuffType, iss OrganicStuff, iss EdibleStuff, iss FoodAndDrink, iss TangibleProduct, xor Drink; Class isg Food-ReadyToEat; Food-ReadyToEat has label = "dishes", comment = "A collection of food and drink, a specialization\n of (#$FoodOrDrinkForFn #$Person). An assertion of the form\n (#$isa FOOD #$Food-ReadyToEat) means that it is normal for\n people to eat or drink FOOD more or less in its current\n state. Instances can require unwrapping, cutting, pouring,\n buttering, or cooling before being consumed, but not cooking\n or other complex or sophisticated preparation that is\n typically done in a kitchen or other food-preparation area\n rather than at the table or site of consumption. If a cook\n would inspect it and pronounce it 'done,' it is\n probably an instance of #$Food-ReadyToEat.", guid = "bd58cc94-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Food-ReadyToEat rel isu ProductType, isu ExistingStuffType, iss OrganicStuff, iss FoodAndDrink; Class isg FoodAndDrink; FoodAndDrink has label = "items of food or drink", comment = "A collection of edible stuff. Each element of\n #$FoodAndDrink is a substance which instances of some spec\n of #$Organism-Whole normally consume a significant part of.\n Thus (#$genls STUFF #$FoodAndDrink) means it is normal for\n instances of STUFF to be eaten or drunk. Instances of\n #$FoodAndDrink need not be in the state they typically are\n in when they are eaten, but they must be in an edible state.\n For substances that constitute normal food or drink for a\n particular spec of #$Organism-Whole (e.g. #$Person), use #$FoodOrDrinkForFn.", guid = "bd58e69c-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; FoodAndDrink rel isu TemporalStuffType, isu ProductType, isu ExistingStuffType, iss EdibleStuff, xor FoodIngredientOnly; Class isg FoodGroupType; FoodGroupType has label = "food group type", comment = "A collection of collections. Each element of\n #$FoodGroupType is a collection of foodstuffs classified\n according to their nutritional contents. When restricted to\n human foods, the elements of #$FoodGroupType are familiar as\n the teaching tools used in public health education in order\n to promote nutritionally balanced diets. Examples include:\n #$DairyProduct, #$CerealFoodGroup,\n #$FruitAndVegetableFoodGroup, #$MeatAndLegumeFoodGroup.", guid = "bd589d1c-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; FoodGroupType rel isu Class, isu CollectionType, iss ExistingStuffType, iss ConventionalClassificationType; Class isg FoodIngredientOnly; FoodIngredientOnly has label = "food ingredients", comment = "A collection of tangible stuff; a subset of\n #$EdibleStuff. Each element of #$FoodIngredientOnly is an\n edible substance that is used in making other food but\n isn't eaten by itself. These may or may not require\n some preparation. For example, #$TableSalt, #$VegetableOil,\n and #$Ketchup are subsets of #$FoodIngredientOnly, because\n all of their instances are used only as ingredients or\n condiments. In contrast, #$Egg-Chickens is not a subset of\n #$FoodIngredientOnly; some of its instances serve as\n ingredients in cooking other dishes, (and those instances\n are elements of #$FoodIngredientOnly,) but other eggs are\n simply eaten after poaching or frying (and those instances\n belong to the collection #$Food, not #$FoodIngredientOnly).\n Types of food, such as #$Pizza, whose instances are never\n merely ingredients, are just subsets of #$Food.--Nichols,\n Nov 22, 1996", guid = "bd58da2a-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; FoodIngredientOnly rel isu ExistingStuffType, isu ProductType, xor FoodAndDrink; Class isg FoodOrDrinkComposite; FoodOrDrinkComposite has label = "food or drink composite", comment = "A collection of edible stuff. Each element of\n #$FoodOrDrinkComposite is an edible substance that is made\n up of two or more foodstuffs as constituents. Typically,\n some recipe is, explicitly or implicitly, associated with\n the production of such substances. #$FoodOrDrinkComposite\n includes both some instances of #$FoodIngredientOnly (e.g.,\n a dollop of ketchup) and some instances of #$FoodAndDrink\n (e.g., a slice of a cheese pizza).", guid = "bd58cda0-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; FoodOrDrinkComposite rel isu ProductType, isu TemporalStuffType, iss Artifact, iss EdibleStuff; Class isg FoodOrDrinkPreparationDevice; FoodOrDrinkPreparationDevice has label = "kitchen appliances", comment = "A collection of objects; a subset of\n #$PhysicalDevice. An instance of\n #$FoodOrDrinkPreparationDevice is a device whose\n #$primaryFunction is to prepare food or drink somehow, such\n as a colander, a spice mill or a pot.", guid = "bd588d6a-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; FoodOrDrinkPreparationDevice rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss PhysicalDevice, iss HOCObject; Class isg FoodProfessional; FoodProfessional has label = "food professionals", comment = "A collection of persons; a subset of\n #$Professional. Each element of #$FoodProfessional is a\n worker in the food and drink industry. This collection\n includes bakers, brewers, butchers, and bartenders--everyone\n from Julia Child to Joe the bartender.", guid = "bd58af0e-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; FoodProfessional rel isu OccupationType, iss Professional; Class isg FoodServiceOrganization; FoodServiceOrganization has label = "food service companies", comment = "A collection of business organizations; a subset\n of both #$CommercialServiceOrganization and #$Business. An\n element of #$FoodServiceOrganization is a business which\n prepares and/or serves food as its major function(s).\n Important subsets of #$FoodServiceOrganization include\n #$Restaurant and #$CateringCompany. Note that grocery\n stores -- and airlines -- are not themselves considered\n elements of #$FoodServiceOrganization, even though some of\n those may have #$subOrganizations or sub-contractors which\n are#$FoodServiceOrganizations. Bars or taverns, in contrast\n to #$Restaurants that also prepare and serve food, are also\n not considered #$FoodServiceOrganizations.", guid = "bd58f1fa-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; FoodServiceOrganization rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss CommercialOrganization, iss CommercialServiceOrganization; Class isg FoodUtensil; FoodUtensil has label = "utensils", comment = "A collection of objects. Each element of\n #$FoodUtensil is an implement or a container used in\n preparing or consuming food. Among its subsets are:\n #$Spoon, #$CarvingKnife, #$CookingUtensil, #$FoodVessel,\n #$CuttingBoard, and #$ChopStick.", guid = "bd58cdce-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; FoodUtensil rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss HOCObject, iss PhysicalDevice; Class isg FoodVessel; FoodVessel has label = "food vessel", comment = "A collection of container products; a subset of\n #$FoodUtensil. An instance of #$FoodVessel is a container\n designed for holding, storing, or preparing food. For\n example, a dinner plate, a cake pan, a wok, a plastic food\n storage container, etc. Subsets include the collections\n #$CookingVessel, #$EatingVessel, #$FoodStorageContainer, and\n numerous others.", guid = "bd58a35c-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; FoodVessel rel isu ProductType, isu ExistingObjectType, iss FoodUtensil; Class isg Foot-AnimalBodyPart; Foot-AnimalBodyPart has label = "feet", comment = "The collection of all vertebrates' feet. A\n foot is a terminal part of a #$Vertebrate #$Leg. Feet are\n used in locomotion, support, balance, kicking, etc.", guid = "bd58be93-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Foot-AnimalBodyPart rel isu SymmetricAnatomicalPartType, isu AnimalBodyPartType, iss Appendage-AnimalBodyPart, iss BiologicalLivingObject; Class isg Form-StandardizedIBO; Form-StandardizedIBO has label = "legal forms", comment = "A collection of information bearing objects\n (IBOs); a subset of #$StructuredInformationSource. Each\n element of #$Form-StandardizedIBO is an IBO having some\n standard set of labelled `fields' left blank for the\n user to fill in with individualized information. Forms\n usually accompany some sort of bureaucratic procedure, which\n they may be used to initiate or to certify. Examples\n include the elements of #$JobApplicationForm, #$DepositSlip,\n #$InsuranceClaimForm, #$OrderForm, #$TaxReturn,\n #$BirthCertificate, #$DiplomaDocument,\n #$ATMTransactionReceipt, #$MarriageLicenseDocument,\n #$DeathCertificate, etc.", guid = "c0fd68b0-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Form-StandardizedIBO rel isu TemporalStuffType, iss StructuredInformationSource, iss InformationBearingObject; Class isg FormalCOC; FormalCOC has label = "formal codes of conduct", comment = "A collection of microtheories; a subset of\n #$CodeOfConduct. Each element of #$FormalCOC is a code of\n conduct which is imposed by an organization. Formal codes\n of conduct typically are explicitly stated and publicly\n promulgated among the group subject to them; also, they are\n associated with prescribed methods of enforcement and\n punishment of violators. Thus, the collection #$FormalCOC\n includes the laws of any legal jurisdiction, the rules of\n deportment imposed by educational institutions, the\n practices of some strict religious sects, etc. In\n contrast, informal codes of conduct are norms that are not\n prescribed or enforced by formal means; for example,\n etiquette (#$MannersCodeOfConduct) and ethics (#$EthicsCodeOfConduct).", guid = "bd58af5f-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; FormalCOC rel isu MicrotheoryType, isu ExistingObjectType, iss CodeOfConduct; Class isg FormalProduct; FormalProduct has label = "packaged products", comment = "A collection of products. Each element of\n #$FormalProduct is a complete packaged product, including\n everything the customer gets when the product is purchased,\n e.g., the #$mainProduct, packaging, enclosures, warranties,\n etc. The typical packaged product as the retailer stocks it\n on the shelf and sells it at the register.", guid = "bd58eebe-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; FormalProduct rel iss PartiallyTangibleProduct, iss Product; Class isg FormalProductType; FormalProductType has label = "formal product type", comment = "A collection of collections. Each element of\n #$FormalProductType is a collection of products (i.e.,\n tangible products, services, information products, etc.),\n all of which conform to a standardized product specification\n (i.e., a `form'). In Western-style capitalistic\n markets, elements of #$FormalProductType are often\n associated with a particular brand name (and perhaps model),\n since competing providers of products design them to be\n distinctive. For example, the collection\n #$InternalCombustionEngine is not an element of\n #$FormalProductType, but a specific collection of engines\n manufactured by (e.g.) Mazda would be. On the service side,\n the collection #$HairCuttingEvent is not a\n #$FormalProductType, but a subset of hair stylings for men\n (e.g., at a particular designer's salon) might be.", guid = "bd58aa7e-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; FormalProductType rel isu SiblingDisjointCollection, isu CollectionType, isu ObjectType, iss ProductType; Class isg Format; Format has label = "format", comment = "Elements of the collection #$Format are attributes\n that are used to constrain the multi-valued nature of a\n #$Predicate. Consider a predicate PRED which takes five\n arguments, and fix any four of those arguments -- say\n arguments 1, 2, 4, and 5. The number of different legal\n values there can be for the third argument (given that\n we've already chosen the other four) is determined by\n which #$Format attribute has been specified for the 3rd\n argument place of PRED.. (1) If the #$arg3Format for\n PRED is #$SingleEntry, then there can be at most one single\n term that's legal (and thus at most one assertion), for\n those given values of arguments 1, 2, 4, and 5. To\n illustrate, let's consider a predicate with a lower\n #$arity, say (#$mother CHILD MOM), which says that the\n mother of CHILD is MOM. The #$arg2Format for #$mother\n should be #$SingleEntry, since an animal can have only one\n biological mother. (2) If the #$arg3Format of PRED is\n #$SetTheFormat, then there may be any number of assertions\n with different terms in the third argument position, but\n sharing the same values for arguments 1, 2, 4, and 5. E.g.,\n the #$arg1Format for #$mother should be #$SetTheFormat,\n since a female can have multiple children. (3) If the\n #$arg3Format of PRED is #$IntervalEntry, then there may be\n multiple assertions sharing the values of 1, 2, 4, and 5,\n but with different terms in the 3rd argument; however, all\n the values for the 3rd argument must be overlapping elements\n of #$ScalarInterval (q.v.). E.g., the height of a person\n might be specified in several ways, with slightly different\n margins of error (or approximation), which is fine, but all\n those alternate values had better have SOME overlap since\n the person really just has one particular true height at any\n given time.", guid = "bd589a1d-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Format rel isu Class, isu CoreConstant; CycLAssertionDirection isp Forward-AssertionDirection; Forward-AssertionDirection has label = "forward - assertion direction", comment = "The forward direction for Cyc assertions; the\n assertion is forward propagated.", guid = "bd681463-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Class isg Fragility; Fragility has label = "fragilities", comment = "A collection of attributes; a subset of\n #$PhysicalAttribute. Each element of #$Fragility represents\n a specific property which determines how easily a physical\n object breaks. Different fragilities may be designated\n using a #$GenericValueFunction. Fragilities of objects are\n indicated with the predicate #$fragilityOfObject.", guid = "bd58f203-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Fragility rel iss ScalarInterval; Class isg FrameOfReference; FrameOfReference has label = "frames of reference", comment = "Each element of #$FrameOfReference is a\n representation of the context in which certain data are to\n be interpreted. Such contexts are typically physical (i.e.,\n spatiotemporal), but contexts may also be purely\n mathematical. A Cartesian coordinate system represents a\n frame of reference.", guid = "bd58d4a0-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; FrameOfReference rel isu ObjectType, iss MathematicalObject; Entity isp France; France has label = "France", comment = "The nation of France as it has existed throughout\n time; both political and physical aspects. Unlike other\n nations, France directly includes some overseas possessions.", guid = "bd58fa10-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Class isg FreeSheet; FreeSheet has label = "free sheet", comment = "A collection of certain pieces of tangible stuff.\n A #$FreeSheet is a #$SheetOfSomeStuff which has two sides\n open to the environment. I.e. over most of each of its\n surfaces, it is not #$sheetSurfaceConnected with something else.", guid = "be2a4be2-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; FreeSheet rel isu ExistingStuffType, iss SheetOfSomeStuff, xor SurfaceOnTangibleObject, xor Layer; Class isg FreeSpaceContent; FreeSpaceContent has label = "free space content", comment = "Instances of #$FreeSpaceContent are connected,\n tangible, fluid individuals occupying regions of free\n space (i.e. instances of #$EmptySpaceRegion): space regions\n through which solid objects can move more or less freely.\n Examples include the #$Air in the interior of a room or the\n sky above a city. In an underwater context, a piece of free\n space content is likely to be an instance of #$Water. Often,\n a #$FreeSpaceContent is associated with a geographical\n region or some physical boundaries that define its edges.\n But a (partially) tangible #$FreeSpaceContent is not to be\n confused with the intangible #$EmptySpaceRegion it occupies.", guid = "bd5899a9-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; FreeSpaceContent rel isu ExistingStuffType, iss FluidTangibleThing, iss Air; Class isg Freezing; Freezing has label = "freezing events", comment = "A collection of events. In each instance of this\n collection, an object is cooled to (and then below) its\n #$freezingPoint and is thereby changed from a\n #$LiquidStateOfMatter to a #$SolidStateOfMatter.", guid = "bd58a837-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Freezing rel isu DefaultDisjointScriptType, isu TemporalObjectType, iss CoolingProcess, iss PhysicalStateChangeEvent; LivingLanguage isp FrenchLanguage; FrenchLanguage has label = "French Language", comment = "The Romance language which is the primary language\n spoken in #$France.", guid = "bd58b6bf-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Class isg Frequency; Frequency has label = "frequencies", comment = "A collection of physical attributes; a subset of\n #$Rate. Each element of #$Frequency is a measurement of the\n number of times something happens during some time interval.\n Elements of #$Frequency may be either fixed values, such as\n 103 kiloHertz, or a range, such as #$Yearly, #$Hourly, or\n #$Rarely. See #$UnitOfFrequency for the units used by Cyc\n to measure instances of #$Frequency, e.g. (#$TimesPerSecond\n 35), (#$KiloHertz 103). Instances of #$Frequency are\n important in the characterization of types of #$WavePropagation.", guid = "bd58fad4-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Frequency rel isu DerivedNumericAttributeType, iss PhysicalAttribute, iss Rate; Class isg FreshWaterLake; FreshWaterLake has label = "fresh water lake", comment = "A collection of topographical features. Each\n instance of #$FreshWaterLake is a freshwater land-locked\n body of water [#$Lake]. Examples: #$LakeMaracaibo,\n #$LakeWinnipeg, #$LakeTanganyika, #$LochNess-Lake,\n #$LakeErie, #$LakeTahoe. Note that inland saltwater\n #$Lakes, commonly referred to as `seas', belong to the\n collection #$InlandSea (rather than to #$FreshWaterLake);\n e.g., #$CaspianSea, #$BlackSea, #$DeadSea.", guid = "c10e5cfd-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; FreshWaterLake rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss BodyOfWater, iss Lake; PreparationAttribute isp Fried; Fried has label = "fried", comment = "The attribute #$Fried is a specialized form of\n #$Cooked. Food that is #$Fried has been prepared in an\n event of #$Frying.", guid = "bd58f595-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Class isg Friendliness; Friendliness has label = "friendliness", comment = "Emotion manifested by interest in another person\n (or, more rarely, in some nonhuman agent), good will towards\n that individual, and an inclination to favor him or her (or\n it). This is a #$Collection --- for an explanation of that,\n see #$Happiness. Some more specialized\n #$FeelingAttributeTypes than #$Friendliness are #$Love and #$Love-Romantic.", guid = "bd58b648-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Friendliness rel isu FeelingAttributeType, iss Affection; Class isg FrontSide; FrontSide has label = "fronts", comment = "The collection of all the entire front sides (as\n conventionally understood) of all objects that have distinct\n #$Sides, one of which faces in the frontwards direction.", guid = "bd58f6a1-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; FrontSide rel isu RegionType, iss Side; Class isg Fruit; Fruit has label = "fruits", comment = "A subset of #$PlantPart. Each element of #$Fruit\n is a plant structure that contains the seeds of angiosperms.\n Many fruits have fleshy walls having high concentrations of\n sugars or fats, and these are often eaten by humans and\n other animals. Fruits usually develop from the ovary wall,\n although some fruits include other tissues; e.g., the flesh\n of apples and of strawberries develops from the receptacle,\n and the fruits of pineapple and fig develop from a whole\n inflorescence (group of flowers). See also #$EdibleFruit.", guid = "bd58e5d4-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Fruit rel isu LifeStageType, iss PlantPart; Class isg Frustration; Frustration has label = "frustrations", comment = "A feeling of irritation and dissatisfaction\n arising from unresolved problems or unfulfilled needs. This\n is a collection; for an explanation of a typical\n #$FeelingAttributeType, see #$Happiness.", guid = "bd58b586-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Frustration rel isu FeelingAttributeType, iss Dissatisfaction; Class isg Frying; Frying has label = "frying", comment = "Cooking food by partial or total immersion in hot\n oil until desired level of doneness.", guid = "bd58baeb-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Frying rel isu TemporalObjectType, isu DefaultDisjointScriptType, iss CookingFood; WorkStatus isp FullTime; FullTime has label = "full time", comment = "Attribute of being a full-time worker.", guid = "bd588272-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; UserRightsAttribute isp FullUseRights; FullUseRights has label = "full use rights", comment = "An attribute of an object with respect to an\n #$Agent, meaning that if the #$Agent has this right to the\n object, it does not place any restrictions on what the\n #$Agent may do with the object. If there are restrictions\n on what the #$Agent may do with the object, they arise from\n other sources, such as formal and informal laws of behavior.\n E.g., even if you have #$FullUseRights to your car, you\n can't violate traffic laws, kill people with it, blow\n it up in a parking lot, etc.", guid = "bd58928f-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Class isg Function-Denotational; Function-Denotational has label = "functions", comment = "#$Function-Denotational is the collection of\n functions the CycL expressions for which can be used to\n form non-atomic terms (NATs). Specifically, when such a\n function-denoting expression is appropriately combined\n with other expressions (i.e. the former is in the 0th\n argument position and the latter are of the correct number\n and type) the resulting expression is a new CycL term -- a\n NAT -- that may then freely appear as a component in other\n CycL expressions. The NAT will itself denote the value\n (if any) of the function denoted by the former expression\n for the sequence of arguments denoted, respectively, by\n the latter expressions. For example, #$GovernmentFn is a\n unary denotational function, and so the CycL constant\n '#$GovernmentFn' requires one (syntactic) argument\n (such as the constant '#$France') to form a NAT\n (in this case, the expression '(#$GovernmentFn\n #$France)'). This NAT, which denotes the government of\n France, can in turn serve as a (syntactic) argument in any\n CycL expression in which (a term for) an instance of\n #$RegionalGovernment can occur. Alternatively, we could\n have created a specific new term `GovernmentOfFrance',\n asserted that its denotation is an instance of\n #$RegionalGovernment, and so on. But two related\n advantages to having NATs in CycL are that they (i) allow\n for a drastic reduction in the total number of constant\n terms needed in the CycL vocabulary and (ii) provide a\n convenient and systematic way to form appropriate new\n terms as needed out of existing vocabulary (which terms can\n then inherit from various existing rules and other\n assertions involving the terms' component\n expressions). <PARAGRAPH> Important subcollections\n of #$Function-Denotational include\n #$IndividualDenotingFunction (whose instances always return\n instances of #$Individual), #$CollectionDenotingFunction,\n #$SetDenotingFunction, and #$FunctionDenotingFunction\n (which is itself a subcollection of the first). NATs\n formed using terms that denote instances of\n #$FunctionDenotingFunction often denote instances of\n #$Function-Denotational themselves. Thus, like most other\n things, denotational functions can be denoted in CycL either\n by constants (e.g. '#$GovernmentFn') or --\n although this is less common -- by NATs (e.g.\n '(#$FunctionToArg 2 #$biologicalMother)'). Note\n that the collection #$Function-Denotational does _not_\n include all functions whatsoever. Functions that, given\n their natures and the nature of the CycL language, could not\n sensibly be denoted by any NAT-forming CycL expression are\n not denotational functions. Examples include certain\n provably-existing exotic mathematical functions, such as\n (probably) any one-to-one function from the positive\n integers to the rational numbers. (For a more general\n collection that does include such functions, and for a more\n general explication of the notion of function itself, see\n #$Function-MathematicalObject and its comment). Note also\n that #$Function-Denotational does not include any of the\n so-called #$TruthFunctions (q.v.): #$Predicates,\n #$Quantifiers, or #$LogicalConnectives. For these\n relations (as construed in CycL) are not really functions at\n all, even though it can be heuristically useful to think\n of them as if they were functions from sequences of\n arguments to truth values.", guid = "bd5c40b0-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Function-Denotational rel isu RelationshipType, isu CoreConstant, iss Relation, iss FunctionOrFunctionalPredicate, xor Predicate; Class isg Function-MathematicalObject; Function-MathematicalObject has label = "mathematical type of functions", comment = "The collection of functions and a specialization\n of #$Relation-MathematicalObject. Each instance of\n #$Function-MathematicalObject is a many-one relation that\n represents a mapping from one set of things (the\n function's #$relationDomain) to another set of things\n (its #$relationRange). As a many-one relation, a function\n maps each thing in its domain to exactly one thing in its\n range. A function is either unary, binary, ternary, or\n whatever (see #$functionalArity; but cf.\n #$relationalArity), depending on the nature of the members\n of its domain. In general, the domain of an N-ary\n function is a set of ordered N-tuples (construed in CycL\n as #$Lists of length N). The function is said to take the\n items from any of these N-tuples as its N _arguments_ and\n to return a member of its range as its corresponding\n _value_. A key specialization of\n #$Function-MathematicalObject is #$FixedArityFunction\n (which is also a specialization of\n #$Function-Denotational). Instances include the elements of\n #$Distribution and the (non-denumerably many) one-to-one\n correspondences that exist between the positive integers and\n the rational numbers. See also #$valueOfFunctionForArgs,\n #$DomainOfFunctionFn, and #$RangeOfFunctionFn.", guid = "bee42bbb-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Function-MathematicalObject rel isu ObjectType, isu CoreConstant, iss MathematicalObject; Class isg FunctionFromQuantitiesToQuantities; FunctionFromQuantitiesToQuantities has label = "function from quantities to quantities", comment = "A collection of mathematical functions. Each\n element of #$FunctionFromQuantitiesToQuantities is a\n function that takes one or more numbers as its arguments,\n and it returns a number as its value. Examples: subtraction\n (#$DifferenceFn), square root (#$SqrtFn), absolute value\n (#$AbsoluteValueFn), and logarithm (#$LogFn).", guid = "bd58daad-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; FunctionFromQuantitiesToQuantities rel isu RelationshipType, iss EvaluatableFunction; Class isg FunctionOrFunctionalPredicate; FunctionOrFunctionalPredicate has label = "function or functional predicate", comment = "A collection of mathematical objects each instance\n of which is either a denotational function or a predicate\n that is functional in at least one argument place (see\n #$FunctionalPredicate). Examples: #$SkolemFunction,\n #$IntervalMaxFn, #$ElectricalPotentialDifference,\n #$revenueFromType, #$costRateForType, #$permeabilityOfSubstThroSubst.", guid = "bd5880a3-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; FunctionOrFunctionalPredicate rel isu RelationshipType, iss Relation; Class isg FunctionTheMathematicalType; FunctionTheMathematicalType has label = "mathematical functions", guid = "bd58809d-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; FunctionTheMathematicalType rel isu CoreConstant, isu ObjectType; Class isg FunctionalPredicate; FunctionalPredicate has label = "functional predicate", comment = "A specialization of #$Predicate instances of which\n are functional in at least one argument-place (see\n #$functionalInTheNthArg). Given any sequence of legal\n arguments placed in such a predicate's other argument\n positions, there is at most one legal argument such that,\n when it is placed in the predicate's functional\n position, the resulting formula is true. More precisely:\n Suppose PRED is an N-ary instance of #$FunctionalPredicate\n that is functional in its Kth place. Given any\n (N-1)-tuple <O(1), ..., O(K-1), O(K+1), ..., O(N)>\n consisting of things that are, respectively, legal\n arguments (i.e. satisfy the argument-constraints) for the\n N-1 argument-places in PRED other than its argK-place,\n there is at most one thing -- call it O(K) -- such that\n (PRED O(1) ... O(N)) is true. (The one exception to the\n above is when the argument-format for PRED's\n functional argument-place is #$IntervalEntry (q.v.). In\n that case there might be more than one instance of\n #$ScalarInterval that, when put in this argument-place,\n yields a true formula; but all of these scalar intervals\n must be related to one another by #$overlapsIntervals.)\n For example, #$biologicalMother is functional in its\n second argument-place, since every animal has one and only\n one biological mother. It can happen that, for some ways\n of fixing PRED's other arguments, there will be\n _nothing_ that would yield a true formula when put into\n PRED's functional argument-place; for example, while\n a spatial thing has at most one length (see\n #$lengthOfObject), if it is (say) a sphere it has none. A\n binary #$FunctionalPredicate that is functional in its\n second argument is an instance of #$FunctionalSlot (q.v.).", guid = "bd58dc77-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; FunctionalPredicate rel isu RelationshipType, isu PredicateCategory, iss FunctionOrFunctionalPredicate, iss Predicate; Class isg FunctionalSlot; FunctionalSlot has label = "functional slots", comment = "A specialization of #$FunctionalPredicate each\n instance of which is a binary predicate that is functional\n in its second argument position. More precisely, a\n functional binary predicate PRED is an instance of\n #$FunctionalSlot if and only if, for any legal occupant\n THING1 of PRED's arg1 position, there is at most one\n legal occupant THING2 of PRED's arg2 position such that\n (PRED THING1 THING2) holds. #$FunctionalSlot is in effect\n one half of the intersection of #$BinaryPredicate and\n #$FunctionalPredicate, containing those whose second\n argument is functional. Examples: #$latitude,\n #$countryOfAddress, #$stateOfDevice, #$femaleParentActor.", guid = "bd5881a4-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; FunctionalSlot rel isu PredicateCategory, iss FunctionalPredicate, iss Property; Class isg FundamentalNumericAttributeType; FundamentalNumericAttributeType has label = "fundamental numeric attribute type", comment = "A collection of collections. Each element of\n #$FundamentalNumericAttributeType is a collection of\n measurable attributes, including #$Distance,\n #$Time-Quantity, #$Currency, #$Mass, etc. The types of\n attributes in this collection are `fundamental' when\n contrasted with other attributes which are derived from them\n (such as #$Volume, #$Speed, etc.). Cf. #$DerivedNumericAttributeType.", guid = "bd59059d-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; FundamentalNumericAttributeType rel isu SiblingDisjointCollection, isu CollectionType, iss MeasurableAttributeType, iss PrimitiveAttributeType, xor DerivedNumericAttributeType; Class isg Fungus; Fungus has label = "fungus", comment = "The collection of fungi, the stationary,\n saprophytic, and symbiotic or parasitic eukaryotic organisms\n constituting an instance of #$BiologicalKingdom in many\n systems of classification. #$Fungus includes as subsets the\n collections #$Mushroom, #$Yeast, and #$RingwormFungus.\n Unlike most other instances of #$Plant, mushrooms are\n incapable of performing processes of #$Photosynthesis.", guid = "bd589909-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Fungus rel isu BiologicalKingdom, isu OrganismClassificationType, iss Organism-Whole; Class isg FurniturePiece; FurniturePiece has label = "pieces of furniture", comment = "A collection of durable artifacts which are used\n in #$HumanShelterConstructions to make human dwelling places\n more comfortable. An instance of #$FurniturePiece is a\n whole piece of furniture, such as a table, chair, or chest\n of drawers; an arm of a sofa is not a #$FurniturePiece. Its\n subsets can be classified according to the main functions\n their elements serve: (1) providing support for\n people's bodies while they are seated or reclining\n (e.g., #$Bed-PieceOfFurniture, #$Sofa-PieceOfFurniture,\n #$FootStool, #$FixedTheaterSeat); (2) providing work/action\n surfaces (e.g., #$Desk-PieceOfFurniture, #$DiningRoomTable);\n (3) providing organized and/or protective storage for\n people's stuff (e.g., #$Dresser-PieceOfFurniture,\n #$Bookcase-PieceOfFurniture); (4) providing extra\n illumination or some other function in living and work areas\n (e.g., #$ElectricLamp). Most pieces of furniture belong to\n the collection #$NonPoweredDevice (q.v.) in that they\n don't need any energy input in order to do their\n function. Note: Yes, of course lamps, fancy console TVs,\n hospital beds, etc. are exceptions to that last rule -- they\n require power. But in a sense they are really objects\n performing multiple independent functions. A fancy console\n TV is a piece of furniture even when it's turned off;\n it just so happens to fulfill two roles, one as a piece of\n furniture and one as an appliance. When it's turned\n on, in fact, its users are intended to stop noticing it as a\n piece of furniture.)", guid = "bd58d01d-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; FurniturePiece rel isu ProductType, isu ExistingObjectType, iss SolidTangibleProduct, iss HOCObject, iss PhysicalDevice, xor RoomInAConstruction; Class isg FusionEvent; FusionEvent has label = "fusion event", comment = "A collection of events. In each #$FusionEvent,\n two or more objects fuse together, yielding a product.", guid = "bd58ad78-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; FusionEvent rel isu DefaultDisjointScriptType, isu TemporalObjectType; Class isg GainingUserRights; GainingUserRights has label = "transfers of user rights", comment = "A collection of events. In an instance of\n #$GainingUserRights, some #$Agent gains possession of\n something. Thus, in such an event, that agent newly\n acquires a right (viz., some #$UserRightsAttribute) to use\n some item. The item in question is identified as the\n #$objectOfPossessionTransfer, and the agent is the\n #$toPossessor (i.e., the one to whom the possession comes).\n The #$Agent may or may not be a #$deliberateActors in the\n event; e.g., buying a car is done on purpose, but receiving\n a car as a gift isn't. If either of those two events\n happen to you, though, it is an element of the collection #$GainingUserRights.", guid = "bd6460d7-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; GainingUserRights rel isu TemporalObjectType, iss TransferIn, iss ChangeInUserRights, xor AbandoningSomething; Class isg GammaRay; GammaRay has label = "gamma rays", comment = "A collection of events; a subset of\n #$ElectromagneticRadiation. Each element of #$GammaRay is\n an instance of electromagnetic radiation that has a\n #$wavelength less than 1x10^-2 #$Angstroms. Low power\n #$GammaRays overlap with high power #$XRays.", guid = "c05ce4b7-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; GammaRay rel iss ElectromagneticRadiation; StateOfMatter-SolidLiquidGaseous isp GaseousStateOfMatter; GaseousStateOfMatter has label = "gaseous", comment = "A basic physical state of matter.\n #$GaseousStateOfMatter characterizes pieces of matter that\n are at a high enough temperature or low enough pressure for\n the type of matter involved that the molecules are not\n bonded even weakly to their neighbors, and readily break\n free. Gaseous objects are characterized at the macroscopic\n level by having diffuse boundaries (when outside of\n containers), no shape independent of a container, and by\n great expandability and compressibility. Examples of\n things that typically have this attribute are: the helium\n in a child's balloon; the oxygen in Earth's\n atmosphere; the water vapor in Earth's atmosphere.", guid = "bd58bd5f-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Class isg GaseousTangibleThing; GaseousTangibleThing has label = "gaseous objects", comment = "A collection of tangible substances. Each element\n of #$GaseousTangibleThing is a tangible thing which shares\n many of the properties that matter in a\n #$GaseousStateOfMatter exhibits; i.e., its shapes would\n completely conform to the boundaries of a vessel containing\n it, and it is compressible (however, not all instances of\n #$GaseousTangibleThing can be said to have\n #$GaseousStateOfMatter, because that's reserved for\n pure compounds). Examples of #$GaseousTangibleThing: pieces\n of matter in #$GaseousStateOfMatter like the helium in a\n child's balloon; mixures of gasses such as\n #$TheAtmosphereQuaSinglePieceOfStuff; and suspensions of\n liquids and solids in gas such as #$Fog and #$Smoke. Cf.\n #$FluidTangibleThing, #$LiquidTangibleThing.", guid = "bd58c52b-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; GaseousTangibleThing rel isu TangibleStuffStateType, iss FluidTangibleThing, xor Particle, xor LiquidTangibleThing; Class isg GenderOfLivingThing; GenderOfLivingThing has label = "genders", comment = "The collection of genders that organisms can have.", guid = "bd58a890-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; GenderOfLivingThing rel isu UnorderedAttributeType, isu AttributeType, isu SiblingDisjointAttributeType, iss AttributeValue; Class isg GeneralMicrotheory; GeneralMicrotheory has label = "general microtheory", comment = "The collection consisting of every #$Microtheory\n intended to contain general axioms useful for multiple\n purposes. This excludes microtheories which deal with\n specific situations, such as instances of\n #$ProblemSolvingCntxt, microtheories that represent the\n information content of one specific\n #$InformationBearingObject such as the US Declaration of\n Independence, or those which are purely lexical\n microtheories. Examples of this collection are\n #$HumanSocialLifeMt, #$BuyingMt, and #$NaiveAnimalsMt.\n Negative examples include #$GeneralLexiconMt (purely\n lexical) and #$PeopleDataMt (no general axioms).", guid = "bd589197-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; GeneralMicrotheory rel isu ObjectType, isu MicrotheoryType, iss Microtheory, xor SomethingExisting; Class isg GeneralizedTransfer; GeneralizedTransfer has label = "transfers", comment = "This collection is a subset of #$Event. Each\n element of #$GeneralizedTransfer is an event in which\n something (tangible or intangible) is transferred from one\n `place' to another. #$GeneralizedTransfer includes\n changes in physical location, in ownership or possession,\n transfer of information, and propagation of wave phenomena\n through space. See also the related predicate\n #$transferredThing, and the specialized subsets of this collection.", guid = "bd588eb6-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; GeneralizedTransfer rel isu TemporalObjectType, iss Path-Simple, iss Event, xor Place; Class isg GenericQuantity; GenericQuantity has label = "extents", comment = "#$GenericQuantity is a specialization of\n #$ScalarInterval. Each instance of #$GenericQuantity is a\n generic measure that is not numerically specified.\n Examples: #$Low, #$Medium, #$High, #$HighToVeryHigh. When\n such quantities are related to their subject by a\n specialized predicate (e.g., #$feelsTowardsEvent,\n #$goalImportance), they may represent amounts in specialized\n areas, including strength of emotional responses and\n importance of goals. See also #$GenericValueFunction, #$followingValue.", guid = "bd58998e-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; GenericQuantity rel iss ScalarInterval; Class isg GenericShapeType; GenericShapeType has label = "generic shape type", comment = "A collection of collections. Instances of\n #$GenericShapeType are collections representing types of\n shapes that make no committment to being either purely\n abstract or to being located in the physical world.\n Therefore, each instance of GenericShapeType is going to\n have some abstract and some localized instances.\n #$GenericShapeType is distinguished from #$AbstractShapeType\n (q.v.), which is the collection of those collections that\n are instances of #$ShapeType, and all of whose elements are\n abstract. There is no 'LocalizedShapeType'.", guid = "c14f9295-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; GenericShapeType rel isu Class, isu CollectionType, iss ShapeType, xor AbstractShapeType; Class isg GenericValueFunction; GenericValueFunction has label = "generic value function", comment = "A collection of Cyc functions; a subset of\n #$IndividualDenotingFunction. Each element of\n #$GenericValueFunction is a function that can be applied to\n an element of #$LinearOrderAttributeType and returns some\n `generic' amount (e.g., high, medium, low) of that\n attribute. Such functions are particularly useful for\n qualitative, hard-to-quantify attribute types, e.g.,\n #$Happiness, #$Fragility, #$Absorbency, #$Glamor, etc. They\n save us from having to create individually the various\n levels of attributes like #$Happiness, #$Fragility, etc.\n Instead, for example, we need only refer to (#$HighAmountFn\n #$Happiness) as an alternative to painstakingly reifying\n `HighHappiness' and hand-entering all the formulas that\n such a constant requires (e.g. #$isa, #$followingValue,\n etc.). The compositionality afforded by the elements of\n #$GenericValueFunction allows this overhead to be taken care\n of automatically. (Rode, 11/9/1998) See also\n #$GenericQuantity and #$GenValueFn.", guid = "bf2a2ba8-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; GenericValueFunction rel isu RelationshipType, iss IndividualDenotingFunction, iss ReifiableFunction; Class isg GeneticCondition; GeneticCondition has label = "genetic conditions", comment = "A collection of physiological conditions. An\n instance of #$GeneticCondition is an abnormal condition\n which developed in a particular organism due to that\n organism's genetic configuration. Such conditions are\n not contagious as infections are, but they may be\n hereditary. They are often harmful, in fact they are often\n #$AilmentConditions, such as encephalitis. Occasionally,\n though the mutation is beneficial, in which case it would be\n wrong to also label it an #$AilmentCondition.", guid = "c0fd5d45-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; GeneticCondition rel isu PhysiologicalConditionType, iss ChronicCondition, iss CongenitalCondition, xor Infection; Format isp GenlAttributesFormat; GenlAttributesFormat has label = "genl attributes format", comment = "If a predicate P has #$GenlAttributesFormat for\n argument position N, then given some particular list of\n terms that occupy the other argument positions of P, there\n may be multiple assertions with different terms in position\n N (keeping the other arguments fixed), but only so long as\n the terms in position N are all interrelated by the\n predicate #$genlAttributes. For example, the #$arg3Format of\n #$directionBetweenObjects is #$GenlAttributesFormat. This\n allows us to state both (#$directionBetweenObjects\n #$PotomacRiver #$HudsonBay #$North-Generally) and\n (#$directionBetweenObjects #$PotomacRiver #$HudsonBay\n #$North-Directly) in a #$Microtheory in which\n (#$genlAttributes #$North-Directly #$North-Generally).", guid = "bf4f4c20-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Format isp GenlPredsFormat; GenlPredsFormat has label = "genl preds format", comment = "If a predicate P has #$GenlPredsFormat for\n argument position N, then given some particular list of\n terms that occupy the other argument positions of P, there\n may be multiple assertions with different terms in position\n N (keeping the other arguments fixed), but only so long as\n the terms in position N are all interrelated by the\n predicate #$genlPreds. For example, the #$arg3Format of\n #$soleFunction is #$GenlPredsFormat. This allows us to\n state both (#$typeSoleFunction #$Bus-RoadVehicle\n #$TransportInvolvingADriver #$transporter) and\n (#$typeSoleFunction #$TransportInvolvingADriver #$vehicle)\n in a #$Microtheory in which (#$genlPreds #$vehicle #$transporter).", guid = "c0e81674-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Format isp GenlsFormat; GenlsFormat has label = "genls format", comment = "If a predicate P has #$GenlsFormat for argument\n position N, then given some particular list of terms that\n occupy the other argument positions of P, there may be\n multiple assertions with different terms in position N\n (keeping the other arguments fixed), but only so long as the\n terms in position N are all interrelated by the predicate\n #$genls. For example, the #$arg1Format of #$soleProductType\n is #$GenlsFormat. This allows us to state both\n (#$soleProductType #$AlfaRomeoTheCompany #$SportsCar) and\n (#$soleProductType #$AlfaRomeoTheCompany #$AlfaRomeoCar) in\n a #$Microtheory in which (#$genls #$AlfaRomeoCar #$SportsCar).", guid = "c088dcf7-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Class isg GeographicalDirection; GeographicalDirection has label = "directions", comment = "A specialization of #$UnitVectorInterval.\n #$GeographicalDirections derive from the\n 'intrinsic' directional axes of a terrestrial\n frame of reference: North, South, East, West, geographic\n 'Up' and geographic 'Down'. Like all\n #$VectorIntervals, they may be specified precisely--e.g.,\n #$North-Directly or as intervals--e.g., #$North-Generally.\n With respect to 'up' and 'down', care\n should be taken to distinguish a\n #$TopAndBottomSidedObject's 'intrinsic' up\n and down from 'up' and 'down' with\n respect to the surface of the Earth or some other planet.", guid = "bd58dbdb-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; GeographicalDirection rel isu ObjectType, iss TerrestrialDirection, iss DirectionExpression; Class isg GeographicalRegion; GeographicalRegion has label = "geographical regions", comment = "A collection of spatial regions that include some\n piece of the surface of a planet (usually #$PlanetEarth).\n Each element of #$GeographicalRegion is a\n #$PartiallyTangible entity that may be represented on a map\n of the planet. This includes purely topographical regions\n like mountains and underwater spaces, places defined by\n demographics, e.g., language areas, and territory otherwise\n demarcated, e.g. #$TimeZones. In dualist geopolitical\n contexts [see #$DualistGeopoliticalMt], instances of\n #$GeopoliticalEntity are also considered to be instances of\n #$GeographicalRegion. In all cases the region in question\n must contain some tangible component with which it is\n possible to make physical contact. The elements of\n #$GeographicalRegion contrast in this respect with the\n elements of #$GeographicalThing-Intangible, which are wholly\n imaginary . Examples of #$GeographicalRegions:\n #$RockyMountainStates-USRegion, the #$ContinentOfAustralia,\n #$SinaiPeninsula, and -- in dualist geopolitical contexts\n -- #$YaleUniversity and #$CityOfPittsburghPA. Some\n important types of regions are represented by the subsets\n #$LanguageArea, #$TimeZone, #$PostalCodeRegion,\n #$EcologicalRegion, #$ConstructionSite, and -- in dualist\n geopolitical contexts -- #$GeopoliticalEntity. No elements\n of #$GeographicalRegion are wholly indoor locations.", guid = "bd588009-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; GeographicalRegion rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss Place, iss Surface-Physical, xor CommercialOrganization; Class isg GeometricThing; GeometricThing has label = "geometric forms", comment = "A subset of #$SpatialThing. Each element of\n #$GeometricThing is a spatial thing that can be described\n mathematically. Examples include spatially localized\n objects, such as the equator, and abstract objects, such as\n abstract shapes of various dimensions.", guid = "bd58c42e-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; GeometricThing rel isu ObjectType, iss SpatialThing; Class isg GeometricThing-Abstract; GeometricThing-Abstract has label = "abstract shapes", comment = "A specialization of #$GeometricThing each of\n whose instances is abstract in the sense of being intangible\n (see #$Intangible) as well as lacking spatial and temporal\n location. Each instance of #$GeometricThing-Abstract is an\n abstract region of an abstract space (the latter having two\n or more dimensions). Geometric figures that are located in\n this (or another) universe are not instances of this\n collection, but of #$GeometricThing-Localized.", guid = "bd5885bc-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; GeometricThing-Abstract rel isu ObjectType, iss GeometricThing, iss MathematicalObject, iss GeometricThing-Intangible, xor GeometricThing-Localized; Class isg GeometricThing-Intangible; GeometricThing-Intangible has label = "geometric thing - intangible", comment = "The collection of all intangible #$GeometricThings\n whether they are spatially localized or purely abstract.\n This is the #$collectionIntersection of #$GeometricThing and\n #$Intangible. Positive examples are any intangible things\n that are characterizable in geometric terms, such as the\n intangible space determined by an Egyptian pyramid, a\n platonic sphere, or the center of mass of the solar system\n at the first instant of the twentieth century (a point).\n Important specializations are #$GeometricThing-Localized\n (all spatially localized instances) and\n #$GeometricThing-Abstract (all instances not spatially\n located in any universe).", guid = "c12c73ef-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; GeometricThing-Intangible rel isu ObjectType, iss Intangible, iss GeometricThing; Class isg GeometricThing-Localized; GeometricThing-Localized has label = "geometric thing - localized", comment = "A collection of spatially localized (but\n intangible) objects #$SpatialThing-Localized. Positive\n examples are any things that both have some location or\n position in the Universe, and are characterizable in\n geometric terms, such as the intangible spaces determined\n by, for example, the pyramids of Egypt (pyramids), the Sun\n (a sphere), or the center of mass of the solar system at the\n first instant of the twentieth century (a point).\n #$GeometricThing-Localized is identical with (#$LocalizedFn\n #$GeometricThing) (see the #$cyclistNotes on this page for\n why we need this constant reified anyway).\n #$GeometricThing-Localized includes as specs (#$LocalizedFn\n #$Circle), (#$LocalizedFn #$Square), and in general all the\n 'localized realizations' of the generic geometric collections.", guid = "c1350e38-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; GeometricThing-Localized rel isu ObjectType, iss GeometricThing, iss Intangible, iss GeometricThing-Intangible, xor GeometricThing-Abstract; Class isg GeopoliticalEntity; GeopoliticalEntity has label = "political entities", comment = "A collection of #$LegalAgents which control\n #$GeographicalRegions. Each element of #$GeopoliticalEntity\n includes the governing body of the institution as well as\n the institution itself. In a dualist microtheory (e.g.\n #$WorldGeographyDualistMt) an instance of\n #$GeopoliticalEntity includes a politically defined\n geographical region taken together with its people,\n artificial habitats, etc., as well. (#$TerritoryFn\n GEOPOLITICAL_ENTITY) is used to refer to the land mass of\n GEOPOLITICAL_ENTITY in #$WorldGeographyMt. Important\n subsets include #$Country, #$IndependentCountry,\n #$State-Geopolitical, #$City, #$Province. Examples:\n #$CityOfTokyoJapan, #$BronxNY-Borough, #$Alaska-State,\n #$Rwanda, #$Singapore, #$InnerMongolia,\n #$Somerset-CountyEngland, #$Taiwan-RepublicOfChina.\n Although the name #$GeopoliticalEntity may suggest\n otherwise, elements are not necessarily elements of #$Entity.", guid = "bd58e5da-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; GeopoliticalEntity rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss Organization, iss LegalAgent; LivingLanguage isp GermanLanguage; GermanLanguage has label = "German", comment = "In its standard version, the dominant form of High German.", guid = "bd58d018-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; GeographicalRegion isp Germany; Germany has label = "Germany", comment = "Germany, a medium-sized #$IndependentCountry in\n the north of the #$ContinentOfEurope. Germany throughout\n time, both political and physical aspects.", guid = "bd58f83c-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Class isg GerundiveNoun; GerundiveNoun has label = "gerundive noun", comment = "The collection of all gerunds, that is deverbal\n nouns formed (in English) with the suffix '-ing'.\n Gerundive nouns usually denote a type of action (with mass\n agreement) or an instance thereof (with count agreement).", guid = "bdde941c-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; GerundiveNoun rel isu SpeechPart, isu LinguisticObjectType, iss DeVerbalNoun; Class isg Gesture; Gesture has label = "gestures", comment = "A collection of configurations; a subset of\n #$VisualInformationSource. Each element of #$Gesture is a\n configuration of animal body parts that has some meaning to\n an observer with an understanding of the interpretive\n convention. A gesture may include some tool or prop.\n Gestures may be fleeting (e.g., a hello wave) or may last a\n long time (e.g., the gesture embodied in the\n #$StatueOfLiberty). Note that, as defined in Cyc, a gesture\n is a meaningful configuration of body parts, NOT the actions\n producing the arrangement; for representation of the\n actions, see #$MakingAGesture.", guid = "bd590c05-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Gesture rel isu TemporalStuffType, iss VisualInformationSource, iss Situation-Temporal; Class isg GiftGiving; GiftGiving has label = "gifts", comment = "A collection of events. In an instance of\n #$GiftGiving, one #$Agent intentionally gives all use rights\n over an object (see #$UserRightsAttribute) to another\n #$Agent without taking payment in return.", guid = "bd58ee61-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; GiftGiving rel isu TemporalObjectType, isu DefaultDisjointScriptType, iss GivingSomething, xor ExchangeOfUserRights; Class isg GivingSomething; GivingSomething has label = "giving events", comment = "A collection of events. In an instance of\n #$GivingSomething, one #$Agent gives a tangible thing to\n another #$Agent. Every #$GivingSomething event can also be\n thought of as a receiving event. Note: The common case in\n which one #$Agent gives ownership of an object to another\n #$Agent is represented by the subset #$GiftGiving.", guid = "bd58c4c8-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; GivingSomething rel isu TemporalObjectType, iss TransferringPossession, iss AnimalActivity, xor UnintendedLossOfUserRights; Class isg Glass; Glass has label = "glass", comment = "A collection of tangible things. Each element of\n #$Glass is a piece of glass; e.g., a wine bottle, a plate\n glass window, a microscope slide, a crystal water goblet,\n the mirrors of a reflecting telescope.", guid = "bd5886fb-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Glass rel isu TangibleStuffCompositionType, iss InorganicStuff; Class isg GoingToSleep; GoingToSleep has label = "going to sleep", comment = "The collection of events in which an #$Animal goes\n from the state of being awake to being in a state of sleep.", guid = "bd58b14a-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; GoingToSleep rel isu DefaultDisjointScriptType, isu TemporalObjectType, iss SingleDoerAction, iss IntrinsicStateChangeEvent, iss AnimalActivity; Class isg GolfCart; GolfCart has label = "golf carts", comment = "The collection of all motorized vehicles that are\n designed for golfers to use to drive around on #$GolfCourses\n while they are playing #$GolfGames. GolfCarts drive very\n slowly compared with #$Automobiles.", guid = "c0fce4ee-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; GolfCart rel isu ExistingObjectType, isu ProductType, iss TransportationDevice-Vehicle; Class isg GovernmentCOC; GovernmentCOC has label = "governmental regulations", comment = "A collection of microtheories; a subset of\n #$FormalCOC (the set of formal codes of conduct). Each\n instance of #$GovernmentCOC is a formal regulation of\n behavior imposed upon agents -- including citizens,\n tourists, businesses, government entities, etc., in so far\n as they are subject to it -- who are located within the\n legal jurisdiction where that code of conduct holds.\n #$GovernmentCOC includes both individual laws and whole\n legal codes. Some examples of #$GovernmentCOC include: the\n Napoleonic Code, the United States Constitution and all\n Federal, State, and local laws of the United States, and the\n particular laws against stealing found in most, if not all,\n countries. Enforcement of a particular instance of\n #$GovernmentCOC is authorized by the government associated\n with that code and carried out by its agents within their\n jurisdiction(s). See also #$LegalCode and #$Law.", guid = "bd58a160-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; GovernmentCOC rel isu MicrotheoryType, isu ExistingObjectType, iss FormalCOC; SharedNote isp GovernmentLeaderNote; GovernmentLeaderNote has label = "government leader note", comment = "The distinction between #$HeadOfGovernment and\n #$HeadOfState is a subtle one. #$HeadOfGovernment is the\n set of #$Leaders who actually run the government.\n #$HeadOfState is the set of #$Leaders who are mainly\n ceremonial figures, fulfilling diplomatic roles such as\n hosting foreign dignitaries. For a given #$Country, these\n two roles may be filled by the same person, such as\n #$BillClinton for the #$UnitedStatesOfAmerica in 1996, or by\n two separate individuals; for example, in 1996 the\n #$HeadOfState for #$GreatBritain-TheIsland would be\n #$QueenElizabethII, while the #$HeadOfGovernment would be\n John Major (#$PrimeMinister-HeadOfGovernment). Cyc constant\n names indicate which government role is associated with a\n particular title; e.g., #$Sultan-HeadOfGovernment vs. #$Sultan-HeadOfState.", guid = "bd59a14c-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Class isg GovernmentMilitaryOrganization; GovernmentMilitaryOrganization has label = "government military organizations", comment = "The collection of all #$MilitaryOrganizations\n which belong to, and are directed by, the governing body of\n a geographical region or international organization. The\n government organization may be a national government, state\n or provincial government, or an international governing body\n such as the #$UnitedNationsOrganization. The military\n forces may include armies, navies, air forces, military\n border patrols, coast guards, etc. This collection excludes\n private armies and mercenary forces.", guid = "bd5f3555-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; GovernmentMilitaryOrganization rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss MilitaryOrganization, iss LegalGovernmentOrganization; Class isg GovernmentOfCountry; GovernmentOfCountry has label = "national governments", comment = "A collection of regional government organizations.\n An element of #$GovernmentOfCountry is the government of\n some element of #$Country; e.g.,\n #$UnitedStatesFederalGovernment. See also the Cyc function\n #$GovernmentFn, which can be used to refer to the government\n of a political region. The governments of smaller regions\n within a country may or may not be #$subOrganizations of\n that country's government; in `federal' systems\n the smaller regions often have partly autonomous\n governments, as do the elements of #$State-UnitedStates.", guid = "c10aeef9-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; GovernmentOfCountry rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss RegionalGovernment; PhysicalStructuralAttribute isp Granular; Granular has label = "granular", comment = "A physical attribute. #$Granular is the\n #$PhysicalStructuralAttribute that describes a solid that\n consists of granules and has a grainy texture; e.g., sand,\n sugar, salt.", guid = "bd58f710-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Class isg GraspingImplement; GraspingImplement has label = "grasping implements", comment = "A collection of tools. An instance of\n #$GraspingImplement is a tool which is intended to be used\n to grasp (and often to subsequently immobilize or control\n the location/movement of) some other solid object. Examples\n include each #$Vise, each pair of #$Forceps, each\n #$MonkeyWrench, each pair of #$Tweezers, etc. But not a\n balloon, a syringe, a doorstop, a cage, etc. A marginal\n positive example would be a magnetic tool designed to pick\n up something without actually touching it.", guid = "bd58c762-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; GraspingImplement rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss HandTool; Class isg GraspingSomethingWithATool; GraspingSomethingWithATool has label = "grasping something with a tool", comment = "A collection of the events in which a tool is used\n to grasp some object.", guid = "bd58de3e-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; GraspingSomethingWithATool rel isu DefaultDisjointScriptType, isu TemporalStuffType; Class isg Gratitude; Gratitude has label = "thanksgivings", comment = "A feeling of appreciation towards another agent\n for a benefit or favor received from him/her. This is a\n #$Collection --- for an explanation of that, see #$Happiness.", guid = "bd588970-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Gratitude rel isu FeelingAttributeType, iss FeelingAttribute; Class isg GreetingSomeone; GreetingSomeone has label = "salutes", comment = "The collection of actions performed by one #$Agent\n to greet another. Includes verbal and physical greetings.", guid = "bd58cdbd-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; GreetingSomeone rel isu DefaultDisjointScriptType, isu TemporalObjectType, iss SociabilityBasedAction, iss CommunicationAct-Single; PreparationAttribute isp Grilled; Grilled has label = "grilled", comment = "The attribute #$Grilled is a specialized form of\n #$Cooked. Food that is #$Grilled has been prepared in an\n event of #$GrillingFood, using a #$BBQGrill or an #$ElectricGrill.", guid = "bd58f553-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Class isg GrillingFood; GrillingFood has label = "barbecues", comment = "Cooking food on a #$BBQGrill or an #$ElectricGrill.", guid = "bd58baa8-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; GrillingFood rel isu Class, iss CookingFood; Class isg GroundsOfOrganization; GroundsOfOrganization has label = "headquarters", comment = "A collection of smallish geographical regions.\n Each element of #$GroundsOfOrganization is an area which\n contains buildings inhabited by some organization.\n Examples: the campus of the #$UniversityOfTexasAtAustin or\n the grounds of #$SetonNorthwestHospital. Note that the\n `grounds' of an organization, especially an\n organization with urban locations, might not include a yard.", guid = "bd58f5c9-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; GroundsOfOrganization rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss Place, iss RealEstate, iss OutdoorLocation; Class isg Group; Group has label = "groups", comment = "A collection of objects. Each element of #$Group\n is a composite object, made up of individual members which\n may be either events or objects. A group is related to its\n members by the predicate #$groupMembers (q.v.). Note that\n elements of #$Group are NOT collections; consider: a group\n has temporal extent and may have spatial extent and\n location, while a collection is timeless and abstract.\n Nonetheless, it is possible to define a collection parallel\n to any group, so that the #$groupMembers of that group are\n also instances (#$isa's) of the correlated collection;\n e.g., each toe on my left foot is both an element of the\n collection of my left toes and a member of the group of toes\n on my left foot. But that group (of my left toes) is a\n spatiotemporal thing, while the correlated collection (of my\n left toes) is NOT. Another example: if I consider a certain\n flock of pigeons as having a location, a spatial extent, and\n a time of existence, then I am considering (the pigeon\n flock) a group and NOT a collection. As a default, a group\n whose #$groupMembers are elements of #$SomethingExisting is\n itself an element of #$SomethingExisting; and a group whose\n #$groupMembers are elements of #$Event is itself an element\n of #$Event. Finally, unlike a collection, a group cannot be\n empty; a group must have some #$groupMembers, or there is no\n group (at that point in time). Examples of #$Group:\n #$QueensGuard, #$ThreeWiseMen, #$SantasReindeer, #$InternationalCommunity.", guid = "bd58e6a0-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Group rel isu ObjectType, iss TemporalThing, iss Situation-Temporal; CoreConstant isp Guest; Guest has label = "Guest", comment = "This constant is for use by guests (users who may\n not have full rights of access) who want to interact with Cyc.", guid = "bd5ad700-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Class isg GuidingAMovingObject; GuidingAMovingObject has label = "guide", comment = "A collection of events; a subset of both\n #$ControllingSomething and #$Movement-TranslationEvent. An\n instance of #$GuidingAMovingObject is an event in which an\n agent guides or steers an object which is in motion. For\n example, someone steering a car or a motorcycle, controlling\n a surfboard, or flying a kite. If all you `guide' is a\n rotation, then that is not quite a #$GuidingAMovingObject\n event. Also, if no motion actually takes place, then it\n would be stretching things to call that a `guiding.'\n So a marginal example is #$Running (you are guiding\n yourself) and two marginal non-examples are: spinning in\n place, and running in place.", guid = "c100601b-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; GuidingAMovingObject rel isu TemporalStuffType, iss DirectedTranslation, iss ControllingSomething; Class isg Guilt; Guilt has label = "guilt", comment = "Negative, self-accusatory feeling of\n responsibility and blameworthiness for having caused harm by\n a past action, usually with conscious intent. Note that\n this is not `guilty vs. innocent', but rather the\n feeling of guiltiness. An unremorseful killer, though\n guilty (as opposed to innocent) of the murder, may not feel\n any #$Guilt (i.e., guiltiness) about it. This is a\n collection; for an explanation of a typical\n #$FeelingAttributeType, see #$Happiness.", guid = "bd58e14d-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Guilt rel isu FeelingAttributeType, iss Shame; Class isg Gulf; Gulf has label = "gulfs", comment = "A collection of topographical features. Each\n element of #$Gulf is a part of a sea extending into a land\n mass. Many gulfs are the outlet for a large river system.\n Examples of #$Gulf include the #$SaronicGulf,\n #$GulfOfMexico, #$GulfOfArkangelsk, #$GulfOfCalifornia, and #$PersianGulf.", guid = "bd590006-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Gulf rel isu ExistingObjectType; WeatherAttribute isp Gusty; Gusty has label = "gusty", comment = "A #$WeatherAttribute indicating that the wind at\n an #$OutdoorLocation is subject to sudden changes in\n direction and intensity.", guid = "bd58aa29-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Class isg HLAssertion; HLAssertion has label = "h l assertion", comment = "The collection of assertions in the HL language,\n used internally by Cyc's inference engine.", guid = "c066205f-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; HLAssertion rel isu CoreConstant, iss HLIndexedTerm, iss HLReifiedFormula, iss CycLSentence, iss CycLAssertion, xor ELSentence, xor ELAssertion; Class isg HLExpression; HLExpression has label = "h l expression", comment = "The collection of all syntactically well-formed\n expressions in the HL language. All of their\n subexpressions, if any, must also be in the HL language.", guid = "c1359f2c-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; HLExpression rel isu CoreConstant, iss CycLExpression; Class isg HLIndexedTerm; HLIndexedTerm has label = "h l indexed term", comment = "The collection of indexed terms in the HL\n language, used by the internals of Cyc. All these terms\n have special indexing support in Cyc's inference\n engine. Indexed terms are currently (September 2000)\n constants, NARTs, and assertions.", guid = "bfff7db5-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; HLIndexedTerm rel isu CoreConstant, iss CycLIndexedTerm, iss HLExpression; Class isg HLNonAtomicReifiedTerm; HLNonAtomicReifiedTerm has label = "NART", comment = "The collection of all non-atomic denotational\n terms in the HL language, used internally by the inference\n engine. These are HL formulas with an instance of\n #$ReifiableFunction as their functor and optionally other HL\n terms as their arguments. These HL NATs are often called\n NARTs , which stands for Non-Atomic Reified Term. The\n difference between HL NATs and reifiable EL NATs should be\n transparent to users of Cyc, because the #$CycCanonicalizer\n automatically transforms all reifiable EL NATs into HL NATs.", guid = "c0dbf70e-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; HLNonAtomicReifiedTerm rel isu CoreConstant, isu ObjectType, iss HLIndexedTerm, iss HLReifiedDenotationalTerm, iss CycLReifiableNonAtomicTerm, iss CycLNonAtomicTerm, iss CycLNonAtomicReifiedTerm, iss HLReifiedFormula, xor CycLConstant, xor ELNonAtomicTerm; Class isg HLReifiedDenotationalTerm; HLReifiedDenotationalTerm has label = "FORT", comment = "The collection of reified denotational terms in\n the HL language. These terms are used by the internals of\n Cyc, such as the inference engine. They are often called\n 'FORTs', which stands for 'first-order\n reified terms'.", guid = "c0a890e7-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; HLReifiedDenotationalTerm rel isu CoreConstant, isu ObjectType, iss CycLReifiableDenotationalTerm, iss CycLIndexedTerm, iss CycLReifiedDenotationalTerm, iss HLIndexedTerm, xor CycLAssertion; Class isg HLReifiedFormula; HLReifiedFormula has label = "h l reified formula", comment = "The collection of reified formulas in the HL\n language. This includes HL NARTs and HL assertions.", guid = "c0f093d9-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; HLReifiedFormula rel isu CoreConstant, iss HLExpression, iss HLIndexedTerm, iss CycLFormula, xor ELFormula; Class isg HLVariable; HLVariable has label = "h l variable", comment = "The collection of all variables in the HL\n language, used internally by the inference engine and not\n normally visible to users of Cyc.", guid = "bed98018-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; HLVariable rel isu CoreConstant, iss CycLVariable, iss HLExpression, xor ELVariable; Class isg HOCObject; HOCObject has label = "furnishings", comment = "A collection of artifacts. #$HOCObject is a very\n general collection for all artifacts that are found in\n places where humans live or work, i.e., in some element of\n #$HumanOccupationConstruct (= HOC). Since these objects are\n considered to be found indoors, they are all roughly\n `human-sized'. Elements include everything from\n furniture to tools, appliances to artwork, medical examining\n tables to church altars and pews.", guid = "bd590775-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; HOCObject rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss Artifact; Class isg HailProcess; HailProcess has label = "hail", comment = "The collection of instances of\n #$PrecipitationProcess in which solid particles or small\n chunks of water ice fall to the earth from clouds.", guid = "bd589b65-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; HailProcess rel isu TemporalStuffType, iss PrecipitationProcess; Class isg HailStone; HailStone has label = "hailstones", comment = "The collection of solid particles or small chunks\n of ice emitted from clouds in instances of #$HailProcess.", guid = "bd58f574-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; HailStone rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss PrecipitationParticle; Class isg Hand; Hand has label = "hands", comment = "The collection of all terminal parts of a\n #$Vertebrate forelimb which are structurally suited to\n function as a grasping organ (as in people, newts, etc.).\n E.g., FerdinandTheBull has his forelimbs end in hooves,\n which are not capable of grasping things, so those are NOT\n considered #$Hands.", guid = "bd588655-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Hand rel isu AnimalBodyPartType, isu SymmetricAnatomicalPartType, iss BiologicalLivingObject, iss Appendage-AnimalBodyPart; Class isg HandTool; HandTool has label = "manual tools", comment = "The collection #$HandTool is a subset of #$Tool.\n Each element of #$HandTool fills all the requirements for a\n generic tool, plus the requirement that a hand tool is a\n portable object which is hand-guided throughout its\n operation. Examples include the elements of #$Screwdriver,\n #$ManualDrill, and #$BlowDryer. See also #$Tool, #$PortableObject.", guid = "bd58a0fa-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; HandTool rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss Tool, iss Device-SingleUser, iss PortableObject; Class isg HandlingADevice; HandlingADevice has label = "use of a device", comment = "A collection of #$Events; a subset of\n #$HandlingAnObject. An instance of #$HandlingADevice is an\n event in which a device is manipulated (with the operator\n holding and touching the device) in order to use it for its\n #$primaryFunction. Instances include elements of the\n subsets #$Pruning, #$PlayingAMusicalInstrument,\n #$OperatingAHouseholdAppliance, #$PumpingGasEvent,\n #$WritingByHand, and many more. Just carrying pruning\n shears around is not a #$HandlingADevice event.", guid = "bd588c5e-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; HandlingADevice rel isu DefaultDisjointScriptType, isu TemporalStuffType, iss HandlingAnObject, iss HumanActivity; Class isg HandlingAnObject; HandlingAnObject has label = "handle", comment = "A collection of events; a subset of both\n #$ControllingSomething and #$PhysicalContactEvent. An\n instance of #$HandlingAnObject is an event in which an\n object is touched and manipulated by some #$Agent. Examples\n of #$HandlingAnObject include instances of\n #$HoldingAnObject and of\n #$CausingAnotherObjectsTranslationalMotion. So just holding\n a rock in your hand is a #$HandlingAnObject; so is washing\n your cereal bowl (an instance of #$WashingDishes), cutting a\n loose thread on your shirt (an instance of\n #$CuttingAThread), and carrying the rock from one place to\n another (an instance of #$CarryingWhileLocomoting.) One\n very important class of #$HandlingAnObject instances involve\n operating some hand-held device --- i.e., events which are\n instances of the collection #$HandlingADevice. I.e., the\n performer handles an object which happens to be a device,\n but not just lugging it around but actually employing it for\n its intended #$primaryFunction --- not merely to look at it\n or rearrange or relocate it. For example, if you move a\n fork from the dishwasher to the silverware drawer,\n that's just #$HandlingAnObject; if you use that fork to\n eat some food, though, that is an instance of #$HandlingADevice.", guid = "bd588ca1-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; HandlingAnObject rel isu DefaultDisjointScriptType, isu TemporalStuffType, iss ControllingSomething, iss ActionOnObject; Class isg Happiness; Happiness has label = "happily", comment = "The enjoyment of pleasurable satisfaction that\n goes with well-being, security, effective accomplishments,\n or satisfied wishes. As with all #$FeelingAttributeTypes,\n this is a #$Collection -- the set of all possible amounts of\n happiness one can feel. One instance of #$Happiness is\n `extremely happy'; another is `just a little bit\n happy'. Note: Obviously there are no real units of\n measure for this quantity, ways of objectively measuring the\n amount of happiness possessed or gained or lost, etc., but\n still this has proven to be a useful way for Cyc to\n represent and reason with emotions. E.g., one can have a\n rule that says that most people have a greater `amount'\n of happiness at their wedding than at their high school\n graduation, etc. There are functions, such as\n #$LowAmountFn, which take a #$PrimitiveAttributeType (such\n as the instances of #$FeelingAttributeType) such as\n #$Happiness and return as their value a certain-sized amount\n of that feeling; e.g., (#$LowAmountFn #$Happiness) is an\n expression whose value is a positive but small amount of\n happiness, and that in turn will be an element of\n #$Happiness (and also will be an element of\n #$FeelingAttribute and an element of #$AttributeValue, etc.)\n #$FeelingAttributeTypes organize into a lattice; e.g., there\n are several more specialized forms of #$Happiness that are\n present in Cyc's ontology, such as #$Elation,\n #$Delight, #$Triumph-TheFeeling, etc.", guid = "bd58b500-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Happiness rel isu FeelingAttributeType, iss FeelingAttribute; Class isg Harbor; Harbor has label = "harbours", comment = "The collection of those parts of a #$BodyOfWater,\n each of which is protected from the open sea and deep enough\n to furnish fairly safe anchorage.", guid = "bd58cdcf-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Harbor rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss BodyOfWater; Class isg HardcopyInformationBearingObject; HardcopyInformationBearingObject has label = "hard copies", comment = "A collection of information bearing objects\n (IBOs). Each element of #$HardcopyInformationBearingObject\n is an IBO in a `hard' format, e.g., written on paper,\n on wood, on palm leaves, engraved in metal, carved on\n stone. Humans can read hardcopy IBOs without using a\n computer or electronic device to access them. Thus,\n #$HardcopyInformationBearingObject does NOT include the\n tangible IBOs which are embodied in magnetic media (e.g.,\n data or music on tapes or disks). Examples of\n #$HardcopyInformationBearingObject: a billboard, a greeting\n card, a restaurant check, a magazine, an engraving by\n Rembrandt, a ten dollar bill, a price tag, or a hardcopy of\n a #$Map with no text on it.", guid = "bd58e00e-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; HardcopyInformationBearingObject rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss Artifact; Class isg Hardness; Hardness has label = "hardnesses", comment = "A collection of attributes; a subset of\n #$PhysicalAttribute. Each element of #$Hardness is an\n attribute describing how much pressure a tangible material\n can withstand before deforming or fragmenting. Hardnesses\n may be characterized using a #$GenericValueFunction (q.v.),\n or relative to certain substances, e.g., #$HardAsARock.\n Hardnesses of objects are reported using the predicate #$hardnessOfObject.", guid = "bd58b1c2-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Hardness rel isu MaterialStrengthType, isu MeasurableAttributeType, iss ScalarInterval; Class isg HardwareTool; HardwareTool has label = "tools", comment = "A collection of tools. An instance of\n #$HardwareTool is an object used to perform a task, usually\n by applying a particular kind of force on another object.\n The tool is used to produce a physical effect in the\n position, structure, or arrangement of the other object.\n Subsets of #$HardwareTool include #$Hammer, #$Screwdriver,\n #$HandSaw. An electric drill is also a #$HardwareTool.\n Borderline nonexamples include eating utensils, robot\n servants, screws, nails, and levers.", guid = "bd58c122-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; HardwareTool rel isu ExistingObjectType, isu ProductType, iss Tool, iss SolidTangibleProduct, iss PhysicalDevice; Class isg HarvestingAPlant; HarvestingAPlant has label = "pick", comment = "A collection of events. Each instance of\n #$HarvestingAPlant is an event in which a plant is\n harvested. Harvesting may involve separating some part of\n the plant and leaving the rest in place (e.g., fruit trees),\n or it may involve removing the entire plant from its growing\n location (e.g., carrots).", guid = "bd58c0aa-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; HarvestingAPlant rel isu TemporalObjectType, isu Class, iss TransportationEvent, iss DirectedTranslation, iss HumanActivity, iss RemovingSomethingByMovingIt; Class isg Hat; Hat has label = "hats", comment = "A collection of objects. Each element of #$Hat is\n either a hat or other headgear or hatlike object. Subsets\n include #$Helmet, #$SwimmingCap, and #$Sombrero.", guid = "bd58a525-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Hat rel isu ExistingObjectType, isu ProductType, iss ClothingAccessory; Class isg Hate; Hate has label = "hatred", comment = "An intense feeling of hostility and aversion,\n usually deriving from fear, anger, or a sense of injury, and\n usually coupled with enmity and malice. This is a\n #$Collection --- for an explanation of that, see #$Happiness.", guid = "bd58d9e0-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Hate rel isu FeelingAttributeType, iss Hostility, iss Contempt; Class isg HavingAMeal; HavingAMeal has label = "mealtimes", comment = "A collection of events. Each element of\n #$HavingAMeal is an event in which one or more diners\n consume a meal. In addition to #$HavingBreakfast,\n #$HavingLunch, and #$HavingDinner, this includes\n #$HavingASnack (among other subsets). Typically, instances\n of #$HavingAMeal include people eating some food and\n drinking one or more beverages.", guid = "bd58cc30-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; HavingAMeal rel isu DefaultDisjointScriptType, isu TemporalObjectType, iss EatingEvent, iss HumanActivity, iss PurposefulAction; Class isg Head-AnimalBodyPart; Head-AnimalBodyPart has label = "heads", comment = "The collection of all heads of #$Animals. [Note:\n the hyphenated name reflects the need to have other terms in\n the knowledge base like #$Head-Vertebrate, representing a\n subset of this set, about which some useful specialized\n information is stated.]", guid = "bd58ba60-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Head-AnimalBodyPart rel isu UniqueAnatomicalPartType, isu AnimalBodyPartType, iss AnimalBodyPart, iss BiologicalLivingObject; Class isg Head-Vertebrate; Head-Vertebrate has label = "vertebrate heads", comment = "The collection of all heads of #$Vertebrates\n (animals with backbones). Vertebrate heads all have faces\n (see #$FaceOfAnimal) and connect to the animal's torso\n via a neck; these things are not generally true for most non-vertebrates.", guid = "bd5883bf-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Head-Vertebrate rel isu UniqueAnatomicalPartType, isu AnimalBodyPartType, isu ExistingObjectType, iss BiologicalLivingObject, iss Head-AnimalBodyPart; Class isg HeadOfGovernment; HeadOfGovernment has label = "heads of government", comment = "A collection of persons. Each element of\n #$HeadOfGovernment is a person who holds a political\n position as the titular head of the government in some\n element of #$Country. Titles that such a person might hold\n include Prime Minister, President, Premier, King or Queen,\n Minister of State, Sultan, Chacellor, Chairman. Examples:\n John Major, Benjamin Netanyahu, Bill Clinton. See also\n #$titleOfPosition. Cf. #$HeadOfState.", guid = "bd590143-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; HeadOfGovernment rel isu ExistingObjectType, isu OccupationType, iss Leader, iss Politician; Class isg HeadOfState; HeadOfState has label = "heads of state", comment = "A collection of persons. Each element of\n #$HeadOfState is a person who holds a political position as\n the titular leader of some element of #$Country. Titles\n that such a person might hold include President, Premier,\n Chairman, Sultan, King or Queen, Regent. Examples of\n #$HeadOfState: #$BillClinton, #$QueenElizabethII, Yasser\n Arafat, Hirohito, Jiang Zemin. See also #$titleOfPosition.\n Cf. #$HeadOfGovernment.", guid = "bd58e773-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; HeadOfState rel isu OccupationType, isu ExistingObjectType, iss Leader, iss Politician; Class isg HealthProfessional; HealthProfessional has label = "health professionals", comment = "The collection of all health-related professionals\n - including medical professionals as well as professionals\n not in the medical field. For example, health inspectors.", guid = "bd58a4d2-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; HealthProfessional rel isu OccupationType, iss Professional, iss HumanAdult; Class isg Hearing; Hearing has label = "hearing", comment = "The collection of sensory #$Perceivings in which,\n by means of vibratory sensors, a #$PerceptualAgent #$hears\n something that is causing (or consisting of) sound waves,\n and thereby acquires information about it. See also:\n #$ListeningDeliberately, the subset of #$Hearing events in\n which the aural stimulus is intentionally attended to.", guid = "bd58dc32-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Hearing rel isu TemporalStuffType, isu DefaultDisjointScriptType, iss Perceiving, xor Reading; Class isg Heart; Heart has label = "hearts", comment = "The collection of all hearts. A #$Heart is an\n #$Organ that pumps blood throughout the body of an #$Animal.", guid = "bd58ef0e-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Heart rel isu UniqueAnatomicalPartType, isu AnimalBodyPartType, iss BiologicalLivingObject; Class isg HeatingDevice; HeatingDevice has label = "heating device", comment = "A collection of physical devices. The set of\n #$PhysicalDevices whose #$primaryFunction is to generate\n heat to raise the temperature of something else. The stuff\n being heated might be gaseous (air in a room or a hair\n dryer), liquid (water in a pool or hot water tank), or solid\n (food in an oven, hair with a curling iron, plastic during\n its shaping, etc.) An instance of #$HeatingDevice typically\n has some energy input, some way of converting that energy to\n heat, and some way of delivering the heat to the object(s)\n to be heated. A borderline positive example of this is a\n device which absorbs heat during warm periods such as\n daytimes, and radiates it back out again during cool periods\n such as nighttimes. Note that heating must be a primary\n function of the device; no matter how little you think of\n your personal computer, it is not a #$HeatingDevice.", guid = "bd58befe-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; HeatingDevice rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss PhysicalDevice; Class isg HeatingProcess; HeatingProcess has label = "heating processes", comment = "#$HeatingProcess is a specialization of\n #$TemperatureChangingProcess -- that is, (#$genls\n #$HeatingProcess #$TemperatureChangingProcess). During each\n #$HeatingProcess event, the temperature of the\n #$objectOfStateChange is increased by applying heat to the object.", guid = "bd58d2c2-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; HeatingProcess rel isu TemporalStuffType, isu DefaultDisjointScriptType, iss TemperatureChangingProcess; Class isg HeavenlyBody; HeavenlyBody has label = "heavenly bodies", comment = "A collection of tangible objects. Each element of\n #$HeavenlyBody is an astronomical object located in outer\n space (including the Earth). Elements of #$HeavenlyBody are\n natural bodies, NOT artificially made objects such as\n spaceships or communications satellites. Examples: the\n #$Sun, #$Polaris-TheStar, #$PlanetPluto, #$MoonOfEarth. See\n also: #$AstronomicalObject.", guid = "bd58a4b7-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; HeavenlyBody rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss AstronomicalObject, iss PartiallyTangible; Class isg Helicopter; Helicopter has label = "helicopters", comment = "The collection of rotary wing, self-powered\n mechanical devices that fly.", guid = "bd58ae10-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Helicopter rel isu ExistingObjectType, isu ProductType, iss TransportationDevice-Vehicle; ThreeDimensionalShapeAttribute isp HelixShaped; HelixShaped has label = "helix shaped", comment = "#$HelixShaped is the instance of #$ShapeAttribute\n shared by all typically shaped helixes (or helix-shaped objects).", guid = "c03f4a4d-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; ThreeDimensionalShapeAttribute isp HemisphereShaped; HemisphereShaped has label = "hemisphere shaped", comment = "#$HemisphereShaped is the instance of\n #$ShapeAttribute of three dimensional objects that can be\n described as half-spheres.", guid = "bfd40ec2-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; SharedNote isp HemispheresAndCalendars; HemispheresAndCalendars has label = "hemispheres and calendars", comment = "#$CalendarSeasons are defined by the Gregorian\n calendar and are synchronized with the equinoxes and\n solstices. #$SeasonOfYear instances are climatic seasons,\n events characterized by the weather in a given region. The\n relationship between #$SeasonOfYear instances and\n #$CalendarSeasons depends upon the hemisphere (or, more\n precisely, upon the lattitude.) In the northern hemisphere,\n north of the tropics, a #$CalendarSummer will significantly\n intersect with the a #$SummerSeason each year. But in the\n southern hemisphere, that same #$CalendarSummer (which is\n the same in both hemispheres) will intersect with what is\n locally, weatherwise, a #$WinterSeason.", guid = "bd62ee33-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Class isg Herbivore; Herbivore has label = "herbivores", comment = "The collection of animals that do not eat other\n animals, or parts of animals, but instead eat plants or\n plant parts. #$Ruminant and its subsets #$Deer and #$Sheep\n are subsets of #$Herbivore.", guid = "bd5902f1-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Herbivore rel isu OrganismClassificationType, isu ExistingObjectType, iss Animal; Class isg HerdAnimal; HerdAnimal has label = "herd animals", comment = "A subset of #$Animal; the collection of all large\n plant-eating animals that travel and graze in social\n groups. Elements of #$HerdAnimal also belong to\n #$Herbivore; they include most instances of #$Ruminant and\n may also include Triceretops.", guid = "bd5f5651-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; HerdAnimal rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss NonPersonAnimal; TwoDimensionalShapeAttribute isp HexagonShaped; HexagonShaped has label = "hexagon shaped", comment = "This is the shape attribute shared by all six\n sided two dimensional figures.", guid = "bf07555a-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Class isg Highway; Highway has label = "highways", comment = "The subcollection of #$Roadway that contains all\n highways, inside or outside cities.", guid = "bd58d561-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Highway rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss Path-Simple; NaturalLanguage isp HindiLanguage; HindiLanguage has label = "Hindi", comment = "Language spoken in the Indic area.", guid = "bd58cbdb-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Class isg Holdings; Holdings has label = "collections", comment = "A collection of sets of objects, tangible or\n intangible, which have some special financial, scientific,\n cultural, or educational value. An instance of #$Holdings\n is a set of objects kept and usually maintained by some\n agent for their value, or to preserve the objects, or to\n make them available for public display or use (as in a\n museum's `holdings' or a library's\n `holdings'). The elements in a group of holdings may\n or may not be all of a similar type (e.g., books,\n paintings). An agent's holdings may or may not all be\n kept in the same location.", guid = "bd58dc8f-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Holdings rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss Group; Class isg Holiday; Holiday has label = "holidays", comment = "Each #$Holiday is an #$Event wherein social\n celebrations and/or rituals are performed, typically lasting\n for one #$DaysDuration and typically coinciding with a\n #$CalendarDay. While #$Holidays are often #$AnnualEvents,\n they may also be one-time events or scheduled in some other\n manner. They are also contextual, as different\n nationalities, eras, etc. celebrate different ones.", guid = "bd58a9b5-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Holiday rel isu TemporalObjectType, iss HumanActivity; Class isg HolidaySeason; HolidaySeason has label = "holiday seasons", comment = "Instances of #$HolidaySeason are events which\n encompass the activities around a #$Holiday (or group of\n #$Holidays). The clearest example is #$ChristmasSeason.\n While the exact boundaries of a #$HolidaySeason may be\n vague, it is nonethless a useful concept; in fact, much of\n the usefulness comes from that very fuzziness: it is hard to\n define exactly, but there are many things worth saying about it.", guid = "c1006f0c-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; HolidaySeason rel isu TemporalObjectType, iss Event; Class isg Hope; Hope has label = "hopeful", comment = "Expectation of fulfillment or success. This is a\n collection; for an explanation of a typical\n #$FeelingAttributeType, see #$Happiness.", guid = "bd5889b2-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Hope rel isu FeelingAttributeType, iss FeelingAttribute; Class isg Horizon; Horizon has label = "horizons", comment = "The collection of all horizons, each being the\n far-off region within a few degrees of the horizontal plane,\n where the sky appears to join the distant landscape. The\n horizon is always relative to a particular point of observation.", guid = "be00ef13-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Horizon rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss Place; VectorInterval isp HorizontalDirection; HorizontalDirection has label = "horizontal direction", comment = "The element of #$VectorInterval that comprises all\n the vectors which are perpendicular to #$Up-Directly and #$Down-Directly.", guid = "bd58ba3a-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; OrientationAttribute isp HorizontalOrientation; HorizontalOrientation has label = "horizontal", comment = "(#$orientation OBJECT #$HorizontalOrientation)\n means that OBJECT is horizontal with respect to the current\n instance of #$FrameOfReference. A linear (#$LongAndThin)\n object is horizontal if and only if its longest axis lies in\n the horizontal plane. A planar (#$SheetShaped) object is\n horizontal if and only if its two longest axes lie in the\n horizontal plane. Typically, horizontal objects include\n dinner plates, mousepads, ice skating rinks, parking lots,\n and stratus clouds.", guid = "c0fbacf8-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Class isg Hospital; Hospital has label = "hospitals", comment = "Local (at one site) organizations composed of\n physicians, support personnel, and usually also\n administrators. The main function of the organization is to\n provide medical care (short or long term) to a number of\n patients/clients, for a fee if the patient/client is able to\n pay. A clinic services out-patients, while a hospital has\n in-patients. A hospital may have a clinic as a\n sub-organization, though.", guid = "bd5891c1-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Hospital rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss MedicalCareInstitution, iss SingleSiteLocalOrganizationWithClients; Class isg HospitalCareEvent; HospitalCareEvent has label = "hospital stays", comment = "What happens when you are in the hospital being\n treated for a disease like Cancer or Hepatitis or AIDS, or\n recovering from Surgery. This is not just a\n #$MedicalCareEvent which happens in a hospital; it's\n the whole event meant by a hospital stay. Also see\n #$HospitalRoomStay which only represents the stay in the room.", guid = "bd58d724-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; HospitalCareEvent rel isu DefaultDisjointScriptType, isu TemporalObjectType, iss MedicalCareEvent; Class isg HostileSocialAction; HostileSocialAction has label = "hostile actions", comment = "The collection of all hostile or pugnacious\n events, adverse to someone, in which multiple agents take\n part, at least one of whom is acting deliberately. See also\n #$PurposefulAction. An element of this collection is #$AssassinationOfPresidentLincoln.", guid = "bd5883e1-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; HostileSocialAction rel isu TemporalStuffType, iss Action, iss SocialOccurrence, iss PurposefulAction; Class isg Hostility; Hostility has label = "hostile", comment = "A feeling of strong antagonism towards another\n agent, organization, or group, sufficient to motivate\n harmful speech or actions against them. This is a\n #$Collection --- for an explanation of that, see\n #$Happiness. Some more specialized #$FeelingAttributeTypes\n than #$Hostility include feelings of #$Hate.", guid = "c0f484eb-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Hostility rel isu FeelingAttributeType, iss FeelingAttribute; Class isg HotAirBalloon; HotAirBalloon has label = "hot-air balloons", comment = "The collection of all hot-air buoyant balloons,\n #$AirTransportationDevices that usually lack a motor or a\n means of steering. Each consistes of a gas-bag into which\n hot air is introduced, and from which a basket or passenger\n compartment hangs.", guid = "bd58b336-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; HotAirBalloon rel isu ProductType, isu ExistingObjectType; Class isg HourOfDayType; HourOfDayType has label = "hour of day type", comment = "A collection of collections. Instances of\n #$HourOfDayType are 24 canonical subsets of\n #$CalendarHour, such as #$TimeOfDay-8AM. This is a proper\n subset of #$TimeOfDayType, which could include larger or\n smaller times of the day, such as `before noon'\n (which in Cyc is named #$TimeOfDay-AM).", guid = "be011b66-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; HourOfDayType rel isu CollectionType, isu CyclicalIntervalGroupType, iss TimeOfDayType, iss TemporallyDisjointIntervalType; WorkStatus isp HourlyWork; HourlyWork has label = "hourly work", comment = "An attribute; an element of #$WorkStatus. The\n attribute of being paid an hourly rate for work done.", guid = "bd58b91a-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Class isg HouseholdAppliance; HouseholdAppliance has label = "appliances", comment = "A collection of devices, a subset of\n #$MechanicalDevice. It includes those mechanical devices\n typically found inside a #$HumanResidence. An instance of\n #$HouseholdAppliance is a device used in one of the tasks\n typically carried on in a home, such as food preparation,\n food storage, laundry, household cleaning, personal\n cleaning, cooling or heating the house for comfort, etc.\n Examples include elements of the collections #$Oven,\n #$Refrigerator, #$ClothesDryer, #$VacuumCleaner,\n #$HotWaterHeater, #$Furnace. Note that a bed, which naively\n is thought of as having no moving parts, is not a mechanical\n device, and hence not a #$HouseholdAppliance --- the same is\n true for most chairs, tables, sofas, and other articles of furniture.", guid = "bd588993-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; HouseholdAppliance rel isu ExistingObjectType, isu ProductType, iss PoweredDevice, iss HOCObject, iss MechanicalDevice; Class isg HumanActivity; HumanActivity has label = "human activities", comment = "A collection of events. Each element of\n #$HumanActivity is an activity that is performed by some\n instance(s) of #$Person.", guid = "bd588deb-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; HumanActivity rel isu TemporalStuffType, iss AnimalActivity; Class isg HumanAdult; HumanAdult has label = "human adults", comment = "The collection of human beings old enough to\n participate as independent, mature members of society.\n Since different societies have different age or maturity\n requirements for people to be considered adults, different\n axioms in various society-specific microtheories express\n these requirements. For most modern, Western,\n middle-class,... purposes, e.g., the current view is that\n anyone over 18 is an adult. In many cultures, adulthood\n occurs when one reaches puberty. Adulthood is\n #$contiguousAfter childhood; that is, a #$Person is a\n #$HumanChild for a while, and then is a #$HumanAdult.", guid = "bd58b2f9-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; HumanAdult rel isu ExistingObjectType, isu LifeStageType, iss Person, iss AdultAnimal; Class isg HumanChild; HumanChild has label = "children", comment = "The collection of all #$Persons in the childhood\n stage of life. Functionally, this ends when the child\n begins to take responsibility for themselves, work, have\n children of their own,... or, at latest, when the\n person's age greatly exceeds that at which most people\n reach those milestones. Generally, this means that it spans\n the period from birth to teenage years. This is highly\n dependent on context, of course; childhood in\n Shakespeare's culture ended around age 12.", guid = "bd58cf30-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; HumanChild rel isu ExistingObjectType, isu LifeStageType; Class isg HumanCyclist; HumanCyclist has label = "human cyclists", comment = "Cyclists who are also human (not androids)", guid = "bd5897dd-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; HumanCyclist rel isu CoreConstant, isu PersonByActivityType, iss Cyclist; Class isg HumanFamilyNameString; HumanFamilyNameString has label = "human family name string", comment = "The collection of family name strings such as\n ``Lenat'', ``Jones'', etc., which are\n given as last names (in most Western countries), usually at\n birth. Note: elements of this collection are really just\n character strings, not concepts like TheNameSmith that\n represent character strings.", guid = "bd58ead2-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; HumanFamilyNameString rel isu IDStringType, iss HumanNameString; Class isg HumanGivenNameString; HumanGivenNameString has label = "baby names", comment = "The collection of non-family name strings such\n ``Betty'' and ``Phillip'' which are\n given as first or middle names (in most Western countries),\n usually shortly after birth. This also includes nicknames\n like ``Red'' or ``The Refrigerator''.\n Note: elements of this collection are really just character\n strings, not reified concepts like\n ''TheNameBetty'' that might be used to\n represent character strings.", guid = "bd58e810-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; HumanGivenNameString rel isu IDStringType, iss HumanNameString; Class isg HumanInfant; HumanInfant has label = "infants", comment = "The collection of #$Persons in the infant stage of\n life. Functionally, this ends when the infant learns to\n walk (even just toddle) and/or talk (even a few words)...\n or, at latest, when the person's age greatly exceeds\n that at which most people develop those skills. Generally,\n this means that it spans the period from birth to about 12 -\n 18 months old. One of the subsets of this collection is #$NewbornBaby.", guid = "bd58cba5-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; HumanInfant rel isu ExistingObjectType, isu LifeStageType; Class isg HumanNameString; HumanNameString has label = "human name string", comment = "This is the class of names which human beings give\n themselves. See two of its important subsets,\n #$HumanGivenNameString and #$HumanFamilyNameString, for examples.", guid = "bd58e854-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; HumanNameString rel isu IDStringType, iss ProperNameString; Class isg HumanOccupationConstruct; HumanOccupationConstruct has label = "human occupation construct", comment = "A collection of places. Each\n #$HumanOccupationConstruct is a place where people do\n things, such as: the Empire State Building, an individual\n office in that building, the White House, the Lincoln\n Bedroom in the White House, an elevator, a tent, etc. An\n instance of #$HumanOccupationConstruct is an artificial\n construction belonging to the collection #$ContainerProduct,\n and its #$primaryFunction is as a place in which humans\n perform activities. Some large subsets include (a)\n instances of #$HumanShelterConstruction (e.g., houses);\n (b) sub-regions within a #$HumanShelterConstruction or\n within any building which are intended for human use (e.g.,\n rooms, shower stalls), and (c) regions in any\n transportation vehicle which are designed for human\n occupancy (e.g., the cockpit, passenger compartment).\n Note: Some buildings which are not themselves instances of\n #$HumanOccupationConstruct, such as #$HooverDam, may have a\n sub-region which is a #$HumanOccupationConstruct (e.g., the\n control room at the top of the dam). Note: The\n collection #$HumanOccupationConstruct is broad enough to\n include tents, boiler rooms, elevator shafts, steam tunnels,\n and the space inside the #$LincolnMemorialInWashingtonDC.\n Thus, an instance of #$HumanOccupationConstruct need not be\n strictly #$Indoors-IsolatedFromOutside (q.v.), since\n #$Indoors-IsolatedFromOutside is meant to include many\n characteristics that those places do not necessarily share\n (such as humanly comfortable temperature, lighting at night,\n not terribly noisy or windy, clean). We therefore do not\n make the default assertion that a #$HumanOccupationConstruct\n is #$Indoors-IsolatedFromOutside; however, an instance of\n #$HumanOccupationConstruct is certainly not a purely\n #$OutdoorLocation (q.v.), so we DO assert that those two\n collections are disjoint. Certain subsets of\n #$HumanOccupationConstruct, however, do have `indoor'\n characteristics, and so we assert (for example) that\n anything found inside instances of #$RoomInAConstruction or\n #$ModernShelterConstruction is found\n #$Indoors-IsolatedFromOutside. Note: For places designed\n to be occupied by humans but which are purely outdoor\n locations (such as elements of #$Lawn, #$ParkingLot, and\n #$Playground), see #$HumanlyOccupiedSpatialObject.", guid = "bd58a036-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; HumanOccupationConstruct rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss ContainerProduct, iss HumanlyOccupiedSpatialObject, iss ConstructionArtifact, xor OutdoorLocation; Class isg HumanOccupationConstructResident; HumanOccupationConstructResident has label = "human occupation construct resident", comment = "The collection of those #$Animals that (commonly)\n reside in #$HumanOccupationConstructs -- i.e., in structures\n that also house people. This mostly just includes domestic\n pets and people.", guid = "bd58a4df-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; HumanOccupationConstructResident rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss Animal; Class isg HumanResidence; HumanResidence has label = "homes", comment = "A collection of construction artifacts. Each\n element of #$HumanResidence is a humanly constructed shelter\n (or a part of one) in which humans reside--as opposed to,\n say, their places of employment (though the two might be the\n same). #$HumanResidence includes residential huts, igloos,\n longhouses, hotels, barracks, palaces, houseboats, mobile\n homes, as well as apartments, duplexes, and detached houses.\n A person's residence is typically the place where\n she/he usually sleeps and keeps most personal effects.", guid = "bd58e689-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; HumanResidence rel isu ContactLocationType, isu ProductType, isu ExistingObjectType, iss HumanShelterConstruction, iss PhysicalContactLocation; Class isg HumanResidenceArea; HumanResidenceArea has label = "residences", comment = "A collection of geographical regions. Each\n element of #$HumanResidenceArea is a region in which a\n number of people live, at least semi-permanently (i.e., for\n a year or more). Examples: #$SanFranciscoBayArea,\n #$ResearchTrianglePark, research stations at the\n #$SouthPole, radar posts in the Aleutians.", guid = "bd58caab-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; HumanResidenceArea rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss OutdoorLocation, iss HumanlyOccupiedSpatialObject; Class isg HumanShelterConstruction; HumanShelterConstruction has label = "human shelter constructions", comment = "A collection of artifacts; a subset of\n #$HumanOccupationConstruct. An instance of\n #$HumanShelterConstruction is a place made to shelter people\n from the elements by allowing them to get indoors. Subsets\n include #$ModernHumanResidence, #$SchoolBuilding,\n #$ShoppingMallBuilding, many others. An instance of\n #$HumanShelterConstruction must have a roof and typically\n has sides, though the latter may be flimsy (as in elements\n of #$TentTheShelter) or even absent (as in some elements of #$ParkingGarage).", guid = "bd58cd3f-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; HumanShelterConstruction rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss HumanOccupationConstruct, iss ShelterConstruction; Class isg HumanlyOccupiedSpatialObject; HumanlyOccupiedSpatialObject has label = "objects or locations inhabited by humans", comment = "A collection of places. Each element of\n #$HumanlyOccupiedSpatialObject is a place that humans\n occupy, not restricted to (though including) the interiors\n of things built by humans, such as houses, office buildings,\n and ships. #$HumanlyOccupiedSpatialObject also extends to\n campsites, caves, villages, and towns. Examples: Doug\n Lenat's house, North Austin, the Five Boroughs of New\n York, Minnesota, the Vatican, an Antarctic research station,\n and (briefly) the Moon.", guid = "bd58d372-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; HumanlyOccupiedSpatialObject rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss PartiallyTangible; Class isg HumidClimateCycle; HumidClimateCycle has label = "humid climates", comment = "A collection of annual climate cycles. Each\n element of #$HumidClimateCycle is a year-long event\n consisting of weather occurring (typically) in various\n continental and subtropical regions. Characteristics of a\n humid climate include copious precipitation and high humidity.", guid = "be00c6f9-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; HumidClimateCycle rel isu ClimateCycleType, iss AnnualClimateCycle; Class isg HumidContinentalClimateCycle; HumidContinentalClimateCycle has label = "humid continental climates", comment = "A collection of annual climate cycles. Each\n element of #$HumidContinentalClimateCycle is a year-long\n event consisting of weather occurring (typically) in\n continental interiors within a temperate climate zone.\n Characteristics of a humid continental climate cycle include\n a warm summer and cold winter, with precipitation\n throughout. A good example of a region whose annual climate\n cycles are instances of #$HumidContinentalClimateCycle is\n the American Midwest. Cf. #$HumidSubtropicalClimateCycle.", guid = "bd58b882-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; HumidContinentalClimateCycle rel isu ClimateCycleType, iss HumidClimateCycle, iss TemperateClimateCycle; Class isg HumidSubtropicalClimateCycle; HumidSubtropicalClimateCycle has label = "humid subtropical climates", comment = "A collection of annual climate cycles. Each\n element of #$HumidSubtropicalClimateCycle is a year-long\n event consisting of weather occurring (typically) within a\n temperate climate zone. Characteristics of a humid\n subtropical climate cycle include a hot summer and a cool\n winter, with precipitation and moist air throughout. Cycles\n of this kind occur closer to the equator than do instances\n of #$HumidContinentalClimateCycle. For instance, the\n Southeastern United States is a good example of a region\n whose annual climate cycles are instances of #$HumidSubtropicalClimateCycle.", guid = "bd58c416-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; HumidSubtropicalClimateCycle rel isu ClimateCycleType, iss HumidClimateCycle, iss TemperateClimateCycle; OrderOfMagnitudeInterval isp Hungry; Hungry has label = "hungry", comment = "Hungry", guid = "bd58b1b3-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Class isg HypotheticalContext; HypotheticalContext has label = "hypothetical context", comment = "The collection of microtheories that consist of\n assertions which are posited for the purpose of exploring\n their consequences, without alleging the actual truth of the\n assertions. A #$HypotheticalContext may be used to analyze\n hypothetical outcomes of actions, or to examine the\n hypothetical consequences of assuming some theory to be\n true. Sometimes the various alternatives in a decision may\n be asserted, each in their own #$HypotheticalContext, so\n their ramifications may be generated and evaluated.", guid = "bd58a4f1-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; HypotheticalContext rel isu MicrotheoryType, isu CoreConstant, isu ObjectType, iss Microtheory, xor SomethingExisting; Class isg IBOCreation; IBOCreation has label = "creations of an information-bearing object", comment = "A collection of events; a subset of\n #$IBTGeneration. Each element of #$IBOCreation is an event\n which creates a new IBO (i.e., an element of\n #$InformationBearingObject). An IBO is a relatively\n long-lasting instance of #$InformationBearingThing.\n Examples of #$IBOCreation include publishing a book, making\n a film, printing a photograph, molding a plastic credit\n card, painting a billboard, minting a coin. When an IBO is\n created, its content may be either original or be copied\n from a prior IBO. For creation of IBOs with new content,\n e.g., a personal letter, see the subset\n #$IBTGeneration-Original; for creation of IBOs with\n pre-existing content, e.g., reprinting a photograph, see #$IBTGeneration-Replication.", guid = "bd621044-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; IBOCreation rel isu TemporalObjectType, iss IBTGeneration, iss HumanActivity; Class isg IBTCopying; IBTCopying has label = "events in which an Information Bearing Thing is copied", comment = "A collection of events; a subset of\n #$IBTGeneration-Replication. Each element of #$IBTCopying\n is an event which generates a/some new IBT(s) (i.e., an\n element of #$InformationBearingThing) by copying the\n information and format from a source IBT (see\n #$informationOrigin). The new IBT(s) encode(s)\n approximately the same information in approximately the same\n way as the source IBT. Examples: photocopying a document,\n faxing a document, duplicating a videotape. But also note\n that making twenty photocopies of the same document will\n count as an instance.", guid = "bd6606e6-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; IBTCopying rel isu TemporalObjectType, iss IBTGeneration-Replication; Class isg IBTGeneration; IBTGeneration has label = "generations of an Information Bearing Thing", comment = "A collection of information transfer events. Each\n element of #$IBTGeneration is an event which creates some\n information-bearing thing--thus, an event in which some idea\n or information is expressed. In elements of\n #$IBTGeneration, the particular IBT (i.e., element of\n #$InformationBearingThing) which is created may be either a\n transient wave phenomenon (e.g., made of sound, light, or\n radio waves), or it may be a relatively long-lasting\n instance of #$InformationBearingObject (cf. #$IBOCreation).\n Humans frequently generate such IBTs as spoken language,\n gestures, and handwritten notes. It is irrelevant for\n elements of #$IBTGeneration whether there is another agent\n who immediately (or, indeed, ever) accesses the resulting\n IBTs. Note the difference: reading is NOT an IBT generation\n event, but writing (usually) is. IBTs may be generated\n intentionally or unintentionally. Also, every communication\n act starts with an instance of #$IBTGeneration. See also:\n #$Communicating and its subsets, esp. #$CommunicationAct-Single.", guid = "bd70d156-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; IBTGeneration rel isu TemporalObjectType, iss InformationTransferEvent, iss Action, iss TransferOut; Class isg IBTGeneration-Original; IBTGeneration-Original has label = "generations of an original Information Bearing Thing", comment = "A collection of events; a subset of\n #$IBTGeneration. Each element of #$IBTGeneration-Original\n is an event in which some original idea is expressed; that\n is, the content of the IBT generated is not a copy of the\n content of a previously created information-bearing thing.\n See also #$IBTGeneration, #$Communicating.", guid = "bd58f6af-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; IBTGeneration-Original rel isu TemporalObjectType, isu DefaultDisjointScriptType, iss IBTGeneration, iss HumanActivity, xor IBTGeneration-Replication; Class isg IBTGeneration-Replication; IBTGeneration-Replication has label = "events in which an Information Bearing Thing is replicated", comment = "A collection of events; a subset of\n #$IBTGeneration. Each element of\n #$IBTGeneration-Replication is an event in which a new IBT\n (i.e., an #$InformationBearingThing) is created whose\n content is based on that of a preexisting IBT (which is the\n #$informationOrigin of the generation event). The new IBT\n contains at least part of the information content of the\n original IBT. It may use the same or a different way of\n encoding the information.", guid = "bd5ea94c-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; IBTGeneration-Replication rel isu TemporalObjectType, iss IBTGeneration, xor IBTGeneration-Original; Class isg IBTRecoding; IBTRecoding has label = "events in which an Information Bearing Thing is recoded", comment = "A collection of events; a subset of\n #$IBTGeneration-Replication. Each element of #$IBTRecoding\n is an event which generates a new IBT (i.e., an element of\n #$InformationBearingThing), by taking information from a\n source IBT (see #$informationOrigin), encoding it a new way,\n and incorporating it into a new information-bearing thing\n (see #$ibtGenerated). Elements of #$IBTRecoding may be done\n either by agents (e.g., people) or by non-agents (e.g.,\n record players, or computers running translation software).\n Recoding the content of a pre-existing IBT presupposes some\n instance of accessing it (i.e., of #$AccessingAnIBT).", guid = "bd5f36bb-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; IBTRecoding rel isu TemporalObjectType, iss IBTGeneration-Replication; Class isg IDDocument; IDDocument has label = "identification cards", comment = "A collection of official documents. Each element\n of #$IDDocument is an accepted credential for identifying\n some object. Important subsets of #$IDDocument include\n #$Passport, #$DriversLicense, #$SocialSecurityCard. Other\n examples include student ID cards, dog tags (worn by\n military personnel), dog tags (worn by dogs), authentication\n certificates for a work of art or an antique.", guid = "bd58903e-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; IDDocument rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss OfficialDocument; Class isg IDString; IDString has label = "identification strings", comment = "A collection of objects; a subset of\n #$CharacterString. Each element of #$IDString is a\n character string which is used to denote a specific object\n in some identification mapping; for example, instances of\n #$ModelNumber (e.g., ``JHS146973S2''), or\n instances of #$PostalCode (e.g., ``78751''). See\n also #$DenotedObjectFn and #$objectID.", guid = "bd5888ad-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; IDString rel isu IDStringType, iss CharacterString; Class isg IDStringType; IDStringType has label = "ID string types", comment = "A collection of collections. Each element in\n #$IDStringType is a collection of character strings which is\n a subset of #$IDString (q.v.). A few instances of\n #$IDStringType: #$ProductName, #$ProductVersion,\n #$EMailAddress, #$PhoneNumber, #$PostalCode.", guid = "bd588b45-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; IDStringType rel isu CollectionType, isu Class, iss ObjectType; Class isg IllocutionaryForce; IllocutionaryForce has label = "illocutionary forces", comment = "The collection of illocutionary force attributes\n held by illocutionary acts. Each element of\n #$IllocutionaryForce is a specialized component of a\n communication; its function is to indicate how the speaker\n in a communication wants the agent(s) whom s/he is\n addressing to understand, and respond to, the\n situation--i.e., the state of affairs--described in that\n communication. Isolating the `illocutionary force' of\n a communication allows us to characterize the intention of a\n speaker; e.g., whether s/he means to assert that the\n described state of affairs in fact holds; or to express a\n desire that such a state of affairs hold; or to command\n someone to make that state of affairs hold; or to offer to\n make the state of affairs hold. S/he may even intend to\n make something true by stating it (e.g., ``I name this ship\n `The Intrepid'.''). Usually, apprehending a\n speaker's intention is important for understanding what\n s/he means and what s/he intends the hearer to do. Although\n the content of an illocutionary act can be represented\n propositionally, they are not generally communicated so\n explicitly. For example, questions in English are typically\n communicated by inverting subject-object word order and\n raising one's intonation at the end of the utterance.\n (The intonation marker so strongly indicates a question that\n it may suffice without the inverted word order, as in `You\n are going tonight' uttered with a rising intonation.)\n Commands in English typically have an (unexpressed)\n understood subject and perhaps a forceful tone. In every\n culture and language there are conventional sets of commonly\n used illocutionary forces which would be instances of\n #$IllocutionaryForce for that culture; e.g., in English,\n they include #$Inform, #$Request, #$Offer, #$Promise, and\n #$Query. Note: although in this comment\n #$IllocutionaryForce is explained in terms of utterances, it\n applies to communication generally; so `speaker' and\n `listener' should be broadly interpreted to mean,\n respectively, any #$senderOfInfo and #$recipientOfInfo. See\n also #$Communicating, #$CommunicationAct-Single. In #$CycL,\n illocutionary forces can be related to communication acts\n having some propositional content, via\n #$iteIllocutionaryForce, or to the microtheory containing\n formulas expressing the information transferred in an\n illocutionary act with #$componentIF.", guid = "bd58d8c6-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; IllocutionaryForce rel isu AttributeType, iss AttributeValue; Class isg IlluminationModeAttribute; IlluminationModeAttribute has label = "illumination mode attribute", comment = "A collection of attributes. Each element of\n #$IlluminationModeAttribute describes something about the\n type of illumination falling on a region or an object. For\n example, #$DirectIllumination, #$IndirectIllumination,\n #$ReflectedIllumination, #$PartDirectPartIndirect.", guid = "c0fcdd0c-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; IlluminationModeAttribute rel isu UnorderedAttributeType, iss AttributeValue; Class isg ImmediateWeatherProcess; ImmediateWeatherProcess has label = "immediate weather process", comment = "The collection of meteorological events of a\n duration shorter than seasonal processes. A particular\n hurricane event, for example, might be characteristic of a\n seasonal process for a region; but the hurricane event\n itself is an instance of #$ImmediateWeatherProcess. Another\n example of an #$ImmediateWeatherProcess is a single\n #$LightningEvent. (Cf. #$AnnualClimateCycle.)", guid = "bd58dfc6-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; ImmediateWeatherProcess rel isu TemporalStuffType, isu DefaultDisjointScriptType, iss WeatherEvent, xor AnnualClimateCycle; Class isg InanimateObject-Natural; InanimateObject-Natural has label = "natural inanimate objects", comment = "A collection of natural (i.e. not man-made)\n objects. It is a subclass of #$InanimateThing-Natural,\n distinguished from it mainly by only having subclasses which\n are existing object-types. Thus, #$CelestialObject would be\n a subclass of this collection, but #$Dirt would not.", guid = "bea9777b-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; InanimateObject-Natural rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss InanimateThing-Natural; Class isg InanimateThing; InanimateThing has label = "inanimate objects", comment = "A collection of tangibles. Each element of\n #$InanimateThing is a (at least partly) tangible thing which\n is not a living structure. Examples: #$YaleUniversity, the\n #$StatueOfLiberty, a U.S. ten-dollar bill, the\n #$MoonOfEarth, a safety pin.", guid = "bd5905ea-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; InanimateThing rel isu ExistingStuffType, iss PartiallyTangible, xor BiologicalLivingObject; Class isg InanimateThing-Natural; InanimateThing-Natural has label = "natural inanimate things", comment = "A collection of tangibles. Each element of\n #$InanimateThing-Natural is an #$InanimateThing that is not\n man-made in a #$PurposefulAction. Thus, the #$MoonOfEarth,\n human #$Sweat staining a shirt, and most footprints left by\n people in the snow belong to this collection, but wood chips\n left around a tree being chopped down, tailings left from a\n mine, a grunt made while lifting a log, and the\n #$ArcDeTriomphe do not.", guid = "bda91555-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; InanimateThing-Natural rel isu TemporalStuffType, iss InanimateThing, iss NaturalTangibleStuff; Class isg IncurringAnInjury; IncurringAnInjury has label = "instances of incurring an injury", comment = "A collection of events. An instance of\n #$IncurringAnInjury is an event in which an animal becomes\n injured. In such events, the animal which is hurt is the\n #$bodilyActedOn in the event. The condition which results\n of an instance of #$IncurringAnInjury would be an instance\n of #$InjuryCondition (q.v.). Also see the comment on #$AilmentCondition.", guid = "bd58c658-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; IncurringAnInjury rel isu Class, iss AnimalActivity, iss SingleDoerAction, iss IncurringDamage; Class isg IncurringDamage; IncurringDamage has label = "instances of incurring damage", comment = "The collection of events in which some sort of\n damage is incurred to a person or property.", guid = "bd58a555-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; IncurringDamage rel isu Class, iss PhysicalEvent, iss IntrinsicStateChangeEvent; Class isg IndependentCountry; IndependentCountry has label = "independent countries", comment = "A collection of geopolitical entities. Each\n element of #$IndependentCountry is a distinct, independent\n geopolitical entity generally recognized by the\n international community. An independent country typically\n has a (relatively) stable government and enforced borders,\n its own currency, laws, culture, etc. Examples:\n #$UnitedStatesOfAmerica, #$Germany, #$Liberia, #$Mongolia,\n #$India, #$Taiwan-RepublicOfChina, #$Honduras.", guid = "bd58e4e7-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; IndependentCountry rel isu SpatiallyDisjointRegionType, isu ExistingObjectType, iss GeographicalRegion, iss Country, xor CountrySubsidiary; Class isg IndependentOrganization; IndependentOrganization has label = "independent organizations", comment = "A collection of organizations. An element of\n #$IndependentOrganization is an organization which is not\n affiliated with any #$ChainOrganization and that is not a\n sub-organization of any other #$Organization. An\n independent organization is neither the top-level\n organization of a chain, nor a lower level organization in a\n chain, nor is it an element of #$ChainOrganization. Note,\n however, that an #$IndependentOrganization may have several\n locations within a small geographical region; e.g., Texas\n French Bread (a single, independent business) has multiple\n locations in Austin, TX.", guid = "c10ae581-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; IndependentOrganization rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss Organization, xor ChainOrganization; Class isg IndexedInfoSource; IndexedInfoSource has label = "indexed info source", comment = "The collection of all structured information\n sources in which the information contained therein is\n indexed by some set of index terms (the terms could be\n names, phrases, #$CharacterStrings, #$IDNumbers or codes).\n For every index term, there is one specific part of the\n #$IndexedInfoSource associated with that term. Each\n instance of #$IndexedInfoSource has some format or\n organizing structure of specified parts or\n 'chunks' imposed on the information. (Although\n its indexed parts might be be ordered in a certain\n sequence, in theory it could be indexed without there\n being any particular sequential ordering of the parts.) An\n instance of #$IndexedInfoSource is the abstract\n informational content of the source, not any particular\n physical object in which the information is stored.\n Examples include a #$Dictionary, #$Thesaurus,\n #$Database-AbstractContent, or a #$KnowledgeBase. Some\n examples that do not qualify are #$Painting-ArtForm, or a\n #$CharacterString without any structuring information\n about it or that has no structure beyond being a string of\n characters. Thus this is not referring to unstructured\n text, even if it has an 'Index'. The fact that a\n book has an index does not make it an #$IndexedInfoSource.", guid = "c03febed-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; IndexedInfoSource rel isu ObjectType, iss AbstractInformationalThing, iss StructuredInformationSource; Class isg IndexicalConcept; IndexicalConcept has label = "indexicals", comment = "#$IndexicalConcepts are those whose referent\n essentially depends on the occasion of use and the user,\n e.g., #$Now, I, Here. When I use the word 'I,' I\n am referring to myself (#$OKeefe), but 'I' does\n not mean #$OKeefe, but refers to whomever the user is.\n Similarly, #$Now denotes the moment in which it is used.", guid = "bf400028-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; IndexicalConcept rel isu Class, iss Thing; Agent isp India; India has label = "India", comment = "A #$GeopoliticalEntity in South Asia which has\n been an #$IndependentCountry since 1947. For the preceding\n century it was a #$Territory of the\n #$UnitedKingdomOfGreatBritainAndNorthernIreland. The\n territorial extent of the #$GeopoliticalEntity of #$India\n occupies most of the #$IndianSubcontinent, although the\n state of Assam is not considered part of the subcontinent.", guid = "bd58fb5c-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Entity isp IndianOcean; IndianOcean has label = "the Indian Ocean", comment = "The ocean in the #$SouthernHemisphere-Region lying\n south of Asia and east of Africa, stretching to Australia.", guid = "bd5887df-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Class isg Individual; Individual has label = "objects", comment = "#$Individual is the collection of all things that\n are NOT sets or collections. Thus, #$Individual includes\n (among other things) physical objects, temporal\n subabstractions of physical objects, numbers, relations, and\n groups (see #$Group). An element of #$Individual may have\n parts or a structure (including parts that are\n discontinuous); but NO instance of #$Individual can have\n elements or subsets. Important distinction: Though an\n element of #$Individual may have parts (e.g.,\n #$physicalParts or #$groupMembers), that individual is NOT\n the same thing as the collection containing those same\n parts. For example, your car is an individual, but the\n collection of all the parts of your car is an instance of\n #$Collection. The latter -- the collection of parts of your\n car -- is an abstract collection; it doesn't have a\n location, it doesn't have a top speed, etc. --\n it's just a collection! -- but it does have subsets,\n supersets, and members. The #$Group of parts of your car IS\n an #$Individual and has a location and mass. Similarly:\n `Bill Clinton's immediate family' is an\n #$Individual -- a #$Group of #$Persons; however, the\n #$Collection of persons who belong to that family is not.\n One final example: A company belongs to #$Individual and is\n distinct from both the #$Group of its employees (a different\n #$Individual) and the #$Collection of its employees (which\n are distict from each other.).", guid = "bd58da02-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Individual rel isu CoreConstant, isu Class, iss Thing, xor SetOrCollection; Class isg IndividualAgent; IndividualAgent has label = "individuals", comment = "The collection of all individuals (in the sense of\n not being groups) belonging to the collection #$Agent. Each\n person, each animal, etc., is an element of\n #$IndividualAgent, in most contexts. Note that instances of\n #$Organization will in general NOT be elements of\n #$IndividualAgent. Intelligent robots are considered to\n be instances of #$IndividualAgent.", guid = "bd58a562-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; IndividualAgent rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss Agent-Generic; Class isg IndividualDenotingFunction; IndividualDenotingFunction has label = "individual denoting function", comment = "The subcollection of #$Function-Denotational whose\n instances, when applied to any appropriate (sequence of)\n arguments, return instances of #$Individual. Examples\n include #$PerimeterFn, #$MedalAwardCeremonyFn, and\n #$CavityInteriorRegionFn; (#$CavityInteriorRegionFn\n #$LincolnMemorialInWashingtonDC) denotes the region of\n space inside the Lincoln Memorial. Cf.\n #$CollectionDenotingFunction and #$SetDenotingFunction.", guid = "bd58fad9-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; IndividualDenotingFunction rel isu RelationshipType, iss Function-Denotational, xor CollectionDenotingFunction; Entity isp Indonesia-TheNation; Indonesia-TheNation has label = "Indonesia", comment = "The country of Indonesia, which comprises 13500\n islands. Includes both physical and political aspects.", guid = "bd58b2d6-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Class isg Infection; Infection has label = "infectious diseases", comment = "A collection of ailments; a subset of\n #$AilmentCondition. An instance of #$Infection is a disease\n condition in which microorganisms are abnormally present (or\n abnormally numerous) within an animal's body. The\n microorganisms involved in an infection may be some instance\n of the collections #$Bacterium, #$Virus, or\n #$ProtistaKingdom. Specialized subsets of #$Infection\n include: #$Bronchitis, #$Tonsillitis,\n #$SexuallyTransmittedInfection (which has further subsets).\n A particular case of tonsilitis is thus an element of the\n collection #$Infection.", guid = "c10c2f7f-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Infection rel isu PhysiologicalConditionType, isu ObjectType, iss AilmentCondition, xor GeneticCondition; Class isg InfectionTransmissionEvent; InfectionTransmissionEvent has label = "infection transmission event", comment = "The collection of events in which some instance of\n #$Infection is transmitted from one member of\n #$BiologicalLivingObject to another.", guid = "c0fd53e7-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; InfectionTransmissionEvent rel isu TemporalObjectType, iss GeneralizedTransfer; Class isg InfectionType; InfectionType has label = "infection type", comment = "A collection of collections. Instances of\n #$InfectionType are collections of infections, that is to\n say, specs of #$Infection. Nonetheless, any collection of\n infection shouldn't be promoted to the rank of an\n instance of #$InfectionType. For instance,\n #$BacterialInfection is a legitimate instance, more\n precisely an instance of #$InfectionTypeByPathogenType,\n itself a spec of #$InfectionType. A negative example would\n be the collection of infections of which Bertrand Russell\n picked up an instance during the year 1918. ", guid = "c0fd5f45-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; InfectionType rel isu CollectionType, iss PhysiologicalConditionType, xor SensoryReactionType; Microtheory isp InferencePSC; InferencePSC has label = "inference p s c", comment = "A problem solving context in which all assertions\n in the entire KB are initially visible. However, down each\n inference path, the chain of microtheories used are required\n to have some common descendent microtheory which is capable\n of inheriting all of the microtheories in the chain. Thus,\n queries made in #$InferencePSC in effect compute locations\n in the space of microtheories in which the query is\n satisfiable. This context is used internally by the\n inference engine for certain recursive calls to itself,\n including forward inference. See also #$EverythingPSC.", guid = "bd58915a-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Class isg InferenceRelatedBookkeepingPredicate; InferenceRelatedBookkeepingPredicate has label = "inference related bookkeeping predicate", comment = "A collection of predicates. Each element of\n #$InferenceRelatedBookkeepingPredicate is a predicate\n involved in assertions used by the Cyc application to direct\n inferencing. Examples: #$defnIff, #$defnSufficient,\n #$termOfUnit, #$afterAdding.", guid = "bd58d107-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; InferenceRelatedBookkeepingPredicate rel isu PredicateCategory, isu CoreConstant, iss BookkeepingPredicate; Class isg InflatableBoat; InflatableBoat has label = "inflatable boats", comment = "The collection of all inflatable boats, that is,\n boats (mostly small watercraft) that are composed of some\n fabric or membrane and are inflated with air to give them\n buoyancy in water.", guid = "c1009ce2-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; InflatableBoat rel isu ExistingObjectType, isu ProductType; Class isg Inform-CommunicationAct; Inform-CommunicationAct has label = "acts of conveying information", comment = "The collection of acts of conveying information by\n means of intentional communication.", guid = "bd589e02-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Inform-CommunicationAct rel isu TemporalObjectType, iss PurposefulAction, iss CommunicationAct-Single, iss InformationBearingThing, xor Requesting-CommunicationAct; Class isg InformationAdding; InformationAdding has label = "information adding", comment = "A collection of events; a subset of\n #$InformationUpdating. Each element of #$InformationAdding\n is an event in which information is added to the information\n content of an IBO (i.e., an element of\n #$InformationBearingObject). After the action, the IBO\n which is the #$informationDestination of the update\n `has' the new information (i.e., #$infoAdded). The\n resulting information content of that IBO includes both its\n content immediately prior to the addition, plus the newly\n added information. Examples of #$InformationAdding:\n recording a check in the check register of one's\n checkbook; taking the next photograph on a roll of film;\n adding a new constant to the #$CycKB.", guid = "bd5e23fb-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; InformationAdding rel isu TemporalStuffType, iss InformationUpdating; Class isg InformationBearingObject; InformationBearingObject has label = "information-bearing objects", comment = "A collection of objects which are both tangible\n and intangible. (See also the comment for its superset\n #$CompositeTangibleAndIntangibleObject.) Each element of\n #$InformationBearingObject is an object that can be\n interpreted, by an interpreter understanding its\n conventions, to yield a chunk or chunks of information.\n #$InformationBearingObject includes all of the following:\n (1) artifacts made solely for the purpose of conveying\n information (e.g., a newspaper, or a children's science\n video); (2) artifacts that convey information in addition to\n their intended function (e.g., Neolithic pottery); and (3)\n non-artifacts, such as a person's fingerprints,\n gestures, and utterances, which may be interpreted to yield\n information. Note: `an IBO' abbreviates `an\n information bearing object'. Cf.\n #$InformationBearingWavePropagation. See also #$containsInformation.", guid = "bd58f6ac-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; InformationBearingObject rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss InformationBearingThing, iss CompositeTangibleAndIntangibleObject; Class isg InformationBearingThing; InformationBearingThing has label = "information-bearing things", comment = "A collection of temporal objects, including\n actions and events as well as physical objects. Each\n element of #$InformationBearingThing is an item that\n contains information, for an agent who understands how to\n interpret it. Examples: a copy of the novel `Moby\n Dick'; a signal buoy; a photograph; a flag; an elevator\n sign in Braille; a map; a US dollar bill; a resume; an\n account ledger; a word in ASL; a musical score; the #$Cyc\n program itself. Note: `an IBT' abbreviates `an\n information bearing thing'. See also\n #$SpecifiedInformationBearingThingType. For representation\n of the propositional content of information bearing things,\n see #$PropositionalInformationThing; but note that not all\n IBTs have a propositional content (cf. #$ArtObject). Also\n note that events in which information is transferred (cf.\n #$InformationTransferEvent) are not considered instances of\n #$InformationBearingThing. Rather, such transfer events\n have, as one of their actors, some instance of\n #$InformationBearingThing which is the token considered to\n be transfered in the #$InformationTransferEvent.", guid = "be436e7e-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; InformationBearingThing rel isu ExistingObjectType, xor Conveyance; Class isg InformationBearingWavePropagation; InformationBearingWavePropagation has label = "information bearing wave propagation", comment = "A collection of information bearing things (IBTs).\n Each element of #$InformationBearingWavePropagation is a\n #$WavePropagation (q.v.) event that carries information, for\n an interpreter which understands its conventions. Examples\n of #$InformationBearingWavePropagation include sounds, radio\n signals, and images of visible light. These eventlike IBTs\n should be contrasted with the relatively static, persistent,\n objectlike IBTs in the collection #$InformationBearingObject.", guid = "bf834402-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; InformationBearingWavePropagation rel isu TemporalStuffType, isu WavePropagationType, iss WavePropagation, iss InformationBearingThing; Class isg InformationRecordingDevice; InformationRecordingDevice has label = "information recording devices", comment = "A collection of physical devices. An instance of\n #$InformationRecordingDevice is a device used for the\n recording of sensory information (i.e., audio and visual,\n but not encoded as character strings.) So an instance would\n be your answering machine at home (an #$AnsweringMachine),\n your cam-corder (a #$VideoCamera), but NOT your address book\n or your copy of the Yellow Pages. Note: A borderline case\n is a PDA (such as an Apple Newton) used to record\n handwritten script. If it then processes that information\n and converts it to ASCII characters, it has stopped being an\n #$InformationRecordingDevice in the currently intended\n sense. Probably a better name for this concept, therefore,\n would be DeviceToRecordAnalogInformation.", guid = "bd58feeb-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; InformationRecordingDevice rel isu ProductType, isu ExistingObjectType, iss PhysicalDevice; Class isg InformationRecordingProcess; InformationRecordingProcess has label = "information-recording processes", comment = "A collection of events in which information is\n recorded, using an #$InformationRecordingDevice. Every\n #$InformationRecordingProcess produces an #$InformationBearingObject.", guid = "bd58e14f-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; InformationRecordingProcess rel isu TemporalStuffType, isu DefaultDisjointScriptType, iss IBOCreation; Class isg InformationRemoving; InformationRemoving has label = "information removing", comment = "The collection of actions in which information is\n removed from or erased from an IBO\n (#$InformationBearingObject). After the action, the\n remaining info content, if any, of the IBO acted on is only\n a part of what it started out to be. The removed\n information doesn't go anywhere; after removal it\n doesn't end up encoded in something else.", guid = "bd642fa3-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; InformationRemoving rel isu TemporalStuffType, iss InformationUpdating; Class isg InformationTransferEvent; InformationTransferEvent has label = "information transfers", comment = "A collection of events in which information is\n transferred from a source (#$informationOrigin) to one or\n more destinations (#$informationDestination), all of which\n are either intelligent agents or #$InformationBearingThings\n (IBTs). Examples: reading a book (transfer from book to\n reader); saying something to someone (transfer from speaker\n to listener); machine translation (transfer from an encoded\n IBT in the source language to an encoded IBT in the target\n language); OCR scanning (transfer of info from visual\n information source to another IBT in different format);\n carving initials in a tree (transfer from agent to IBT),\n making a speech (transfer from agent to agents) etc. See\n also the specialization #$InformationTransferPhysicalEvent.", guid = "bd589f07-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; InformationTransferEvent rel isu TemporalObjectType, iss GeneralizedTransfer; Class isg InformationUpdating; InformationUpdating has label = "information updating", comment = "A collection of information transfer events. Each\n element of #$InformationUpdating is an event in which the\n information content of an IBO (i.e., an element of\n #$InformationBearingObject) is altered, either by removing\n or by adding information, or both. Note that this is\n possible only for tangible IBOs.", guid = "bd616cc0-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; InformationUpdating rel isu TemporalStuffType; Class isg Ingesting; Ingesting has label = "ingestions", comment = "A collection of events; a subset of\n #$BiologicalIntakeEvent. Each element of #$Ingesting is a\n complex process in which a thing is brought into some\n organism's mouth from the outside, is swallowed, and is\n moved to the organism's stomach. Every element of\n #$Ingesting has among its #$subEvents an instance of\n #$Swallowing which occurs after the intake. (Thus, though\n chewing gum is a #$BiologicalIntakeEvent, it is not an\n #$Ingesting unless the gum is swallowed.) An ingesting\n event ends when the ingested stuff reaches the\n ingester's stomach (where an instance of\n #$DigestionEvent begins -- provided that what was ingested\n is an element of #$EdibleStuff).", guid = "bd5888eb-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Ingesting rel isu TemporalStuffType, iss VoluntaryBodyMovement, iss BodilyFunctionEvent, iss BiologicalIntakeEvent, iss SingleDoerAction, iss HumanActivity; Class isg Inhaling; Inhaling has label = "inhalations", comment = "The collection of all body movement events in\n which an animal takes air in through an appropriate portal\n (#$Mouth, #$Nose) and passes it into its #$Lungs. The\n elements of #$Breathing all have #$subEvents which are #$Inhalings.", guid = "bd58f34d-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Inhaling rel isu TemporalStuffType, isu DefaultDisjointScriptType, iss BodilyFunctionEvent, iss BiologicalIntakeEvent; Class isg InorganicStuff; InorganicStuff has label = "inorganic substances", comment = "A collection of tangible things. Each element of\n #$InorganicStuff is a tangible thing which is wholly\n composed of one or more types of inorganic #$Molecule.\n Instances of #$InorganicStuff usually didn't originate\n as parts or products of living things.", guid = "bd590a05-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; InorganicStuff rel isu ExistingStuffType, iss PartiallyTangible, iss InanimateThing, xor OrganicStuff; Class isg Insect; Insect has label = "insects", comment = "A collection of animals; a subset of #$Arthropod.\n Each element of #$Insect is a small arthropod whose body is\n segmented into thirds, with three pairs of legs, and one or\n two pairs of wings. The most familiar members of\n #$Arthropod are the 'bugs' encountered in human\n daily life. Some insects bite, some infest houses, and some\n carry disease. #$Insect is an instance of #$BiologicalClass.", guid = "bd58b8f7-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Insect rel isu BiologicalClass, isu OrganismClassificationType, iss Vermin, iss Arthropod; Class isg InsideSurface; InsideSurface has label = "inside surface", comment = "The collection of all inside surfaces of (surfaces\n of the interiors of) tangible things. The tangible thing\n may have a #$Cavity or several cavities or passageways.\n Often the tangible thing can be thought of as a container of\n some sort.", guid = "bd589b7d-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; InsideSurface rel isu ExistingStuffType, iss Surface-Physical; Class isg Instructions; Instructions has label = "instructions", comment = "The collection of all #$ConceptualWorks which are\n executable pieces of information. Each element of\n #$Instructions outlines a sequence of tasks to be performed,\n such as instructions on a food package, verbal instructions,\n a musical score, etc.", guid = "bd58db4d-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Instructions rel isu ObjectType; ElectricalResistance isp InsulatorResistance; InsulatorResistance has label = "insulator resistance", comment = "A measurable physical attribute.\n #$InsulatorResistance is the element of\n #$ElectricalResistance that represents a very high level of\n electrical resistance. An object having\n #$InsulatorResistance conducts no electricity at all. See\n also #$resistanceOfObject.", guid = "be00f859-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Class isg InsuranceProvider; InsuranceProvider has label = "insurances", comment = "A collection of organizations; a subset of\n #$ServiceOrganization. An element of #$InsuranceProvider is\n an organization whose #$MainFunction is to provide financial\n and material protection to its clients in the event of\n sickness, death, natural disaster, loss, theft, lawsuits,\n etc. (Insurers may specialize in one or more of those\n areas.) Elements of #$InsuranceProvider may belong to\n either #$CommercialServiceOrganization or\n #$NonProfitOrganization (including insurance providers\n belonging to #$LegalGovernmentOrganization). Examples\n include State Farm Insurance Co., Aetna Casualty Co.,\n Lutheran Brotherhood, and all fifty members of U.S. #$StateMedicaidAdministrationOrganizations.", guid = "bd588b6e-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; InsuranceProvider rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss ServiceOrganization; Class isg Intangible; Intangible has label = "intangibles", comment = "The collection of things that are not physical --\n are not made of, or encoded in, matter. Every #$Collection\n is an #$Intangible (even if its instances are tangible), and\n so are some #$Individuals. Caution: do not confuse\n `tangibility' with `perceivability' -- humans can\n perceive light even though it's intangible--at least in\n a sense. For more on this issue, see the relevant #$cyclistNotes.", guid = "bd58e3a3-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Intangible rel isu Class, iss Thing, iss PartiallyIntangible, xor PartiallyTangible; Class isg IntangibleExistingThing; IntangibleExistingThing has label = "intangible existing thing", comment = "The set of things which are intangible yet exist\n in time. E.g., the code of conduct for a formal dinner\n party, the standards for acceptance to Caltech as an\n undergrad, an account at Sears, etc.", guid = "bd58b123-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; IntangibleExistingThing rel isu StuffType, iss SomethingExisting, iss IntangibleIndividual; Class isg IntangibleIndividual; IntangibleIndividual has label = "intangible individual", comment = "The collection of intangible individuals, a\n subset of #$Intangible and of #$Individual. The elements\n of #$IntangibleIndividual do not have mass, volume, color,\n etc. E.g., hours, ideas, algorithms, integers, distances,\n and so on. However, as a subset of #$Individual, this\n collection EXCLUDES sets and collections, which are\n elements of #$Intangible but not of #$IntangibleIndividual.", guid = "bd58e3e3-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; IntangibleIndividual rel isu ObjectType, iss PartiallyIntangibleIndividual, iss Intangible, iss Individual; Class isg IntangibleObjectPredicate; IntangibleObjectPredicate has label = "intangible object predicate", comment = "A collection of predicates. Each element of\n #$IntangibleObjectPredicate is a predicate used in\n assertions which describe the properties of intangible\n objects. For example, #$arg3Isa,\n #$titleOfHeadOfPoliticalParty, #$religionOfRule, #$territoriesControlled.", guid = "bd58ecf0-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; IntangibleObjectPredicate rel isu PredicateCategory, iss ExtensionalRepresentationPredicate; Class isg Integer; Integer has label = "integers", comment = "The collection of all whole numbers; a subset of\n #$RationalNumber. Each element of #$Integer is a whole\n number, resolvable into units with no fractional remainder.\n An integer may be positive (e.g., 42), zero, or negative\n (e.g., -42). Note that 42.0 is a floating-point real\n number which is close to the integer 42 within the\n tolerance of the floating-point representation but is not\n necessarily equal to the integer 42. Therefore, 42.0 is not\n an element of #$Integer.", guid = "bd589e12-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Integer rel isu MeasurableAttributeType, isu CoreConstant, iss RationalNumber; Class isg IntelligentAgent; IntelligentAgent has label = "intelligent agents", comment = "The collection of all intelligent agents. Each\n element of #$IntelligentAgent is an agent that is capable of\n having knowledge which it employs in its actions. An\n intelligent agent #$knowsAbout certain things, and having\n #$beliefs (and possibly #$goals) concerning those things may\n influence its actions. In addition to persons, Cyc\n considers certain social beings, such as business and\n government organizations, and intelligent machines, to be\n intelligent agents. See also #$Agent, #$performedBy.", guid = "bd58a76f-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; IntelligentAgent rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss Agent-Generic, iss Agent; CapacityAttribute isp IntendedFunction; IntendedFunction has label = "intended function", comment = "An element of #$CapacityAttribute. The attribute\n #$IntendedFunction characterizes an entity participating in\n a situation as doing so in its intended function.", guid = "bd588246-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Class isg IntensionalRepresentationPredicate; IntensionalRepresentationPredicate has label = "intensional representation predicate", comment = "A collection of predicates. Each element of\n #$IntensionalRepresentationPredicate is a predicate used to\n form assertions about the properties of collections. These\n predicates implement the intensional structure of the\n ontology; e.g., #$citizens, #$unitsMeasuringThisQuantity,\n #$hasDepartmentTypes, #$granuleOfTime,\n #$objectTypeTransported, #$contraryFeelings.", guid = "bd58b54a-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; IntensionalRepresentationPredicate rel isu PredicateCategory, iss Predicate; Class isg InterActorSlot; InterActorSlot has label = "inter actor slot", comment = "A collection of predicates. Each element of\n #$InterActorSlot is a binary predicate used in assertions\n that state the relationship between two actors in some\n event, actual or implied. The event in which the actors\n participate may or may not be explicitly represented in the\n KB. For example, (#$authorOfPublication-IBT X Y) implies\n the existence of a #$Writing event in which X is the author\n and Y is the book written. Examples: #$agreeingAgents,\n #$artisticWorksCreated, #$spouse, #$wornOn.", guid = "bd58f091-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; InterActorSlot rel isu PredicateCategory, iss Property, iss ExtensionalRepresentationPredicate; Class isg InterExistingObjectSlot; InterExistingObjectSlot has label = "inter existing object slot", comment = "A collection of predicates. Each element of\n #$InterExistingObjectSlot is a binary predicate used in\n assertions that relate two elements of #$SomethingExisting\n (i.e., two objects). Examples: #$soldAt, #$derivedFrom,\n #$cohabitants, #$capitalCity, #$electricallyConnectedTo.", guid = "bd58d517-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; InterExistingObjectSlot rel isu PredicateCategory, iss ExtensionalRepresentationPredicate, iss Property; Class isg InterPersonalRelationSlot; InterPersonalRelationSlot has label = "human relationships", comment = "A collection of predicates. Each element of\n #$InterPersonalRelationSlot is a binary predicate used to\n represent relationships between two instances of #$Animal.\n Examples: #$mate, #$friends.", guid = "be00bb8e-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; InterPersonalRelationSlot rel isu PredicateCategory, iss InterExistingObjectSlot; Class isg InterconvertibleUnitType; InterconvertibleUnitType has label = "interconvertible unit types", comment = "A collection of collections. Each element of\n #$InterconvertibleUnitType is a collections of functions\n (all belonging to #$UnitOfMeasure) that are used to measure\n quantities whose units are convertible into one another.\n Some collections of interconvertible units include\n #$UnitOfTime, #$UnitOfDistance, #$UnitOfCPUSpeed. For\n example, #$UnitOfTime includes the functions #$HoursDuration\n and #$SecondsDuration (among others). Any quantity denoted\n by applying one of those functions can also be expressed in\n terms of the other. For example, (#$HoursDuration 1) equals\n (#$MinutesDuration 60). On the other hand, not all the\n instances of #$UnitOfMeasure constitute types of\n interconvertible units. #$UnitOfRate is not an element of\n #$InterconvertibleUnitType; therefore, it does not\n necessarily follow that quantities denoted by its elements\n are interconvertible. For example, #$TimesPerDay and\n #$MilesPerHour are both elements of #$UnitOfRate; however,\n quantities denoted using either function are not convertible\n into one another.", guid = "bd5888e2-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; InterconvertibleUnitType rel isu Class, isu CollectionType, iss Class; Class isg Interjection-SpeechPart; Interjection-SpeechPart has label = "interjections", comment = "The collection of all interjections, also called\n exclamations. Interjections often serve a purely pragmatic\n or discourse function, and can often stand alone as\n utterances. Examples: 'ugh',\n 'abracadabra', and 'wow!'.", guid = "be0c0312-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Interjection-SpeechPart rel isu LinguisticObjectType, isu SpeechPart; Class isg InternalSensoryAttribute; InternalSensoryAttribute has label = "internal sensory attribute", comment = "A collection of attributes. Each element of\n #$InternalSensoryAttribute is a state of a sentient being in\n which it experiences within itself some somatic or\n psycho-somatic feeling, urge, or impulse. An internal\n sensory attribute differs from an `external' one in\n that the sensing agent refers the former to itself and the\n latter to external objects. #$InternalSensoryAttribute\n includes states of feeling hungry, thirsty, tired, or in\n pain, as well as various bodily urges such as the urge to\n sneeze, burp, or urinate. Sensory attributes that may occur\n with more or less intensity are represented by indicating a\n #$LevelOfPain, #$LevelOfPhysicalPleasure, #$LevelOfStress, etc.", guid = "bd58e809-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; InternalSensoryAttribute rel isu UnorderedAttributeType, iss SensoryAttribute; Class isg InternationalOrganization; InternationalOrganization has label = "international organizations", comment = "A collection of organizations. An element of\n #$InternationalOrganization is an organization of\n international `scope' -- that is, one which has\n substantial operations, physical facilities, or substantial\n membership in multiple countries. International\n organizations may have individual #$Persons,\n #$Organizations, or countries as members. They may be\n political or commercial in nature. International\n organizations with countries as members belong to the subset\n #$InternationalOrganizationOfCountries. Examples of\n #$InternationalOrganization: #$UnitedNationsOrganization,\n #$OPEC, #$IBMInc. See also #$internationalOrg-MemberCountry.", guid = "bd5889e7-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; InternationalOrganization rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss LegalAgent, iss Organization; Class isg InternationalOrganizationOfCountries; InternationalOrganizationOfCountries has label = "organizations of countries", comment = "A collection of organizations; a subset of\n #$InternationalOrganization. An element of\n #$InternationalOrganizationOfCountries is an organization\n whose members are countries (as represented by their\n goverments). Examples: the United Nations, NATO, SEATO,\n OAU, the League of Arab States, and OPEC.", guid = "bdc17522-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; InternationalOrganizationOfCountries rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss InternationalOrganization, xor RegionalGovernment, xor Country; Class isg InternationalWaters; InternationalWaters has label = "international waters", comment = "The collection of all instances of #$BodyOfWater\n such that they are considered to be accessible to\n international maritime traffic and trade. They may be\n subject to the customs and laws of a particular country, or\n of the international community. Examples include instances\n of #$ShippingLane-International, the #$HighSeas, and,\n ordinarily, territorial waters like (#$TerritorialSeaFn\n #$UnitedStatesOfAmerica), unless these have been closed to\n shipping in a particular context.", guid = "be57a01e-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; InternationalWaters rel isu Class, isu ExistingObjectType, iss GeographicalRegion, iss BodyOfWater; Class isg IntervalBasedQuantitySlot; IntervalBasedQuantitySlot has label = "interval based quantity slots", comment = "A collection of binary predicates (i.e., slots).\n Flexibility in the representation of quantities is allowed\n in assertions made with the binary predicates that are\n elements of #$IntervalBasedQuantitySlot. Each of these\n predicates, like those in their superset #$QuantitySlot, is\n a binary predicate whose second argument must be an element\n of #$ScalarInterval, i.e., an interval or point representing\n the value of some measurement. For example, take the\n predicate #$heightOfObject, which relates an object to its\n vertical length. Although we suppose that in reality there\n is only a single distance that is the height of some one\n particular object, our measurement systems are in practice\n less precise--and typically we need a measurement only\n within a certain tolerance. For example, in measuring the\n #$heightOfObject of a person, usually a measurement to the\n nearest inch or centimeter will do. Or we may be even less\n detailed in our descriptions, perhaps caring only whether\n someone is more than four feet tall, or `Tall enough to\n ride' on an amusement park ride. By allowing an\n #$IntervalEntry #$Format (qq.v.) in the second argument of\n the measuring predicate, we are telling Cyc that it's\n okay to describe the (e.g.) #$heightOfObject in several\n different ways, with varying levels of precision, SO LONG AS\n all of the measurements asserted for the same object\n `overlap'. For example, it is consistent to say both\n that Jenny is 4'10'' tall, between four and\n five feet tall, and that she is `Tall enough to ride'\n the Dodgems (provided that `Tall enough to ride' is an\n interval whose minimum is at 4'10'' or\n lower). Even though there is only one height of a person in\n reality, using an #$IntervalBasedQuantitySlot allows us to\n represent that height in many different ways, avoiding\n contradictions while still checking for consistency. For\n example, asserting both that Jeff's #$heightOfObject is\n 5'9'' and in the range 4.5-5.5 feet tall is\n an inconsistency.", guid = "bd588162-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; IntervalBasedQuantitySlot rel isu PredicateCategory, iss QuantitySlot, iss FunctionalSlot; Format isp IntervalEntry; IntervalEntry has label = "interval entry", comment = "Arguments to Cyc predicates may have specified\n formats that constrain their values. #$IntervalEntry is the\n format used to constrain argument positions that must be\n filled with measurable quantities. If #$IntervalEntry is\n the entry format of some Nth argument to a predicate PRED,\n then all assertions with PRED that contain the same\n particular values in their other arguments must have, in the\n Nth (i.e., #$IntervalEntry) argument, quantitative values\n that `overlap'. (See #$ScalarInterval and\n #$overlapsIntervals.) #$IntervalEntry is provided because,\n for functional arguments like the second argument to\n #$volumeOfObject, we know that a single `real' value\n does exist, though we may have various ways of concluding\n limits on that value in the form of intervals. As long as\n all the intervals overlap, those assertions are not\n contradictory. For more explanation, see #$Format and the\n related predicates #$arg1Format, #$arg2Format, etc.", guid = "bd5880e0-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Class isg IntervalOnNumberLine; IntervalOnNumberLine has label = "intervals", comment = "A collection of measurable intervals; a subset of\n #$ScalarInterval. Each element of #$IntervalOnNumberLine is\n an interval on the real number line; for example, the\n interval described by `numbers greater than zero and less\n than or equal to 10'. A common special case of such\n intervals is that of a single point on that line, viz., a\n number such as five or 125. Note that such an interval need\n not be contiguous; e.g., `even numbers between Pi and the\n square root of 1000' describes a legitimate element of\n #$IntervalOnNumberLine. The collection #$RealNumber is a\n subset of #$IntervalOnNumberLine. The elements of\n #$IntervalOnNumberLine are measured by elements of\n #$DimensionlessUnitOfMeasure, e.g., units or percentages.\n See also #$Unity, #$Percent, #$UnitOfMeasure.", guid = "bd58f32f-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; IntervalOnNumberLine rel isu MeasurableAttributeType, iss ScalarInterval; Class isg IntrinsicAxisOfObject; IntrinsicAxisOfObject has label = "intrinsic axis of object", comment = "The collection of all intrinsic axes of objects\n (where those objects can be either spatially localized or\n abstract), being the conventional or obvious axes depending\n on shape, movement or function of the object. For example,\n for a chest-of-drawers, the intrinsic axes are\n top-to-bottom, side-to-side, and front-to-back. See also\n #$AxisFn. Each intrinsic axis is a direction relative to\n the object's orientation.", guid = "bd58eb96-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; IntrinsicAxisOfObject rel isu ObjectType; Class isg IntrinsicStateChangeEvent; IntrinsicStateChangeEvent has label = "changes of state", comment = "The collection of #$Events which are characterized\n primarily by a change in some intrinsic property of one main\n entity involved in the event (i.e., one of the #$actors).\n Such intrinsic changes may include changes of a thing's\n color, temperature, device state, size, and so on. Events\n where the main change is extrinsic (such as a change in\n location or ownership) are not #$IntrinsicStateChangeEvents.\n In events which have more than one actor, the event may be\n an #$IntrinsicStateChangeEvent for one actor but not for\n another. For example, in a #$FasteningSafetyBelt event, the\n #$SafetySeatBelt (the device used) goes from unconnected to\n connected (to itself), which is an intrinsic change;\n however, the agent who does the fastening (i.e., who is\n #$HandlingADevice) does not change intrinsically, but only\n in its configuration to the belt, an external object.\n Another example: in a #$HairCuttingEvent, the hair that is\n barbered undergoes an #$IntrinsicStateChangeEvent due to its\n role in that kind of event, but the barber undergoes no\n intrinsic change due to the hair cutting. Note: Some\n events, such as an ice cube melting into a small puddle of\n water, could be represented in Cyc either as an\n #$IntrinsicStateChangeEvent or as a #$TransformationEvent\n but not (within a single micro-theory) as both; see the\n comments on those constants.", guid = "bd611277-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; IntrinsicStateChangeEvent rel isu TemporalObjectType, iss Event; Class isg Invertebrate; Invertebrate has label = "invertebrates", comment = "A collection of animals; every element of\n #$Invertebrate is an animal that has no backbone.\n #$Invertebrate includes insects, molluscs, sea squirts,\n worms (in a large variety of worm phyla), and many others.\n Note: Although #$Invertebrate is a scientific category, it\n is not a standard taxon in the biological taxonomy, hence it\n is not an instance of #$BiologicalTaxon.", guid = "bd58984b-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Invertebrate rel isu OrganismClassificationType, iss WildAnimal, iss Animal, xor Vertebrate; Class isg InvoluntaryBodyMovement; InvoluntaryBodyMovement has label = "involuntary body movements", comment = "The collection of involuntary bodily movements,\n those movements in which an #$Animal's body does the\n action automatically -- the agent's consent\n doesn't enter into it. Subsets of\n #$InvoluntaryBodyMovement include #$Heartbeating,\n #$Sneezing, #$Snoring, etc.", guid = "bd590662-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; InvoluntaryBodyMovement rel isu DefaultDisjointScriptType, isu TemporalStuffType, iss BodyMovementEvent, iss BodilyFunctionEvent-Involuntary; Organization isp IranianStudentAgriculturalCenter01; IranianStudentAgriculturalCenter01 has label = "iranian student agricultural center 01", comment = "The target of the Saudi Arabian attack on Iran in\n Stage 3 of the HPKB Crisis Scenario.", guid = "bfdf0ffe-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Class isg IrreflexiveBinaryPredicate; IrreflexiveBinaryPredicate has label = "irreflexive binary predicate", comment = "A collection of predicates; the subset of\n #$BinaryPredicate whose elements represent irreflexive\n relations. A predicate F is an element of\n #$IrreflexiveBinaryPredicate if and only if F is a binary\n predicate and, for every X in the domain of F, (#$not (F X\n X)). Examples: #$spouse, #$causes-ThingProp, #$northOf,\n #$temporallyDisjoint. Note this additional restriction: A\n Cyc predicate F can be an element of\n #$IrreflexiveBinaryPredicate only if the type (i.e.,\n arg-Isa) constraint applicable to F's first argument is\n not disjoint with the type constraint applicable to F's\n second argument. See also #$NoteOnArgumentTypingAndPropertiesOfRelations.", guid = "bd654be7-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; IrreflexiveBinaryPredicate rel isu PredicateCategory, isu CoreConstant, iss Property, xor ReflexiveBinaryPredicate; SharedNote isp IsaVsMainConstituentVsConstituents; IsaVsMainConstituentVsConstituents has label = "isa vs main constituent vs constituents", comment = "When to use #$isa, #$mainConstituent, or\n #$constituents. We develop the following example as a basis\n for explaining the differences. Consider X, where\n (#$isa X #$Water). If we add some other substance(s) to X,\n to the point where the mixture acquires some salient\n characteristic(s) different from #$Water while retaining all\n the main properties, then we should assert\n (#$mainConstituent X W), where W is the original water --\n i.e., (#$isa W #$Water) -- and X is the whole new mixture of\n W with some other stuff(s). Suppose we add enough enough\n other stuff that the physical properties of the mixture\n become significantly different from those of water; then we\n should assert only (#$constituents X W). #$isa - Use\n #$isa if X would commonly be referred to as `water',\n including cases in which a small number of minor\n characteristics are different due to some admixture.\n Examples (arguably, 3 and 4 are borderline cases): 1. An\n instance of (#$PureFn #$Water) #$isa #$Water. 2. An\n instance of #$Water-Ingestible #$isa #$Water (but may have\n trace constituents). 3. An instance of #$PoolWater #$isa\n #$Water (but has some #$Chlorine as a salient\n #$constituents). 4. An instance of #$SeaWater #$isa\n #$Water (but has some #$Salt-NaCl as a salient\n #$constituents). #$mainConstituent - Use\n #$mainConstituent when X contains other substances besides\n water, would NOT commonly referred to as `water', and\n yet has MOST of the material properties of water. As a\n rule, most of the properties of the #$mainConstituent\n transfer to the substance it's a part of. Often such\n substances have at least one important and/or perceptible\n characteristic (due to admixture) that is quite different\n from the properties of water. Examples: 1. An\n instance of #$Lemonade is NOT called `water' but has\n water as a #$mainConstituent. It tastes quite different\n from water. It has nutritional (caloric) value. It is a\n human-made beverage. 2. An instance of #$Coffee-Beverage\n is NOT called `water' but has water as a\n #$mainConstituent. It tastes quite different from water.\n It contains caffeine. Also, a specific inference about\n coffee's (lack of) transparency should override the\n transparency which would otherwise be inferred from the\n material properties of its #$mainConstituent. 3. Aqueous\n hydrochloric acid has many of the properties of its main\n constituent, water -- for example, transparency, viscosity,\n density, freezing point, etc. But it also has the very\n important difference that it is highly acidic, caustic, etc.\n -- and attributing to it water's potability would be\n disastrous. #$constituents - Use #$constituents when X is\n NOT commonly referred to as `water' and has FEW\n properties of water, even though X contains water.\n Examples: 1. An instance of (#$SolidFn #$Gelatin) is NOT\n called `water', and though it has water among its\n #$constituents, gelatin has very few of the properties of\n water. 2. An instance of #$Concrete is NOT called\n `water'; though it has water among its #$constituents,\n it has none of the salient characteristics of water. 3. An\n instance of #$Mud is NOT called `water' and has few\n characteristics of water, though water is among its\n #$constituents. Its #$mainConstituent is some portion of #$Soil.", guid = "c0fb9e28-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Class isg Island; Island has label = "islands", comment = "The collection of all islands, each being a\n #$LandBody (smaller than a #$Continent) surrounded by water.", guid = "bd58bb39-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Island rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss LandBody, iss IslandsAndIslandGroup; SharedNote isp IslandAndContinentNote; IslandAndContinentNote has label = "island and continent note", comment = "For most elements of #$GeopoliticalEntity,\n we've been content in the #$DualistGeopoliticalMt\n simply to assert directly of the #$GeopoliticalEntity\n various geographical features, without reifying the physical\n extent of that entity. Why, then, do island-nations and\n territories like #$Iceland, #$Greenland, and #$Australia all\n have explicitly reified geographical 'doubles'\n like #$Iceland-TheIsland, #$Greenland-TheIsland, and\n #$ContinentOfAustralia ? Note that in the\n #$DualistGeopoliticalMt we still can assert various\n geographical properties directly of the\n #$GeopoliticalEntity. The reason for creating the\n geographical regions in addition to the geopolitical\n entities is that islands and continents have very different\n identity-conditions, ending and starting points, etc., than\n does a #$GeopoliticalEntity, even if we consider those\n geopolitical entities to be geographical regions also: the\n continent of Australia has existed for far longer than has\n the country of Australia.", guid = "be0b4987-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Class isg IslandsAndIslandGroup; IslandsAndIslandGroup has label = "islands or island group", comment = "A collection of topographical features. Each\n element of #$IslandsAndIslandGroup is either an #$Island or\n a group of islands (see #$Archipelago), or an area which\n includes part but not all of an island (#$IslandSubregion).\n Elements of #$IslandsAndIslandGroup include groups of\n scattered islands which do not form a natural geographical\n area; the chief reasons for representing such groups is that\n they are geopolitical areas and/or were historically\n significant. Examples: #$FrenchPolynesia, #$Cyclades,\n #$OuterHebrides-Archipelago, #$Grenadines-Islands.", guid = "bd58bb7f-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; IslandsAndIslandGroup rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss LandTopographicalFeature; Class isg ItineraryDocument; ItineraryDocument has label = "itineraries", comment = "The collection of documents that contain\n information about the time/location of each leg of a trip,\n accomodations, etc.", guid = "c0fd5222-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; ItineraryDocument rel isu ExistingObjectType; Class isg January; January has label = "January", comment = "The collection of all Januaries, the first month\n of the year in the #$JulianCalendar.", guid = "bd58b833-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; January rel isu MonthOfYearType, isu CoreConstant, iss CalendarMonth; Agent isp Japan; Japan has label = "Japan", comment = "Japan (the Empire of Japan), a medium-sized\n #$IndependentCountry consisting of four islands off the east\n coast of the #$ContinentOfAsia, with several island\n possessions. This includes Japan as it has been throughout\n history, geographically and politically.", guid = "bd5902a2-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; LivingLanguage isp JapaneseLanguage; JapaneseLanguage has label = "Japanese Language", comment = "The language of the people of #$Japan.", guid = "bd5886ea-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Class isg Jealousy; Jealousy has label = "jealousy", comment = "Intolerance of rivalry; feeling of suspicion and\n resentment of one's rivals. This is a collection; for\n an explanation of a typical #$FeelingAttributeType, see\n #$Happiness. Note: #$Envy is related to covetousness,\n wanting (perhaps in the future) what someone else has;\n #$Jealousy is related to possessiveness, wanting to keep\n what is (or was or could have been) already yours.", guid = "bd58a4d3-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Jealousy rel isu FeelingAttributeType, iss Resentment; Class isg JobAttribute; JobAttribute has label = "job attribute", comment = "A collection of attributes. Each element of\n #$JobAttribute describes a general property of a job or type\n of job. Examples of #$JobAttribute include #$BlueCollar,\n #$WhiteCollar, and #$FlexibleWorkingHours.", guid = "bd58c9c2-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; JobAttribute rel isu UnorderedAttributeType, iss AttributeValue; CapacityAttribute isp JobCapacity; JobCapacity has label = "job capacity", comment = "the attribute of performing something as a job", guid = "bd58817f-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Class isg Joint-AnimalBodyPart; Joint-AnimalBodyPart has label = "joints", comment = "The collection of all joints of #$Animals. A\n joint is the juncture between the ends or edges of abutting\n bones of the animal's skeleton. Joints are of several\n types mechanically (e.g., ball-and-socket). Many major\n joints function as hinges, in which the ends of the abutting\n bones are joined with ligaments and cushioned by cartilege.", guid = "bd58e376-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Joint-AnimalBodyPart rel isu AnimalBodyPartType, iss SolidTangibleThing, iss AnimalBodyPart, iss BiologicalLivingObject; Class isg July; July has label = "July", comment = "The collection of all Julys, the seventh month\n of the year in the #$JulianCalendar.", guid = "bd58c1ad-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; July rel isu MonthOfYearType, isu CoreConstant, iss CalendarMonth; Class isg JunctionOfPaths; JunctionOfPaths has label = "junctions", comment = "The collection of junctions of paths, each\n junction being an arrangement of three or more distinct\n instances of #$Path-Customary such that they are all locally\n connected to each other by joining at the #$JunctionOfPaths.\n It includes the case of two or more paths that\n 'cross' at a junction (because four path segments\n are thereby joined), but not the case in which the end of\n one path simply joins the end of another path, and no\n others. For junctions in #$PathSystems, see\n #$junctionInSystem. (Determining what constitutes a\n #$JunctionOfPaths depends on the #$PathTypes of the joined\n paths; if it is #$River then only a junction of rivers\n qualifies, not the place where a road joins a river.)", guid = "c0fbbdc4-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; JunctionOfPaths rel isu Class, iss PartiallyTangible; Class isg JunctionOfPipes; JunctionOfPipes has label = "junction of pipes", comment = "The collection of all junctions of pipes or tubes.\n Each junction permits flow between any two\n #$Pipe-GenericConduits joined at that junction. At any\n #$JunctionOfPipes, three or more distinct (non-overlapping)\n lengths of #$Pipe-GenericConduit must be joined at their\n ends at the junction. (Some of the so-joined pipes may\n loop back to the same junction.)", guid = "bf53bf8d-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; JunctionOfPipes rel isu RegionType, iss JunctionOfPaths; Class isg June; June has label = "June", comment = "The collection of all Junes, the sixth month of\n the year in the #$JulianCalendar.", guid = "bd58c1f0-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; June rel isu MonthOfYearType, isu CoreConstant, iss CalendarMonth; Class isg JuvenileAnimal; JuvenileAnimal has label = "young animals", comment = "An element of #$LifeStageType. #$JuvenileAnimal\n is the collection of all animals that are not fully grown\n nor fully mature.", guid = "c10c20a8-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; JuvenileAnimal rel isu LifeStageType, isu ExistingObjectType, iss Animal, iss PortableObject, xor AdultAnimal; Class isg Killing-Biological; Killing-Biological has label = "killing - biological", comment = "A collection of events. In each instance of this\n collection, one living organism ends the life of another,\n either intentionally or unintentionally.", guid = "bd58ac2e-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Killing-Biological rel isu TemporalObjectType, isu DefaultDisjointScriptType, iss AnimalActivity; Class isg KineticEnergyPoweredDevice; KineticEnergyPoweredDevice has label = "kinetic energy powered device", comment = "A collection of devices; a subset of\n #$PoweredDevice. An instance of\n #$KineticEnergyPoweredDevice does not have an\n `on-board' energy source incorporated into it, at least\n not one supplying the bulk of the power requirements of the\n device. Instead, its operating power is supplied by the\n kinetic energy from something else in motion -- such as\n animal muscle power (including human labor), wind energy, or\n hydraulic power. Examples include elements of the\n collections #$Hammer and #$Piano-Acoustic. (Contrast with\n #$SelfPoweredDevice --- e.g., an electric organ is a\n #$SelfPoweredDevice, not a #$KineticEnergyPoweredDevice.)", guid = "bd58942f-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; KineticEnergyPoweredDevice rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss PoweredDevice, xor SelfPoweredDevice, xor NuclearPoweredDevice; ThreeDimensionalShapeAttribute isp KnotShaped; KnotShaped has label = "knot shaped", comment = "#$KnotShaped is the instance of #$ShapeAttribute\n shared by all knot-shaped objects.", guid = "c11652df-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Class isg KnowledgeBase; KnowledgeBase has label = "kb", comment = "A collection of intangible individuals; a subset\n of #$Database-AbstractContent. Each element of\n #$KnowledgeBase is a database that attempts to represent\n the structure of at least part of the world. Instances\n include the #$CycKB and #$SENSUS-Information1997.", guid = "bd58d211-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; KnowledgeBase rel isu ObjectType, isu CoreConstant, iss Database-AbstractContent, iss ConventionalClassificationSystem; Class isg Lake; Lake has label = "lakes", comment = "A collection of topographical features. Each\n instance of #$Lake is a land-locked body of water, typically\n but not necessarily of freshwater. These are subdivided\n into freshwater [#$FreshWaterLake] and salt-water\n [#$InlandSea] lakes. Examples: #$LakeMaracaibo,\n #$LakeWinnipeg, #$LakeTanganyika, #$LochNess-Lake,\n #$LakeErie, #$LakeTahoe, #$CaspianSea, #$BlackSea, #$DeadSea.", guid = "bd58b822-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Lake rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss BodyOfWater; Class isg LandBody; LandBody has label = "landmasses", comment = "A collection of geographical regions. Each\n element of #$LandBody is a cohesive chunk of land whose\n extent is principally defined by one or more bordering\n bodies of water (liquid or frozen). Types of #$LandBody\n include the subsets #$Island and #$Continent. Examples:\n #$Australia, #$ContinentOfNorthAmerica, #$Trinidad-Island,\n #$Crete-Island-Greece. Areas of land defined by human\n occupation or political boundaries, e.g.,\n #$NorthernCalifornia or #$NorthernIreland, are elements of\n #$GeographicalRegion, but not of #$LandBody.", guid = "bd58e9d5-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; LandBody rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss TopographicalFeature; Class isg LandTopographicalFeature; LandTopographicalFeature has label = "topographical features", comment = "A collection of geographical regions. Each\n element of #$TopographicalFeature is a region of land\n distinguishable from surrounding regions by salient physical\n differences in surface texture, three-dimensional shape, or\n elevation. For example, the #$ArabianPeninsula,\n #$MountZion, the #$SanAndreasFault, the #$GreatSmokyMountains.", guid = "bd58ce87-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; LandTopographicalFeature rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss EarthStuff; Class isg LandTransportationDevice; LandTransportationDevice has label = "land vehicles", comment = "A collection of physical devices. An instance of\n #$LandTransportationDevice is a device used for\n transportation on land. Subsets of\n #$LandTransportationDevice include the collections\n #$Automobile, #$Snowmobile, #$TrainCar, #$HorseCarriage,\n #$BabyCarriage, #$Bicycle, #$SkateBoard, and more.", guid = "bd58d4ff-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; LandTransportationDevice rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss TransportationDevice; Class isg Language; Language has label = "languages", comment = "The collection of systems which use\n conventionalized signs or symbols. This includes dead\n languages, computer languages, unspoken languages, codes -\n anything which relates symbols to meaning.", guid = "bd58f489-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Language rel isu ObjectType, iss CommunicationConvention, xor Microtheory, xor LinguisticObject, xor TimeInterval, xor AttributeValue; Class isg LawEnforcementOfficer; LawEnforcementOfficer has label = "policemen", comment = "A collection of persons; a subset of\n #$Professional. Each element of #$LawEnforcementOfficer is\n a person whose job is to prevent, detect, stop, and/or\n punish people committing illegal activities. The collection\n #$LawEnforcementOfficer includes local, state, and special\n police (e.g., transit police), and federal agents (e.g.,\n border patrol, national security agents). An instance of\n #$LawEnforcementOfficer typically also belongs to one of the\n following collections: #$StateEmployee,\n #$LocalGovernmentEmployee, or #$NationalGovernmentEmployee\n (see #$PublicSectorEmployee).", guid = "bd58e004-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; LawEnforcementOfficer rel isu OccupationType, iss Professional, iss PublicSectorEmployee; Class isg LawEnforcementOrganization; LawEnforcementOrganization has label = "law-enforcement organizations", comment = "#$LawEnforcementOrganization is the collection of\n official organizations whose purpose is to support or\n perform law enforcement. This includes both police\n organizations, at all levels, and information agencies such\n as #$INTERPOL whose purpose is to assist and coordinate\n police activities. See the subset #$PoliceOrganization for\n only those organizations which are legally empowered to\n enforce laws.", guid = "bd58a14b-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; LawEnforcementOrganization rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss Organization, iss LegalAgent; Class isg Layer; Layer has label = "layers", comment = "The collection of all layers of things, each layer\n being a #$SheetOfSomeStuff that is #$sheetSurfaceConnected,\n or situated adjacent, surface-to-surface, to at least one\n surface or layer or region on one side, and possibly to\n other layers or surfaces on both sides. A layer may be part\n of a larger object, or it may be an independent whole object\n such as a hide confined in a stack of hides. A #$Layer is\n not a #$FreeSheet. See the #$OneSidedVsTwoSidedObjectNote.", guid = "bdee251a-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Layer rel isu ExistingStuffType, iss SheetOfSomeStuff, xor FreeSheet; PhysicalStructuralAttribute isp Layered; Layered has label = "layered", comment = "The physical structural attribute of being\n layered, laminate, or made of #$Layers, like stratified rock\n or an onion. An object that is #$Layered has two or more\n parts that are each #$Layers.", guid = "be00c275-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Class isg Leader; Leader has label = "leaders", comment = "A collection of persons. Each element of #$Leader\n is a person who heads an instance of #$Organization.\n Typically, a leader of an organization makes major decisions\n on behalf of the whole organization, has the authority to\n direct the organization's personnel to carry out those\n decisions, and is empowered to engage or negotiate with\n external agents to achieve the organization's goals.\n This collection includes leaders of #$subOrganizations, such\n as department heads within larger organizations. Also, a\n single person may be a leader in more than one organization.\n In addition, see #$hasLeaders, #$Manager, and #$seniorExecutives.", guid = "c10af978-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Leader rel isu PositionType, iss Person; Class isg LeapYear; LeapYear has label = "leap years", comment = "The collection of #$CalendarYears which are leap\n years; i.e., calendar years in which February has 29 days", guid = "bd58b9ba-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; LeapYear rel isu TemporalObjectType, iss CalendarYear, xor NonLeapYear; Class isg Learning; Learning has label = "learning events", comment = "The collection of all events, brief or extended,\n in which an agent is acquiring information or know-how.", guid = "bd58ef72-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Learning rel isu TemporalStuffType, iss AtLeastPartiallyMentalEvent; Class isg Leather; Leather has label = "leather", comment = "A collection of tangible things. Each element of\n #$Leather is a piece of tanned animal hide. Pieces of\n #$Leather are commonly used as material inputs to the\n manufacture of shoes, gloves, upholstery, satchels and\n purses, saddles, etc.", guid = "bd58c1b3-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Leather rel isu ProductType, isu ExistingStuffType, iss FreeSheet, iss SolidTangibleThing, xor TextileProduct; Class isg LeftObject; LeftObject has label = "left object", comment = "The collection of objects that are meant for, or\n are found on and distinctively structured for, the left side\n of some larger entity or ensemble of parts. Examples\n include left hands, left shoes, left automobile turning signals.", guid = "bd58d4ba-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; LeftObject rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss PartiallyTangible, xor RightObject; Class isg Leg; Leg has label = "legs", comment = "The collection of all #$Animal appendages used for\n locomotion overland, supporting the animal and moving it\n along by walking, running, etc. Thus wings, fins, etc., are\n not #$Legs. The #$Foot-AnimalBodyPart is considered part of\n the #$Leg", guid = "bd5898cd-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Leg rel isu SymmetricAnatomicalPartType, isu AnimalBodyPartType, iss BiologicalLivingObject; Class isg LegalAgent; LegalAgent has label = "legal agents", comment = "The collection of all legal agents; a subset of\n #$Agent. A legal agent is one that has some legal status in\n a particular legal system. At the very least, such an agent\n is recognized by some legal authority as having some kinds\n of rights and/or responsibilities as an agent (e.g.,\n #$citizens of Germany), or as being subject to certain\n restrictions and penalties (e.g., a company that has been\n blacklisted by Iraq). Thus, instances of #$LegalAgent\n include agents that may have property rights, may be taxed,\n may have a government identification number, may be sued,\n may have an address, may buy or sell, etc. Note:\n membership in this collection is very much dependent upon\n context. In some societies, only adult males and various\n kinds of state-run organizations would be included in #$LegalAgents.", guid = "bd58a7b1-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; LegalAgent rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss SocialBeing; Class isg LegalAgreement; LegalAgreement has label = "legal agreements", comment = "A collection of microtheories; a subset of\n #$Agreement. Each element of #$LegalAgreement is an\n agreement which has a legal status, i.e., is recognized as a\n valid agreement by a government. #$LegalAgreement includes\n the elements in its subsets #$SalesContract,\n #$PublicHealthRegulations, #$Patent, #$InsurancePlan,\n #$Visa-Permit, and the different kinds of\n #$License-LegalAgreement -- among many others.", guid = "bd58b05e-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; LegalAgreement rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss Agreement; Class isg LegalCode; LegalCode has label = "legal code", comment = "A collection of microtheories. Each element of\n #$LegalCode is a microtheory for collecting all the\n instances of #$Law which hold in a given\n #$GeopoliticalEntity. For example, #$LegalCode-ModernUnitedStates.", guid = "bd65c7ba-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; LegalCode rel isu ExistingObjectType, isu MicrotheoryType, iss GovernmentCOC; Class isg LegalCorporation; LegalCorporation has label = "corporations", comment = "The collection of all #$Organizations which have\n been incorporated in accordance with the laws of a\n jurisdiction. Each instance of #$LegalCorporation is a\n legal entity distinct from its owners and employees and is\n afforded certain powers both by law and by its incorporating\n documents. Instances of #$LegalCorporation may be either\n #$CommercialOrganizations or #$NonProfitOrganizations. Each\n instance of #$LegalCorporation organized in the\n #$UnitedStatesOfAmerica is incorporated under the laws of a\n particular state, although it may be empowered to carry on\n activities in any state. Most American jurisdictions\n require that one of the words or abbreviations\n 'corporation', 'company',\n 'incorporated', 'corp', 'co',\n or 'inc' be included in the registered name of a\n corporation. Instances of #$LegalCorporation include\n #$IBMInc and #$Cycorp.", guid = "bd589295-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; LegalCorporation rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss Organization, iss LegalAgent, xor SoleProprietorship; Class isg LegalGovernmentOrganization; LegalGovernmentOrganization has label = "government organizations", comment = "A collection of organizations. An element of\n #$LegalGovernmentOrganization is an organization which is a\n part of, and funded by, the government of a geopolitical\n entity. Examples include the #$InternalRevenueService,\n #$UnitedStatesNavy, and #$CityCouncilOfAustin (TX). Some\n elements of #$LegalGovernmentOrganizations have legal\n standing in courts.", guid = "bd588aa6-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; LegalGovernmentOrganization rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss Organization, iss LegalAgent; Class isg LegalHoliday; LegalHoliday has label = "national holidays", comment = "The subset of #$Holidays which are typically\n declared to be #$Holidays by the governments of western\n countries, and which are therefore days on which most people\n governed by that government do not work and on which\n students do not attend classes. Such #$Holidays may\n coincide with #$ReligiousHolidays, especially where there is\n a government-sanctioned religion.", guid = "be01edce-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; LegalHoliday rel isu TemporalObjectType, iss Holiday; Class isg LegalProfessional; LegalProfessional has label = "legal professionals", comment = "A collection of persons; a subset of\n #$Professional. Each element of #$LegalProfessional is a\n person working in the field of law. This collection includes\n lawyers, judges, paralegals, and law clerks.", guid = "bd58bab4-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; LegalProfessional rel isu OccupationType, iss Professional; Class isg LevelOfAConstruction; LevelOfAConstruction has label = "stories", comment = "The levels, also called floors or stories, of a\n #$ConstructionArtifact. Levels are regions in space; they\n are not two-dimensional planes.", guid = "bd58ca09-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; LevelOfAConstruction rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss SpaceInAHOC; Class isg LevelOfDiscomfort; LevelOfDiscomfort has label = "levels of discomfort", comment = "An #$AttributeType whose elements represent the\n various levels of discomfort that may be felt by a\n perceptual agent. Typically, the agent must be a living\n entity. Typically, the sensation is an internal feeling,\n and is more of a long-lasting dull ache than a sharp pain\n (see: #$LevelOfPain).", guid = "bd588a7f-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; LevelOfDiscomfort rel isu SensoryReactionType, iss ScalarInterval, iss InternalSensoryAttribute, iss AnimalPhysiologicalAttribute; Class isg LevelOfExhaustion; LevelOfExhaustion has label = "exhaustion", comment = "An #$AttributeType whose elements represent the\n qualitative degrees of exhaustion that an animal may feel.\n Note that this predicate is NOT properly used for any other\n purpose (e.g., to describe metal fatigue, or the depletion\n of natural resources, or the gradual inhibition that a\n single cell devlops to repeated stimuli, etc., even though\n in English the words `exhaustion' and `fatigue'\n have those meanings.) This is a good example of how\n Cyc's internal representation must, and does,\n disambiguate different concepts even though they might be\n metaphors for each other, and even though those distinct\n meanings might be mixed together at a word level in a\n natural language like English.", guid = "bd58a0aa-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; LevelOfExhaustion rel isu PhysicalUrgeType, isu SensoryReactionType, iss AnimalPhysiologicalAttribute, iss InternalSensoryAttribute; Class isg LevelOfHunger; LevelOfHunger has label = "hungers", comment = "A collection of #$AnimalPhysiologicalAttributes\n that express how hungry an #$Animal is (e.g., #$Hungry,\n #$NotHungry, #$Starving). These #$LevelOfHunger attributes\n are the first argument to the predicate #$hungerLevelOf (q.v.).", guid = "bd58a236-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; LevelOfHunger rel isu PhysicalUrgeType, iss InternalSensoryAttribute, iss AnimalPhysiologicalAttribute, iss ScalarInterval; Class isg LevelOfPain; LevelOfPain has label = "pains", comment = "An #$AttributeType whose elements represent the\n qualitative levels of pain that may be felt by a perceptual\n agent. Although the agent is often a living entity, this is\n not required. The source of the pain could be either\n external or internal; in either case, the subjective feeling\n is generally `sharper' and hopefully shorter-lived than\n just `a feeling of discomfort' (see: #$LevelOfDiscomfort.)", guid = "bd58ae66-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; LevelOfPain rel isu SensoryReactionType, iss SensoryAttribute, iss ScalarInterval, iss LevelOfDiscomfort; Class isg LevelOfRelaxationFeeling; LevelOfRelaxationFeeling has label = "level of relaxation feeling", comment = "An #$AttributeType whose elements represent the\n qualitative levels of comfort/relaxation/ease that an animal\n may have. This feeling is generally internal, and\n relatively long-lasting (compared with, e.g., the duration\n of a painful twinge.) Any positive degree of this\n #$LevelOfRelaxationFeeling is incompatible with a high level\n of #$MuscleTenseness, a high #$LevelOfPain, or a high #$LevelOfDiscomfort.", guid = "bd58d7e3-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; LevelOfRelaxationFeeling rel isu SensoryReactionType, iss InternalSensoryAttribute; Class isg LexicalItem; LexicalItem has label = "lexical item", comment = "The collection of items which form the lexicon of\n a language. These include both free morphemes, like\n 'dog', and bound morphemes, like affixes.", guid = "be1903ee-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; LexicalItem rel isu LinguisticObjectType, iss LinguisticObject, iss HLReifiedDenotationalTerm; Class isg LexicalWord; LexicalWord has label = "words", comment = "The collection of all words. A lexical word is a\n free morpheme; it need not be bound to another lexical item.\n Note that inflectional forms of a word, if there are such,\n do not constitute distinct words. Examples of\n #$LexicalWord: #$Aluminum-TheWord, #$Confetti-TheWord,\n #$To-TheWord, #$Confetti-TheWord, #$Hang-Glide-MWW.", guid = "bd58e4ae-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; LexicalWord rel isu LinguisticObjectType, iss LexicalItem; Class isg LifeStageType; LifeStageType has label = "life stage type", comment = "#$LifeStageType is a collection of collections.\n Each member of this collection is itself a\n collection whose members are organisms which all\n share a specific level of biological or social\n development. One member of #$LifeStageType is\n #$HumanChild, which has as its members all human\n children. Other members of #$LifeStageType\n include #$HumanAdult and #$HumanInfant.", guid = "bd58fab5-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; LifeStageType rel isu CollectionType, isu Class, iss ExistingObjectType; Class isg LifeThreateningCondition; LifeThreateningCondition has label = "life threatening conditions", comment = "A collection of ailments which are distinguished\n by the shared characteristic that if left untreated, those\n ailments may cause an organism to die (but will not\n certainly do so). Cases of #$Poisoning and of #$Pneumonia\n are often instances of #$LifeThreateningCondition. Cf.\n #$TerminalPhysiologicalCondition. ", guid = "c0fd50b1-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; LifeThreateningCondition rel isu PhysiologicalConditionType, iss PhysiologicalCondition; Class isg LightIntensity; LightIntensity has label = "light intensity", comment = "A collection of attributes; a subset of\n #$ScalarInterval. Each element of #$LightIntensity is a\n characterization of how brightly illuminated a location is.\n (At the low extreme is total darkness.) The light intensity\n of a location is indicated with the predicate #$illuminationLevel.", guid = "bd58e0ed-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; LightIntensity rel iss ScalarInterval, iss PhysicalAttribute, iss SensoryAttribute; Class isg LightingDevice; LightingDevice has label = "lights", comment = "A collection of physical devices. An instance of\n #$LightingDevice has the #$primaryFunction of providing\n light. The light provided may be provided in different ways\n and for different specialized purposes. For example, it may\n be for general illumination of a fixed area (as by instances\n of #$Candle, #$Lantern, #$ElectricLamp, and #$Streetlight);\n or it may be for specially directed illumination (as by\n instances of #$AutomotiveLight and #$Flashlight); or it may\n be for use in a signal or sign (as by instances of\n #$TrafficLight and #$IndicatorLight); or it may be for some\n other special purposes (as by instances of StrobeLight).", guid = "bd58a5ec-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; LightingDevice rel isu ProductType, isu ExistingObjectType, iss PoweredDevice, iss PhysicalDevice; Class isg LightningEvent; LightningEvent has label = "lightning", comment = "The collection of lightning flashes, events in\n which the atmosphere discharges electricity.", guid = "bd589322-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; LightningEvent rel isu DefaultDisjointScriptType, isu TemporalObjectType, iss Emission, iss ImmediateWeatherProcess; Class isg Line; Line has label = "lines", comment = "A subset of #$GeometricThing. Each instance of\n #$Line is a one-dimensional path through two- or\n three-dimensional space, whether curved or straight.\n Formally, this is a 1-manifold. Examples include spatially\n localized objects, such as the equator, as well as abstract lines.", guid = "bd5906cb-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Line rel isu GenericShapeType, iss GeometricThing, xor SpacePoint, xor TwoDimensionalShape, xor ThreeDimensionalShape; ShapeAttribute isp Linear; Linear has label = "linear", comment = "The shape attribute shared by anything that has\n only one discernible or relevant dimension. Examples\n include geometric lines and line segments, curved line\n segments and arcs, and physical objects whose length is the\n only relevant dimension, e.g., a length of wire, if we are\n in a context in which other dimensions of the wire are small\n enough to be ignored, or the outer rim of a glass. Also\n note that this attribute holds of anything which is linear\n even if the object does not remain in a single plane. For\n instance, a spiral-shaped line or a length of string wrapped\n around a pencil may be linear despite the fact that they do\n not remain in a single two dimensional plane.", guid = "bf628acb-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; ShapeAttribute isp Linear-Planar; Linear-Planar has label = "linear - planar", comment = "The shape attribute shared by all lines, both\n curved and straight that belong to objects that remain in a\n single two-dimensional plane. Spatial things in addition to\n purely geometric objects can have this attribute. For\n instance, in some microtheories one might deem a length of\n wire to be linear insofar as width, height or radius is\n irrelevant to the kind of reasoning required.", guid = "bdbb00b2-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; ShapeAttribute isp Linear-Straight; Linear-Straight has label = "linear - straight", comment = "The shape attribute shared by all one-dimensional\n objects that are not curved. Once again, note that this is\n very context dependent. To take a very straightforward\n example, if building a deck the standards for being deemed\n to have the attribute #$Linear-Straight may vary\n considerably from the standards for straightness when\n framing a home.", guid = "c0af9d58-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Class isg LinguisticObject; LinguisticObject has label = "linguistic object", comment = "The collection of all intangible objects that are\n parts of some language or other, in a broad sense of part\n whereby #$LinguisticObject's specializations include\n such diverse collections as #$Title, #$WordSense,\n #$SententialConstituent, #$NonlexicalLinguisticObject, and #$LinguisticAttribute.", guid = "bd58d0fb-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; LinguisticObject rel isu LinguisticObjectType, iss AbstractInformationalThing, xor TimeInterval, xor Microtheory, xor Language, xor UnitOfMeasure, xor SomethingExisting; Class isg LinguisticObjectType; LinguisticObjectType has label = "linguistic object type", comment = "#$LinguisticObjectType is the collection of\n subcollections of #$LinguisticObject.", guid = "bd5900f4-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; LinguisticObjectType rel isu CollectionType, isu Class, iss ObjectType; Class isg LiquidAsset; LiquidAsset has label = "liquid assets", comment = "A collection of objects. Each element of\n #$LiquidAsset is either an instance of #$Currency or some\n asset that is readily convertible to currency by selling or\n borrowing againstit. Examples: stocks, bonds, money market accounts.", guid = "bd58afb3-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; LiquidAsset rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss SomethingExisting; StateOfMatter-SolidLiquidGaseous isp LiquidStateOfMatter; LiquidStateOfMatter has label = "liquid state of matter", comment = "A basic physical state of matter.\n #$LiquidStateOfMatter characterizes pieces of matter which\n are at a temperature and pressure such that the molecules of\n the matter move freely relative to their neighbors, but are\n not excited enough to break free. Liquid objects are\n characterized at the macroscopic level by special qualities\n of flow, such as being #$Pourable and conforming to whatever\n container they occupy. Examples of things that typically\n have this attribute are: liquid nitrogen; the water\n component of a gallon of seawater; a lump of mercury at room\n temperature; and some molten silver about to be poured into\n a teapot mold.", guid = "bd590948-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Class isg LiquidTangibleThing; LiquidTangibleThing has label = "liquid objects", comment = "A collection of pieces of tangible stuff. Each\n element of #$LiquidTangibleThing is a tangible thing which\n shares many of the properties that matter in the\n #$LiquidStateOfMatter exhibits; i.e., its volume is\n relatively constant at varying pressures, and its freely\n changes shape (e.g., to conform to the shape a vessel\n containing it). Liquids can never be said to break. Note\n that not all instances of #$LiquidTangibleThing are in\n #$LiquidStateOfMatter, because that attribute applies to\n quantities of a single type of substance. Examples of\n #$LiquidTangibleThing: substances in #$LiquidStateOfMatter,\n such the water in a room-temperature glass of beer;\n liquid/liquid mixtures like the beer itself; solutions of\n solids in liquids, such as sea water; emulsions such as\n milk; and suspensions of solids in liquids like blood. Cf.\n #$FluidTangibleThing and #$GaseousTangibleThing.", guid = "bd58d2a0-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; LiquidTangibleThing rel isu TangibleStuffStateType, iss FluidTangibleThing, xor Molecule, xor GaseousTangibleThing; Class isg List; List has label = "lists", comment = "The collection of all lists or finite sequences of\n items, as an abstract notion. A #$List is a special kind of\n #$Tuple that is a finite structure with a first and last\n member-position, and for each member-postion but the last,\n there is a successor member-position. A #$List, like other\n #$Tuples, allows repetition of its members -- the same item\n can appear at multiple member-positions in the list. A list\n can be viewed formally as a function from a finite index set\n of counting numbers, beginning with one, into the domain of\n #$Things or perhaps some more restrictive domain. Unlike\n #$Series, #$List is purely abstract and the only implied\n relation between an item and its successor is the successor\n relation of the list itself. #$List is, technically, more\n specific than #$Tuple only in that the index set must be the\n counting numbers in their usual order rather than some other\n index set. Note that the operators defined on lists do not\n correspond exactly to similar operators in Common LISP;\n #$List includes commonsense lists like grocery list and the\n first item on a list is at position number 1.", guid = "bed50053-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; List rel isu StuffType, isu CoreConstant, iss Tuple; Format isp ListTheFormat; ListTheFormat has label = "list the format", comment = "A Format or datatype. Multiple copies of entries,\n & any number of entries, are OK; and order matters;\n i.e., if you change the order of two different elements of a\n list, the resultant list is not equal to the original one", guid = "bd58f26f-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Class isg ListWithoutRepetition; ListWithoutRepetition has label = "OSET", comment = "The collection of all those #$Lists, for each of\n which, no element appears more than once in the list. A\n #$ListWithoutRepetition is sometimes called an\n 'OSET'. Note that a #$ListWithoutRepetition\n amounts to a finite #$TotalOrdering-Strict. (In general a\n #$List and #$Series may have repeated elements.) See also #$SeriesWithoutRepetition.", guid = "bdb9081e-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; ListWithoutRepetition rel isu Class, iss List; Class isg ListeningDeliberately; ListeningDeliberately has label = "listening", comment = "The collection of events in which an #$Agent\n deliberately facilitates and does #$Hearing.", guid = "bd58c048-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; ListeningDeliberately rel isu TemporalStuffType, isu DefaultDisjointScriptType, iss AccessingAnIBT, iss Hearing, iss Perceiving-Voluntary; Class isg Liver; Liver has label = "livers", comment = "The collection of all living #$Animal livers.\n Each instance of #$Liver is a large compound\n #$InternalOrgan. A #$Liver breaks down dead\n #$RedBloodCells, removes certain poisons and waste material\n from the blood stream, creates glycogen from sugars and\n proteins, stores glycogen, removes certain chemicals from\n the blood, secretes bile (#$BileTheSecretion) which is used\n for digestion,and regulates metabolism of carbohydrates,\n #$Proteins, #$Vitamins, #$Minerals, and fats.", guid = "bd58a6a6-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Liver rel isu UniqueAnatomicalPartType, isu AnimalBodyPartType, iss BiologicalLivingObject; Class isg LivingLanguage; LivingLanguage has label = "living languages", comment = "#$LivingLanguage, a subset of #$NaturalLanguage,\n is the collection of all natural languages which have some\n native speaker(s).", guid = "bd58fc55-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; LivingLanguage rel isu Class, iss NaturalLanguage, xor DeadLanguage; Class isg LocalGovernmentOrganization; LocalGovernmentOrganization has label = "local government organizations", comment = "A collection of government organizations; a subset\n of #$LocalOrganization. An element of\n #$LocalGovernmentOrganization is any government organization\n -- whether federal, state, county, or municipal -- that is\n specific to, i.e., has jurisdiction and/or services\n generally limited to, one (local) location. For example, a\n Board of Education of a particular school district is a\n #$LocalGovernmentOrganization, because its authority extends\n to schools in a limited (local) area; in the U.S., such a\n Board answers to another #$LocalGovernmentOrganization,\n typically a city or township government. In another\n example, an element of #$VeteransAdministrationMedicalCenter\n is a local organization in terms of its service area, but\n bureaucratically it belongs to the U.S. Federal government;\n thus, #$VeteransAdministrationMedicalCenter is a subset of\n both #$LocalGovernmentOrganization and #$USFederalGovernmentOrganization.", guid = "c10c233a-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; LocalGovernmentOrganization rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss LegalGovernmentOrganization, iss LocalOrganization; Class isg LocalOrganization; LocalOrganization has label = "local organizations", comment = "A collection of organizations. An element of\n #$LocalOrganization is an organization having local\n `scope' -- that is, members distributed in a local area\n (a #$Neighborhood, #$City, rural region, etc.) or having a\n local area of activity and concern, as opposed to statewide,\n national, or international organizations.", guid = "bd58eedb-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; LocalOrganization rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss Organization; Class isg LocomotionEvent-Animal; LocomotionEvent-Animal has label = "locomotion event - animal", comment = "A collection of events; a subset of\n #$LocomotionProcess-Generic. In an instance of\n #$LocomotionEvent-Animal, the #$objectMoving (at least the\n object that is playing the role of #$doneBy in the event) is\n an #$Animal. In addition to episodes of walking and\n swimming, #$LocomotionEvent-Animal includes events in which\n an agent moves itself using a device, with that agent\n supplying the motive force to the device -- as in instances\n of #$PedalingABicycle, #$IceSkating, #$InLineSkating, etc.\n Since the locomotor virtually always supplies the vast\n majority of the force required to make the motion happen, it\n is safe to infer that IF something plays the role of\n #$providerOfMotiveForce, THEN it is an #$objectMoving. In\n certain abnormal situations this rule will make the wrong\n conclusions: e.g. if a mountain climber's assent is\n aided by another stationary person above. Some locomotion\n events are also transportation events, e.g. when someone is\n walking while carrying something else. Note: Elements of\n #$LocomotionEvent-Animal may be `non-homogeneous' (by\n contrast, each #$LocomotionProcess-Animal is\n `homogeneous.') That is, if you take #$timeSlices of a\n #$LocomotionEvent-Animal, they may or may not be\n #$LocomotionEvent-Animals. E.g., even though a\n mountain-climbing event is a #$LocomotionEvent-Animal, if\n you take a time-slice of it -- even a quite long time-slice\n of it! -- that whole time-slice could be where you were\n tying your climbing rope to a piton you'd just pounded\n into the mountainside, and that tying event is not a\n #$LocomotionEvent-Animal. Note that this is not quite the\n same thing as the granularity of a process, such as\n #$AnimalWalkingProcess, where if you take a fine enough\n time-slice you are just lifting your leg up into the air.\n In the case of a #$LocomotionEvent-Animal such as scaling a\n sheer rock wall, very little of the time actually involves\n the motion of your body up the wall. ", guid = "bd58e64e-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; LocomotionEvent-Animal rel isu DefaultDisjointScriptType, isu TemporalObjectType, iss AnimalActivity; Class isg LocomotionProcess-Animal; LocomotionProcess-Animal has label = "locomotion processes", comment = "The collection of processes in which an animal\n moves from one place to another by its own power. A\n #$LocomotionProcess-Animal is an activity considered as a\n #$TemporalStuffType, in which any time-slice of the activity\n can also be considered an instance of that activity.\n Subsets of #$LocomotionProcess-Animal include:\n #$AnimalWalkingProcess, #$Brachiating, #$Climbing,\n #$WheelchairLocomotionEvent, #$Boring-Locomotion, etc.", guid = "bd58e68c-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; LocomotionProcess-Animal rel isu Class, isu DefaultDisjointScriptType, isu TemporalStuffType, iss LocomotionEvent-Animal, iss Movement-TranslationProcess; Class isg LogicalConnective; LogicalConnective has label = "logical connective", comment = "A collection of mathematical objects, including\n the basic logical connectives. Each element of\n #$LogicalConnective is a #$Relation which takes one or more\n truth-valued expressions (sentences) as arguments and\n returns a truth-valued sentence. The elements of\n #$LogicalConnective include #$and, #$or, #$not, and #$implies.", guid = "bd58b9f9-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; LogicalConnective rel isu Class, isu RelationshipType, isu CoreConstant, iss TruthFunction; Class isg Loneliness; Loneliness has label = "lonely", comment = "The disagreeable feeling of being without company.\n This is a collection; for an explanation of a typical\n #$FeelingAttributeType, see #$Happiness. Some more\n specialized #$FeelingAttributeTypes are #$Loneliness,\n #$Solitude, etc.", guid = "c0ed0b82-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Loneliness rel isu FeelingAttributeType, iss FeelingAttribute; PhysicalStructuralAttribute isp LongAndThin; LongAndThin has label = "long and thin", comment = "A physical attribute. #$LongAndThin is the\n #$PhysicalStructuralAttribute that characterizes a tangible\n object which has one dimension whose length exceeds that of\n each of the other two dimensions by at least a factor of\n three. E.g., pencils, straws, telephone wire, submarines,\n skyscrapers. Cf. #$SheetShaped.", guid = "c0f2a0fe-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Class isg LongitudeLine; LongitudeLine has label = "lines of longitude", comment = "A line between the #$NorthPole and the\n #$SouthPole, intersecting the #$Equator at 90 degrees.", guid = "bddab4a1-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; LongitudeLine rel isu ExistingObjectType; Class isg LookingForSomething; LookingForSomething has label = "searches", comment = "Searching for something with the intent to find\n it. Instances of failure to find the object of the search\n are still instances of #$LookingForSomething.", guid = "bd58fb33-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; LookingForSomething rel isu DefaultDisjointScriptType, isu TemporalStuffType, iss Perceiving-Voluntary; Class isg LosingUserRights; LosingUserRights has label = "losses of user rights", comment = "A collection of events. In an instance of\n #$LosingUserRights, some #$Agent loses possession of\n something. Thus, in such an event, that agent loses a\n previously held right (viz., some #$UserRightsAttribute) to\n use some item. The item in question is identified as the\n #$objectOfPossessionTransfer, and the agent is the\n #$fromPossessor (i.e., the one from whom possession is\n taken). The #$Agent may or may not be a #$deliberateActors\n in the event; e.g., selling one's car is done on\n purpose, but having one's car repossessed probably\n isn't. If either of those two events happen to you,\n though, it is an element of the collection #$LosingUserRights.", guid = "bd641ca1-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; LosingUserRights rel isu TemporalObjectType, iss ChangeInUserRights, iss TransferOut; Class isg Love; Love has label = "loves", comment = "Strong affection for another agent arising out of\n kinship or personal ties. Love may be felt towards things,\n too: warm attachment, enthusiasm, or devotion. This does\n not, however, mean something as specialized/metaphorical as\n `Fred loves to eat ice cream' or `Ethel loves to get\n her way.' #$Love is a collection, as further explained\n under #$Happiness. Specialized forms of #$Love are\n #$Love-Romantic, platonic love, maternal love, infatuation,\n agape, etc.", guid = "bd589433-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Love rel isu FeelingAttributeType, iss Affection; Class isg Lung; Lung has label = "lungs", comment = "The collection of all lungs, the primary\n respiratory organs of #$AirBreathingVertebrates.", guid = "bd58cacb-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Lung rel isu AnimalBodyPartType, isu SymmetricAnatomicalPartType, iss BiologicalLivingObject; Class isg MKSUnitOfMeasure; MKSUnitOfMeasure has label = "meter-kilogram-second units of measure", comment = "A subset of #$UnitOfMeasure. #$MKSUnitOfMeasure\n is the collection of all the measurement functions whose\n results use the MKS (i.e., meter-kilogram-second) system of\n measure to describe physical quantities. Examples:\n #$MetersPerSecondPerSecond, #$Liter, #$MetricTon.", guid = "bd5901ca-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; MKSUnitOfMeasure rel isu RelationshipType, iss UnitOfMeasure; Class isg MailingLocation; MailingLocation has label = "mailing locations", comment = "A collection of places; a subset of\n #$ContactLocation. Each element of #$MailingLocation is a\n location at which an agent can be contacted by mail, e.g., a\n home, office, or post office box.", guid = "be01f510-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; MailingLocation rel isu ContactLocationType, iss ContactLocation; CapacityAttribute isp MainFunction; MainFunction has label = "main function", comment = "One of the attributes which characterize the\n capacity in which some agent does a kind of action.\n #$MainFunction indicates that an agent does a certain type\n of action as its main function (rather than, say, as a\n hobby). #$MainFunction can be used to indicate the function\n that an organization was created to do; e.g., the\n #$MainFunction of the #$USBorderPatrol is #$Patrolling the\n U.S. border. See #$actsInCapacity.", guid = "bd588c81-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Class isg MakingAGesture; MakingAGesture has label = "gesture", comment = "The collection of acts of #$IBOCreation done by\n an #$Animal (including #$Person) arranging its limbs or\n other body parts (and whatever objects the limbs might be\n holding) in some meaningful configuration (static or\n dynamic). Vocal #$IBTGenerations are not considered to be\n gestures (see #$MakingAnOralSound for this), but they might\n be done in conjunction with gestures. NB:\n #$MakingAGesture is NOT a subset of\n #$NonVerbalCommunicating; at most, an instance of\n #$MakingAGesture is only half of a communication event. And\n someone can make a gesture while alone, without using it for\n communication. Thus, only some gestures are #$subEvents of\n #$NonVerbalCommunicating. (But note that #$MakingAGesture IS\n a subset of #$IBTGeneration-Original (q.v.), since every\n gesture encodes information, whether or not it is used for\n communication in a particular instance.)", guid = "bd58f623-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; MakingAGesture rel isu TemporalObjectType, isu DefaultDisjointScriptType, iss VoluntaryBodyMovement, iss VisualInformationConveyingAct; Class isg MakingAnAgreement; MakingAnAgreement has label = "agreement-making events", comment = "A collection of events. Each element in the\n collection #$MakingAnAgreement is an event in which two or\n more parties specify the terms of an #$Agreement to which\n they will be #$agreeingAgents, and enter into it. Some\n types of #$MakingAnAgreement include its subsets\n #$EngagementEventPart-BecomingEngaged, #$EmployeeHiring,\n #$DeclaringCeaseFire, and #$MakingAReservation.", guid = "bd58a184-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; MakingAnAgreement rel isu TemporalObjectType, isu DefaultDisjointScriptType, iss Communicating, iss CreationEvent; Class isg MakingAnOralSound; MakingAnOralSound has label = "verbalize", comment = "The collection of actions in which the lips and\n other mouth parts are used to make sound.\n #$MakingAnOralSound means the event in which sound is\n produced more-or-less voluntarily, using the mouth, mouth\n portal, lips, and tongue.--Kean, July 11, 1997", guid = "bd589df6-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; MakingAnOralSound rel isu DefaultDisjointScriptType, iss EmittingSound, iss BodyMovementEvent; Class isg MakingFacialExpression; MakingFacialExpression has label = "making facial expression", comment = "The collection of events during which the\n configuration of an agent's face changes. This is\n usually associated with the expression of some emotion.", guid = "bd58c58d-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; MakingFacialExpression rel isu DefaultDisjointScriptType, isu TemporalStuffType, iss BodyMovementEvent; Class isg MakingSomething; MakingSomething has label = "making events", comment = "A collection of creation events.\n #$MakingSomething is a specialization of\n #$CreatingAnArtifact instances of which involve some\n partially tangible thing being made from raw materials or\n from parts. The end result (see #$productsCreated) might or\n might not be a #$Product.", guid = "bd58fe38-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; MakingSomething rel isu DefaultDisjointScriptType, isu TemporalObjectType; Class isg MakingSomethingAvailable; MakingSomethingAvailable has label = "provisions of goods or services", comment = "The collection of all activities in which an\n #$Agent makes it possible for another #$Agent to use (but\n not necessarily own) a good or service.", guid = "bd58a246-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; MakingSomethingAvailable rel isu TemporalObjectType, iss HumanActivity; Class isg MakingTravelArrangements; MakingTravelArrangements has label = "making travel arrangements", comment = "The collection of all events in which an agent\n arranges for some kind of travel event.", guid = "bd58bd9c-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; MakingTravelArrangements rel isu TemporalObjectType, isu DefaultDisjointScriptType; LivingLanguage isp MalayIndonesianLanguage; MalayIndonesianLanguage has label = "Indonesian Language", comment = "A Malayan language spoken in Indonesia.", guid = "bd58b9cd-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Class isg MaleAnimal; MaleAnimal has label = "males", comment = "The collection of all male animals.", guid = "bd58e943-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; MaleAnimal rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss Animal, xor FemaleAnimal; Class isg MalePerson; MalePerson has label = "males", comment = "The collection of all male persons.", guid = "bd58d6a1-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; MalePerson rel isu OrganismClassificationType, iss Person, iss MaleAnimal, xor FemalePerson; Class isg Malleability; Malleability has label = "malleabilities", comment = "A collection of attributes; a subset of\n #$PhysicalAttribute. Each element of #$Malleability\n represents a specific capacity of a physical material to be\n shaped or formed. Different degrees of malleability may be\n designated using a #$GenericValueFunction. Malleability of\n objects is indicated with the predicate #$malleabilityOfObject.", guid = "bd58955d-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Malleability rel isu MaterialStrengthType, isu MeasurableAttributeType, iss ScalarInterval; Class isg Malnutrition; Malnutrition has label = "malnutrition", comment = "A collection of physiological conditions caused by\n the lack of essential #$Nutrients (usually vitamins,\n minerals or proteins). Specialized forms of #$Malnutrition\n are: (1) #$DietaryDeficiencyCondition, in which the\n necessary nutrients are not ingested; and (2)\n #$Malnutrition-Secondary, in which the necessary nutrients\n are not properly metabolized.", guid = "be00bb98-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Malnutrition rel isu PhysiologicalConditionType, iss AilmentCondition; Class isg Mammal; Mammal has label = "mammals", comment = "The collection of mammals; a subset of\n #$Vertebrate. Each element of #$Mammal is an air-breathing,\n warm-blooded animal which, if female, nurses its young with\n milk secreted by mammary glands. The collection #$Mammal\n includes the subsets #$Dog, #$Horse, #$Person, #$Elephant,\n etc. The skin of mammals is typically covered with hair (or\n sometimes hair modified into scales or plates (e.g.\n pangolins)), but some types are almost hairless. All\n mammals other than the Monotremes of Australia bear live\n young rather than laying eggs and have teats, which on\n females are used for nursing the young. Monotremes do not\n have teats, but both male and female produce milk from\n #$MammaryGlands. #$Mammal is an instance of #$BiologicalClass.", guid = "bd58a628-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Mammal rel isu BiologicalClass, isu OrganismClassificationType, iss Vertebrate; Class isg Manager; Manager has label = "manager", comment = "A collection of people. An instance of #$Manager\n is a person whose primary job is to manage other people,\n directing their work activity in an #$Organization or for a\n #$Project. A #$Manager tells his or her subordinate workers\n what to do.", guid = "bd58b762-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Manager rel isu OccupationType; LivingLanguage isp MandarinChineseLanguage; MandarinChineseLanguage has label = "Mandarin Chinese", comment = "One of the major languages spoken in China; also\n the official language.", guid = "bd58a106-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Class isg Manufacturing; Manufacturing has label = "fabrications", comment = "A collection of events. In each #$Manufacturing\n event, raw materials or component parts are combined to\n produce a product. In a typical #$Manufacturing process,\n the motivation of the manufacturer is that the value of the\n #$outputs should exceed the value of the #$inputs.\n #$Manufacturing does not include related or supportive\n processes such as transporting the raw materials to the\n manufacturing site, scheduling done ahead of time, etc. --\n the concept #$ProductionEvent covers that bigger picture.", guid = "bd58e175-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Manufacturing rel isu DefaultDisjointScriptType, iss MakingSomething; Class isg ManufacturingOrganization; ManufacturingOrganization has label = "manufacturing organization", comment = "A collection of organizations. An element of\n #$ManufacturingOrganization is any organization whose\n #$MainFunction is #$Manufacturing or production of goods.\n These may be departments, suborganizations, companies, or\n conglomerate enterprises.", guid = "bd58ef23-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; ManufacturingOrganization rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss CommercialOrganization, iss Organization; Class isg Map; Map has label = "maps", comment = "A collection of #$ConceptualWorks. Each element\n of #$Map can be properly interpreted, models a region of\n physical space which may be many times greater or smaller\n than its own size by using graphical symbols (or possibly\n another code), often in conjunction with a natural language,\n to represent features of one or more of the following kinds:\n geographical areas (#$GeographicalRegion), topographical\n features (#$TopographicalFeature), political regions\n (#$GeopoliticalEntity), climate zones (#$ClimateCycleType),\n human artifacts (#$ConstructionArtifact), population\n densities (#$populationDensity), etc. Maps are generally\n intended to help an agent to orient itself in space or to\n understand some aspect(s) of a large spatial area. #$Maps\n are physically instantiated in map copies, which may be on\n paper, in computerized geographical information systems, or\n in other forms.", guid = "bd58e7b4-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Map rel isu ProductType, isu ExistingObjectType; Class isg March; March has label = "March", comment = "The collection of all Marches, the third month\n of the year in the #$JulianCalendar.", guid = "bd58c2bd-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; March rel isu MonthOfYearType, isu CoreConstant, iss CalendarMonth; Class isg MarineCorps; MarineCorps has label = "Marine corps", comment = "A collection of military organizations. An\n instance of #$MarineCorps is a military organization, modern\n or historical, composed mainly of soldiers (i.e., combat\n personnel) who serve on ships or in conjunction with naval\n forces, with the purpose of defending or attacking coastal areas.", guid = "beebd6c2-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; MarineCorps rel isu ExistingObjectType; Class isg MarinePersonnel; MarinePersonnel has label = "marines", comment = "A soldier who is in the Marines.", guid = "bd58a78c-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; MarinePersonnel rel isu OccupationType, iss MilitaryPerson; Class isg MaritalStatusOfPeople; MaritalStatusOfPeople has label = "marital statuses", comment = "The attribute values indicating the\n #$maritalStatus of a #$Person. Members of this collection\n include #$Divorced, #$Widowed, #$Single, and #$Married.", guid = "bd590574-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; MaritalStatusOfPeople rel isu UnorderedAttributeType, isu AttributeType, isu SiblingDisjointAttributeType; Class isg MarkingOnASurface; MarkingOnASurface has label = "marking on a surface", comment = "A collection of events. In a #$MarkingOnASurface\n event, visible markings are placed on a surface by an\n #$Agent. The marking may be done by adding material to or\n removing material from the surface; e.g., by painting or by\n engraving the surface.", guid = "bd588d33-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; MarkingOnASurface rel isu TemporalStuffType, isu DefaultDisjointScriptType, iss IBOCreation; GenderOfLivingThing isp Masculine; Masculine has label = "masculine", comment = "#$Masculine is a gender, indicating either that an\n #$Animal or #$Plant is male, or that a word has what is\n called masculine gender.", guid = "bd590c7e-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Class isg Mass; Mass has label = "masses", comment = "A collection of physical attributes. Each element\n of #$Mass is an amount of matter present in a given object.\n Elements of #$Mass may be either a fixed interval, such as\n two pounds, or a range, such as a legal load for a certain\n type of trailer. The more mass an object has, the greater\n is the force required to accelerate it. See #$UnitOfMass\n for the units used by Cyc to measure mass.", guid = "bd58dbe6-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Mass rel isu FundamentalNumericAttributeType, iss ScalarInterval; Class isg MassNoun; MassNoun has label = "mass noun", comment = "The collection of all mass nouns. Mass nouns are\n syntactically singular, and often they denote stufflike\n things. Example: 'water'.", guid = "bd652289-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; MassNoun rel isu LinguisticObjectType, isu SpeechPart, iss MassNoun-Generic; Class isg MassNoun-Generic; MassNoun-Generic has label = "mass noun - generic", comment = "The collection of all mass nouns. Mass nouns are\n syntactically singular, and often they denote stufflike\n things. Example: 'water'. This collection also\n includes proper mass nouns like 'Pepsi', agentive\n mass nouns like 'moisturizer', etc.", guid = "c0c8418b-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; MassNoun-Generic rel isu SpeechPart, iss Noun; Class isg MaterialStrengthType; MaterialStrengthType has label = "material strength type", comment = "A collection of collections. Each element of\n #$MaterialStrengthType is a specific collection of\n attributes used in determining the strength of a material.\n Examples: #$Hardness, #$Malleability, #$Ductility,\n #$Elasticity, #$ShearStrength.", guid = "bd58d2da-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; MaterialStrengthType rel isu Class, isu CollectionType, iss DerivedNumericAttributeType; Class isg MathematicalObject; MathematicalObject has label = "mathematical object", comment = "A collection of intangible objects; a subset of\n #$MathematicalThing. Each element of #$MathematicalObject\n is a purely abstract mathematical thing which is an\n individual (see #$Individual). Examples of\n #$MathematicalObject include: #$Quantifiers, #$RealNumbers,\n #$Triangles, #$TruthValues, etc. But instances of\n #$SetOrCollection are not #$MathematicalObjects in Cyc,\n because they are not #$Individuals.", guid = "bf461f37-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; MathematicalObject rel isu ObjectType, iss IntangibleIndividual; Class isg MathematicalOrComputationalThing; MathematicalOrComputationalThing has label = "mathematical or computational thing", comment = "A collection of abstract (#$Intangible) objects.\n Each element of #$MathematicalOrComputationalThing is a\n massless, timeless abstraction, such as an algorithm,\n logical connective, character string, assertion, integer, etc.", guid = "bd58e31f-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; MathematicalOrComputationalThing rel isu ObjectType, iss Intangible, xor TemporalThing; Class isg MathematicalOrdering; MathematicalOrdering has label = "mathematical ordering", comment = "The collection of all those #$RelationalStructures\n that are called 'orderings'. A\n #$MathematicalOrdering is usually described as an ordered\n pair <S, R> where S is a set and R is a binary\n relation on S that is transitive, i.e., for each X, Y and Z\n in S, R(X Y) and R(Y Z) imply R(X Z). We do not have to\n define a #$MathematicalOrdering in Cyc as an ordered pair,\n but it is essential that each such #$MathematicalOrdering\n has a unique #$baseSet and a unique ordering relation. We\n use, for each #$MathematicalOrdering ORDER,\n (#$orderingRelations ORDER PRED) to specify a binary\n predicate PRED, the restriction of which to the #$baseSet S\n of ORDER indicates the ordering relation R on S, and we\n require the collections that are used to specify the\n arguments to PRED to be supersets of S. In principle, there\n could be different predicates PRED1 and PRED2 such that when\n restricted to the same #$baseSet S of a\n #$MathematicalOrdering ORDER, they order the elements of S\n exactly the same way. When we said that there is a unique\n ordering relation R on S, we mean to ignore the difference\n between PRED1 and PRED2 when they are restricted to S, and\n treat the results of such restrictions the same, as far as\n they are used to talk about ORDER. Subcollections of\n #$MathematicalOrdering include #$PartialOrdering,\n #$PartialOrdering-Strict, #$TreeOrdering,\n #$TreeOrdering-Strict, #$TotalOrdering,\n #$TotalOrdering-Strict, #$WellOrdering and\n #$Lattice-LatticeTheoretic, etc.", guid = "bf3b5382-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; MathematicalOrdering rel isu ObjectType, iss RelationalStructure; Class isg May; May has label = "May", comment = "The collection of all Mays, the second month to\n start after the vernal equinox (in the Northern Hemisphere)\n in the #$GregorianCalendar and #$JulianCalendar. May is the\n fifth month of the year in the #$GregorianCalendar. May\n started as the third month of the year in the\n #$JulianCalendar, but after the beginning of the year was\n moved to the beginning of #$January it became the fifth\n month of the year.", guid = "bd58c232-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; May rel isu MonthOfYearType, isu CoreConstant, iss CalendarMonth; Class isg MeasurableAttributeType; MeasurableAttributeType has label = "measurable attribute type", comment = "A collection of collections. Each element of\n #$MeasurableAttributeType is a collection of attributes, the\n members of which are quantifiable attributes, i.e., they can\n be assigned a numeric value. For example, #$RateOfRotation\n and #$ConcentrationPerVolume. For the units in which\n specific attributes are measured, see #$measuredIn and\n #$unitsMeasuringThisQuantity. Note that in Cyc, numbers are\n classified as measurable attributes; see #$RealNumber, etc.", guid = "bd58d9b3-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; MeasurableAttributeType rel isu Class, isu CollectionType; Class isg MeasuringDevice; MeasuringDevice has label = "measuring devices", comment = "A collection of physical devices. An instance of\n #$MeasuringDevice is a device used for measuring some\n quantity such as #$Distance, #$Volume, #$Temperature, etc.\n Examples include the odometer in your car (an #$Odometer),\n the graduated glass measuring cup in your kitchen (a\n #$MeasuringCup), and the thermostat on your wall (a\n #$TemperatureMeasuringDevice, although it is also a #$ControlDevice.)", guid = "bd590901-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; MeasuringDevice rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss PhysicalDevice; Class isg MeasuringSomething; MeasuringSomething has label = "measuring events", comment = "A collection of events. Each element of\n #$MeasuringSomething is an event in which an agent uses a\n physical device to measure some physical attribute of a\n tangible object. The last part of such an event involves\n the perception (and perhaps recording) of a\n #$measurementResult by some instance of#$PerceptualAgent.\n See also #$MeasurementFn.", guid = "bd588524-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; MeasuringSomething rel isu DefaultDisjointScriptType, isu TemporalObjectType, iss PurposefulCompositePhysicalAndMentalActivity; Class isg MechanicalDevice; MechanicalDevice has label = "mechanical devices", comment = "A collection of physical devices. An instance of\n #$MechanicalDevice is a physical device which has at least\n one part that moves with respect to another of its parts.\n Thus a spoon is not one of these, but a pair of scissors is,\n as are more complex devices such as vacuum cleaners and the #$SpaceShuttleChallenger.", guid = "bd58d581-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; MechanicalDevice rel isu ProductType, isu Class, isu ExistingObjectType, iss PhysicalDevice; Class isg MedicalCareEvent; MedicalCareEvent has label = "medical care event", comment = "A collection of events. When any medical care\n professional provides a medical service to patients, that is\n an instance of #$MedicalCareEvent. An instance of\n #$MedicalCareEvent may be a diagnostic procedure, a\n treatment, a consultation, routine check-up, a medical test,\n etc. -- anything a medical care provider can bill for.\n E.g., (#$BirthFn #$NicoleLenat) represents the birth of a\n particular person; since she were born in a modern Western\n hospital, doctors, nurses, and a variety of hospital\n equipment were present and used, so this is a\n #$MedicalCareEvent. ", guid = "bd638fc1-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; MedicalCareEvent rel isu TemporalObjectType, iss ServiceEvent, iss HumanActivity; Class isg MedicalCareInstitution; MedicalCareInstitution has label = "medical care facilities", comment = "Large organizations that provide medical or\n psychiatric care and have facilities for patients to stay at\n least overnight.", guid = "bd649710-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; MedicalCareInstitution rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss MedicalCareOrganization, xor Pharmacy; Class isg MedicalCareOrganization; MedicalCareOrganization has label = "medical care organizations", comment = "A collection of organizations; a subset of both\n #$MedicalCareProvider and #$ServiceOrganization. An element\n of #$MedicalCareOrganization is any organization that\n provides some kind of medical care; it may be a\n sub-organization of a larger organization. Examples include\n all instances of #$DoctorsOffice, #$DentistsOffice,\n #$OptometricFacility, or #$RehabilitationFacility;\n #$IndependentPracticeAssociation or #$Hospital;\n #$EmergencyRoom, #$DialysisUnit, #$AllergyTestingFacility;\n #$HomeNursingServiceOrganization or\n #$LongTermMedicalCareFacility; and #$VeterinaryHospital.", guid = "bd58f48e-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; MedicalCareOrganization rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss ServiceOrganization, iss MedicalCareProvider; Class isg MedicalCareProfessional; MedicalCareProfessional has label = "medical care professionals", comment = "A collection of persons; a subset of\n #$Professional. Each element of #$MedicalCareProfessional\n is a person whose occupation principally involves medical\n care of patients, including surgery, psychological care,\n physical therapy, practical nursing, and dispensing drugs.\n The collection #$MedicalCareProfessional includes members of\n the subsets #$Psychiatrist, #$Pharmacist,\n #$EmergencyMedicalTechnician, #$Nurse, #$Doctor-Medical,\n etc., as well as #$Veterinarian.", guid = "c10c316e-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; MedicalCareProfessional rel isu OccupationType, iss MedicalCareProvider, iss HealthProfessional, iss Professional; Class isg MedicalCareProvider; MedicalCareProvider has label = "medical care provider", comment = "The collection of agents who provide medical care\n in a professional capacity.", guid = "c0fd5c00-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; MedicalCareProvider rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss SocialBeing; Class isg MedicalFacilityType; MedicalFacilityType has label = "medical facility type", comment = "Instances are kinds of medical care facilities.\n Some may be organizations , some may be places and some are equipment.", guid = "bd597404-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; MedicalFacilityType rel isu CollectionType, isu Class, iss ExistingObjectType; Class isg MedicalPatient; MedicalPatient has label = "patients", comment = "The #$Collection of instances of #$Animal while\n undergoing medical care - which includes routine\n examinations as well as treatment for injuries or illnesses.", guid = "bd5893d4-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; MedicalPatient rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss SocialBeing, iss Animal; Class isg MedicalSpecialtyType; MedicalSpecialtyType has label = "medical specialty type", comment = "The collection of all medical worker types,\n divided up by specialty.", guid = "c10ae933-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; MedicalSpecialtyType rel isu CollectionType, isu SiblingDisjointCollection, iss OccupationType; Class isg MedicalTesting; MedicalTesting has label = "medical tests", comment = "A collection of events in which some aspect of a\n patient's physiological condition is evaluated using\n medical procedures. An instance of #$MedicalTesting is a\n test done on a patient -- or, often, on a sample taken from\n the patient's body -- in order to gather information\n (a) about the patient's general state of health, (b) to\n help in making a diagnosis, (c) to determine or monitor the\n severity of a known condition of the patient's. The\n collection #$MedicalTesting includes an enormous variety of\n procedures in modern Western medicine, from simple blood\n tests to complex MRIs.", guid = "c0fd5389-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; MedicalTesting rel isu TemporalObjectType, iss MedicalCareEvent; Class isg MedicalTreatmentEvent; MedicalTreatmentEvent has label = "medical treatments", comment = "A collection of medical care events; i.e., a\n subset of #$MedicalCareEvent. In any instance of\n #$MedicalTreatmentEvent, the procedures performed by a\n medical professional are done to alleviate or ameliorate a\n #$PhysiologicalCondition. The set of treatments for a\n specific condition may be denoted using #$TreatmentFn (q.v.).", guid = "bd58ba4f-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; MedicalTreatmentEvent rel isu Class, isu TemporalObjectType, isu DefaultDisjointScriptType, iss ServiceEvent, iss SimpleRepairing, iss MedicalCareEvent; TerrainAttribute isp MediterraneanScrub; MediterraneanScrub has label = "mediterranean scrub", comment = "Attribute of areas of shrub-dominated vegetation\n located in the Mediterranean basinand similar climatic\n regions in coastal parts of California, Chile, South Africa,\n and southern Australia. A variety of aromatic herbaceous\n plants grow beneath low shrub thickets. Source: The Times\n Atlas of the World (1995).", guid = "bec614ea-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; InternationalWaters isp MediterraneanSea; MediterraneanSea has label = "the Mediterranean Sea", comment = "A strategically important small sea between\n southern Europe, western Asia (the Levant), and northern Africa.", guid = "bd58ecea-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Class isg MeetingSomeone; MeetingSomeone has label = "meetings", comment = "A collection of actions. In a #$MeetingSomeone\n event, one #$Agent is moving and meets (comes into close\n proximity with) another #$Agent. This may or may not be\n purposeful. It may be performed by non-human animals, and\n occasionally by other sorts of #$Agents. Note: this does not\n mean `being introduced to someone', but rather `going\n to meet with someone'.", guid = "c0f29aad-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; MeetingSomeone rel isu Class, iss SocialOccurrence; Class isg MeetingTakingPlace; MeetingTakingPlace has label = "meetings", comment = "The collection of human meeting events, in which\n #$Persons gather intentionally at a location in order to\n communicate or share some experience; business is often\n transacted at such a meeting. Examples include: a\n particular conference, a business lunch, etc.", guid = "bd590388-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; MeetingTakingPlace rel isu DefaultDisjointScriptType, isu TemporalObjectType, iss SocialGathering; Class isg Melting; Melting has label = "melting events", comment = "A collection of events. In each instance of this\n collection, an object is heated to (and then above) its\n #$freezingPoint and is thereby changed from a\n #$SolidStateOfMatter to a #$LiquidStateOfMatter.", guid = "bd58f9f4-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Melting rel isu TemporalStuffType, isu DefaultDisjointScriptType, iss PhysicalStateChangeEvent; Class isg Memory; Memory has label = "memory", comment = "A collection of mental information. Each element\n of #$Memory is the propositional content of a mental state\n in which a person recalls past events. Most commonly those\n memories concern first-person experiences, but they may\n include recollections of anything that the person has\n learned in the past.", guid = "bd58da47-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Memory rel isu Class, iss MentalInformation; Class isg MensClothing; MensClothing has label = "men's clothes", comment = "A collection of objects. Each element of\n #$MensClothing is a clothing item worn usually by men, i.e.,\n items normally found in the men's section of department\n stores. Subsets include #$Tuxedos and #$MensJockeyUnderwear.", guid = "bd5902fc-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; MensClothing rel isu ProductType, isu ExistingObjectType; Class isg MentalAttribute; MentalAttribute has label = "mental attributes", comment = "A collection of attributes. Each element of\n #$MentalAttribute is an attribute which pertains to an\n agent's mental state or mental ability. Examples:\n #$HighIntelligence, #$LegallyDrunk, #$VisualAwareness, #$InattentiveMentalActivityLevel.", guid = "bd58833e-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; MentalAttribute rel isu AttributeType, iss AttributeValue; Class isg MentalInformation; MentalInformation has label = "pieces of mental information", comment = "A collection of information. Each element of\n #$MentalInformation is the propositional content of a\n specific mental state of an individual person. Thus, this is\n information which is embodied in a person having a memory or\n sensory perception or other type of thought. Note that\n elements of #$MentalInformation are the propositional\n content of memories, perceptions, judgments, etc. For\n example, when I remember that my grandmother's eyes are\n blue, the mental information contained therein is `my [the\n rememberer's] grandmother's eyes are blue';\n it is NOT `I remember that my grandmother's eyes are\n blue'. As a consequence, mental information (as\n defined in Cyc) is not incorrigible.", guid = "bd58daca-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; MentalInformation rel isu Class, iss PropositionalInformationThing; SharedNote isp MetaAssertionsForPolyCanonicalizingAssertions; MetaAssertionsForPolyCanonicalizingAssertions has label = "meta assertions for poly canonicalizing assertions", comment = "If one wishes to state a fact M about an formula\n F, i.e. if one wishes to assert the meta-assertion M(F) and\n if F canonicalizes into multiple assertions, a_1,\n a_2...a_n, then one may have to do a non-standard procedure.\n If F canonicalizes into a_1, a_2...a_n *and* when any of\n a_1, a_2...a_n uncanonicalize back into A then the meta\n assertion M(F) gets automatically distributed to each of\n a_1, a_2...a_n. In such a case M(F) ends up in the\n knowledge base as several assertions, i.e. M(a_1), M(a_2),\n ... M(a_n). In other cases (i.e. where a\n polycanonicalizing formula does not uncanonicalize back\n into itself) (typically rarer), one will have to do the\n non-standard procedure of distributing the meta-assertions\n by hand. Example (of the more standard case):\n (fi-assert '(#$implies (#$isa ?x #$Animal)\n (#$thereExists ?y (#$and (#$isa ?y\n #$FemaleAnimal) (#$mother ?x ?y)))) #$BaseKB) produces\n in the two assertions: #<AS:(#$implies (#$and (#$isa\n ?X #$Animal) (#$termOfUnit ?Y (#$SKF-16480338 ?X)))\n (#$mother ?X ?Y)):#$BaseKB> #<AS:(#$implies (#$and\n (#$isa ?X #$Animal) (#$termOfUnit ?Y\n (#$SKF-16480338 ?X))) (#$isa ?Y\n #$FemaleAnimal)):#$BaseKB> Note that these two\n assertions share the common EL formula: (#$implies (#$isa\n ?x #$Animal) (#$thereExists ?y (#$and (#$isa\n ?y #$FemaleAnimal) (#$mother ?x ?y)))) Now if we add a\n meta assertion that references this formula: (fi-assert\n '(#$salientAssertions #$mother (#$implies\n (#$isa ?x #$Animal) (#$thereExists ?y (#$and\n (#$isa ?y #$FemaleAnimal)\n (#$mother ?x ?y))))) #$BaseKB) the meta formula\n automatically distributes over the two assertions:\n #<AS:(#$salientAssertions #$mother\n #<AS:(#$implies (#$and (#$isa ?X #$Animal)\n (#$termOfUnit ?Y (#$SKF-16480338 ?X)))\n (#$mother ?X ?Y)):#$BaseKB):#$BaseKB>\n #<AS(#$salientAssertions #$mother\n #<AS:(#$implies (#$and (#$isa ?X #$Animal)\n (#$termOfUnit ?Y (#$SKF-16480338 ?X)))\n (#$isa ?Y #$FemaleAnimal)):#$BaseKB):#$BaseKB> This\n new behavior was added to the system on December 9, 1998.\n It can be turned-off by setting the parameter\n CYC::*DISTRIBUTE-META-OVER-COMMON-EL?* to nil.", guid = "bfb7415a-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Class isg MetaKnowledgePredicate; MetaKnowledgePredicate has label = "metaknowledge predicates", comment = "A collection of predicates. Each element of\n #$MetaKnowledgePredicate is a predicate used in assertions\n about the Cyc ontology itself. Examples: #$myCreator,\n #$cyclistNotes, #$sharedNotes, #$salientAssertions, #$assertionConclusionActionType.", guid = "bd588097-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; MetaKnowledgePredicate rel isu PredicateCategory, iss Predicate; Class isg MetaPredicate; MetaPredicate has label = "meta predicate", comment = "A collection of predicates. Each element of\n #$MetaPredicate can be used to define other predicates.", guid = "c0d662dc-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; MetaPredicate rel isu PredicateCategory, iss MetaRelation, iss Predicate; Class isg MetaRelation; MetaRelation has label = "meta relation", comment = "A collection of relations. Each element of\n #$MetaRelation can be used to define other relations.", guid = "bf4f46aa-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; MetaRelation rel isu RelationshipType, iss IntangibleObjectPredicate; Class isg Metal; Metal has label = "metals", comment = "A collection of tangible stuffs. Every instance\n of #$Metal is a piece of stuff defined as a metal only by\n its chemical composition, not by its physical properties.\n Thus, #$Metal includes all instances of #$Mercury and\n #$Potassium as well as all pieces of #$Brass, #$Lead,\n #$Iron. Cyc infers only by default that metals are solid.\n #$MetalAlloy is a subset of #$Metal.", guid = "bd58ac39-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Metal rel isu TangibleStuffCompositionType, iss InorganicStuff; Class isg MetalAlloy; MetalAlloy has label = "alloys", comment = "A collection of tangible stuffs; a subset of\n #$Metal. Each instance of #$MetalAlloy is a metallic stuff\n which is a homogeneous blend of at least one part of\n #$UnalloyedMetal with at least one other substance.\n #$MetalAlloy is not a subset of #$Mixture, because each\n instance of #$MetalAlloy is defined not only by the amounts\n and kinds of its #$constituents, but also (unlike a mixture)\n by the internal structures formed during its creation.\n Furthermore, the creation process is typically more complex\n than #$Mixing. Common metal alloys include the instances of\n #$Bronze, #$Brass, and #$Steel. Note that #$GalvanizedMetal\n is NOT a subset of #$MetalAlloy, because every instance of\n #$GalvanizedMetal has a coating of some #$Zinc on its\n surface, and thus (unlike an alloy) the components of\n galvanized metals are not homogenously distributed throughout.", guid = "bd58cc8b-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; MetalAlloy rel isu TangibleStuffCompositionType, iss Mixture, iss ArtificialMaterial, iss Metal; Class isg MicroscopicScaleObject; MicroscopicScaleObject has label = "microscopic scale object", comment = "A collection of objects. Every instance of\n #$MicroscopicScaleObject is a material object which is so\n small that human beings cannot perceive it, except (perhaps)\n with the use of special devices such as electron\n microscopes. Some types of #$MicroscopicScaleObject include\n its subsets #$Molecule, #$Atom, #$SubAtomicParticle,\n #$Chloroplast, and #$Mitochondrion.", guid = "bd5891ac-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; MicroscopicScaleObject rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss PartiallyTangible; Class isg Microtheory; Microtheory has label = "contexts", comment = "The collection of all microtheories, or `mts'\n for short. Microtheories implement contexts in Cyc. Each\n mt serves to group a set of assertions together that share\n some common assumptions. Thus each mt can be thought of as\n having two parts: a corpus of assertions that represent the\n `content' of the mt, and a separate corpus of\n assertions that represent the `assumptions' which are\n being made. E.g., in a normal modern everyday life\n microtheory, there might be hundreds of content assertions\n such as `drivers are at least 16 years old', and there\n might be dozens of assumption assertions about that\n microtheory's content, such as `all actors are assumed\n to be law-abiding'. You can think of the assumptions\n as a set of extra conjuncts on the left hand side (the\n antecedent or `if'-part) of every content assertion in\n the mt. Each assertion in the knowledge base must be\n explicitly stated to be true in at least one mt. It will\n then (by inference) also be true in all the more specialized\n contexts. If something is true in the `life in North\n America' mt, then it should by default be true in the\n `life in Canada' mt. I.e., the microtheories are\n organized into a generalization/specialization lattice by\n the predicate #$genlMt (q.v.), just as collections are\n organized into such a lattice by #$genls, and just as\n predicates are organized into such a lattice by #$genlPreds.\n Just as a collection may have several incommensurable\n supersets, so too a microtheory may have several\n incommensurable #$genlMts. Just as each and every\n collection must have some explicitly recorded superset\n (except for #$Thing), each and every mt must have some\n (expicitly recorded) more general mt (except for the\n #$BaseKB, which is the most general context, containing\n universal, timeless truths). Just as a Cyc concept may have\n multiple incommensurable sets of which it is an element (via\n #$isa), so too a Cyc assertion may be declared to be true in\n a set of incommensurable mts. Every query is made in some\n mt, so the answer you get might very well depend on the mt\n in which you ask the question. Let's call the current\n context C1, for the remainder of this paragraph. The only\n assertions which can be used in C1 to answer the query are\n those assertions which were explicitly stated to be true in\n C1 or in some more general mt than C1. But what if you want\n and need something like assertion P, to answer the question,\n but P doesn't fit that criterion, though P is true in\n some other mts that are unrelated to C1? You can\n `import' or `lift' P into C1, by conjoining to its\n left hand side (if-part) the various assumptions of a\n context C999 in which P is known to be true. I.e., what you\n actually conclude to be true in C1 is an assertion of the\n form `if a1 and a2 and... then P', where a1, a2,... are\n the assumptions of a context in which P holds (but which are\n NOT implied by assumptions of C1). When there are several\n contexts to choose from, from which to import P, you will\n usually prefer the context whose assumptions are most\n similar to C1's assumptions, so there will be few extra\n conjuncts that need to be inserted in the `lifting'\n process. There is an implicit third component to each\n #$Microtheory, namely the Cyc terms which are `known\n about' in that mt. E.g., #$Lenat is not `known\n about' in a microtheory set in prehistoric times;\n #$PhotochemicalEnergyTransduction is not `known about'\n in a microtheory representing things that a toddler believes\n to be true; etc. Unlike the content and the assumptions,\n however, there is no need to explicitly collect into one\n list all the terms which are `known about'. Rather,\n one could compute such a list by looking at all the terms\n which are mentioned anywhere in the content assertions of\n the mt. Note that #$Microtheory is itself a `first-class\n object', as is each and every element of that\n collection --- e.g., #$CommercialBuyingMt,\n #$WorldGeographyMt, #$USHealthcareMt, #$HumanSocialLifeMt,\n etc. The assertions about a #$Microtheory are just like any\n other Cyc assertions. Note that one important predicate\n we haven't mentioned here yet is the one that says\n `assertion P is true in microtheory M'. That predicate\n is #$ist. Thus: (#$ist M P). Note that another\n important predicate we haven't mentioned here yet is\n the one that says `microtheory M has the proposition P as a\n domain assumption'. Thus: (#$domainAssumptions M P).", guid = "bd5880d5-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Microtheory rel isu Class, isu MicrotheoryType, isu CoreConstant, iss Individual, iss Thing, iss AbstractInformationalThing, xor Relation, xor Class, xor Language, xor TimeInterval, xor LinguisticObject, xor AttributeValue, xor Event; Class isg MicrotheoryDesignatingRelation; MicrotheoryDesignatingRelation has label = "microtheory designating relation", comment = "The collection of #$Relations which specify that a\n #$ELSentence-Assertible is to be interpreted in a given\n #$Microtheory. It will be canonicalized and checked for\n well-formedness with respect to that microtheory. Each\n microtheory-designating relation has an argument which\n denotes a microtheory, and another argument which denotes a\n #$ELSentence-Assertible. It may have other arguments as\n well. Use #$microtheoryDesignationArgnum and\n #$sentenceDesignationArgnum to specify these argument\n positions for each microtheory-designating relation.", guid = "beab9388-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; MicrotheoryDesignatingRelation rel isu CoreConstant, isu RelationshipType, iss Relation; Class isg MicrotheoryPredicate; MicrotheoryPredicate has label = "microtheory predicates", comment = "A collection of predicates. Each element of\n #$MicrotheoryPredicate is a predicate used to describe the\n properties and relationships of instances of #$Microtheory.\n Examples: #$domainAssumptions, #$mtTime, #$genlMt,\n #$adheresToCodeOfConduct, #$ist-Agreement, #$ist-Obligation.", guid = "bd58817a-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; MicrotheoryPredicate rel isu RelationshipType, isu PredicateCategory, iss Predicate; Class isg MicrotheoryType; MicrotheoryType has label = "microtheory type", comment = "A collection of collections. Each instance of\n #$MicrotheoryType is a type of #$Microtheory, for example,\n #$ProblemSolvingCntxt and #$GeneralMicrotheory.", guid = "bd58e6e8-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; MicrotheoryType rel isu Class, isu CollectionType, iss Class; PreparationAttribute isp Microwaved; Microwaved has label = "microwaved", comment = "The attribute #$Microwaved is a specialized form\n of #$Cooked. Food that is #$Microwaved has been prepared in\n an event of #$Microwaving, using a #$MicrowaveOven.", guid = "bd9fc405-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Class isg Microwaving; Microwaving has label = "microwave", comment = "A collection of events in which a #$MicrowaveOven\n is used to heat food (or drink). After a #$Microwaving\n event, the food involved has been #$Microwaved.", guid = "bff3797e-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Microwaving rel isu TemporalObjectType, isu DefaultDisjointScriptType, iss CookingFood; Class isg Midday; Midday has label = "middays", comment = "A #$Midday is the daily event where the #$Sun is\n near its `highest' position in the daily cycle. A\n #$Midday overlaps the start of an #$Afternoon, and a\n #$Morning overlaps the start of a #$Midday.", guid = "bd5887c3-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Midday rel isu TemporalObjectType, iss QualitativeTimeOfDay; Class isg MigratoryAnimal; MigratoryAnimal has label = "migratory animals", comment = "A subset of #$Animal; the collection of animals\n that change their dwelling place on a periodic, typically\n seasonal basis. Such behavior is usually characteristic of\n particular types of #$BiologicalSpecies.", guid = "c1009f65-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; MigratoryAnimal rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss Animal; Class isg MilitaryAircraft; MilitaryAircraft has label = "military aircraft", comment = "The collection of all aircraft used for military\n purposes, or equipped to be used for such purposes.", guid = "bd58b375-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; MilitaryAircraft rel isu ProductType, isu ExistingObjectType, iss AirTransportationDevice; Class isg MilitaryOfficer; MilitaryOfficer has label = "officers", comment = "A collection of people, a subset of\n #$MilitaryPerson. Each element of this collection is\n somebody who is an officer in some #$MilitaryOrganization.", guid = "bd58a748-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; MilitaryOfficer rel isu PositionType, isu OccupationType, iss Leader, iss MilitaryPerson; Class isg MilitaryOrganization; MilitaryOrganization has label = "military services", comment = "A collection of organizations. An element of\n #$MilitaryOrganization is an organization whose function\n (and expertise) is the use of armed force, or the threat of\n such use, against enemies, especially other organized, armed\n enemies. A military organization includes its fighting\n forces and their command structure, together with dedicated\n support services controlled by that military command.\n Typically, there are special conditions in the relationships\n between a #$MilitaryOrganization and its workers, going\n beyond what is expected of work agreements in civilian\n settings, including strict sanctions to enforce obedience.\n This collection includes #$GovernmentMilitaryOrganizations\n such as the armies, navies, air forces, etc., of the\n world's governments, and in addition private armies,\n rebel armies, and organized mercenary units.", guid = "bd58f1ef-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; MilitaryOrganization rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss Organization; Class isg MilitaryPerson; MilitaryPerson has label = "military people", comment = "A collection of persons; a subset of\n NationalGovernmentEmployee. Each element of\n ArmedServicesPersonnel is a person who belongs to any of the\n national military services of some instance of Country.", guid = "bd58ef05-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; MilitaryPerson rel isu OccupationType; Class isg Mineral; Mineral has label = "minerals", comment = "A collection of tangible things. Each element of\n #$Mineral is a piece of homogeneous inorganic physical\n substance that has a crystalline structure. For example,\n instances of #$Diamond, #$Turquoise-Gem, #$Jade-Gem, #$Corundum.", guid = "c1008900-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Mineral rel isu ProductType, isu ExistingStuffType, iss SolidTangibleThing, iss InorganicStuff, iss NaturalTangibleStuff; Class isg MineralOre; MineralOre has label = "mineral ore", comment = "A collection of tangible things; a subset of\n #$EarthStuff. Each element of #$MineralOre is a piece of\n substance from which some useful #$Mineral can be extracted.\n For example, elements of #$IronOre, #$BauxiteOre, and #$CopperOre.", guid = "bd588750-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; MineralOre rel isu ExistingStuffType, isu TangibleStuffCompositionType, iss SolidTangibleThing, iss PartiallyTangible, iss EarthStuff; PhysicalStructuralAttribute isp Misty-PhysicalState; Misty-PhysicalState has label = "misty - physical state", comment = "A physical attribute. #$Misty-PhysicalState is\n the #$PhysicalStructuralAttribute that characterizes mist;\n i.e., being a mixture of a gaseous substance with suspended\n particles of liquid.", guid = "bd58d50d-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Class isg Mixing; Mixing has label = "mix", comment = "A collection of events. In each #$Mixing, two or\n more substances are combined to form a #$Mixture.", guid = "bd58e9f0-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Mixing rel isu TemporalStuffType, isu DefaultDisjointScriptType; Class isg Mixture; Mixture has label = "mixtures", comment = "A collection of tangibles. Every instance of\n #$Mixture is an at-least-partially tangible thing composed\n of two or more different #$constituents which have been\n mixed. The stuffs which were inputs to the mixing do not\n form chemical bonds between them, and at a later time the\n mixture may be resolved by some #$SeparationEvent. Examples\n include all elements of the collections #$Blood, #$Mud,\n #$Air, and #$CarbonatedBeverage. A mixture has a\n composition but not a structure; thus, the following are NOT\n mixtures, since all have some structure: a wet sponge, a\n person, or a portion of plywood. Note: By default, mixtures\n are assumed to be stable, i.e., they won't separate on\n their own. Use #$separatingConstituent to override this\n default for a constituent that does separate out\n spontaneously (e.g. a #$CarbonatedBeverage going flat).", guid = "bd58e89f-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Mixture rel isu ExistingStuffType, iss PartiallyTangible, xor PureCompound; Class isg Mob; Mob has label = "mobs", comment = "A specialization of #$Group. Each instance of\n #$Mob is a group that contains a large number of objects or\n events of the same type. Mobs typically have more members\n than would be feasible to enumerate or reify. One rarely\n refers to particular members of a given mob; and when one\n does, it is usually only to relatively few of them.\n Examples: the #$Andes-Mountains is a mob of mountains; each\n instance of #$Galaxy is a mob of stars; a cupful of sand is\n a mob of grains of sand; and making popcorn involves a mob\n of corn kernel bursting events.", guid = "bd58ed36-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Mob rel isu ExistingStuffType, iss Group; Class isg Modal; Modal has label = "modal", comment = "The collection of all modal auxiliary verbs.\n Modals have only tensed forms, do not inflect for person and\n number, and can take contracted negation. Example: `should'.", guid = "bd5884c6-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Modal rel isu LinguisticObjectType, isu SpeechPart; Alertness isp ModeratelyAlert; ModeratelyAlert has label = "moderately alert", comment = "#$ModeratelyAlert is an #$Alertness attribute\n which is a specialization of #$Awake. It is the normal\n state of an #$Animal which is awake but paying particular\n attention to its environment. It is a higher\n #$alertnessLevel than #$Sleepy, but lower than #$VeryAlert.", guid = "bd58a6bc-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Class isg ModernHumanResidence; ModernHumanResidence has label = "modern residences", comment = "A collection of objects; a subset of both\n #$HumanResidence and #$ModernShelterConstruction. Each\n element of #$ModernHumanResidence is a humanly constructed\n shelter of a modern type, in which people live. Such\n residences are the typical dwellings in the developed world\n of the late 20th century and may be found in the more\n affluent regions of the developing world. Examples include\n houses in suburban `developments', modern apartment\n buildings, `modular' homes, etc.", guid = "bd58f076-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; ModernHumanResidence rel isu ProductType, isu ExistingObjectType, iss ModernShelterConstruction, iss HumanResidence; Class isg ModernNavalShip; ModernNavalShip has label = "modern naval ships", comment = "The collection of all #$Ships that have been used\n since the Nineteenth Century primarily for naval purposes,\n including military attack and defense, reconnaisance,\n support, rescue, coastal monitoring, etc. Such a ship is\n naval in this sense even if it is not operated by a #$Navy.\n Most ModernNavalShips are specifically constructed for naval purposes.", guid = "bd58f0f3-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; ModernNavalShip rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss Ship; Class isg ModernShelterConstruction; ModernShelterConstruction has label = "modern shelter constructions", comment = "A collection of construction artifacts; a subset\n of #$Building (q.v.). An instance of\n #$ModernShelterConstruction is a building that provides\n comfortable shelter for humans during some of their daily\n activities. Elements of #$ModernShelterConstruction have\n the kinds of features found in modern-day buildings in\n Europe, the USA, and other technologically developed parts\n of the world, namely, amenities like doors, plumbing,\n electricity, and probably some kind of climate control\n system for maintaining humanly comfortable conditions\n indoors. Examples include the #$NewYorkHiltonAtBroadway,\n the #$SydneyOperaHouse, and instances of the collection\n #$ModernHumanResidence (e.g., a newly built home in a\n suburban development or a renovated brownstone in NYC).", guid = "bd58a081-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; ModernShelterConstruction rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss RealEstate, iss Building; Class isg MolecularStuff; MolecularStuff has label = "molecular stuff", comment = "A collection of tangible stuff. Every instance of\n #$MolecularStuff is a portion of stuff composed of\n covalently-bonded molecules. Thus, #$Water and #$DNAStuff\n are subsets of #$MolecularStuff; each of their instances\n consists of covalently bonded molecules. But instances of\n #$Salt-NaCl are not examples of #$MolecularStuff. Also,\n #$Oxygen is not a subset of #$MolecularStuff, since #$Oxygen\n denotes anything composed of that element, not just O2\n (molecular oxygen) and O3 (ozone). ", guid = "bd59e38c-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; MolecularStuff rel isu TangibleStuffCompositionType, iss PartiallyTangible; Class isg Molecule; Molecule has label = "molecules", comment = "A collection of microscopic-scale objects; a\n subset of #$ChemicalObject. Every instance of #$Molecule is\n a microscopic object whose component atoms are all\n chemically bonded to each other; typically, this means that\n the atoms are covalently bonded. Examples: some instances\n of #$Molecule, including molecules of oxygen (O2), ozone\n (O3), water (H2O), carbon monoxide (CO), carbon dioxide\n (CO2), etc., contain covalently bonded atoms belonging to\n the collection #$Oxygen. Some highly complex examples of\n #$Molecule are those belonging to the collection\n #$DNAMolecule. See also #$MoleculeFn. Note: #$Diamond and\n other macroscopic covalent solids are excluded from\n belonging to #$Molecule by the constraint that instances of\n #$Molecule are microscopic.", guid = "bd58f0b2-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Molecule rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss ChemicalObject, xor Solution, xor LiquidTangibleThing; Class isg MoneraKingdom; MoneraKingdom has label = "Monera", comment = "A biological kingdom including bacteria, blue\n green algae, and prochlorophytes (recently discovered). All\n members are prokaryotes - their cells lack a nuclear\n membrane and other internal organelles.", guid = "bd58cb4b-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; MoneraKingdom rel isu BiologicalKingdom, iss ProkaryoticCell, iss Organism-Whole; Class isg MonetaryExchangeOfUserRights; MonetaryExchangeOfUserRights has label = "monetary exchange of user rights", comment = "The collection of events in which two #$Agents\n (#$exchangers) perform two #$TransferringPossessions with\n each other, one of which is a #$MoneyTransfer. The #$buyer\n gains possession (i.e., some #$UserRightsAttribute) of the\n #$objectPaidFor from the #$seller, who gains possession of\n the #$objectTendered. Note that #$Renting, as well as\n #$Buying, is a #$MonetaryExchangeOfUserRights", guid = "bffb86d0-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; MonetaryExchangeOfUserRights rel isu TemporalObjectType, iss MoneyTransaction, iss ExchangeOfUserRights, xor Bartering; Class isg MonetaryFlowRate; MonetaryFlowRate has label = "monetary flow rate", comment = "A collection of rates; a subset of\n #$ScalarInterval. Each element of #$MonetaryFlowRate is a\n rate at which money is earned, spent, transferred, lost,\n invested, etc. It is a measurable quantity, expressed as a\n rate of units of money per unit of time, such as\n #$DollarsPerHour (see #$UnitOfMonetaryFlowRate).\n #$MonetaryFlowRate includes generic intervals, such as those\n which describe (in a particular context) #$HighIncomeLevel,\n #$LowIncomeLevel, etc.", guid = "bd58eb7f-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; MonetaryFlowRate rel isu DerivedNumericAttributeType, iss MoneyRate, iss Rate; Class isg Money; Money has label = "money", comment = "The collection of amounts of currency or debt, by\n which payments, wealth, capital, assets, etc., are measured.\n An instance of #$Money may be considered as either (1) an\n amount of actual, valuable tangible goods (such as gold) or\n (2) a purely abstract quantity. That is, from one\n perspective, elements of #$Money represent the amount of a\n debt (or credit), while from another perspective, they\n represent what is actually transferred to create or\n discharge a debt. In either case it is an abstract thing.\n Either (a) money is a backed claim for a certain amount of\n precious physical wealth payable by the government on demand\n (e.g., the gold standard), or (b) money is a legally\n enforced means of debt payment without any backing. In the\n past, money was created by national governments; today some\n currencies like the Euro or the CFA Franc are created by\n multi-government entities. Elements of #$Money in\n Cyc may be either a fixed amount, such as five U.S.\n dollars, or a range, such as `the price of a 1997 Mazda\n Protege'. See #$UnitOfMoney for the units used by Cyc\n to measure instances of #$Money. Note: The tangible\n coins, bills, checks, etc., that represent certain amounts\n of #$Money (but which as physical objects may have little\n value) are elements of #$TenderObject, not of #$Money.\n Elements of #$TenderObject which also belong to #$Currency\n are typically associated with some instance of #$UnitOfMoney\n (e.g., #$Dollar-UnitedStates) and have a fixed value.", guid = "bd58d4d8-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Money rel isu FundamentalNumericAttributeType, iss ScalarInterval; Class isg MoneyRate; MoneyRate has label = "money rates", comment = "A collection of rates; a subset of\n #$ScalarInterval. Each element of #$MoneyRate is a\n measurement applied to something that is measured by\n money-per-amount; e.g., $1.14 per gallon, $10,000 per acre,\n $250 per week, $0.89 per pound. Important subsets of\n #$MoneyRate include: #$MoneyPerVolumeRate,\n #$MoneyPerAreaRate, #$MoneyPerMassRate, #$MonetaryFlowRate.\n The units for #$MoneyRate measures are terms such as\n #$DollarsPerSquareFoot, #$DollarsPerHour, Yen per kilo, etc.", guid = "bd58d145-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; MoneyRate rel isu AttributeType, isu DerivedNumericAttributeType, iss ScalarInterval; Class isg MoneyTenderType; MoneyTenderType has label = "money tender type", comment = "A collection of collections. Each element of\n #$MoneyTenderType is a collection of objects of a type\n commonly offered in payment for goods, services, fees,\n wage-work, etc. Examples include #$Currency, #$CreditCard,\n #$TravellersCheck, #$MoneyOrder, #$PostageStamp,\n #$Check-TenderObject, etc.", guid = "bd58d8e4-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; MoneyTenderType rel isu CollectionType, isu Class, iss ExistingObjectType; Class isg MoneyTransaction; MoneyTransaction has label = "money transactions", comment = "A collection of events. Each element of\n #$MoneyTransaction is an event in which a transfer of money\n occurs. Thus, buying something, investing, making a\n donation, executing a bequest and exchanging currency, are\n all examples of #$MoneyTransaction events.", guid = "bd589db3-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; MoneyTransaction rel isu DefaultDisjointScriptType, isu TemporalObjectType, iss CommercialActivity, iss MoneyTransfer; Class isg MoneyTransfer; MoneyTransfer has label = "money transfer", comment = "The most generic collection of events in which\n #$Money changes hands. Thus, in an instance of\n #$MoneyTransfer, there is some way in which money transfers\n possession -- though `ownership' of the funds may or\n may not be transferred from and/or to the agents involved.\n E.g., an ATM withdrawal from the user's own account, a\n utility payment made at one's local grocery store,\n buying a newspaper, getting change for a dollar from a\n cashier, are all examples of #$MoneyTransfer events.\n Compare this collection with its subset #$MoneyTransaction;\n in money #$Transactions, which are also elements of\n #$CommercialActivity, not only is there a transfer of money,\n but it is done as part of an agreement (explicit or\n implicit) between the two participating agents that one will\n do something for the other -- something more than\n bookkeeping -- contingent upon the transfer of funds.", guid = "bd590a32-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; MoneyTransfer rel isu TemporalObjectType, iss ChangeInUserRights, iss TransferringPossession, iss PurposefulAction; CycHLTruthValue isp MonotonicallyFalse; MonotonicallyFalse has label = "monotonically false", guid = "bd58f8bc-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; CycHLTruthValue isp MonotonicallyTrue; MonotonicallyTrue has label = "monotonically true", guid = "bd58f87a-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; TerrainAttribute isp MonsoonForest; MonsoonForest has label = "monsoon forest", comment = "Attribute of deciduous forest areas in eastern\n India, in parts of Southeast Asia, and in northeastern\n Australia. Growth is associated with the\n #$MonsoonClimateCycles prevailing in those regions. Source:\n The Times Atlas of the World (1995).", guid = "c0ec4f7a-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Class isg MonthOfYearType; MonthOfYearType has label = "month of year type", comment = "A collection of #$Collections. Instances of\n #$MonthOfYearType are the canonical subsets of\n #$CalendarMonth. There are twelve of these in the\n #$JulianCalendar; for example, #$September is the set of\n all Septembers.", guid = "bd58ce5e-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; MonthOfYearType rel isu CollectionType, isu CyclicalIntervalGroupType, isu SiblingDisjointCollection, isu MutuallyDisjointIntervalCollection, isu CoreConstant, iss AnnualEventType, iss ConventionalClassificationType; Class isg Morning; Morning has label = "mornings", comment = "A #$Morning is an #$Event where the #$Sun\n apparently `rises' and `moves' to its\n `highest' position in the daily cycle, i.e. from a\n #$Sunrise or #$MidnightSun to the ensuing noon (the latter\n of which is the #$startingPoint of a #$TimeOfDay-NoonHour)\n Each instance of #$Morning is #$contiguousAfter an\n #$Overnight or #$startsDuring a #$MidnightSun. An\n #$Afternoon is #$contiguousAfter each #$Morning, and if the\n #$Morning #$startsDuring a #$MidnightSun, that #$Morning is\n #$contiguousAfter an #$Afternoon as well.", guid = "bd588885-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Morning rel isu TemporalObjectType, iss QualitativeTimeOfDay; Class isg Motorboat; Motorboat has label = "motorboats", comment = "The collection of all boats usually powered by\n motors (including in-board and out-board motors). If a boat\n is primarily a #$Sailboat, but has a back-up motor to use\n when becalmed or piloting, that is not enough to make it a\n Motorboat. To be more precise, this collection is the\n intersection of #$Watercraft-Surface,\n #$InternalCombustionPoweredDevice and #$TransportationDevice-Vehicle.", guid = "bd58d72d-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Motorboat rel isu ProductType, isu ExistingObjectType, iss TransportationDevice-Vehicle, xor Rowboat; Class isg Motorcycle; Motorcycle has label = "motorcycles", comment = "The collection of all motorcycles, two-wheeled\n motorized personal transport devices. A motorcycle lacks a\n cab or compartment to protect the driver from wind and\n weather. Since motorcycles are used both on and off road,\n this is not a spec of #$RoadVehicle.", guid = "bd590474-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Motorcycle rel isu ProductType, isu ExistingObjectType, iss TransportationDevice-Vehicle, iss RoadVehicle; Class isg Mountain; Mountain has label = "mountains", comment = "A collection of topographical features. Each\n element of #$Mountain is a topographical region on the\n planet Earth of significantly higher elevation than its\n surrounding area. Mountains may occur individually or as\n part of a chain (see #$MountainRange). Examples:\n #$MountWhitney, #$DiamondHead-Mountain, #$MountKosciusko,\n #$AyersRock, #$MountOlympus.", guid = "bd58ce0d-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Mountain rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss LandTopographicalFeature; Class isg MountainRange; MountainRange has label = "mountain ranges", comment = "A collection of topographical features. Each\n element of #$MountainRange is a natural group of mountains.\n Examples: the #$RockyMountains, #$Andes-Mountains, #$Alps-Mountains.", guid = "bd58e52f-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; MountainRange rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss LandTopographicalFeature; Class isg Mouth; Mouth has label = "mouths", comment = "The collection of all animal mouths. A mouth is a\n container #$AnimalBodyPart of an #$Animal. It has an\n opening (a #$Portal) to the region outside the organism.\n Through that opening, the animal ingests tangible substances\n from the environment, such as food, water, air, etc.\n Additional activities, such as #$Chewing, may occur in the\n #$Mouth, and it may participate in other activities such as\n talking, kissing, etc.", guid = "bd589d87-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Mouth rel isu UniqueAnatomicalPartType, isu AnimalBodyPartType, iss BiologicalLivingObject, iss AnimalBodyPart; Class isg Movement-NonPeriodic; Movement-NonPeriodic has label = "non-periodic movements", comment = "#$Movement-NonPeriodic is a subset of\n #$MovementEvent. Each element of this collection is an\n #$Event in which the #$objectMoving does not return to a\n previous location or orientation (either not at all or only\n in a chaotic fashion). E.g., the motion of a basketball\n being dribbled by Magic Johnson as he runs downcourt. For\n contrast, see #$Movement-Periodic.", guid = "bd5dac56-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Movement-NonPeriodic rel isu TemporalObjectType, iss MovementEvent; Class isg Movement-Periodic; Movement-Periodic has label = "movement - periodic", comment = "A collection of events, and a subset of\n #$MovementEvent. An element of this collection is an\n #$Event in which the #$objectMoving returns repeatedly to a\n certain location or orientation at more or less regular time\n intervals. E.g., the motion of a seesaw one afternoon; the\n dribbling of a basketball in place by Magic Johnson; the\n motion of a slinky going down a staircase as it periodically\n changes its orientation through a fixed, repetive series of orientations.", guid = "bd658729-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Movement-Periodic rel isu TemporalStuffType, iss MovementEvent; Class isg Movement-Rotation; Movement-Rotation has label = "rotations", comment = "#$Movement-Rotation is a subset of\n #$MovementEvent. Elements of #$Movement-Rotation are those\n moving events in which the #$primaryObjectMoving is an\n #$objectRotating, i.e., it rotates about an axis that\n spatially intersects it (or that goes through a hole in\n it). For example, the daily rotation of the #$PlanetEarth\n on its axis, or the rotation of a clock hand about its\n fastened end. A negative example is the orbiting of\n #$PlanetEarth around the #$Sun - the axis does not\n spatially intersect the object.", guid = "bd58cb0a-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Movement-Rotation rel isu TemporalObjectType, iss MovementEvent; Class isg Movement-TranslationEvent; Movement-TranslationEvent has label = "movements from one place to another", comment = "This collection is a subset of #$MovementEvent.\n An element of this set is an #$Event in which the center of\n mass of the #$objectMoving changes location, with respect to\n the relevant frame of reference. Moreover, the whole moving\n object travels along some #$motionPathway-Complete from its\n origin (#$fromLocation) to its stopping place (#$toLocation)\n and must, at some point during the movement, be in a\n different location than it was at the start of motion (even\n if it ultimately returns to the origin). The moving object\n need not move completely out of its original spatial extent,\n thus a building moving one foot to the left undergoes a\n #$Movement-TranslationEvent. So: One special subset of\n translational movements includes those in which the movement\n ends in the same place it started from (e.g., one lap of a\n race car around the Indianapolis race track; a trip to the\n grocery store and back); this subset is\n #$Translation-NoLocationChange (including its subset\n #$Translation-RoundTrip). The other case is where the\n #$fromLocation and #$toLocation of a\n #$Movement-TranslationEvent are different; in that case, the\n movement event is also an element of\n #$Translation-LocationChange (e.g., the movement of the\n baseball during a home run hit by Roger Maris.) Note\n that a #$Stationary object cannot be an #$objectMoving in a\n #$Movement-TranslationEvent, because it has a zero\n translational velocity. A swinging pendulum does not\n translate as a whole, because there is a part of the\n pendulum (the fulcrum) that stays in the same place.\n However, some parts of the pendulum (e.g. the weight at the\n bottom) do undergo translation.--BillJ, Feb 25, 1999", guid = "bd588e70-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Movement-TranslationEvent rel isu Class, isu TemporalObjectType, iss Translocation; Class isg Movement-TranslationProcess; Movement-TranslationProcess has label = "movement processes", comment = "#$Movement-TranslationProcess is the subset of\n #$Movement-TranslationEvent whose elements can be\n pragmatically considered to be continuous processes. In any\n instance of #$Movement-TranslationProcess, all time-slices\n of that process are also themselves elements of\n #$Movement-TranslationProcess. Note that walking is a type\n of #$Movement-TranslationProcess, even though it involves\n some nonzero accelerations and jerks. A non-example would be\n a plot of the various residences you've lived in\n (``moved to'') over the course of your lifetime;\n another non-example would be Captain Kirk beaming up to the\n Enterprise; another would be the ``tunneling'' of\n an electron in a tunnel diode. Note: If you believe in\n quantum mechanics, then ultimately all physical motion is\n series of discrete, discontinous ``hops''. This\n is where ``PRAGMATICALLY'' continuous vs.\n discontinuous comes in; i.e., in a quantum physics context\n some particular motion might be considered discontinuous,\n whereas in some naive everyday context that same motion is\n considered continuous.", guid = "bd588e2f-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Movement-TranslationProcess rel isu TemporalStuffType, iss Movement-TranslationEvent, iss MovementProcess; Class isg MovementEvent; MovementEvent has label = "moves", comment = "#$MovementEvent is the collection of events which\n are principally about an object or set of objects going\n from one place or set of places to another place or set of\n places, or from one rotational orientation to another\n rotational orientation. Note that shape changes (see\n #$ShapingSomething) are not a kind of #$MovementEvent. Each\n instance of #$MovementEvent is a rotation or translation of\n some instance of #$PartiallyTangible, where movement occurs\n relative to a frame of reference which is not part of the\n #$objectMoving. Thus, Neil Armstrong's stepping onto\n the Moon's surface from the lunar landing module is an\n element of #$MovementEvent. Such movements may be periodic\n (e.g., the turning of the Earth on its axis 31 times during\n the month of August 1996) or complex (e.g., Li\n Xiaoshuang's compulsory floor exercise in the 1996\n Olympics Men's Gymnastics Team Competition). Note:\n #$MovementEvent is the most generic collection for physical\n movements. For representing specific events, one or more of\n the following subsets of #$MovementEvent may be more\n precise: #$Movement-TranslationEvent, #$Movement-Rotation,\n #$Movement-Periodic, #$Movement-NonPeriodic,\n #$Translation-Flow, #$Translation-Complete,\n #$Translation-SingleTrajectory,\n #$Translation-MultiTrajectory. Some questions to consider\n in selecting the best collection to represent a physical\n movement include: (1) is the movement translational or\n rotational motion? (2) is it periodic or nonperiodic? (3)\n does it involve a discrete motion (i.e., an object's\n moving completely from one place to another) or a continuous\n flow? (4) does it involve a change of location or no\n location change? (5) does it involve a single pathway or\n more than one? Note on what is NOT included in\n #$MovementEvent: Consider a person's raising her hand\n and waving, or a tree's bending as its branches sway in\n a strong wind, while the person and the tree remain in the\n same place. The movements of the person and the tree do NOT\n qualify as instances of #$MovementEvent, because the\n `doer' in any element of #$MovementEvent must rotate or\n translate as a whole. The hand movement and the movement of\n the branches do, however, qualify as objects moving in the\n proper sense. So, for example, an instance of #$WavingAHand\n (done by a person) would have#$subEvents which ARE elements\n of #$MovementEvent, in which the person's hand is the #$objectMoving.", guid = "bd590401-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; MovementEvent rel isu TemporalObjectType, iss GeneralizedTransfer; Class isg MovementProcess; MovementProcess has label = "movements", comment = "#$MovementProcess is a subset of #$MovementEvent.\n Its elements are those #$MovementEvents which can be\n considered as continuous motions. That is, (1) motion\n happens without interruption throughout a #$MovementProcess,\n and thus (2) every time-slice of a #$MovementProcess is also\n a #$MovementProcess.", guid = "bd5890cd-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; MovementProcess rel isu TemporalStuffType, iss MovementEvent; Class isg MultiDirectionalCommunication; MultiDirectionalCommunication has label = "dialogues", comment = "A collection of complex information transfer\n events. Each element of #$MultiDirectionalCommunication is\n an event in which more than one agent is involved as a\n #$senderOfInfo. For example, a conversation or a debate, as\n opposed to a speech or lecture. The predicate\n #$infoContributed is used to correlate each sending agent\n with the information s/he transmits in such an event. For\n communication acts having only one sender, see #$CommunicationAct-Single.", guid = "bd5891c4-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; MultiDirectionalCommunication rel isu Class, iss Communicating, xor CommunicationAct-Single; Class isg Multigraph; Multigraph has label = "multigraph", comment = "An instance of #$PathSystemType-Structural and a\n subcollection of #$PathSystem. Each instance of\n #$Multigraph is an instance of #$PathSystem in which the\n only points are nodes in the system and all paths are made\n of links (i.e., no intermediate points along links).\n Sometime such a system is called a graph or multi-graph in\n graph theory. A #$Multigraph consists of nodes\n interconnected by links, with loops on single nodes allowed,\n and with multiple links between the same two nodes also\n allowed. (For a graph with no parallel links and no loops,\n see #$SimpleGraph-GraphTheoretic.", guid = "bde212ef-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Multigraph rel isu PathSystemType-Structural, iss PathSystem, iss RelationalStructure; Class isg MusclePoweredDevice; MusclePoweredDevice has label = "muscle powered devices", comment = "A collection of physical devices. An instance of\n #$MusclePoweredDevice is a device which is powered by animal\n muscle power (including human labor); e.g., hammers,\n horse-drawn carriages, etc.", guid = "bd5893ed-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; MusclePoweredDevice rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss KineticEnergyPoweredDevice; Class isg MuscleTissue; MuscleTissue has label = "muscle", comment = "The collection of all instances of muscle tissue,\n considered as an #$OrganicStuff; that is, the collection of\n all tissue composing the biological organs that convert\n chemical energy into mechanical energy. E.g., the elements\n of #$Biceps, #$Triceps, #$Heart, #$Stomach, all consist of\n some type of #$MuscleTissue.", guid = "bd58cc38-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; MuscleTissue rel isu ExistingStuffType, iss BiologicalLivingObject; Class isg MuscularSystem; MuscularSystem has label = "musculatures", comment = "The collection of all animals' muscle\n systems. A #$MuscularSystem of an animal is composed of all\n its muscles, considered as a functional whole. As a system,\n they work together to enable foot motions in locomotion,\n pumping in circulation, breathing in respiration, biting and\n chewing and swallowing in eating, etc.", guid = "bd58e6af-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; MuscularSystem rel isu AnimalBodyPartType, iss AnimalBodyPart, iss BiologicalLivingObject; Class isg Music; Music has label = "musica", comment = "A collection of sounds; a subset of\n #$SoundInformationBearingThing. Each element of #$Music is\n a sound produced by actions such as singing, whistling,\n playing an instrument, playing recorded music, etc. Music\n has certain features that distinguish it from random noise\n (though recognizing them may depend upon a specific cultural\n background); such features usually include variations of\n pitch over time (i.e., melody), multiple (somehow) related\n pitches sounding at one time (i.e., some kind of harmony),\n and/or some regular temporal pattern to the component sounds\n (i.e., rhythm). Examples of #$Music include: the debut\n performance of Beethoven's Fifth Symphony; Leonard\n Bernstein's rendition of the Ninth Symphony with the\n BPO in Berlin in 1989; a particular playing of a particular\n CD of Bernstein's 1989 Ninth in Berlin; the Messiah\n sing-in in Austin, TX, in 1995.", guid = "bd58ce26-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Music rel isu Class, isu TemporalStuffType, iss AudibleSound, iss SoundInformationBearingThing; Class isg MutuallyDisjointIntervalCollection; MutuallyDisjointIntervalCollection has label = "mutually disjoint interval collection", comment = "A collection of collections. Any element, X,\n which is an element of #$MutuallyDisjointIntervalCollection\n is a collection of interval types X1, X2, X3,..., whose\n instances are #$temporallyDisjoint; that is, each instance\n of X1 has no temporal intersection with any instance of X2\n or X3 or...; each instance of X2 has no temporal\n intersection with any instance of X1 or X3 or...; etc. For\n example, consider #$DayOfWeekType, whose instances are\n #$Monday, #$Tuesday,... It is true that (#$isa\n #$DayOfWeekType #$MutuallyDisjointIntervalCollection),\n because no Monday can temporally intersect any Tuesday or\n Wednesday or....; no Tuesday can temporally intersect any\n Monday or Wednesday or...; etc. Other elements of\n #$MutuallyDisjointIntervalCollection include\n #$DayOfWeekType, #$CalendarSeasonType, #$HourOfDayType, and\n so on. See also #$TemporallyDisjointIntervalType.", guid = "be0111d4-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; MutuallyDisjointIntervalCollection rel isu Class, isu CollectionType, iss Class; Class isg NLPhraseType; NLPhraseType has label = "n l phrase type", guid = "bf03912a-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; NLPhraseType rel isu CollectionType, iss LinguisticObjectType; Class isg NTupleInterval; NTupleInterval has label = "n tuple interval", comment = "A collection of mathematical objects; a subset of\n #$Tuple. Each element of #$NTupleInterval is a tuple (an\n ordered list of items) whose items are intervals. For\n example, vectors and complex numbers, as well as scalar\n intervals (which are one-tuples). Note that intervals in\n Cyc may be numerical, or they may be intervals along any\n scale with distinguishable gradations (e.g., riskiness,\n alertness, roughness of texture).", guid = "bd58ec55-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; NTupleInterval rel isu ObjectType, iss AttributeValue, iss Tuple; Class isg NamedRoadway; NamedRoadway has label = "named roadways", comment = "The collection of named parts (stretches or\n segments) of roadways. (Not roadway the stuff.) Instances\n are named pieces of roadways (or highways or streets) which\n have names and lengths, and (usually) intersect with other\n roads. ", guid = "bd589614-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; NamedRoadway rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss Street-Generic; Class isg Narrative; Narrative has label = "narratives", comment = "The collection of all\n #$PropositionalConceptualWorks that recount a sequence of\n events (in chronological order or in such a manner that\n their temporal order can be ascertained) involving some\n agent or agents. Instances of #$Narrative may be fictional\n or factual and, accordingly, may involve #$Persons or\n #$FictionalCharacters. Important specializations of\n #$Narrative include #$Novel-CW and #$Biography.", guid = "bd58886c-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Narrative rel isu ExistingObjectType; Class isg NationalOrganization; NationalOrganization has label = "national organizations", comment = "A collection of organizations. An element of\n #$NationalOrganization is an organization which has\n nationwide `scope' -- that is, nationwide distribution\n (throughout some #$Country) of members and/or activities, as\n opposed to to local, state-wide or international\n organizations. Examples: the National Association for the\n Advancement of Colored People and the Daughters of the\n American Revolution in the United States; the Red Guards and\n the Young Pioneers in China (PROC).", guid = "c0fde577-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; NationalOrganization rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss Organization; Class isg NationalPostalService; NationalPostalService has label = "national postal services", comment = "A collection of national postal services run by\n the governments of their particular countries. The United\n States Postal Service would be an example, but United Parcel\n Service, since it is a private business, wouldn't be.", guid = "bd590797-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; NationalPostalService rel isu ExistingObjectType; Class isg NationalTaxAgency; NationalTaxAgency has label = "national tax agencies", comment = "A collection of government organizations. An\n element of #$NationalTaxAgency is a revenue agency that is\n part of the government of a #$Country and which is concerned\n primarily with collecting tax money (from national taxes)\n from the residents of that #$Country. This collection does\n NOT include customs agencies and agencies that collect minor\n fees only.", guid = "bd58d47a-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; NationalTaxAgency rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss LegalGovernmentOrganization; Class isg Nationality; Nationality has label = "nationalities", comment = "A collection of collections. Each #$Nationality\n is the set of people resident in (or visiting for a long\n term) some country -- e.g., #$AmericanPerson,\n #$TrinidadAndTobagoPerson, etc.", guid = "bd58961d-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Nationality rel isu Class, isu CollectionType; Class isg NaturalLanguage; NaturalLanguage has label = "languages", comment = "The collection of languages which are used for\n human communication and evolved naturally. This includes\n dead languages such as Ancient Greek and Latin but excludes\n concocted languages such as Esperanto.", guid = "bd58f37a-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; NaturalLanguage rel isu ObjectType; Class isg NaturalTangibleStuff; NaturalTangibleStuff has label = "natural tangible stuff", comment = "A collection of naturally occurring things which\n are at least partly tangible. Each element of\n #$NaturalTangibleStuff is a naturally occurring tangible\n thing, including, for example, elements of its subsets\n #$EarthStuff, #$Wood, and #$Air. Man-made materials are NOT\n included in #$NaturalTangibleStuff.", guid = "bd58d55a-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; NaturalTangibleStuff rel isu ExistingStuffType, iss PartiallyTangible, xor ArtificialMaterial; Class isg NavalShipBase; NavalShipBase has label = "naval bases", comment = "The collection of all naval bases with facilities\n for #$ModernNavalShips, or operated by a #$Navy.", guid = "bd624901-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; NavalShipBase rel isu ExistingObjectType; Class isg Navigating; Navigating has label = "navigating events", comment = "The collection of all events in which the\n performer determines the location of an object in some frame\n of reference, and determines the direction the object should\n travel to reach some destination. Navigating usually\n involves using some devices (compass, clock, etc.) as aids", guid = "c0fd6e5f-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Navigating rel isu TemporalStuffType; Class isg NavigationDevice; NavigationDevice has label = "navigational devices", comment = "A collection of physical devices. An instance of\n #$NavigationDevice is a device used for #$Navigating, i.e.,\n for taking the bearings and plotting the course of someone\n or something travelling through some medium, usually in some\n transportation device. Instances include the simplest\n elements of #$Compass, but also sophisticated GPS\n (geopositioning systems utilizing satellites.)", guid = "bd58db99-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; NavigationDevice rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss PhysicalDevice; Class isg Navy; Navy has label = "navies", comment = "A collection of military organizations. An\n element of #$Navy is a military organization, modern or\n historical, composed mainly of seaborne forces and/or forces\n responsible for military operations on water and adjacent\n coastal areas. Includes battleships and aircraft carriers\n (with their battle groups), submarines, shore patrol\n vessels, and special forces, as well as the support\n personnel of naval bases.", guid = "bf23bde1-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Navy rel isu ExistingObjectType, xor Army-BranchOfService; Class isg NavyPersonnel; NavyPersonnel has label = "naval people", comment = "A collection of people, a subset of\n #$MilitaryPerson. Each element of this collection is\n somebody who works for a #$Navy.", guid = "bd58b598-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; NavyPersonnel rel isu OccupationType, iss MilitaryPerson; Class isg NegativeInteger; NegativeInteger has label = "negative integers", comment = "#$NegativeInteger is a subset of #$Integer. Each\n element of #$NegativeInteger is a whole number less than\n zero; thus, -4, but not 0 or 4 or -4.3.", guid = "c0fe031d-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; NegativeInteger rel isu MeasurableAttributeType, iss Integer, iss NegativeNumber, xor NonNegativeInteger; Class isg NegativeNumber; NegativeNumber has label = "negative numbers", comment = "#$NegativeNumber is a subset of #$RealNumber.\n Each element of #$NegativeNumber is a real number that is\n less than zero; thus, it includes -0.17, but not 0 or 5 or 0.17.", guid = "c0fe03e3-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; NegativeNumber rel isu MeasurableAttributeType, iss RealNumber, xor NonNegativeNumber; Class isg Negotiating; Negotiating has label = "negotiations", comment = "A collection of #$Communicating events. In a\n #$Negotiating, an #$Agent communicates facts and changes in\n the #$Agent's attitude or conditions to another\n #$Agent, with the (ostensible) purpose of their reaching an #$Agreement.", guid = "bd58edff-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Negotiating rel isu DefaultDisjointScriptType, isu TemporalStuffType, iss MultiDirectionalCommunication, iss SocialOccurrence; Class isg Nerve; Nerve has label = "nerves", comment = "The collection of all nerves. Each #$Nerve is a\n bundle of many nerve fibers (#$Axons) covered with a\n wrapping of #$ConnectiveTissue. #$SensoryNerves carry nerve\n impulses to the CNS; #$MotorNerves carry impulses to the\n #$Muscles. Most #$Nerves are mixed, containing #$Axons of\n both motor and sensory neurons.", guid = "c0fde592-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Nerve rel isu AnimalBodyPartType, iss Tree-PathSystem, iss AnimalBodyPart, iss CordlikeObject, iss SimplePathSystem; Class isg NervousSystem; NervousSystem has label = "nervous systems", comment = "The collection of all #$Animals' nervous\n systems. A #$NervousSystem is composed of all the #$Nerves,\n #$Brain, and #$SpinalCord of an animal, and enables the\n animal to sense (#$perceives) things and react to them\n reflexively (from the spine), by instinct (in the\n #$BrainStem, #$Cerebellum, or #$Cerebrum), and or by\n deliberation (in the #$Cerebrum).", guid = "bd5893fe-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; NervousSystem rel isu UniqueAnatomicalPartType, isu AnimalBodyPartType, iss ConnectedPathSystem, iss BiologicalLivingObject, iss AnimalBodyPart; Class isg Nervousness; Nervousness has label = "jitters", comment = "Feeling of nervousness and excitability. One can\n be nervous ABOUT something in particular, or one can have\n undirected feelings of anxiety. For the former, state an\n assertion of the form (#$feelsTowardsObject ?AGT ?OBJ\n #$Nervousness ?DEGREE) or (#$feelsTowardsEvent ?AGT ?EVNT\n #$Nervousness ?DEGREE); but for the latter (undirected\n feelings of anxiety) use (#$feelsEmotion ?AGT\n #$Nervousness). Note: This is a collection; for an\n explanation of a typical #$FeelingAttributeType, see\n #$Happiness. A more specialized #$FeelingAttributeType than\n #$Nervousness is #$Panic.", guid = "bd58c25a-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Nervousness rel isu FeelingAttributeType, iss FeelingAttribute; Class isg Neutron; Neutron has label = "neutrons", comment = "A collection of objects; a subset of #$Nucleon.\n Each instance of #$Neutron is a nucleon which has an\n #$ElectricalCharge of 0.", guid = "bd588216-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Neutron rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss Nucleon; Class isg News; News has label = "news", comment = "A collection of abstract (intangible)\n informational items. Each element of #$News consists of\n some factual information about recent events in the world\n (or #$geographicalSubRegions thereof). News is commonly\n embodied in newspapers and communicated through radio and\n television news broadcasts. Note that #$News does not\n include any #$NewsArticle. Rather, an element of #$News\n might be the content of a #$NewsArticle, and could be the\n content of distinct #$NewsArticles", guid = "bd58dbd1-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; News rel isu Class, iss AbstractInformationalThing; Class isg Night; Night has label = "nights", comment = "#$Night is the temporal complement of\n #$DaytimeHours: each #$Night is #$contiguousAfter one\n #$DaytimeHours, and vice versa. Each #$Night intersects two\n different #$CalendarDays. Each #$Night is\n #$temporallyStartedBy a #$Dusk, #$temporallyFinishedBy a\n #$Dawn, #$contiguousAfter a #$Sunset, and has a #$Sunrise\n which is #$contiguousAfter it.", guid = "bd589e0b-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Night rel isu Class, isu TemporalObjectType, iss QualitativeTimeOfDay; Class isg NobleGas; NobleGas has label = "inert gases", comment = "All pieces of all substances that are comprised of\n one type of noble gas", guid = "bd58c01f-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; NobleGas rel isu TangibleStuffCompositionType, iss ElementStuff; UserRightsAttribute isp NonExclusiveUserRights; NonExclusiveUserRights has label = "non exclusive user rights", comment = "An attribute of an object with respect to an\n #$Agent, meaning that the #$Agent has non-exclusive use of\n the object. All #$Agents can claim this use-right to an\n object if any #$Agent can. This attribute is not the same\n as #$GroupUserRightsAttribute, as there is no specific group\n to which #$Agents must belong in order to claim this right.\n This is typically used for things so fundamental we hardly\n consider them `rights.' E.g., the right to breathe\n air, use public parking lots, walk the streets as a free\n person, drive on public roads, etc. If you think about it,\n though, you'll realize that there is an implicit\n `group' that can exercise each of those rights. So\n think of it this way: one can define the group explicitly\n as a group, and then assert that each member has\n #$GroupUserRightsAttribute (e.g., the group of licensed\n drivers has the right to drive on public roads), or one\n could define a context, a #$Microtheory, in which performers\n of actions defaulted to members of that group, and in that\n context the right (e.g., the right to drive on a public\n road) would be a #$NonExclusiveUserRights.", guid = "bd58e39b-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Class isg NonLeapYear; NonLeapYear has label = "non leap year", comment = "The collection of #$CalendarYears which are not\n leap years; i.e., calendar years in which February has 28 days", guid = "bd58b979-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; NonLeapYear rel isu TemporalObjectType, iss CalendarYear, xor LeapYear; Class isg NonNegativeInteger; NonNegativeInteger has label = "non-negative integers", comment = "#$NonNegativeInteger is the subset of #$Integer\n that excludes the negative integers. Each element of\n #$NonNegativeInteger is a whole number greater than or equal\n to zero, e.g., 0, 1, 2, 3, ....", guid = "bd58bf69-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; NonNegativeInteger rel isu Class, isu MeasurableAttributeType, isu CoreConstant, iss Integer, iss NonNegativeNumber, xor NegativeInteger; Class isg NonNegativeNumber; NonNegativeNumber has label = "non-negative numbers", comment = "#$NonNegativeNumber is the subset of #$RealNumber\n that excludes the negative reals. Each element of\n #$NonNegativeNumber is a number greater than or equal to\n zero, e.g., 0, 0.173, Pi, 4, 101, .... Quantities measured\n in units e.g. (#$SecondsDuration 4), (#$Mile 42) are not\n elements of #$NonNegativeNumber but are elements of its\n superset #$NonNegativeScalarInterval.", guid = "bd58f22b-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; NonNegativeNumber rel isu MeasurableAttributeType, iss RealNumber, iss NonNegativeScalarInterval, xor NegativeNumber; Class isg NonNegativeScalarInterval; NonNegativeScalarInterval has label = "non negative scalar interval", comment = "For a measurable non-negative quantity, the\n ordered sequence of possible values may be thought of as a\n line. #$NonNegativeScalarIntervals are the line segments (or\n points) on such a line, representing a range of consecutive\n values, all equal to or greater than 0. An important subset\n is #$NonNegativeNumber the elements of which correspond to\n the non-negative part of the Real Number Line. Elements of\n #$NonNegativeNumber are either contiguous sets of points\n there (i.e., a range of numbers) or just single points\n there (i.e., a number). Elements of\n #$NonNegativeScalarInterval for which there is some unit of\n measure (e.g. meters, seconds, volts) are not elements of #$NonNegativeNumber.", guid = "bf7a1c90-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; NonNegativeScalarInterval rel isu ObjectType, isu CoreConstant, iss ScalarInterval; Class isg NonPersonAnimal; NonPersonAnimal has label = "non-human animals", comment = "The collection of all #$Animals that are not #$Persons.", guid = "bd58e066-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; NonPersonAnimal rel isu ProductType, isu ExistingObjectType, iss Animal, xor Person; Class isg NonPhysicalPartPredicate; NonPhysicalPartPredicate has label = "nonphysical part predicates", comment = "A collection of predicates. Instances of\n #$NonPhysicalPartPredicate are used to describe the\n relationship between a #$PartiallyIntangible and its\n non-physical parts.", guid = "bd588411-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; NonPhysicalPartPredicate rel isu PredicateCategory, iss PartPredicate; Class isg NonPoweredDevice; NonPoweredDevice has label = "non-powered devices", comment = "A collection of tangible objects; a subset of\n #$PhysicalDevice. An instance of #$NonPoweredDevice is a\n device which is `inert' as opposed to being powered in\n any way. Non-powered devices do not need to have any kind\n of energy supplied to them in order to function -- not even\n kinetic energy supplied by a user (except perhaps to move\n them into place). E.g., a coat hanger. Once you hang a\n coat up on it, it does its function without any motion,\n without any energy being converted or used, etc. So this\n collection is a much smaller collection that than consisting\n merely of devices which don't require fuel or\n electricity (e.g., a hammer). It should be noted that an\n inert device need not be #$Stationary during use (though\n many are); for example, tires are inert devices in the sense\n that once they are placed on a vehicle they don't\n require any energy input to do their job, which is, in\n essence `hanging onto a wheel no matter what!'. A\n steering wheel, on the other hand, is not a\n #$NonPoweredDevice. Further examples of #$NonPoweredDevices\n include a table, a floor mat, a bookshelf, an auto ramp, a\n bookmark, a support column, and a shirt.", guid = "bd59041c-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; NonPoweredDevice rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss PhysicalDevice, xor PoweredDevice; Class isg NonProfitCorporation; NonProfitCorporation has label = "non-profit corporations", comment = "A collection of corporations; a subset of both\n #$LegalCorporation and #$NonProfitOrganization. An element\n of #$NonProfitCorporation is a #$LegalCorporation which is\n engaged in non-profit or not-for-profit activities.\n Typically, (unlike commercial corporations,) non-profit\n corporations have no shareholders or owners, although they\n are commonly governed by a board (cf. #$BoardOfDirectors).\n Many non-profit organizations are incorporated, including\n charities, political action groups, clubs, and political\n parties. Most have official non-profit standing with a\n government. Because they are non-profit organizations,\n non-profit corporations do not pay corporate income taxes.\n For the broader class of non-profit entities, see #$NonProfitOrganization.", guid = "bd589d6b-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; NonProfitCorporation rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss LegalCorporation, iss NonProfitOrganization; Class isg NonProfitEmployee; NonProfitEmployee has label = "non profit employee", comment = "A collection of persons; a subset of\n #$Professional. Each element of #$NonProfitEmployee is a\n worker who is employed by a non-profit organization such as\n a college, museum, or charity foundation.", guid = "bd58f621-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; NonProfitEmployee rel isu OccupationType, iss Professional; Class isg NonProfitOrganization; NonProfitOrganization has label = "non profits", guid = "bd58aee8-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; NonProfitOrganization rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss Organization, xor CommercialOrganization; Class isg NonPublishedText; NonPublishedText has label = "unpublished texts", comment = "A collection of information bearing things (IBTs).\n #$NonPublishedText is that subset of #$TextualMaterial whose\n elements are text that has not yet been published (such as a\n rejected book manuscript) and may not even be intended for\n publication (such as a memo or personal letter).", guid = "bd58c599-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; NonPublishedText rel isu ObjectType, isu ExistingObjectType, iss TextualMaterial, xor PublishedMaterial; Class isg NonVerbalCommunicating; NonVerbalCommunicating has label = "nonverbal communicating", comment = "A collection of information transfer events; a\n subset of #$Communicating. Each element of\n #$NonVerbalCommunicating is a transmission of information by\n means of some bodily movement other than speaking. Subsets\n include #$ShakingHands and #$Cuddling, since such actions\n by definition are communications involving two actors.\n (Note that #$MakingAGesture (q.v.) is NOT a subset of\n #$NonVerbalCommunicating; instances of #$MakingAGesture are\n merely information-encodings. They may or may not be\n #$subEvents of #$NonVerbalCommunicating events.)", guid = "bd588f6b-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; NonVerbalCommunicating rel isu TemporalStuffType, isu DefaultDisjointScriptType, iss Communicating; Class isg NonlexicalLinguisticObject; NonlexicalLinguisticObject has label = "nonlexical linguistic objects", comment = "The collection of linguistic objects which are not\n morphemes, but which nonetheless make up part of a language\n system; e.g., the parts of speech.", guid = "bd588258-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; NonlexicalLinguisticObject rel isu LinguisticObjectType, iss LinguisticObject; GeographicalDirection isp North-Directly; North-Directly has label = "north - directly", comment = "Due North, an element of #$TerrestrialDirection.", guid = "bd58fb02-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; GeographicalDirection isp North-Generally; North-Generally has label = "Norths", comment = "The general direction of North. The element of\n #$VectorInterval that comprises the cone-shaped set of\n vectors pointing (from some reference point) within\n approximately forty-five degrees of #$North-Directly.", guid = "bd588776-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; GeographicalDirection isp NorthEast-Directly; NorthEast-Directly has label = "north east - directly", comment = "The precise Northeast direction from any\n geographic point other than a pole.", guid = "bd588d73-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; GeographicalDirection isp NorthEast-Generally; NorthEast-Generally has label = "Northeasts", comment = "The general direction of NorthEast. The\n #$VectorInterval comprising the cone-shaped set of vectors\n pointing (from some reference point) within approximately\n forty-five degrees of pointing in the same direction as #$NorthEast-Directly.", guid = "c107ca50-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; GeographicalDirection isp NorthWest-Directly; NorthWest-Directly has label = "north west - directly", comment = "The precise Northwest direction from any\n geographic point other than a pole.", guid = "bd588aad-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; GeographicalDirection isp NorthWest-Generally; NorthWest-Generally has label = "northwest", comment = "The general direction of NorthWest. The\n #$VectorInterval comprising the cone-shaped set of vectors\n pointing (from some reference point) within approximately\n forty-five degrees of pointing in the same direction as #$NorthWest-Directly.", guid = "c090ff2d-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Class isg Nose; Nose has label = "noses", comment = "Facial organ used in smelling and breathing", guid = "bd58826c-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Nose rel isu UniqueAnatomicalPartType, isu AnimalBodyPartType, iss AnimalBodyPart, iss BiologicalLivingObject; SharedNote isp NoteAboutArgIsaCycIndexedTerm; NoteAboutArgIsaCycIndexedTerm has label = "note about arg isa cyc indexed term", comment = "Warning! Any time that you make the argIsa of a\n predicate #$CycLIndexedTerm or any spec of #$CycLIndexedTerm\n (#$CycLAssertion or #$CycLReifiableDenotationalTerm), it\n will be concluded that that argument place is a\n #$quotedArgument, i.e., it is the term itself that is being\n referred to in that argument place, not what the term\n denotes. If you don't think this should be the cases\n write an exception (see #$exceptFor) to the relevant rule.\n See also #$opaqueArgument.", guid = "c0ac6b00-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; SharedNote isp NoteAboutGivingGenericValueFunctionsNumericValues; NoteAboutGivingGenericValueFunctionsNumericValues has label = "note about giving generic value functions numeric values", comment = "In some contexts, users may wish to ground\n elements of #$GenericValueFunction by linking them to\n numeric `real world' measurements. E.g. In a\n driving-on-the-highway-context, one might wish to define\n (#$MediumAmountFn #$Speed) as `between 50 and 60 miles per\n hour'. The way to assert this is as follows: (#$and\n (#$minQuantValue (#$MediumAmountFn #$Speed) (#$MilesPerHour\n 50))(#$maxQuantValue (#$MediumAmountFn\n #$Speed)(#$MilesPerHour 60))).", guid = "c030907d-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; SharedNote isp NoteAboutPredicateCategories; NoteAboutPredicateCategories has label = "note about predicate categories", comment = "Predicates in Cyc are organized into collections.\n While some, like #$BinaryPredicate, are logically\n well-founded and are referenced in axioms and in the code\n which implements Cyc, others, though based on some\n intuitively plausible criteria, are involved in few (if any)\n axioms and are therefore not integral to Cyc's\n ontology. Collections which fall into the latter class are\n generally under review at this time and are flagged with\n this #$sharedNotes.", guid = "bf8a0b3b-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; SharedNote isp NoteAboutPurposeSpecificationSlots; NoteAboutPurposeSpecificationSlots has label = "note about purpose specification slots", comment = "An instance of #$PurposeSpecificationSlot is a\n #$BinaryPredicate that is used to state the purpose of an\n instance of #$Plan or an instance of #$Event in a planning\n context. More specifically, instances are used to indicate\n what is supposed to be maintained, insured, prevented,\n stopped, achieved, interrupted, upheld, or thwarted in the\n #$Plan or #$Event in question. An instance of\n #$PurposeSpecificationSlot does NOT state success criteria\n for the #$Plan or #$Event in question (for identifying\n success criteria, see #$SuccessCriterionSlot). Also,\n instances of #$PurposeSpecificationSlot do not state\n necessary conditions for instances of #$Plan and #$Event,\n but only goals: an instance of #$Plan may be executed, or an\n instance of #$Situation may 'happen', even though\n the goal is not achieved.", guid = "beab908e-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; SharedNote isp NoteAboutScalarIntervalMaxAndMin; NoteAboutScalarIntervalMaxAndMin has label = "note about scalar interval max and min", comment = "If there are two arguments to a #$UnitOfMeasure\n function, as in (#$Meter 5 6), the first number is\n interpreted as the (inclusive) minimum, and the second\n number as the (inclusive) maximum. Thus, (#$Meter 5 6)\n means `between 5 and 6 meters long, inclusive'. If\n only one argument follows an element of #$UnitOfMeasure, as\n in (#$Meter 3), it is interpreted as a shorthand for\n (#$Meter 3 3). In other words, (#$Meter 3 3) means `exactly\n 3 meters'. When a function belonging to\n #$UnitOfMeasure is applied to a single argument, the value\n it returns must be an element of #$ScalarPointValue.", guid = "bd72a273-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; SharedNote isp NoteAboutStatingExceptionsInCycL; NoteAboutStatingExceptionsInCycL has label = "note about stating exceptions in cyc l", comment = "The formula (#$exceptWhen P(?x0 ... ?xn)\n Q(?x0 ... ?xn))) states that, in situations where\n assertion Q would apply to a set of bindings for variables\n ?x0 ... ?xn, the conclusion is allowed `except when'\n P(?x0 ... ?xn) is true for these variable bindings. The\n formula (#$exceptFor [term] Q(?x0)) states that, in\n situations where assertion Q would apply to a variable ?x0,\n the conclusion is allowed `except for' the situations\n where [term] is the binding for ?x0. To be well-formed, Q\n must be a rule with exactly one free variable. By\n definition, #$exceptFor is merely syntactic sugar:\n (#$exceptFor [term] Q(?x0)) <=> (#$exceptWhen\n (equals ?x0 [term]) Q(?x0)) Since an #$exceptWhen statement\n is a meta-statement about some rule Q(?x0 ... ?xn), the\n statement is not well-formed if Q(?x0 ... ?xn) is not\n already an assertion in the KB. Also, strictly speaking, P\n and Q in the #$exceptWhen merely must share some variables\n rather than all variables as it's been written above.\n These constructs replace `abnormal' at the EL\n (epistemological level). Old assertions of the form:\n (#$implies P(?x0 ... ?xn) (abnormal R(?x0 ... ?xn)\n Q(?x0 ... ?xn))) become: (#$exceptWhen P(?x0\n ... ?xn) Q(?x0 ... ?xn)) The predicate\n `abnormal' has not actually gone away, but was modified\n for use as the HL (Heuristic Level) implementation of\n #$exceptWhen. Like #$termOfUnit, `abnormal' should be\n viewed as an inference-maintained predicate, and human\n beings should not be manually asserting things using\n `abnormal.' ;;; ;; EXAMPLES ;;; Rule1: `birds\n fly' (#$implies (#$isa ?BIRD #$Bird)\n (#$behaviorCapable ?BIRD #$Flying-FlappingWings\n #$performedBy)) Exception1: `for penguins, the ``birds\n fly'' rule does not apply' (#$exceptWhen\n (#$isa ?BIRD #$Penguin) [Rule1]) Exception2: `the ``birds\n fly'' rule does not apply to Tweety'\n (#$exceptFor Tweety [Rule1]) Exception3: `for an animal\n with an injured wing, the ``birds fly'' rule does\n not apply' (#$exceptWhen (#and (#$anatomicalParts\n ?BIRD ?WING) (#$isa ?WING #$Wing-AnimalBodyPart)\n (#$hasPhysiologicalAttributes ?WING #$Injured)) [Rule1])\n Rule2: ``dogs who like the same cat like each\n other'' (#$implies (?and (#$isa ?DOG1 #$Dog)\n (#$isa ?DOG2 #$Dog) (#$isa ?CAT #$Cat) (#$likesAsFriend\n ?DOG1 ?CAT) (#$likesAsFriend ?DOG2 ?CAT)) (#$likesAsFriend\n ?DOG1 ?DOG2)) Exception3: `Rex does not like other dogs\n according to ``Rule2''' (#$exceptWhen\n (#$equals ?DOG1 Rex) [Rule2]) Exception4: `Fifi is not\n liked by other dogs according to `Rule2'''\n (#$exceptWhen (#$equals ?DOG2 Fifi) [Rule2]) Exception5:\n `Morris is not such a cat according to\n ``Rule2''' (#$exceptWhen (#$equals ?CAT\n Morris) [Rule2])", guid = "be660580-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; SharedNote isp NoteAboutSuccessCriterionSlots; NoteAboutSuccessCriterionSlots has label = "note about success criterion slots", comment = "An instance of #$SuccessCriterionSlot is a\n #$BinaryPredicate that is used to give a criterion for\n success for an instance of #$Plan or an instance of #$Event\n in a planning context. More specifically, instances are\n used to indicate what must be maintained, insured,\n prevented, stopped, achieved, interrupted, upheld, or\n thwarted in the #$Plan or #$Event in question, in order for\n it to count as a 'success'. An instance of\n #$SuccessCriterionSlot does NOT give the purpose or goal of\n the instance of #$Plan or #$Event in question, nor does it\n say anything explicitly about that goal or purpose, if it\n exists (for identifying planning purposes, see\n #$PurposeSpecificationSlot). Also, instances of\n #$SuccessCriterionSlot do not state necessary conditions for\n instances of #$Plan and #$Event, but only criteria for\n success: an instance of #$Plan may be executed, or an\n instance of #$Situation may 'happen', even though\n not all of the success criteria are met. It does seem to be\n the case that known preconditions for an #$Event instance\n would count as success criteria, and success criteria in\n general may be considered necessary conditions for\n 'authorities' believing that a plan's\n execution was 'successful'.", guid = "beafa170-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; SharedNote isp NoteAboutTrajectoriesTraversalsAndPaths; NoteAboutTrajectoriesTraversalsAndPaths has label = "note about trajectories traversals and paths", comment = "#$Trajectory, #$Traversal, and #$Path-Generic need\n to be understood as separate concepts. A motion through\n space always has a #$Trajectory, indicated by\n #$trajectory-Complete. The trajectory may or may not follow\n some pre-existing or pre-defined #$Path-Generics. If the\n #$Trajectory does in fact follow a sequence of one or more\n #$Path-Generics, it #$traverses-Complete the #$Traversal\n made of those paths. A #$Traversal corresponds to a\n sequence of #$Path-Generics linked end-to-end. Thus if a\n car drives along a road and then a highway, it traverses the\n #$Traversal consisting of the road and the highway linked\n end-to-end. A #$Path-Generic cannot cross itself, go back\n along itself, or go around a cycle several times, but a\n #$Trajectory or #$Traversal can do these things. A\n #$Path-Generic may have no (begin-to-end) direction\n associated with it, but a #$Traversal always has one\n particular direction from beginning to end. A motion's\n #$Trajectory (#$trajectory-Complete) may follow a particular\n #$Traversal (#$traverses-Complete) of paths within a network\n made of #$Path-Generics. If the motion goes along a\n #$Traversal consisting of just one #$Path-Generic, then\n #$motionPathway-Complete is used to relate the motion to the\n pre-existing path. (One way of representing a particular\n #$Traversal of a path system is to represent it with a\n #$PathChain.) A #$Path-Generic can be part of a specified\n #$PathSystem, or it be part of some (formally-unspecified)\n #$CustomarySystemOfLinks in the real world.", guid = "c1302845-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; SharedNote isp NoteForUnitOfMeasureWithPrefixAndNoPrefix; NoteForUnitOfMeasureWithPrefixAndNoPrefix has label = "note for unit of measure with prefix and no prefix", comment = "Elements of #$UnitOfMeasureNoPrefix denote units\n of measure that don't have a multiplicative prefix\n (e.g. `kilo', `micro', `billion'). #$Inch\n and #$MetersPerSecond are such elements. On the other hand,\n elements of #$UnitOfMeasureWithPrefix do have multiplicative\n prefixes; examples include #$CentimetersPerSecond, (#$Micro\n #$Gram), #$KiloWatt, and #$GramsPerMilliliter. We need\n these constants in order to prevent references to terms such\n as ((#$Micro (#$Micro #$Gram)) 5) or ((#$Kilo\n (#$CentimetersPerSecond)) 3.2). If we didn't have\n these restrictions, equal quantities would allow for an\n undesirable level of possible names for a quantity, e.g.\n ((#$Micro (#$Kilo #$Gram)) 1) would refer to the same\n quantity as ((#$Kilo (#$Micro #$Gram)) 1) would refer to the\n same quantity as (#$Gram .001), etc.", guid = "c03dd762-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; SharedNote isp NoteOnArgumentTypingAndPropertiesOfRelations; NoteOnArgumentTypingAndPropertiesOfRelations has label = "note on argument typing and properties of relations", comment = "The five collections which share this note are\n defined so that a binary predicate being evaluated for,\n e.g., asymmetry, anti-reflexivity, etc., must NOT have\n argument types which are disjoint with each other. The\n restriction to non-disjoint argument types (i.e., arg-Isa\n constraints) is to facilitate heuristic expediency in the\n inference engine. (March 1997) Contact Keith #$Goolsbey if\n you have questions about this restriction.", guid = "bd65bbc6-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; SharedNote isp NoteOnCycMergedOntologyConstants; NoteOnCycMergedOntologyConstants has label = "note on cyc merged ontology constants", comment = "This constant represents an important concept in\n the SENSUS Ontology developed by ISI, and has been\n tentatively adopted to fit into the CYC Merged Ontology for\n the DARPA HPKB Project. These terms are not necessarily\n completely integrated into the Upper Cyc Ontology as of yet (12/97).", guid = "c02ee79d-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; SharedNote isp NoteOnOrganismClassification; NoteOnOrganismClassification has label = "note on organism classification", comment = "There are two organism classification techniques\n in CYC. One uses #$BiologicalTaxons (#$BiologicalClass,\n #$BiologicalDivision, #$BiologicalFamily,\n #$BiologicalGenus, #$BiologicalKingdom, #$BiologicalOrder,\n #$BiologicalPhylum, #$BiologicalSpecies,\n #$BiologicalSubclass, #$BiologicalSubdivision,\n #$BiologicalSubkingdom, #$BiologicalSubspecies) while types\n that cannnot be set within this classification system can be\n instances of the broader concept,\n #$OrganismClassificationType. If an organism's\n #$scientificName has been defined (in\n #$AnimalClassificationLexicalMt or\n #$PlantClassificationLexicalMt) then the #$Collection should\n be an instance of the appropriate #$BiologicalTaxon. It\n may be appropriate to define organism types as instances of\n #$OrganismClassificationType in the #$BaseKB and as\n instances of the appropriate #$BiologicalTaxon in\n #$BiologyMt. Not all #$OrganismClassificationTypes are\n also #$BiologicalTaxons. #$TropicalFish,\n #$AirBreathingVertebrate, #$FemaleAnimal, and #$Pachyderm\n would not be #$BiologicalTaxons, while #$BettaSplendens,\n #$Mammal, #$Hippopotamus, and #$Anthrax-Bacterium would be.\n If the knowledge enterer does not know if something is a\n #$BiologicalSpecies or a #$BiologicalGenus (and can not\n easily find out), the concept should be made an instance of\n #$BiologicalTaxon (if it is known to be one).", guid = "bde1b771-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; SharedNote isp NoteOnTypeLevelVsInstanceLevel; NoteOnTypeLevelVsInstanceLevel has label = "note on type level vs instance level", comment = "Quite often we have a property that applies to all\n instances of a collection. The way we represent this in Cyc\n is by a rule saying: 'if ?X is an instance of this\n collection, then it has this property'. It is useful\n and common to describe such properties at the collection\n level, but we do not want to create a type level dual for\n each instance level predicate. That is why we have\n #$RuleMacroPredicates. These predicates (along with a axioms\n defining them, and, eventually, coded support for quick\n inferencing), allow one to state those rules more tersely\n and make reasoning at the collection level possible.", guid = "c128342c-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Class isg Noun; Noun has label = "nouns", comment = "The collection of all nouns.", guid = "be88cb3a-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Noun rel isu SpeechPart, isu LinguisticObjectType; Class isg November; November has label = "November", comment = "The collection of all Novembers, the eleventh\n month of the year in the #$JulianCalendar.", guid = "bd58c0a5-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; November rel isu MonthOfYearType, isu CoreConstant, iss CalendarMonth; TimePoint isp Now; Now has label = "the present", comment = "#$Now is a special #$TimePoint which denotes the\n current moment from the perspective of the instantiation of\n #$CycTheCollection that is currently being run (i.e. #$Cyc).\n If one asks (#$indexicalReferent #$Now ?X) one will get an\n answer in which ?X is bound to whatever the time is\n according to the central processing unit of #$Cyc. Thus the\n referent of #$Now does not vary with the #$Microtheory in\n which one asks (#$indexicalReferent #$Now ?X). Instead the\n referent of #$Now varies from moment to moment down to the\n resolution of #$Cyc's central processing unit. See\n also #$Now-Generally which is not necessarily a #$TimePoint.\n See #$RealTimeMt for a microtheory in which #$Now-Generally\n #$temporallySubsumes #$Now.", guid = "bd58a068-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Class isg NuclearPoweredDevice; NuclearPoweredDevice has label = "nuclear powered device", comment = "A collection of physical devices; a subset of\n #$PoweredDevice. An instance of #$NuclearPoweredDevice is a\n device which uses nuclear fission or nuclear fusion\n reactions as a source of power. Examples include elements\n of #$NuclearSubmarine and #$NuclearWeapon.", guid = "c1009f53-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; NuclearPoweredDevice rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss PoweredDevice, xor KineticEnergyPoweredDevice; Class isg Nucleon; Nucleon has label = "nucleons", comment = "A collection of objects; a subset of\n #$SubAtomicParticle. Each instance of #$Nucleon is a\n subatomic particle normally found in some atomic nucleus.\n #$Nucleon has two subsets, #$Proton and #$Neutron. Every\n instance of #$AtomicNucleus is composed of some number of #$Nucleons.", guid = "bd588191-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Nucleon rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss SubAtomicParticle; Class isg Number-General; Number-General has label = "numbers", comment = "A collection of mathematical objects. This is the\n most general class of numbers, including #$RealNumbers,\n #$ComplexNumbers, various values of infinity such as Aleph\n Null, and whatever else might count as a number in mathematics.", guid = "bf1c02f9-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Number-General rel isu ObjectType, iss MathematicalObject; Class isg NumericComparison; NumericComparison has label = "numeric comparison", comment = "A collection comprising the predicates used to\n compare elements of #$ScalarInterval. Examples:\n #$greaterThanOrEqualTo, #$greaterThan, #$numericallyEqual.\n Note that `less than' and `less than or equal to'\n are simply inverses of #$greaterThan and\n #$greaterThanOrEqualTo. E.g., in Cyc `A is less than\n B' is written as (#$greaterThan B A).", guid = "bd588cf9-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; NumericComparison rel isu RelationshipType, isu PredicateCategory, iss Property; Class isg Nurse; Nurse has label = "nurses", comment = "The class of health professionals who provide\n various aspects of hands-on health care to patients. Nurses\n do not usually diagnose or decide on treatments, but they\n administer medicines and treatments, perform medical tests,\n give regular care to hospitalized patients, etc.", guid = "bd5895de-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Nurse rel isu MedicalSpecialtyType, isu OccupationType, iss MedicalCareProfessional; Class isg Nutrient; Nutrient has label = "nutrients", comment = "A collection of tangible stuff. Each element of\n #$Nutrient is a substances considered necessary or\n beneficial in the diet of a person or animal. Nutrients in\n food or pills are often listed on the package label. Some\n types of #$Nutrient include its subsets #$EdibleSodium,\n #$Protein, #$EdibleCalcium, #$EdibleIron, #$Vitamin.", guid = "bd58d3c5-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Nutrient rel isu TangibleStuffCompositionType, isu ExistingStuffType, iss EdibleStuff; Class isg ObjectType; ObjectType has label = "types of objects", comment = "A collection of collections. If COL is an element\n of #$ObjectType, and ITEM is any element of COL, then if you\n conceptually divide ITEM into two pieces, you do NOT\n generally end up with two elements of COL. Similarly, for\n most specs SPEC of COL, if you conceptually divide any\n instance of it in two, you do not end up two instances of\n COL. Another way of thinking of this is: If you take\n several elements of COL, and put them together, the result\n is generally not another element of COL. A collection can\n be spatially object-like temporally stuff-like (e.g.\n #$Automobile -- the set of all cars) or spatially stuff-like\n and temporally object-like (e.g. a total eclipse). See the\n comment for #$StuffType to find out more about the\n distinctions between, and the need for, these four\n collections: #$StuffType, #$ObjectType, #$ExistingStuffType,\n and #$ExistingObjectType.", guid = "bd58ab9d-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; ObjectType rel isu CollectionType, isu Class, iss Class; Class isg ObtainingPermission; ObtainingPermission has label = "obtaining permission", comment = "The collection of events in which one #$Agent gets\n permission from another #$Agent to do something.", guid = "bd58ee41-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; ObtainingPermission rel isu TemporalObjectType, isu DefaultDisjointScriptType, iss Transaction; Class isg OccupationType; OccupationType has label = "occupations", comment = "A collection of collections. Each element of\n #$OccupationType is a collection of workers, based on their\n kinds of work; each of those workers is an element of\n (#$isa) #$Professional. Elements of #$OccupationType\n represent all kinds of jobs, not just the kinds of\n occupations colloquially considered `professional'.\n Elements of #$OccupationType include the collections\n #$ComputerProgrammerProfessional, #$FoodServiceEmployee,\n #$MedicalCareProfessional, #$BaseballUmpire,\n #$SalesRepresentative, #$Brewer, #$Gymnast, and many others.\n Also see #$Professional, #$PositionType.", guid = "bd58a2d9-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; OccupationType rel isu Class, isu CollectionType, iss PersonByActivityType, iss PositionType; Class isg Ocean; Ocean has label = "oceans", comment = "A collection of topographical features. Each\n instance of #$Ocean is one of the oceans of the world. This\n includes #$TheOceanSea, the interconnected expanse of salt\n water covering 71% of the Earth's surface, and of which\n the other oceans are subregions. Examples: #$AtlanticOcean,\n #$ArcticOcean, #$IndianOcean, #$PacificOcean.", guid = "bd58e4b6-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Ocean rel isu SpatiallyDisjointRegionType, isu ExistingObjectType, iss Sea; Class isg OceanLiner; OceanLiner has label = "ocean liner", comment = "The subcollection of #$Ship that contains all\n ocean liners, i.e., ships that by design can transport a\n large number of people across oceans.", guid = "c10088c3-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; OceanLiner rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss Ship; TwoDimensionalShapeAttribute isp OctagonShaped; OctagonShaped has label = "octagon shaped", comment = "This is the shape attribute shared by all eight\n sided two dimensional figures.", guid = "c14d55f8-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Class isg October; October has label = "October", comment = "The collection of all Octobers, the tenth month\n of the year in the #$JulianCalendar.", guid = "bd58c0ef-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; October rel isu MonthOfYearType, isu CoreConstant, iss CalendarMonth; Class isg OddNumber; OddNumber has label = "odd numbers", comment = "The set of all odd numbers (integers) including\n positive and negative odd numbers, but not including any\n infinite 'numbers'.", guid = "becb081f-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; OddNumber rel isu MeasurableAttributeType, iss Integer, xor EvenNumber; Class isg Offering-CommunicationAct; Offering-CommunicationAct has label = "offers", comment = "A collection of actions, many of which are speech\n acts. In each element of this collection, somebody offers\n to do something, furnish something, make something the\n case, etc. See also the #$IllocutionaryForce associated\n with these actions, #$Offer.", guid = "bd58eb0b-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Offering-CommunicationAct rel isu TemporalObjectType, isu DefaultDisjointScriptType, iss CommunicationAct-Single; Class isg OfficialDocument; OfficialDocument has label = "official documents", comment = "A collection of #$InformationBearingObjects\n (IBOs). Each element of #$OfficialDocument is a document\n that can be used as the basis, proof, or support of some\n fact (such as a person's nationality, marital status,\n credit, or qualifications; or the ownership or transfer of\n property; etc.). Official documents are typically\n generated, issued, and/or certified by the relevant\n institutions (as with #$Passports or #$StockCertificates),\n but they also include unique personal documents (such as\n wills [#$WillAndTestament]) which meet certain standards to\n be accepted in support of facts. Examples of\n #$OfficialDocument: #$BirthCertificates, #$TaxReturns,\n insurance policies, #$PostageStamps, receipts,\n #$PackingSlips, student ID cards, etc.", guid = "bd58971b-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; OfficialDocument rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss TextualMaterial, iss InformationBearingObject; Class isg Oil; Oil has label = "oil", comment = "A collection of tangible things. Each element of\n #$Oil is a piece of some type of typically viscous,\n primarily hydrophobic liquid hydrocarbon. For example,\n portions of #$HeatingOil, #$MotorOil, #$PeanutOil,\n #$OliveOil, etc. NB: This constant should NOT be used to\n refer to #$Petroleum-CrudeOil or #$PetroleumProducts (q.v.).", guid = "bd58d9e9-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Oil rel isu TangibleStuffCompositionType, iss LiquidTangibleThing, iss PartiallyTangibleProduct, iss OrganicStuff; Class isg Omnivore; Omnivore has label = "omnivores", comment = "The collection of organisms that feed on both\n plants and animals, and possibly other things. Subsets of\n #$Omnivore include, for example, #$Person, #$Pig, and #$Bear.", guid = "bd58a5e1-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Omnivore rel isu ExistingObjectType; ShapeAttribute isp OneDimensional; OneDimensional has label = "one dimensional", comment = "The shape attribute (see #$ShapeAttribute) shared\n by all objects that have only one dimension, i.e. objects\n which have some discernible form but whose only relevant\n dimension is length (#$lengthOfObject). Note that both\n curved lines and straight physical linear objects can have\n this attribute as can line segments and geometric lines.\n Also note that the dimension of some things may be deemed to\n be one, two or three dimensional depending upon the context.\n For instance, we may deem a thin wire to be one-dimensional\n insofar as its diameter or thickness are many orders of\n magnitude smaller than its length. In one microtheory the\n wire might be deemed to be one-dimensional. However, we\n might also imagine contexts in which the other dimensions of\n the wire are relevant and in such contexts the wire might\n have the attribute of being cylindrical.", guid = "be482e94-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Class isg OneStoryBuilding; OneStoryBuilding has label = "one story buildings", comment = "Collection of all one story buildings.", guid = "bd58c60d-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; OneStoryBuilding rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss Building, xor ThreeStoryBuilding, xor TwoStoryBuilding; PhysicalAttribute isp Opaque; Opaque has label = "opaque", comment = "#$Opaque is a #$PhysicalAttribute representing a\n specific degree of #$Transparency. #$Opaque objects do not\n transmit light. See also #$transparencyOfObject.", guid = "bd58fa7e-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Class isg OrderOfMagnitudeInterval; OrderOfMagnitudeInterval has label = "magnitudes", comment = "#$OrderOfMagnitudeInterval, a subset of\n #$ScalarInterval, is the collection of intervals which\n represent significant differences in quantity, for the\n various types of measurable properties. The most familiar\n case is for numbers, in which orders of magnitudes typically\n correspond with powers of 10; thus, in any given numerical\n quantity, the 100's dominate the 10's or the\n units, which are negligible with respect to the hundreds.\n In Cyc, we can identify the significant intervals for any\n measurable property. For example, for #$Time-Quantity, some\n intervals which represent orders of magnitude are:\n #$AFewSecondsDuration, #$AFewMinutesDuration,\n #$AFewHoursDuration, #$AFewDaysDuration,\n #$AFewWeeksDuration, etc. Similar scales could be\n identified for any measurable property. Moreover, orders of\n magnitude for the same measurable property may differ\n between microtheories; e.g., the orders of magnitude for\n #$Time-Quantity in a `GeologicalTimeMt' would be much\n larger than those listed above, which are relevant for human\n perceptions and activities. Any two attributes\n which represent amounts of the same kind of property (e.g.,\n time, distance) and which are also elements of\n #$OrderOfMagnitudeInterval will be assumed to differ so\n substantially in size that the smaller one (and values\n associated with it) will be insignificant compared to the\n larger interval (and values associated with it). That is,\n in general and as a default, if ORD1 and ORD2 are two\n different elements of #$OrderOfMagnitudeInterval which are\n also elements of the same type of #$AttributeValue (e.g.,\n #$Speed, #$Mass, #$Density), then one is negligible with\n respect to the other. To know which dominates the other, we\n need additional knowledge about their relative size, e.g.,\n that ORD2 is a #$followingValue of (i.e., 'bigger'\n than) ORD1. See also #$negligibleWRT, #$followingValue.\n The predicate #$orderOfMagnitude (q.v.) is used to relate\n particular quantities to the appropriate element of\n #$OrderOfMagnitudeInterval. For example, two days -- in\n Cyc, (#$DaysDuration 2) -- has the #$orderOfMagnitude #$AFewDaysDuration.", guid = "bd58c38a-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; OrderOfMagnitudeInterval rel isu ObjectType, iss ScalarInterval; Class isg Ordering-CommunicationAct; Ordering-CommunicationAct has label = "orders", comment = "A collection of actions, many of which are speech\n acts. In each element of this collection, somebody orders\n somebody to do something. See also the #$IllocutionaryForce\n associated with this action, #$Command.", guid = "bd58a938-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Ordering-CommunicationAct rel isu DefaultDisjointScriptType, isu TemporalObjectType, iss Requesting-CommunicationAct, iss HumanActivity; Class isg Organ; Organ has label = "organs", comment = "The collection of all the #$Organs of #$Animals;\n i.e., the #$AnimalBodyParts that have specialized\n physiological functions and which are more or less localized\n in the animal. For example: a heart, a kidney, etc. A\n borderline case of this is a person's (whole) skin; in\n some contexts, it is treated as a sense organ, and in some\n contexts it is excluded because it is distributed over their\n entire body.", guid = "c0fde25a-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Organ rel isu AnimalBodyPartType, iss SemiSolidTangibleThing, iss AnimalBodyPart; Class isg OrganicStuff; OrganicStuff has label = "organic substances", comment = "A collection of tangible things. Each element of\n #$OrganicStuff is a tangible thing composed of one or more\n types of organic #$Molecule. Instances of #$OrganicStuff\n usually have their origin in the bodies (or other products)\n of living things. Since some organic substances can be\n synthesized, #$OrganicStuff is not a subset of\n #$NaturalTangibleStuff. Chemically, instances of\n #$OrganicStuff have fairly (or very) complex carbon-based\n structures. Examples include the elements of the\n collections #$Oil, #$DNA, #$Alcohol-Compound, #$Ivory, #$AnimalBodyPart.", guid = "bd58c3d0-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; OrganicStuff rel isu TangibleStuffCompositionType, iss PartiallyTangible, xor InorganicStuff; Class isg Organism-Whole; Organism-Whole has label = "organisms", comment = "The collection of all elements of\n #$BiologicalLivingObject which are wholes, not parts of\n other biological living objects (BLOs). Most members of\n #$Organism-Whole are capable of existing and reproducing\n while physically separate from other organisms (with\n allowances for sexual reproduction). Abnormal BLOs which\n are nonetheless considered to belong to #$Organism-Whole\n include elements of #$Virus, as well as sterile hybrids and\n colony organisms like those in slime molds or the elements\n of #$PortugueseManOfWar. All of those organisms operate by\n DNA- and RNA-controlled mechanisms.", guid = "bd58c4d6-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Organism-Whole rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss BiologicalLivingObject, xor OrganismPart; Class isg OrganismClassificationType; OrganismClassificationType has label = "types of organism", comment = "A collection of collections;\n #$OrganismClassificationType is the collection of all\n biological types used to classify animals, plants, or other\n elements of #$Organism-Whole. The scientific types in\n #$OrganismClassificationType may or may not correspond to\n naive categories of organisms, and, in addition, although\n they are scientific, they might not be officially accepted\n biological taxons at the standard taxonomic levels.\n (#$Invertebrate is an example.) Compare\n #$BiologicalTaxonType. Note that\n #$OrganismClassificationType is NOT an element of\n #$SiblingDisjointCollection since there are scientific\n classifications along different dimensions. Many specs of\n #$OrganismClassificationType are, however, specs of #$SiblingDisjointCollection.", guid = "bd58dfe4-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; OrganismClassificationType rel isu CollectionType, iss ExistingObjectType, iss ConventionalClassificationType; Class isg OrganismPart; OrganismPart has label = "organism part", comment = "The collection of all the anatomical parts of all\n living organisms. It includes gross anatomical parts and\n microscopic anatomical parts of every individual of every species.", guid = "c1005766-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; OrganismPart rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss BiologicalLivingObject, xor Organism-Whole; Class isg OrganismTypeByHabitat; OrganismTypeByHabitat has label = "organism type by habitat", comment = "A collection of collections. Each element of\n #$OrganismTypeByHabitat is a collection of organisms\n characterized by the sort of habitat in which they live.\n For example, #$AquaticOrganism or #$TerrestrialOrganism.", guid = "bd58a35d-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; OrganismTypeByHabitat rel isu SiblingDisjointCollection, isu CollectionType, iss ExistingObjectType; Class isg Organization; Organization has label = "organizations", comment = "The collection of all organizations. Each element\n of the collection #$Organization is a group whose\n #$groupMembers are instances of #$IntelligentAgent, and\n which is established such that certain known relationships\n and obligations exist between the members, and/or between\n the organization and its members, and/or between the\n organization and `outsiders' (individuals or groups).\n #$Organization includes both informal and legally\n constituted organizations. Organizations can act as agents\n --- specifically, group agents, not individuals (cf.\n #$IndividualAgent) --- to undertake projects, enter into\n agreements, own property, etc. Most organizations have\n names. Almost all have at least two members. Examples:\n #$Cycorp, #$NASA, #$FreeSoftwareFoundation,\n #$UnitedStatesArmy, #$KMart-TheCompany. Note the\n specialization #$OrganizationOfPeopleOnly, whose instances\n have only human members, e.g., an instance of #$Family-Human\n such as Joseph Kennedy's family. Other kinds of\n #$Organization have organizations as their #$groupMembers,\n e.g., the #$OrganizationOfAmericanStates.", guid = "bd58d54f-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Organization rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss SocialBeing, iss Agent, xor EdibleStuff, xor BiologicalLivingObject; Class isg OrganizationPolicy; OrganizationPolicy has label = "policies", comment = "A collection of microtheories; a subset of\n #$Agreement. Each element of #$OrganizationPolicy is a\n microtheory which contains the terms of some policy of a\n particular organization. For example, U.S. Federal\n government hiring policies; a policy governing a\n corporation's charitable or political donations; or a\n school dress code.", guid = "bd58f5fe-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; OrganizationPolicy rel isu MicrotheoryType, isu ExistingObjectType, iss Agreement; Class isg OrganizationWithBusinessCustomers; OrganizationWithBusinessCustomers has label = "organizations with business customers", comment = "A collection of #$Organizations. An instance of\n #$OrganizationWithBusinessCustomers sells goods and/or\n services to #$customers, most of whom are businesses or\n other #$Organizations, rather than individual #$Persons.", guid = "bd58ed04-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; OrganizationWithBusinessCustomers rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss Organization; Class isg OrganizationWithIndividualCustomers; OrganizationWithIndividualCustomers has label = "organizations with individual customers", comment = "A collection of #$Organizations. An instance of\n #$OrganizationWithIndividualCustomers sells goods and/or\n services to #$customers, most of whom are individual\n #$Persons, rather than businesses or other #$Organizations.", guid = "bd58c049-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; OrganizationWithIndividualCustomers rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss Organization; Class isg OrganizationalChart; OrganizationalChart has label = "organizational charts", comment = "A collection of information bearing objects\n (IBOs); a subset of #$StructuredInformationSource. Each\n element of #$OrganizationalChart is an IBO that graphically\n or in outline fashion depicts information about the control\n structure or resource use structure of an organization.\n E.g., a diagram of Exxon Corporation's top managers\n showing their reporting structure.", guid = "bd58fe7e-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; OrganizationalChart rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss StructuredInformationSource, iss IndexedInfoSource; Class isg OrganizationalTransfer; OrganizationalTransfer has label = "organizational transfer", comment = "A collection of events. An\n #$OrganizationalTransfer occurs when some #$IntelligentAgent\n changes membership with respect to some #$Organization.\n This can involve becoming a member of the organization,\n ceasing to be a member of it, or switching from one\n organization to another. An #$OrganizationalTransfer may be\n voluntarily undertaken by the transferee but may also be\n #$performedBy some other agent. Examples include: joining\n a club, being transferred from one division of a company to\n another, and being excommunicated. Negative examples\n include: transfer of objects or information between\n organizations (since the transferred items aren't\n #$IntelligentAgents), two or more organizations joining\n together in a temporary partnership.", guid = "bf9ddb52-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; OrganizationalTransfer rel isu TemporalObjectType; Class isg OrganizationalTransferIn; OrganizationalTransferIn has label = "organizational transfer in", comment = "A subcollection of #$OrganizationalTransfer such\n that elements necessarily have some thing which becomes the\n member of the 'to organization'. Exemplars\n include hiring someone to a company, pledging a fraternal\n organization, admitting a nation to NATO. The event of\n leaving one organization to join another is also an element\n of #$OrganizationalTransferIn as well as\n #$OrganizationalTransferOut. Negative exemplars include\n layoffs, expulsions, and excommunications which do not\n involve 'from organizations'.", guid = "c09a7d92-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; OrganizationalTransferIn rel isu Class, isu TemporalObjectType, iss OrganizationalTransfer; Class isg OrganizationalTransferOut; OrganizationalTransferOut has label = "organizational transfer out", comment = "A subcollection of #$OrganizationalTransfer such\n that elements necessarily have some thing which stops being\n the member of the 'from organization'. Exemplars\n include laying someone off, expulsions, and\n excommunications. The event of leaving one organization to\n join another is also an element of\n #$OrganizationalTransferIn as well as\n #$OrganizationalTransferOut. Negative exemplars include\n 'admitting a nation to NATO', 'hiring\n someone', and 'pledging a fraternal organization'.", guid = "c0b4e100-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; OrganizationalTransferOut rel isu TemporalObjectType, iss OrganizationalTransfer; Class isg OrientationAttribute; OrientationAttribute has label = "orientations", comment = "The collection of attributes which characterize an\n object's orientation relative to whatever instance of\n #$FrameOfReference is being used in the current context. In\n most contexts, orientation is taken with respect to the #$TerrestrialFrameOfReference.", guid = "c0fbab60-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; OrientationAttribute rel isu AttributeType, iss AttributeValue; Class isg OutdoorLocation; OutdoorLocation has label = "outdoor locations", comment = "A collection of geographical regions. Each\n element of #$OutdoorLocation is a region of outdoor space,\n i.e., a region which is directly subject to atmospheric\n weather. Objects found in an outdoor location are\n #$in-ImmersedFully in the atmosphere of Earth. Thus, as\n defined here, #$OutdoorLocation does NOT include elements of\n #$UnderwaterLocation or places that are #$Underground.\n #$OutdoorLocations include large geographical regions.\n Among the elements of #$OutdoorLocation are instances of the\n subsets #$Lawn, #$Meadow, #$SkiSlope, #$Beach, #$Swamp (and\n many others). Note: #$OutdoorLocation is a collection of\n places, rather than an attribute; to represent the concept\n of being outside, see #$Outdoors-ExposedToWeather. Of\n course, elements of #$OutdoorLocation have the\n #$locationState attribute of being #$Outdoors-ExposedToWeather.", guid = "bd58b186-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; OutdoorLocation rel isu ExistingStuffType, iss GeographicalRegion, xor HumanOccupationConstruct; Class isg OuterGarment; OuterGarment has label = "outer garments", comment = "A collection of objects; a subset of\n #$ClothingItem. Each element of #$OuterGarment is a piece\n of clothing that is worn outside of other garments. A\n common purpose of outer garments is protection (e.g., the\n subsets #$RainCoat, #$Apron). An outer garment may also be\n a robe of office or position, such as an academic gown or a\n bishop's mantle.", guid = "c0f46c1c-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; OuterGarment rel isu ProductType, isu ExistingObjectType; Class isg Ovum; Ovum has label = "ova", comment = "A subset of #$Cell. #$Ovum is the collection of\n specialized gamete cells produced by meiosis in the\n reproductive tract of female animals. Each ovum usually has\n half the number of chromosomes that regular body cells do,\n and when fertilized by a spermatozoon, it becomes a zygote\n and continues to develop into a mature individual. Also\n called 'egg'. See also #$FemaleAnimal, #$SexualReproductionEvent.", guid = "bd58bd8a-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Ovum rel isu ExistingObjectType; Class isg OxidationProcess; OxidationProcess has label = "oxidations", comment = "A collection of events. In each instance of this\n collection, some amount of #$Oxygen reacts with\n (`reduces') another substance and releases energy in\n the process.", guid = "be010767-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; OxidationProcess rel isu TemporalStuffType, isu DefaultDisjointScriptType, iss TransformationProcess; Class isg Oxide; Oxide has label = "oxide", comment = "A collection of tangible things. Each element of\n #$Oxide is a portion of stuff in which each molecule\n consists of a combination of oxygen atoms with one or more\n atoms of another element. For example, instances of #$Water\n (H2O), pieces of rust (#$IronOxide), portions of #$CarbonDioxide.", guid = "bd58be91-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Oxide rel isu TangibleStuffCompositionType, iss InanimateThing; Entity isp PacificOcean; PacificOcean has label = "the Pacific Ocean", comment = "The main body of salt water in the\n #$EasternHemisphere-Region, bordering on five continents\n (Western coast of North and South Americas, Australia,\n Antarctica, and Eastern coast of Asia).", guid = "bd58e0bb-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Class isg Pants; Pants has label = "pants", comment = "A collection of objects. Every element of #$Pants\n is a clothing item worn on the lower torso and legs. The\n collection #$Pants includes the subsets #$ShortPants and\n #$LongPants. There are also very specialized subsets, e.g., #$FootballPants.", guid = "c0fbc8c8-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Pants rel isu ExistingObjectType, isu ProductType; Class isg Paper; Paper has label = "paper", comment = "A collection of tangible things. Each element\n of #$Paper is a portion of paper, considered as a\n 'stuff' out of which things can be made, like\n metal or plastic. Thus, this collection includes the\n collection #$SheetOfPaper, but is wider. Important sources\n from which paper may be #$derivedFrom include wood pulp,\n cotton, papyrus, rice. Examples: business stationery,\n #$MaxiPads, paper currency, toilet paper, newsprint, paper\n coffee filters, notebook paper.", guid = "bd589b34-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Paper rel isu TangibleStuffCompositionType, isu ExistingStuffType, isu ProductType, iss Product, iss SolidTangibleProduct; TwoDimensionalShapeAttribute isp ParallelogramShaped; ParallelogramShaped has label = "parallelogram shaped", comment = "#$ParallelogramShaped is the instance of\n #$ShapeAttribute shared by all closed two-dimensional\n objects that have two edges parallel.", guid = "c05d0ef0-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Class isg PartOfBuilding; PartOfBuilding has label = "parts of a building", comment = "A collection of parts of a building that are\n 'built-in', that is, built with the intention of\n remaining as part of the building.", guid = "bd589e2e-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; PartOfBuilding rel isu ExistingObjectType; Class isg PartOfRoomInAConstruction; PartOfRoomInAConstruction has label = "part of room in a construction", comment = "A collection of all parts of all instances of\n #$RoomInAConstruction. This includes both solid parts, like\n #$Mantels, and enclosed regions such as are contained by\n cabinets and #$Cupboards. Instances should be features\n which are 'built-in', that is, built with the\n intention of remaining as part of the room.", guid = "bd58efed-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; PartOfRoomInAConstruction rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss PartOfBuilding; Class isg PartPredicate; PartPredicate has label = "part predicates", comment = "A collection of predicates. Instances of\n #$PartPredicate are used to describe the relationship\n between an #$Individual and its #$parts.", guid = "bd588496-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; PartPredicate rel isu PredicateCategory, iss ExtensionalRepresentationPredicate, iss Property; WorkStatus isp PartTime; PartTime has label = "part time", comment = "An attribute; an element of #$WorkStatus. The\n attribute of being a part-time worker.", guid = "bd588230-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; WeatherAttribute isp PartialCloudCover; PartialCloudCover has label = "partial cloud cover", comment = "#$PartialCloudCover is a #$WeatherAttribute\n representing a specific degree of #$Cloudiness. This\n attribute describes a location as having some cloud cover\n but not enough to completely block out all direct sunlight.\n Direct sunlight comes and goes as clouds occluding the sun pass.", guid = "bd58e862-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Class isg PartialOrdering; PartialOrdering has label = "partial ordering", comment = "The collection of all those\n #$MathematicalOrderings ORDER in which the ordering relation\n R is a reflexive, transitive and antisymmetric relation on\n the #$baseSet S of ORDER. R is reflexive on S if and only\n if for each X in S, R(X X). R is transitive on S if and\n only if for each X, Y and Z in S, R(X Y) and R(Y Z) imply\n R(X Z). R is antisymmetric on S if and only if for each X\n and Y in S, R(X Y) and R(Y X) imply X = Y. For example, if\n you take a set of #$Lists and take the #$sublists relation\n restricted to this set, then you have a #$PartialOrdering\n because #$sublists relation is reflexive, transitive and\n antisymmetric. Since the ordering relation in each\n #$PartialOrderings reflexive and transitive, the collection\n #$PartialOrdering is a subcollection of #$QuasiOrdering.\n Subcollections of #$PartialOrdering include #$TreeOrdering,\n #$TotalOrdering and #$Lattice-LatticeTheoretic. If you want\n a #$MathematicalOrdering in which the ordering relation is\n irreflexive, see #$PartialOrdering-Strict.", guid = "c135aad5-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; PartialOrdering rel isu ObjectType, iss QuasiOrdering; Class isg PartialOrdering-Strict; PartialOrdering-Strict has label = "strict partial order", comment = "The collection of all those\n #$MathematicalOrderings ORDER in which the ordering relation\n R is an irreflexive and transitive relation on the #$baseSet\n S of ORDER, i.e., for each X in S, R(X X) does not hold, and\n for each X, Y and Z in S, R(X Y) and R(Y Z) imply R(X Z).\n For example, if you take the set of all people in the states\n today and take the relation '__ is older than ...'\n on this set, you get a #$PartialOrdering-Strict since the\n relation '__ is older than ...' is irreflexive and\n transitive. Note that the important difference between a\n #$PartialOrdering and a #$PartialOrdering-Strict is that the\n ordering relation of the former is reflexive while that of\n the latter is irreflexive. Note also that although we did\n not state in the definition that the ordering relation R of\n a #$PartialOrdering-Strict ORDER must be antisymmetric or\n asymmetric on the #$baseSet S of ORDER, R is in fact\n antisymmetric (i.e., for each X and Y in S, R(X Y) and R(Y\n X) imply X = Y) and asymmetric (i.e., for each X and Y in S,\n R(X Y) and R(Y X) can never be both true) on S. This is\n because both antisymmetry and asymmetry follow from\n transitivity and irreflexivity.", guid = "be73e9fb-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; PartialOrdering-Strict rel isu ObjectType, iss MathematicalOrdering; Class isg PartiallyCommutativeRelation; PartiallyCommutativeRelation has label = "partially commutative relation", comment = "The collection of #$Relationships which are\n commutative with respect to some but not all of their\n arguments. Instances of #$PartiallyCommutativeRelation must\n therefore have an #$arity of at least 3. See #$CommutativeRelation.", guid = "beaad779-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; PartiallyCommutativeRelation rel isu CoreConstant, isu RelationshipType, iss Relation, xor CommutativeRelation, xor BinaryRelation, xor UnaryRelation; Class isg PartiallyIntangible; PartiallyIntangible has label = "partially intangible", comment = "The collection of things which have at least some\n intangible part. This includes things which are purely\n intangible -- for example, instances of #$Collection,\n #$Number-General and #$Agreement. It also includes things\n which have some tangible part but also have an intangible\n component, such as a newspaper (information content) or a\n person (life).", guid = "bd58f7b6-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; PartiallyIntangible rel isu ObjectType, iss Thing, xor TangibleThing; Class isg PartiallyIntangibleIndividual; PartiallyIntangibleIndividual has label = "partially intangible individual", comment = "The collection of things which have at least some\n intangible component and which are also #$Individuals.\n Instances of #$PartiallyIntangibleIndividual either have a\n tangible part, and thus are instances of\n #$CompositeTangibleAndIntangibleObject; or are fully\n #$Intangible, and thus are instances of\n #$IntangibleIndividual, such as the number 42 and the\n agreement between a person and his or her employer.", guid = "c0139b34-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; PartiallyIntangibleIndividual rel isu ObjectType, iss Individual, iss PartiallyIntangible; Class isg PartiallyTangible; PartiallyTangible has label = "tangible things", comment = "Elements of #$PartiallyTangible have some tangible\n (i.e., material) part and also have a temporal extent (i.e.,\n they exist in time). They may or may not also have an\n intangible part; e.g., a book is made of matter, has a\n temporal extent, and also has intangible content which is\n the information content of the text that the author wrote.", guid = "bd58f6ed-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; PartiallyTangible rel isu ExistingStuffType, iss Thing, iss SomethingExisting, xor Intangible; Class isg PartiallyTangibleProduct; PartiallyTangibleProduct has label = "goods", comment = "A collection of spatial objects; a subset of\n #$Product. Each element of #$PartiallyTangibleProduct is a\n product that has some tangible component and may, but need\n not, have an intangible component (e.g., information). (See\n also #$PartiallyTangible.) Examples of\n #$PartiallyTangibleProduct: a newspaper, a photograph, a\n videotape of `Star Wars', a sack of flour, lumber, a\n mobile home.", guid = "bd59045b-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; PartiallyTangibleProduct rel isu ProductType, iss PartiallyTangible, iss Product; Class isg Particle; Particle has label = "particles", comment = "A collection of tangibles; a subset of\n #$TangibleThing. Each element of #$Particle is a smallish\n liquid or solid tangible thing, at least small enough to be\n blown about by ordinary gusts of wind, and possibly much\n smaller. Examples include elements of the collections\n #$CornMeal, #$SandParticle, #$Sawdust, #$DustParticle, #$Sugar-Table.", guid = "bd58f47e-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Particle rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss InanimateThing, iss PartiallyTangible, xor GaseousTangibleThing; Class isg Partnership; Partnership has label = "partnerships", comment = " A collection of #$Organizations that have been\n formally organized as partnerships pursuant to partnership\n agreements. In the #$UnitedStatesOfAmerica, most instances\n of #$Partnership are organized pursuant to specific\n statutes. #$GeneralPartners of a #$Partnership are jointly\n and severally liable for the debts and other liabilities of\n the #$Partnership. The liability of #$LimitedPartners is\n limited in accordance with the governing partnership\n agreement. The #$PartnershipPartners of an instance of\n #$Partnership may be individuals or entities. For example,\n an instance of #$LimitedPartnership may have an instance of\n #$LegalCorporation as its #$GeneralPartner and individuals\n as its #$LimitedPartners.", guid = "bd58a949-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Partnership rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss Organization; Format isp PartsFormat; PartsFormat has label = "parts format", comment = "Argument positions of Cyc predicates may have\n specified formats that constrain how many and what kind of\n terms may occupy that position, given some fixed list of\n terms in the other argument positions of the predicate. If\n a predicate P has #$PartsFormat for argument position N,\n then given some particular list of terms that occupy the\n other argument positions of P, there may be multiple\n assertions with different terms in position N (keeping the\n other arguments fixed), but only so long as the terms in\n position N are all #$physicalParts of the same\n #$PartiallyTangible. For example, the #$arg1Format of\n #$physicalParts is #$PartsFormat. This allows us to\n represent that JosephsRightThumbnail is a #$physicalParts of\n JosephsRightThumb, of JosephsRightHand, and of Joseph. This\n is more restrictive than #$SetTheFormat, which allows\n multiple unrelated values. In contrast, specifying only\n (#$arg1Format #$physicalParts #$SetTheFormat) would not\n prevent JosephsRightThumb from being a #$physicalParts of\n both JosephsRightHand and of JamesRightHand.", guid = "c0fb3343-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Class isg Party-Celebration; Party-Celebration has label = "parties", comment = "The collection of party events and other similar\n celebrations such as baby showers. #$Persons gather\n intentionally at a location in order to communicate or share\n some experience, and to enjoy themselves, but (unlike a\n #$MeetingTakingPlace) business is rarely transacted at a\n #$Party-Celebration, or at least is beside the official\n point of the party. Note: as with most collection worth\n naming, there are borderline cases here; e.g., Tupperware parties.", guid = "bd588af1-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Party-Celebration rel isu Class, iss SocialGathering; Class isg Passport; Passport has label = "passports", comment = "A collection of official documents. Each element\n of #$Passport is a document issued to a person by a national\n government in order to identify that person as a citizen of\n said country while s/he is travelling across or outside of\n that country's borders.", guid = "c10afd58-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Passport rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss IDDocument; PhysicalStructuralAttribute isp Paste-Form; Paste-Form has label = "paste - form", comment = "A physical attribute. #$Paste-Form is the\n #$PhysicalStructuralAttribute which describes solids that\n are pastelike in texture and consistency. They are very\n easily deformed, and they tend to remain in the deformed\n shape afterwards, provided that they don't collapse\n under their own weight. Things having #$Paste-Form\n don't exhibit much elastic deformation at all - they\n don't ''jiggle''.", guid = "be0104a9-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Class isg Pasteurization; Pasteurization has label = "pasteurizations", comment = "The heating of a milk product in order to kill off\n microorganisms that might make it spoil.", guid = "be00cc5d-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Pasteurization rel isu Class, iss PreservingFood; Class isg Path-Customary; Path-Customary has label = "routes", comment = "The collection of all existing objects that are\n commonly paths, or are normally used as paths or conduits\n for people, animals, vehicles, material or information. A\n #$Path-Customary is either designed as a path or it has a\n significant known function as a path for movement. Examples\n include roads, railroads, sea-lanes, cowpaths, boardwalks,\n tubes, channels, blood vessels, fibers, wires, communication\n links, etc. It is often a #$Path-Spatial. The collection\n #$Path-Customary does not include all the things that may be\n used as paths in some particular #$PathSystems, but are\n otherwise not ordinarily viewed as paths (though the latter\n are still instances of #$Path-Generic). If a\n #$Path-Customary is an instance of a certain #$PathType, it\n may be assumed to be part of a system (not explictly given)\n of such paths, called a #$CustomarySystemOfLinks. Or, on\n the other hand, it may be asserted to be part of a\n particular specified #$PathSystem using the predicate\n #$pathInSystem. A #$Path-Customary is either a\n #$Path-Simple (with two distinct ends, not forming a cycle)\n or else a #$Path-Cyclic.", guid = "bee87cc9-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Path-Customary rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss Path-Spatial; Class isg Path-Cyclic; Path-Cyclic has label = "cyclic paths", comment = "The collection of all cyclic paths, i.e. paths\n that form cycles, circles, loops or circuits. An instance\n of #$Path-Cyclic is a #$Path-Generic that can be described\n as a cycle, i.e., a thing like a #$Path-Simple except that\n the ends of the path join at one point. A #$Path-Cyclic\n cannot cross itself (as in a figure-eight) nor double back\n along itself. More formally, let PATH1 and PATH2 be two\n #$Path-Simples. Suppose that each end-point of PATH1 is an\n end point of PATH2 and vice versa, and for each X, X is a\n point on both PATH1 and PATH2 only if X is an end point of\n both paths. Then PATH1 and PATH2 together form a\n #$Path-Cyclic. We allow 'loops'; a loop is a\n cycle with only one point on it, looping from the point\n right back to itself. Each loop of a path system is a\n special instance of #$Path-Cyclic. For differences between\n a cycle and a loop in the same #$PathSystem, see\n #$loopInSystem and #$cycleInSystem.", guid = "bfa3129f-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Path-Cyclic rel isu Class, iss Path-Generic, xor ConvexTangibleObject, xor Path-Simple; Class isg Path-Generic; Path-Generic has label = "generic paths", comment = "A collection of #$Things that are paths or can be\n considered paths. Each #$Path-Generic is either a\n #$Path-Simple or a #$Path-Cyclic, i.e., either a\n non-self-crossing path or a cycle. A #$Path-Generic may be\n abstract (as in Graph Theory), or it may be concrete such as\n a #$Path-Customary, for example a road, railroad, sea-lane,\n cowpath, pipe, blood vessel, fiber or wire, or on the other\n hand it could be anything that is used as a path in some\n #$PathSystem. If a #$Path-Generic is a #$Path-Customary,\n then it may or may not have a specified #$PathSystem in\n which it is a path; if the #$Path-Generic is not a\n #$Path-Customary, then it can only be a path in some given\n #$PathSystem. For example, an orange is not a customary\n path, but it can be a path for ants in a specified ant path\n system. For any #$Path-Generic, there can be a #$Traversal\n of something moving along that path; a single #$Traversal\n can cross itself, double back along itself, and/or go back\n and forth along some part of a #$Path-Generic any number of times.", guid = "c110820b-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Path-Generic rel isu Class, iss Thing; Class isg Path-Simple; Path-Simple has label = "paths", comment = "A collection of non-cyclic paths, broadly\n conceived. Each instance of #$Path-Simple has two ends and\n it forms a #$pathBetween them. It can be a road, railroad,\n air lane, sea lane, channel, blood vessel, part of an\n electric circuit, part of a pipe system, or even some\n abstract chain of connections among people or a\n 'path' in Graph Theory. A #$Path-Simple cannot\n cross itself, return to the same point, nor double back\n along itself. Each #$Path-Simple has two distinct ends that\n do not 'overlap' each other. But in general a\n path may have more than two things that are its\n 'end-points' -- for example, a path between Austin\n and Pittsburgh can also be a path between Texas and\n Pennsylvania. In such an example Texas and Pennsylvania are\n required to be spatially disjoint. (To prohibit multiple\n things being an end-point of a path simultaneously, specify\n a #$PathSystem, because in a specified #$PathSystem a\n path's two end points in the system are unique. The\n predicate #$pathBetweenInSystem is restricted to a set of\n paths and points specified for the particular #$PathSystem.)\n For a #$Path-Simple, any points on it (e.g., #$pointOnPath X\n PATH) are connected: '#$pathConnects' is true of\n them. Any number of intersections may occur along a\n #$Path-Simple. A path with no intersections along it is a\n #$SimpleSegmentOfPath. A path may have #$subPaths. A path\n is different from a #$Traversal or a #$Trajectory: a\n #$Traversal is the trace of an object moving along paths,\n often in a #$PathSystem, and the #$Traversal can cross\n itself and/or double back along itself any number of times.\n While a path is fixed and may have no direction, a\n #$Traversal has a particular direction. Many distinct\n traversals may traverse the same underlying path (see\n #$Traversal and #$traversalInSystem), since a traversal can\n go back and forth across the same part of a path any number\n of times. A #$Trajectory (the space of a motion), if is\n goes along paths, determines a particular #$Traversal of\n those paths.", guid = "bd588e69-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Path-Simple rel isu Class, iss Path-Generic, xor Path-Cyclic; Class isg Path-Spatial; Path-Spatial has label = "spatial paths", comment = "The collection of all paths (instances of\n #$Path-Generic) that have spatial extent, and that join\n spatially located things. This includes roads, corridors,\n wires, blood vessels, nerves, etc. and it excludes purely\n abstract paths such as those in kinship diagrams,\n mathematics, etc. A #$Path-Spatial may be a pre-existing\n path in a #$CustomarySystemOfLinks (like a road, nerve,\n etc.), or it may be a path in some specially specified\n #$PathSystem which consists of spatial paths. A motion (a\n #$Movement-TranslationEvent) may follow an existing\n #$Path-Spatial or it may not; contrast this with the\n #$Trajectory of the motion, which is generated by every #$Movement-TranslationEvent.", guid = "c095e890-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Path-Spatial rel isu Class, iss SomethingExisting, iss Path-Generic; Class isg PathArtifact; PathArtifact has label = "path artifact", comment = "A collection of artifacts. Each element of\n #$PathArtifact is a path made by agents, whether animal or\n human. Elements of #$PathArtifact range from deer trails to\n superhighways. Such paths connect places that animals or\n people are found in and/or between which they want to\n travel. Examples: #$ErieCanal, #$WellandShipCanal,\n #$ChampsElysee, #$WallStreet, USHighway80, #$Highway101CA.\n Note that each of these artifacts is a single, particular\n path; -- to refer to a whole system of #$PathArtifacts, use #$PathArtifactSystem.", guid = "bd588ea2-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; PathArtifact rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss ConstructionArtifact, iss Path-Customary, xor RoomInAConstruction, xor ShelterConstruction; Class isg PathArtifactSystem; PathArtifactSystem has label = "path artifact system", comment = "The collection of all artifical systems of\n #$PathArtifacts. These are the systems rather than the\n paths that comprise them: each #$PathArtifactSystem is a\n composite individual typically made up of many\n interconnected #$PathArtifacts. Examples would include a\n instance of a #$GutterSystem, #$ComputerNetwork, various\n road and highway systems, etc.", guid = "be60aba5-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; PathArtifactSystem rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss CustomarySystemOfLinks, xor RoomInAConstruction, xor ShelterConstruction; Class isg PathChain; PathChain has label = "path chain", comment = "The collection of all path chains, or lists of\n points and paths alternating. A path chain is a #$List LIST\n = (X(1) Y(1) X(2) Y(2) ... X(n) Y(n) X(n+1)) satsifying the\n following conditions: (i) each X(k) is a #$Thing and each\n Y(k) is a #$Path-Generic, i.e., the length of LIST is an odd\n number greater than 2, every even-numbered position in LIST\n is a #$Path-Generic and every odd-numbered item is a\n #$Thing. (ii) Each #$Path-Generic in the list joins the\n points just before and after it. That is to say, (iia) if\n the kth item PATH in LIST is a #$Path-Simple, and if A is\n the (k-1)th item and B is the (k+1)th item in LIST, then\n (#$pathBetween PATH A B) holds, and (iib) if the kth item\n CYCLE is a #$Path-Cyclic, and if A is the (k-1)th item and B\n is the (k+1)th item in LIST, then (#$pointOnCycle A CYCLE)\n holds and A = B. Note that the concatenation of all the\n paths (simple or cyclic) in such a list results in a\n #$Traversal. For example, letting PATH1 and PATH2 be\n instances of #$Path-Simple and CYCLE a #$Path-Cyclic, if\n (#$pathBetween PATH1 A B), (#$pathBetween PATH2 B C) and\n (#$pointOnCycle C CYCLE), then (#$TheList A PATH1 B PATH2 C\n CYCLE C) is a #$PathChain. Note that although each instance\n of #$PathChain determines a unique instance of #$Traversal\n that is from X(1) to X(n+1), many different #$PathChains may\n determine the same #$Traversal.", guid = "c0bb98f7-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; PathChain rel isu ObjectType, iss List; Class isg PathForWheeledVehicles; PathForWheeledVehicles has label = "roads", comment = "Each instance of #$PathForWheeledVehicles is an\n instance of #$PathArtifact, whose primary function is to\n serve as a place along which wheeled vehicles may move or\n park. Usually but not necessarily they are paved.", guid = "bd59029a-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; PathForWheeledVehicles rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss PathArtifact, iss FixedStructure, iss SurfaceOnTangibleObject, iss OutdoorLocation; Class isg PathSystem; PathSystem has label = "path system", comment = "The collection of all specified systems of paths\n and links. An instance of #$PathSystem may consist of\n real-world (#$PartiallyTangible) things, or #$Intangibles\n like a graph (or #$Multigraph) in Graph Theory, in which\n nodes are linked by links. But unlike a graph in Graph\n Theory, there can be many path-points on a path between\n designated nodes. These non-node path-points can be\n discrete, dense or even continuous. Such a path system does\n not have to be 'connected' (in the sense that for\n any points X and Y in the system, there must be a path\n connecting them, see #$ConnectedPathSystem). Each instance\n SYS of #$PathSystem consists of a nonempty set of\n 'points', a subset of it called 'nodes',\n a set of 'links', and optionally a set of\n 'loops'. Here, 'point' is a nonempty\n set of #$Things called 'points in SYS' (see\n #$pointInSystem). The set 'node' is a nonempty\n subset of 'point' (see #$nodeInSystem). Link is a\n (possibly empty) set of (primitive) paths whose elements are\n called 'links in SYS' (see #$linkInSystem). Loop\n is a (possibly empty) set of (primitive) cycles whose\n elements are called 'loops in SYS' (see\n #$loopInSystem). To finish your definition of a path system\n SYS, you need to specify, using the predicates below (other\n than the four mentioned above), which link is between which\n two nodes, and which point is on which link, and which node\n is on which loop, etc. The rest should be determined by\n your set-up of the system. For example, #$pathBetween can\n be used to specify the 'end points' of each link,\n #$pointOnPath can be used to specify which point is on which\n link, #$pointOnCycle specifies which node is on which loop,\n and, when more points than the end-points of a link are\n desired to be on the link, #$betweenOnPath can be used to\n specify the relative positions of all points on a link. But\n there are more convenient ways to set up your SYS. For\n example, if you use #$linkBetweenInSystem which is a\n combination of other predicates, it will give you what you\n need when using #$linkInSystem, #$pathBetween,\n #$nodeInSystem, #$pointOnPath to setup your system (except\n that this will not give you those assertions about isolated\n nodes or points on a link between its end points). See\n #$pointInSystem, #$nodeInSystem, #$linkInSystem,\n #$linkBetweenInSystem (an abbreviation), #$pathInSystem,\n #$pathBetweenInSystem (an abbreviation), #$pointOnPath,\n #$betweenOnPath, #$loopInSystem, #$pointOnCycle,\n #$junctionInSystem, #$deadEndInSystem,\n #$isolatedNodeInSystem and #$connectedInSystem. Note that a\n path system may satisfy further condition in addition to\n those determined by the conditions on these predicates. For\n example, links and loops may have 'directions'.\n When further conditions are added to some path systems, we\n expect different kinds of path systems. For some particular\n kinds of path systems, see #$Semi-DirectedPathSystem,\n #$DirectedPathSystem, or #$PathSystemType-Structural in\n general. For subsystem relation between path systems, see #$subPathSystems.", guid = "bfd62da4-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; PathSystem rel isu Class, iss Thing; Class isg PathSystemType-Structural; PathSystemType-Structural has label = "path system type - structural", comment = "A collection of collections. Instances of\n #$PathSystemType-Structural are collections of path systems,\n including #$PointFinitePathSystem, #$NodeFinitePathSystem,\n #$LinkFinitePathSystem, #$FinitaryJunctionPathSystem,\n #$SimplePathSystem, #$Multigraph, #$FiniteMultigraph,\n #$SimpleGraph-GraphTheoretic, #$ConnectedPathSystem,\n #$Semi-DirectedPathSystem, #$DirectedPathSystem,\n #$BidirectedPathSystem, #$DirectedAcyclicPathSystem,\n #$BoundedDirectedPathSystem, #$DirectedMultigraph,\n #$DirectedGraph, #$DirectedAcyclicGraph,\n #$BoundedDirectedAcyclicGraph, #$NetworkFlowSystem-Bounded, etc.", guid = "befbfb9f-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; PathSystemType-Structural rel isu CollectionType, iss Class; Class isg PathType; PathType has label = "path type", comment = "A collection of collections. Each instance of\n #$PathType is a collection that is a subcollection of\n #$Path-Generic. There are several types of path, according\n to the medium or surface the path goes through or over. In\n addition, the collection #$PathArtifact can be broken down\n into more specific #$PathTypes. At a #$JunctionOfPaths, the\n joined paths all have at least one #$PathType in common.", guid = "bd58ce38-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; PathType rel isu SiblingDisjointCollection, isu CollectionType, iss ObjectType; Class isg Paying; Paying has label = "payments", comment = "A collection of events; a subset\n of#$MoneyTransfer. Each element of #$Paying is an event in\n which one agent pays money to another agent. The payer is\n the #$fromPossessor; the recipient is the #$toPossessor. In\n all payings, the payer gives the payee #$FullUseRights to\n the money. Some types of payings: (1) all instances of\n #$Buying and #$Renting contain (at least one) #$subEvents\n which are elements of #$Paying; (2) making charitable\n contributions; (3) paying off one's gambling debts; (4)\n paying an employee's salary or a child's\n allowance. Writing a check or offering a credit card in\n payment are #$firstSubEvents of paying events; such payings\n are successful only if the check is not lost or stolen, if\n it clears the bank, etc. On the other hand, filling out a\n pledge card, e.g., for United Way, is NOT considered a\n #$Paying event or part of one, because it does not involve\n or initiate any legal reassignment of rights to the money.", guid = "bd590a1d-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Paying rel isu TemporalObjectType, isu DefaultDisjointScriptType, iss MoneyTransaction, iss TransferringOwnership, iss PurposefulAction; Class isg PayingCasualUseFee; PayingCasualUseFee has label = "collections of fees for use", comment = "#$PayingCasualUseFee is the collection of events\n in which one agent pays a fee to another in exchange for the\n right to use something that the latter controls Examples:\n paying a parking fee, paying a bridge or highway toll,\n paying an admissions fee to an art museum.\n #$PayingCasualUseFee covers usage that is temporary and\n possibly not exclusive. For longer-term use arrangements,\n see #$Renting. Note: events in #$PayingCasualUseFee are\n both payings and collectings (cf. #$Buying). The agent\n doing the paying is the #$buyer, and the agent doing the\n collecting is the #$seller. The object accessed is the #$objectPaidFor.", guid = "be3b796b-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; PayingCasualUseFee rel isu TemporalObjectType, iss MonetaryExchangeOfUserRights; Class isg Pensive; Pensive has label = "pensive", comment = "A feeling of deep thoughtfulness, reflection, or\n introspection, and sometimes melancholia. This is a\n #$Collection --- for an explanation of that, see #$Happiness.", guid = "be00fb74-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Pensive rel isu FeelingAttributeType, iss FeelingAttribute; TwoDimensionalShapeAttribute isp PentagonShaped; PentagonShaped has label = "pentagon shaped", comment = "This is the shape attribute shared by all five\n sided two dimensional figures.", guid = "bf3e6140-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Class isg Perceiving; Perceiving has label = "perceptions", comment = "#$Perceiving is the collection of\n sensory-perceptual events in which a #$PerceptualAgent\n perceives, i.e. acquires information, using its senses.", guid = "bd58c31c-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Perceiving rel isu TemporalStuffType, isu DefaultDisjointScriptType, iss SingleDoerAction; Class isg Perceiving-Involuntary; Perceiving-Involuntary has label = "perceiving - involuntary", comment = "A collection of mental events, a subset of\n #$Perceiving. Each element of this collection is a\n perceptual event in which the agent involuntarily receives\n senory information. Thus, if I am in a room, and a light is\n turned on, I would see the light reflected off of the walls,\n but without any effort on my part. On the other hand,\n actively searching for something with my eyes would not be a\n member of this collection.", guid = "bfc2df3a-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Perceiving-Involuntary rel isu TemporalStuffType, iss Perceiving, xor PurposefulAction; Class isg Perceiving-Voluntary; Perceiving-Voluntary has label = "perceiving - voluntary", comment = "A collection of mental events, a subset of\n #$Perceiving. Each element of this collection is a\n perceptual event in which the agent does not merely\n passively receive sensory information, but is actively\n filtering or directing how he is perceiving. Thus,\n searching for a set of lost keys would be an element of\n this collection, as would straining to hear something, but\n merely hearing a balloon pop next to you would not.", guid = "be7798b4-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Perceiving-Voluntary rel isu TemporalStuffType, iss Perceiving, iss PurposefulAction; Class isg PerceivingSlot; PerceivingSlot has label = "perceiving slot", comment = "A collection of predicates. Each element of\n #$PerceivingSlot is a binary predicate relating a perceiver\n and an object or event (not a sense-datum) that s/he\n perceives in the mode specified by the predicate; e.g.,\n #$sees, #$hears, #$smells, #$perceivesByTouching, #$tastes.\n Assertions that use a predicate belonging to\n #$PerceivingSlot imply that some perception event occurs\n during the time that the assertion holds. See also\n #$Perceiving and its subsets.", guid = "bd588eba-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; PerceivingSlot rel isu RelationshipType, isu PredicateCategory; Class isg PerceptualAgent; PerceptualAgent has label = "perceptual agent", comment = "The collection of all sentient agents. Elements\n of #$PerceptualAgent are beings capable of doing instances\n of #$Perceiving. Furthermore, in many cases the information\n that a perceptual agent gathers is input that can influence\n its other actions.", guid = "bd58a72d-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; PerceptualAgent rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss IndividualAgent; TerrainAttribute isp PeriodicallyFloodedTerrain; PeriodicallyFloodedTerrain has label = "periodically flooded terrain", comment = "Attribute of regions characterized by periodic\n seasonal flooding, such that instances can veritably be said\n to become standing bodies of water during the flood season.\n In some cases the periodic flooding may be the deliberate\n work of human agents.", guid = "c14962a3-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Class isg Permission; Permission has label = "permits", comment = "A collection of agreements. Each element of\n #$Permission is an agreement specifying some rights or\n privileges which have been granted to an #$Agent. A\n permission may be an informal agreement between individuals,\n but many instances are formal and involve permissions\n granted by a government authority to some agent. E.g., a\n driver's license, a marriage license, a visa for\n entering the U.S., a license to practice medicine.", guid = "bd58afda-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Permission rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss Agreement; Class isg Person; Person has label = "people", comment = "The collection of all human beings. The\n collection #$Person constitutes the species Homo Sapiens;\n thus, #$Person is an instance of #$BiologicalSpecies in the\n #$BiologyMt. (See also #$HomoGenus, of which Homo Sapiens\n is the only nonextinct species.) Persons constitute the\n most intelligent subset of #$Primate, and it is the only\n class whose elements are known to be naturally capable of\n speaking a language. All cultural activity requires\n participation of persons. #$Person excludes non-human legal\n persons; see #$Agent.", guid = "bd588092-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Person rel isu BiologicalSpecies, isu OrganismClassificationType, isu ExistingObjectType, iss Omnivore, iss Animal, iss HumanOccupationConstructResident, iss Primate, iss LegalAgent, xor NonPersonAnimal; Class isg PersonByActivityType; PersonByActivityType has label = "person by activity type", comment = "A collection of collections. Each element of\n #$PersonByActivityType is a collection which classifies\n people by some kind of activity that an individual does\n regularly. Some examples are: #$Student, #$Tourist, and\n #$HornPlayer. If the differentiating activity is one that\n can be done as a career or job, it is preferable to make\n that collection an element of the more specific\n #$OccupationType (q.v.).", guid = "bd68312d-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; PersonByActivityType rel isu Class, isu CollectionType, iss ExistingObjectType; Class isg PersonTypeByCulture; PersonTypeByCulture has label = "person type by culture", comment = "A collection of collections. Each instance of\n #$PersonTypeByCulture is the set of all persons who\n participate (see #$cultureParticipants) in some particular\n human culture. Examples include #$FrenchPerson and #$EthnicGroupOfAustralianAborigines.", guid = "c0fcd06c-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; PersonTypeByCulture rel isu CollectionType, isu Class, iss ExistingObjectType, iss ConventionalClassificationType; Class isg PersonalCheck; PersonalCheck has label = "personal checks", comment = "A spec of #$Check-TenderObject. #$PersonalChecks\n are issued to individual persons who have a\n #$CheckingAccount with a bank. Each instance of\n #$PersonalCheck will include the checking account number and\n personal information, such as name and address.", guid = "bf0a7279-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; PersonalCheck rel isu MoneyTenderType, isu ExistingObjectType, iss Check-TenderObject; Class isg PersonalProduct; PersonalProduct has label = "personal products", comment = "A collection of products. Each element of\n #$PersonalProduct is a service or tangible product designed\n for the physical body of a person, including clothing,\n accessories, personal care products (e.g., deodorant, hand\n soap) and devices (e.g., razors, heating pads), cosmetics,\n and personal services such as massages and manicures. These\n are products or services which a person would seek out or\n apply to him/herself; i.e., it excludes products used on the\n body of a person by physicians (e.g., scalpels), dentists\n (e.g., dental drills), or morticians.", guid = "bd5906f2-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; PersonalProduct rel isu TemporalStuffType, iss Product, xor Place; Class isg PersonalityAttribute; PersonalityAttribute has label = "personality attributes", comment = "The collection of attributes which describe\n aspects of a person's personality. E.g.,\n #$Dependability-Personality. Note that #$Gentleness,\n #$Viciousness, and other emotive traits common to both\n humans and other animals, appear under\n #$TemperamentAttribute, which is a superset of #$PersonalityAttribute.", guid = "bd58ad60-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; PersonalityAttribute rel isu UnorderedAttributeType; Class isg Pharmacist; Pharmacist has label = "pharmacists", comment = "The collection of professionals who are trained\n and licensed to prepare and distribute legal drugs.", guid = "bd58ddbb-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Pharmacist rel isu MedicalSpecialtyType, isu OccupationType, iss MedicalCareProfessional; Class isg Pharmacy; Pharmacy has label = "pharmacies", comment = "The collection of (local-level) organizations\n which sell mainly prescription drugs, but usually also carry\n non-prescription drugs and other medical supplies that might\n be needed by a family or individual. (i.e. not a supplier to\n hospitals). Sometimes these are free-standing stores,\n sometimes departments within other stores like drugstores\n and supermarkets.", guid = "c0fd4a67-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Pharmacy rel isu MedicalFacilityType, isu ExistingObjectType, iss SingleSiteLocalOrganizationWithClients, iss CommercialOrganization, xor MedicalCareInstitution, xor EducationalOrganization; Class isg PharmacyProductType; PharmacyProductType has label = "pharmacy products", comment = "The collection of pharmaceutical product types,\n including drugs and pharmaceutical devices.", guid = "c0fdf171-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; PharmacyProductType rel isu CollectionType, isu Class, iss ProductType; Class isg PhoneNumber; PhoneNumber has label = "phone numbers", comment = "A collection of strings. Each element of\n #$PhoneNumber is a string that represents a telephone number.", guid = "bd58ecee-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; PhoneNumber rel isu IDStringType; Class isg PhysicalAmountSlot; PhysicalAmountSlot has label = "measures", comment = "A collection of predicates. Each element of\n #$PhysicalAmountSlot is a slot (i.e., a binary predicate)\n used in assertions that state (perhaps roughly) `how\n much' of an object there is. These can be viewed as\n different ways of stating the size of an object; e.g.,\n #$lengthOfObject, #$volumeOfObject, #$massOfObject,\n #$depthOfObject, #$interiorFloorSpace.", guid = "bd58ee60-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; PhysicalAmountSlot rel isu PredicateCategory, iss IntervalBasedQuantitySlot, iss PhysicalAttributeDescriptionSlot; Class isg PhysicalAttribute; PhysicalAttribute has label = "physical attributes", comment = "A collection of attribute values. Each element\n of #$PhysicalAttribute is an attribute value could in\n theory be measured using physical instruments. Subsets of\n this collection include #$Density, #$Speed, #$Rigidity,\n #$Mass, etc. Elements include #$ColdToBitterlyCold,\n (#$MediumAmountFn #$Visibility), and #$AFewYearsDuration.", guid = "bd590a22-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; PhysicalAttribute rel isu MeasurableAttributeType, iss AttributeValue, xor PhysicalStructuralAttribute, xor RationalNumber; Class isg PhysicalAttributeDescriptionSlot; PhysicalAttributeDescriptionSlot has label = "physical attribute description slot", comment = "A collection of predicates.\n #$PhysicalAttributeDescriptionSlot is a subset of both\n #$BinaryPredicate and #$PhysicalFeatureDescribingPredicate.\n Each element of #$PhysicalAttributeDescriptionSlot relates\n some spatial thing to an instance of #$PhysicalAttribute\n which characterizes that object. The attribute may or may\n not be a quantifiable property. Examples of\n #$PhysicalAttributeDescriptionSlot: #$objectEmitsOdor,\n #$viscosityOfSubstance, #$colorOfObject, #$diameterOfObject,\n #$physicalParts, #$shape, #$xzCrossSectionShapeType.", guid = "bd58b9c4-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; PhysicalAttributeDescriptionSlot rel isu RelationshipType, isu PredicateCategory, iss ExtensionalRepresentationPredicate, iss Property, iss PhysicalFeatureDescribingPredicate; Class isg PhysicalConductingMedia; PhysicalConductingMedia has label = "physical conducting media", comment = "A collection of tangible stuff. Each element of\n #$PhysicalConductingMedia is a physical thing that can serve\n as a conductor, e.g., for heat or electricity. Examples\n include power lines, pieces of superconductor materials,\n ceramic, etc.", guid = "bd58887d-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; PhysicalConductingMedia rel isu ExistingStuffType; Class isg PhysicalContactLocation; PhysicalContactLocation has label = "physical locations", comment = "A collection of locations; a subset of\n #$HumanShelterConstruction. An instance of\n #$PhysicalContactLocation is the principal place(s) where an\n #$Agent can be physically found. For people, that would\n (probably) be their home and/or office. For an\n organization, it would be the location of their place of\n business, their headquarters, etc. Note that a purely\n procedural method for getting in touch with someone, such as\n their Post Office Box number in a certain city, is not a #$PhysicalContactLocation.", guid = "c10ad9b0-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; PhysicalContactLocation rel isu ContactLocationType, iss ContactLocation, iss HumanShelterConstruction; Class isg PhysicalContactSituation; PhysicalContactSituation has label = "physical contact situation", comment = "The collection of all temporal situations in which\n two or more tangible objects are touching (see #$touches)\n for at least part of the situation's duration. This\n includes an object's rubbing against another, objects\n colliding, as well as static touching configurations. Note\n that, although most types of #$PhysicalEvents involve some\n kind of touching, only those types for which contact is\n salient should be subcollections of #$PhysicalContactSituation.", guid = "bfffa642-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; PhysicalContactSituation rel isu TemporalStuffType, iss Situation-Temporal; Class isg PhysicalDevice; PhysicalDevice has label = "devices", comment = "A collection of tangible things. Each\n #$PhysicalDevice is an #$Artifact which is designed for a\n specific use or to perform a specific function. Thus, the\n collections #$Tool, #$Condom, #$BathTub, and\n #$TransportationDevice-Vehicle are all subsets of this\n collection, as are many other collections. Excluded are\n artifacts which can only be 'used' in a very loose\n or metaphorical sense, such as instances of #$Sculpture,\n #$FlowerBed, or #$Advertisement-IBT. Also, an instance of\n #$PhysicalDevice should have a relatively rigid, set shape\n (which doesn't exclude it having moving parts!); hence,\n #$GasolineFuel or #$AntiFreeze are not subsets of #$PhysicalDevice.", guid = "bd58c72f-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; PhysicalDevice rel isu ProductType, isu ExistingObjectType, iss Artifact, iss PartiallyTangibleProduct, iss SolidTangibleProduct, xor EdibleStuff; Class isg PhysicalEvent; PhysicalEvent has label = "physical events", comment = "A collection of localized spatial events each\n instance of which involves one or more physical objects or\n stuffs. #$PhysicalEvents typically involve interaction\n among #$PartiallyTangibles. But note that a physical event\n might consist in the creation, destruction, movement, or a\n change in some physical feature of a single salient physical\n object. (See #$PhysicalCreationEvent,\n #$PhysicalDestructionEvent, #$MovementEvent and\n #$IntrinsicStateChangeEvent.) For a contrasting (though not\n necessarily disjoint) collection, see #$StrictlyMentalEvent.\n For events that have both physical and mental components,\n see the specialization #$CompositePhysicalAndMentalEvent.", guid = "bd58e98d-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; PhysicalEvent rel isu TemporalStuffType, isu Class; Class isg PhysicalFeatureDescribingPredicate; PhysicalFeatureDescribingPredicate has label = "physical feature describing predicate", comment = "A collection of predicates. Each element of\n #$PhysicalFeatureDescribingPredicate is a predicate used in\n assertions that describe spatiophysical aspects of\n individual objects. Examples: #$above-Directly,\n #$physicallyContains, #$touchesDirectly, #$colorOfObject,\n #$temperatureOfObject, #$spans-Bridgelike.", guid = "bd58b982-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; PhysicalFeatureDescribingPredicate rel isu RelationshipType, isu PredicateCategory, iss Predicate; Class isg PhysicalPartPredicate; PhysicalPartPredicate has label = "physical part predicate", comment = "A collection of predicates. Instances of\n #$PhysicalPartPredicate are used to describe the\n relationship between a #$PartiallyTangible and its #$physicalParts.", guid = "bd58a601-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; PhysicalPartPredicate rel isu PredicateCategory, iss PartPredicate, iss CotemporalPredicate; Class isg PhysicalSeries; PhysicalSeries has label = "physical series", comment = "Each #$PhysicalSeries is a #$Group of\n #$PartiallyTangibles which is ordered in a linear fashion,\n most likely according to some spatial relationship. For\n example, a group of people in line at a ticket booth, or the\n vertebrae in one person's spine.", guid = "c04cb9b8-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; PhysicalSeries rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss Series, iss PartiallyTangible, iss Group; Class isg PhysicalStateChangeEvent; PhysicalStateChangeEvent has label = "physical state change events", comment = "#$PhysicalStateChangeEvent is the collection of\n events in which some piece of matter changes from one of the\n physical states of matter to another. Such changes of state\n can be induced by changes in temperature (or the equivalent\n in the manipulation of kinetic energy). Each particular\n instance of #$Boiling, #$Freezing, #$Evaporating,\n #$Condensing, #$Melting, etc. is an instance of\n #$PhysicalStateChangeEvent. Note: Most Cyc\n microtheories distinguish four states of matter, namely,\n #$SolidStateOfMatter, #$PlasmaStateOfMatter,\n #$LiquidStateOfMatter, #$GaseousStateOfMatter. See\n #$StateOfMatter-SolidLiquidGaseous and its individual state constants.", guid = "bd5884ff-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; PhysicalStateChangeEvent rel isu TemporalObjectType, isu DefaultDisjointScriptType, iss TransformationEvent, iss IntrinsicStateChangeEvent; Class isg PhysicalStructuralAttribute; PhysicalStructuralAttribute has label = "physical structural attributes", comment = "A collection of attributes. Each element of\n #$PhysicalStructuralAttribute is a physical attribute that\n determines or describes the structure of a tangible object.\n These attributes are qualitative, not measurable; in that\n way, they are unlike those described by the elements of\n #$Density, #$Mass, #$Elasticity, #$ThermalConductivity, and\n other attributes which belong to #$ScalarInterval. Examples\n of #$PhysicalStructuralAttribute: #$Granular, #$Powdery,\n #$Paste-Form, #$Brittle, #$Collapsible, #$Hollow, #$Woven,\n #$Burnt. An individual object's\n #$PhysicalStructuralAttributes are indicated with the\n predicate #$physicalStructuralAttributes.", guid = "bd58fce5-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; PhysicalStructuralAttribute rel isu UnorderedAttributeType, iss AttributeValue, xor PhysicalAttribute; Class isg PhysicalUrgeType; PhysicalUrgeType has label = "urges", comment = "A collection of collections, and also a subset of\n #$SensoryReactionType (qv). Its elements are distinct from\n #$SensoryReactionType because they necessarily have a value\n on #$urgeTypeSatisfied. An element of #$PhysicalUrgeType is\n an #$AttributeType that describes one class of urges (to do\n something) that animals have. The elements of\n #$PhysicalUrgeType are rather earthy; some examples are:\n #$UrgeToYawn, #$UrgeToScratch, #$UrgeToVomit,\n #$UrgeToUrinate, etc. ", guid = "bd5886eb-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; PhysicalUrgeType rel isu CollectionType, isu PrimitiveAttributeType, iss SensoryReactionType; Class isg PhysicallyAttackingAnAgent; PhysicallyAttackingAnAgent has label = "attacks", comment = "The collection of events in which one #$Agent (or\n a small group of #$Agents) physically attacks another\n #$Agent (or small group of #$Agents.) Each assassination\n attempt is an example of such an event.", guid = "bd5889bc-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; PhysicallyAttackingAnAgent rel isu Class; Class isg PhysiologicalAttribute; PhysiologicalAttribute has label = "physiological attributes", comment = "The collection of attributes related to a plant or\n animal organism's physiological characteristics. Some\n examples include #$Flexed, #$Deaf, #$Injured, #$Fertile,\n #$Swollen, #$AcidIndigestion, etc.", guid = "c0fd4a6e-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; PhysiologicalAttribute rel isu UnorderedAttributeType, isu SiblingDisjointAttributeType, iss AttributeValue; Class isg PhysiologicalCondition; PhysiologicalCondition has label = "physiological conditions", comment = "The collection of #$Events in which an organism\n undergoes (as #$bodilyDoer) some physiological state or\n process, which may be normal or abnormal. An instance of\n #$PhysiologicalCondition is, especially, a dynamic\n physiological state that (1) has important temporal aspects,\n such as a developmental condition or a progressive disease,\n and/or (2) affects the organism's physiological\n condition for a significant period of time, such that (a)\n the condition may be thought of as an `episode' in the\n life of the organism or even (b) a permanent aspect of the\n organism's ongoing life. #$PhysiologicalCondition is\n the most general collection of such states. In representing\n particular cases, one of the various subsets of\n #$PhysiologicalCondition is likely to be more useful; these\n include: #$Pregnancy, #$BacterialPneumonia, #$Cancer,\n #$KidneyStoneCondition, #$HeartAttack, #$AllergicReaction,\n #$Phobia, #$ChronicCondition, #$Asthma, #$Dwarfism, etc.", guid = "c10c3859-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; PhysiologicalCondition rel isu Class, iss BiologicalEvent; Class isg PhysiologicalConditionType; PhysiologicalConditionType has label = "health conditions", comment = "A collection of collections. Each\n #$PhysiologicalConditionType is a coherent set of\n #$PhysiologicalConditions characterizing some\n non-instantaneous aspect of an organism. Some sample\n elements are: #$Menopause, #$SickleCellAnemia, #$Infection,\n #$Malnutrition, etc.", guid = "c10c16fe-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; PhysiologicalConditionType rel isu Class, isu CollectionType, iss TemporalObjectType, xor FeelingAttributeType; Class isg PhysiologicalFunction; PhysiologicalFunction has label = "physiological function", comment = "The collection of those #$PhysiologicalProcesses\n that serve some end for their doers, which may be cells,\n tissues, or whole organisms; for example, #$Photosynthesis-Plant.", guid = "bd58ecdb-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; PhysiologicalFunction rel isu DefaultDisjointScriptType, isu TemporalStuffType, iss PhysiologicalProcess; Class isg PhysiologicalProcess; PhysiologicalProcess has label = "physiological processes", comment = "The collection of events in which an organism does\n (typically unconsciously) some process which involves\n alteration of that agent's physiological state. A\n #$PhysiologicalProcess is normally one that is done by\n organisms (or parts of organisms) in the course of living.\n A large subset of #$PhysiologicalProcess is\n #$BodilyFunctionEvent, including its subsets #$Respiration,\n #$DigestingInStomach, and #$Heartbeating. (Compare this\n collection with #$PhysiologicalCondition, whose elements are\n more episodic than process-like.) ", guid = "bd58f396-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; PhysiologicalProcess rel isu DefaultDisjointScriptType, isu TemporalStuffType; Class isg Pipe-GenericConduit; Pipe-GenericConduit has label = "pipes", comment = "The collection of all enclosed tubular fluid\n conduits with openings at both ends. #$Pipe-GenericConduit\n encompasses both human-made pipes as well as natural pipes,\n found naturally occurring in the environment, or found in an\n organism's body, like #$BloodVessels.", guid = "bd5899fd-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Pipe-GenericConduit rel isu ExistingObjectType; Class isg PipeEndToCavityJunction; PipeEndToCavityJunction has label = "pipe end to cavity junction", comment = "The collection of junctions, in each of which some\n #$Pipe-GenericConduit ends at a #$Cavity of larger diameter\n than the pipe, allowing flow or access between them. The\n flange where a water pipe enters a water tank is one\n example, as is the junction of the esophagus and the stomach\n in animals. See also the predicate #$pipeEndsAtCavity.", guid = "bffab025-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; PipeEndToCavityJunction rel isu RegionType, iss Configuration, iss Portal; Class isg Pity; Pity has label = "pity", comment = "Feeling sorry for another agent on account of the\n undesirable state of affairs s/he is in. This is a\n collection; for an explanation of a typical\n #$FeelingAttributeType, see #$Happiness.", guid = "c0fba7c4-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Pity rel isu FeelingAttributeType, iss FeelingAttribute; Class isg Place; Place has label = "places", comment = "The collection of #$SpatialThings that have a\n relatively permanent location. Thus, every #$Place is\n stationary in the frame of reference of the current microtheory.", guid = "bd58d3b4-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Place rel isu ExistingStuffType, iss SpatialThing, iss SomethingExisting, xor PersonalProduct, xor PortableObject, xor Agent, xor BiologicalLivingObject, xor GeneralizedTransfer, xor PublishedMaterial; Class isg PlanActionRestrictionPredicate; PlanActionRestrictionPredicate has label = "plan action restriction predicate", comment = "A collection of predicates. Instances are used to\n express durationalconstraints, constraints relating to\n temporal ordering, and subeventual commitments relating to\n reified #$PurposefulActions that are represented in the\n deontic contexts of #$Plans.", guid = "bddb7e84-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; PlanActionRestrictionPredicate rel isu PredicateCategory, iss Predicate; Class isg Planet; Planet has label = "planets", comment = "A collection of planetary bodies. Each element of\n #$Planet is a planet either in Earth's solar system or\n elsewhere in the universe. Examples: #$PlanetJupiter, #$PlanetVenus.", guid = "bd58d12f-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Planet rel isu ExistingObjectType; Class isg Plant; Plant has label = "plants", comment = "#$Plant is the collection of all plants; it is a\n member of the #$BiologicalKingdom and contains the primary\n subjects of #$Biology. Plants are typically stationary,\n living, whole organisms; the cells of plants generally lack\n cholesterol and have cell walls that include substances of\n #$Cellulose. Most, though not all, plants are capable of\n making sugars by #$Photosynthesis-Plant processes and have\n green parts. Some example subsets of #$Plant are the\n collections #$RoseBush, #$SpruceTree, and #$Moss.", guid = "bd58c6e1-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Plant rel isu BiologicalKingdom, isu OrganismClassificationType, iss Organism-Whole, iss VegetableMatter, iss PlantBLO, xor Animal; Class isg Plant-NonWoody; Plant-NonWoody has label = "herbaceous plants", comment = "The collection of non-woody, herbaceous #$Plants.\n Those #$Plants such as grasses, herbs, wildflowers, etc.\n which are fairly low-growing, often annual, and don't\n grow woody stems. Excludes large, hard bamboos, and Balsa.", guid = "c10adb62-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Plant-NonWoody rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss Plant; Class isg Plant-Woody; Plant-Woody has label = "woody plants", comment = "The collection of #$Plants that have woody or hard\n trunks, stems or branches (and usually roots). includes\n large, hard bamboos, and balsa.", guid = "c0fde301-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Plant-Woody rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss TerrestrialOrganism, iss Plant; Class isg PlantBLO; PlantBLO has label = "plants or plant parts", comment = "A subset of #$BiologicalLivingObject. #$PlantBLO\n includes the elements of #$Plant and of #$PlantPart.", guid = "c0fe06bb-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; PlantBLO rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss BiologicalLivingObject; Class isg PlantPart; PlantPart has label = "plant parts", comment = "The collection of all physical parts of #$Plants\n of all kinds. In the traditional view, plant organs are of\n four types: leaves, stems, roots and flowers. It seems\n useful to have a category for smaller plant parts which\n display a similar level of organization (they have vascular\n tissue, ground tissue, and an epidermis) but have not been\n included in the traditional view.", guid = "bd58ee6f-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; PlantPart rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss PlantBLO, iss OrganismPart, xor AnimalBodyPart; Class isg PlantPhysiologicalAttribute; PlantPhysiologicalAttribute has label = "plant physiological attribute", comment = "The collection of attributes referring to the\n physiological properties of plants. At the very least,\n these include seasonal stages, physical properties, and\n plant health. These attributes apply to entire #$Plants\n rather than just to certain parts of them.", guid = "bd61e030-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; PlantPhysiologicalAttribute rel isu AttributeType, iss PhysiologicalAttribute; Class isg PlantProduct; PlantProduct has label = "plant products", comment = "The collection of #$Products that are plants or\n plant parts (individually or in bulk), or substances derived\n from plants, which are produced by people or countries and\n made available for use, sale or exchange.", guid = "bd58923e-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; PlantProduct rel isu ProductType, isu ExistingStuffType, iss VegetableMatter, iss PartiallyTangibleProduct; Class isg Plastic; Plastic has label = "plastics", comment = "A collection of tangible things. Each element of\n #$Plastic is a piece of some type of plastic. This\n collection includes plastics of all kinds: artifical, mostly\n polymeric, inedible, organic moldable hydrocarbons. Some\n common types are rayon, nylon, polyethylene, etc.", guid = "bd58f496-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Plastic rel isu TangibleStuffCompositionType, isu ExistingStuffType, isu ProductType, iss ArtificialMaterial; TerrainAttribute isp Playa; Playa has label = "playa", comment = "A collection of desert basins with limited\n drainage. Each instance is capable of becoming the bed of a\n shallow lake during the rainy season.", guid = "bf2ed2f5-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Class isg PlumbingFixture; PlumbingFixture has label = "plumbing fixtures", comment = "A collection of physical devices. An instance of\n #$PlumbingFixture is any object which is -- or was or will\n be or could be -- part of some plumbing system. Types of\n #$PlumbingFixture include pipes, sinks, and toilets, as well\n as faucets and drain plugs. It must be a functional part\n (so sewage doesn't count) and a significant part (so a\n label on a pipe doesn't count) and a specialized part\n (so an individual screw doesn't count, nor does an\n individual iron atom that's part of a faucet) and a\n relatively long-lived and localized part (so the water\n flowing through a pipe doesn't count.)", guid = "bd58f57a-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; PlumbingFixture rel isu ExistingObjectType, isu ProductType, iss PartOfBuilding, iss PhysicalDevice; PhysicalStructuralAttribute isp PointyEnded; PointyEnded has label = "pointy ended", comment = "Includes anything which tapers to a pointy or\n sharp end--pens, pencils, needles, pins, nails, and\n wood-screws, but not wires (no taper). Most knives would be\n included, but only because they have pointy ends. A knife\n with a rounded ended and a sharp blade would not be included.", guid = "c10060b6-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Class isg PolarAttributeType; PolarAttributeType has label = "polar attribute type", comment = "A collection of collections, a subset of\n #$PrimitiveAttributeType. Each element of\n #$PolarAttributeType is a collection of attributes which\n can be possessed either to a positive or to a negative\n degree. Thus, #$ElectricalCharge would be an instance of\n this collection, whereas #$Wetness and #$BedSize would not be.", guid = "bf55f890-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; PolarAttributeType rel isu Class, isu CollectionType, iss PrimitiveAttributeType; Class isg PolishingSomething; PolishingSomething has label = "polishing events", comment = "The subset of #$Cleaning processes in which\n something is polished by rubbing it. For example, consider\n the event in which Aladdin polished his magic lamp for the\n first time. Polishing can be done to leather, wood, metal,\n etc. A #$PolishingSomething may be performed either by a\n person or by a machine.", guid = "bd58ead9-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; PolishingSomething rel isu TemporalStuffType, isu DefaultDisjointScriptType, isu Class, iss Cleaning, iss TransformationEvent; Class isg PoliticalDispute; PoliticalDispute has label = "skirmishes", comment = "The class of all political disputes, including\n serious political controversies and skirmishes between\n individuals, organizations or countries. Such a dispute\n involves some question of public policy, as opposed to\n purely personal or commercial issiues.", guid = "bd58e019-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; PoliticalDispute rel isu DefaultDisjointScriptType, isu TemporalObjectType, iss DisputeEvent; Class isg PoliticalOrganization; PoliticalOrganization has label = "political organizations", comment = "A collection of organizations. An element of\n #$PoliticalOrganization is an organization whose members\n share some common political, social, or economic values and\n goals, and the #$MainFunction of their organization is to\n achieve those goals by influencing governmental powers or by\n helping persons who favor their views and interests to win\n elections or otherwise obtain governmental power. The\n collection #$PoliticalOrganization includes instances of\n #$PoliticalParty and also of #$PoliticalInterestGroup. Note\n that governmental bodies (such as a #$CityCouncil) are not\n considered #$PoliticalOrganizations. Although such\n governmental bodies often act in political arenas, that is\n not their primary function.", guid = "bd588dcb-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; PoliticalOrganization rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss Organization; Class isg PoliticalParty; PoliticalParty has label = "political parties", comment = "A collection of political organizations. An\n element of #$PoliticalParty is an organization that\n primarily seeks to elect candidates to public office or have\n members continue holding public office, and which are\n identified as party affiliations by persons holding or\n seeking public office.", guid = "bd58fcda-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; PoliticalParty rel isu ExistingObjectType, iss PoliticalOrganization; Class isg Politician; Politician has label = "politicos", comment = "A collection of persons. Each element of\n #$Politician is a person who is involved in politics.\n Subsets of #$Politician include #$HeadOfState,\n #$PresidentialCandidate, and #$HeadOfPoliticalParty.", guid = "bd58e7b6-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Politician rel isu PersonByActivityType, iss PublicSectorEmployee, iss Person; ThreeDimensionalShapeAttribute isp Polygon3DShaped; Polygon3DShaped has label = "polygon 3 d shaped", comment = "This is the attribute (see #$ShapeAttribute)\n shared by all three dimensional objects all of whose\n surfaces (see #$objectSurfaces) are polygons (see #$PolygonShaped).", guid = "bed8e16e-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; TwoDimensionalShapeAttribute isp PolygonShaped; PolygonShaped has label = "polygon shaped", comment = "This is the attribute shared by all\n two-dimensional objects that are polygon shaped. The sides\n of such objects are defined by line segments that are joined\n and define a closed shape.", guid = "c0bd3427-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Class isg Porosity; Porosity has label = "porosity", comment = "A collection of attributes; a subset of\n #$PhysicalAttribute. Each element of #$Porosity represents\n a specific porosity of some physical object. Different\n porosities may be represented using #$GenericValueFunctions.\n Porosities of objects are indicated with the predicate #$porosityOfObject.", guid = "be00c216-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270"; Porosity rel iss ScalarInterval; Class isg PortableObject; PortableObject has label = "portable objects", comment = "A collection of objects. An instance of\n #$PortableObject is something that is not `fastened\n down' and which is light enough for an average human\n (or more to the point: for its average intended user) to\n move it easily. For many #$PortableObjects, portability\n is important for them to fulfill their primary functions;\n for example, an article of clothing (a #$SomethingToWear),\n a hand-guided tool (a #$HandTool), a coin or dollar bill (an\n instance of #$Currency), a flashlight (a #$Flashlight), etc.\n would be pretty useless if they weren't portable. In\n other cases, making a device portable, or making a portable\n version of a device, simply provides a convenience, as with\n the subsets #$PortableTelevision and #$PortableStereoSystem.\n